VA

Browse articles from all of our Newsletters related to VA.

January 18, 2018 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Congress Considers Veteran Protections Against Predatory Refinancing Schemes, Establishes Net Tangible Benefit Test

Bipartisan legislation was introduced last week in the U.S. Senate to protect veterans and service members from predatory serial refinancing by requiring lenders to show the transaction actually bene-fits the borrower.


January 12, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Clarifies Buyout Criteria for Uninsured, Unguaranteed Loans

Ginnie Mae is redefining the term “defective mortgage” to remind issuers of their obligations when confronted by a mortgage that does not have federal insurance or guarantee. The action also clarifies options issuers may consider in dealing with defective mortgages. Under their guarantee agreement with Ginnie, issuers are required to cure, buy out or replace single-family mortgages or manufactured home loans that are missing the requisite FHA insurance or VA or U.S. Department of Agriculture guarantee within 120 days after the issue date of the mortgage-backed securities. Ginnie made clear that mortgages that do not have federal insurance or guarantee by the deadline for final certification of the related pool or loan package are defective. In addition, mortgages that have been rejected by FHA, VA or USDA, or for which federal insurance or guarantee have been withdrawn, are defective as ...


January 12, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Clarifies Rules for Allowing Use Of Third-Party Verification Services

VA lenders may use third-party vendors to verify borrower income, employment and asset information subject to certain conditions, according to the Department of Veterans Affairs. Officials issued the clarification in response to lender inquiries regarding the use of third parties to determine if a borrower qualifies for a VA loan. The agency said it would accept third-party verifications if lenders are fully responsible for verifying the accuracy of information the borrower provided in the loan application. Lenders must initiate and receive all verifications of employment and deposits, requests for credit reports, and credit information. When a real estate broker/agent or any other party requests information regarding borrower income, employment or personal assets, the lender must identify the requester as its agent and ensure that any report is returned directly to them. In addition, the lender must disclose the ...


January 12, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

GSE Housing Reform, Enforcement Highlight FHA, VA Outlook in 2018

2018 might not turn out to be a record-breaking production year for FHA and VA, but it could become significant in terms of enforcement and housing finance reform, according to industry stakeholders. Ed Pinto, codirector of the American Enterprise Institute’s International Center on Housing Risk, expects a slight increase in FHA’s and VA’s mortgage unit production and stronger dollar volumes due to rising house prices. Pinto believes loose purchase lending, particularly by FHA, and declining housing inventory are driving housing prices. This in turn results in FHA/VA cash-out refinancing at very high loan-to-value ratios, which helps feed the general economy but makes FHA lending riskier, he said. “We see a stronger demand for housing amid constrained housing supply,” said Pinto. “We’re seeing this vicious cycle of purchase transactions becoming more risky, cash-out transactions increasing in ...


January 12, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA, Ginnie Mae Working on Long- Term Cures to Rapid Refinancing

Ginnie Mae and the Department of Veterans Affairs have announced additional measures to curb serial refinancing of VA loans. Testifying before a House Veterans Affairs subcommittee this week, officials from both agencies said the latest measures will complement guidelines Ginnie issued last year to deal with the loan-churning problem. Lenders urged Congress and the two agencies to be cautious in prescribing fixes that could potentially cut off VA funding. Jeffrey London, director of the VA Loan Guaranty Service, said a proposed rule that includes a net tangible benefits test for veterans as well as seasoning and recoupment requirements will be issued soon. The VA is also planning to require upfront lender disclosure of the terms and benefits of a streamline or cash-out refi, including the recoupment period of the new transaction. Even though serial refinancing is not systemic to the VA portfolio, it has grown in ...


January 12, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Bipartisan Bill Introduced to Deal With VA’s Vexing Churning Problem

Senate lawmakers this week introduced bipartisan legislation to protect veterans and servicemembers from predatory refinancing schemes. Introduced by Sens. Tom Tillis, R-NC, and Elizabeth Warren, D-MA, the bill would require lenders offering streamline or cash-out refinancing to demonstrate a material benefit to veterans with a VA loan. The Protecting Veterans from Predatory Lending Act reflects measures Jeffrey London, director of VA’s Loan Guaranty Service, talked about when he testified during a hearing on loan churning before the House Veterans Affairs Subcommittee on Economic Opportunity (See next story.) Prior to submitting a refi loan for a VA guarantee, a lender would be required to certify that all fees associated with the transaction would be recouped by the veteran through lower monthly payments within 36 months. Such fees would include closing costs and any expenses other than ...


January 12, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Ginnie MBS Program Faltered In 2017, Refi Flow Up in 4Q17

Ginnie Mae set records for new issuance of single-family mortgage-backed securities in 2015 and 2016, but production sagged last year, according to a new analysis and ranking by Inside FHA/VA Lending. The agency issued $443.20 billion of MBS backed by forward single-family mortgages in 2017, a 10.8 percent decline from the previous year. Including FHA reverse mortgages and that are not truncated, 2017 issuance fell 10.3 percent to $455.00 billion. Meanwhile, the private mortgage insurance business – based on Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac MBS data – saw a smaller decline of 5.0 percent from 2016 to last year. The VA program generally held up better than the FHA program during the fourth quarter, when refinance lending was climbing. But the FHA had a better year overall despite some loss of market share in purchase-mortgage activity. Deliveries of FHA loans into ... [ Charts ]


January 12, 2018 - Inside MBS & ABS

VA, Ginnie Mae Working on Additional Long-Term Measures to Rein in Predatory Refinancing Practices

The Department of Veterans Affairs and Ginnie Mae are ramping up efforts in 2018 to curb serial refinancing, including long-term solutions, increased portfolio monitoring and protection for veterans against predatory lending practices.


December 22, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Announces New Disaster Loan Modification Option for Servicers

The Department of Veterans Affairs has announced a new disaster-related loan modification option for servicers to use to help affected borrowers.


December 22, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Places Qualified Mortgage Rule, Allowable Fees on Its 2018 Agenda

The Department of Housing and Urban Affairs plans to act on two new rules in 2018 relating to allowable fees and charges on VA loans as well as the type of loans that are “qualified mortgages.”


December 15, 2017 - Inside MBS & ABS

GNMA’s Latest Effort to Rein in VA Lenders Augurs Additional Policy Changes in the Future, Analysts Say

New pooling restrictions announced last week by Ginnie Mae to curb churning and prepayment speed spikes are likely a precursor to future changes in pooling and refinancing policies at Ginnie and the Department of Veterans Affairs, according to analysts.


December 8, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA’s National Portfolio Servicer Farms Out Work to Third Party

Vendor Resource Management, which the VA hired in June to service its nationwide mortgage portfolio and real estate-owned assets, has subcontracted a significant portion of the servicing to BSI Financial Services. According to VRM, BSI took over the servicing of the VA’s national portfolio beginning Dec. 1, 2017. VRM retained the REO servicing. VRM was first awarded the servicing contract in 2012, and the company initially subcontracted Ditech Financial to service VA’s larger national portfolio. The contract was later amended to facilitate a pilot whereby a portion of VA properties would be managed under the award. A new 10-year contract was awarded subsequently to VRM, which became effective on July 1, 2017. Based in Irving, TX, BSI Financial is a loan subservicer and a provider of technology and outsourcing services to banks and institutional investors in the ...


December 8, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Originations Swing Back Up in 3Q17, Purchase Loans Fuel Surge

VA posted an 11.6 percent increase in originations in the third quarter, reversing a downward slide that began in early 2017. VA lenders ended the period with $45.5 billion in new originations, up from $40.8 billion in the previous quarter. The nine-month VA volume totaled $129.1 billion with purchase mortgages providing a strong boost. Streamlined refinancing, or Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loans, accounted for 16.8 percent of VA loans originated and securitized during the nine-month period. The top five VA lenders in sequential order – USAA, Veterans United Home Loans, Quicken Loans, Navy Federal Credit Union and Freedom Mortgage – ended the third quarter with a combined $11.05 billion in originations and a 24.7 percent share of the market. Top-ranked USAA reported a 17.0 percent drop in VA lending in the third quarter from the previous quarter. Over the nine-month period, it racked up ... [charts]


December 8, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Congress Passes Short-Term Spending Bill, Avoids Shutdown

Congress on Thursday passed a stopgap-spending bill to prevent a potential government shutdown and to give lawmakers time to negotiate crucial issues. The House voted 235-193 to pass the measure. A short time later, the Senate quickly approved it 81-14. The temporary spending bill will keep the government running through Dec. 22. The continuing resolution or CR, that has kept the government open would have expired on Dec. 8. Both the House and Senate are scheduled to adjourn on Dec. 15. Congress will need to pass a final appropriations bill or another continuing resolution to keep the government operating after Dec. 22. Despite differences over tax reform, FY 2018 budget, immigration, health care and other issues, lawmakers do not want a shutdown, mortgage industry sources said. Republicans, in particular, hope to enact their $1.5 trillion tax package by Christmas. On the other hand, ...


December 8, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Ginnie Mae Expands Seasoning Requirement for VA Refi Loans

Ginnie Mae has issued expanded guidelines to protect veterans and investors from harmful loan churning and rapid prepayments in mortgage-backed securities. The changes, along with additional measures under consideration by a joint Ginnie Mae/VA refinance task force, are aimed at ensuring continued strength and liquidity of the Ginnie Mae MBS program, said Michael Bright, the agency’s acting president. The latest guidelines expand on an initial measure Ginnie implemented requiring six-months of seasoning of VA loans before they can be refinanced and delivered into Ginnie MBS pools. However, some lenders have found ways around the measure and have continued their questionable lending practices, said Bright during recent testimony before a House Financial Services subcommittee. Churning is both illegal and unethical because it preys on unsuspecting borrowers, who are pressured by ...


Poll

With originations expected to drop in 2018, will your shop turn to non-QM/non-prime mortgage products as a way to bolster volumes?

Yes, definitely. We’re planning a launch.

33%

No. It’s still difficult compliance/regulatory-wise.

20%

Maybe. It’s under consideration.

33%

Not now. But things could change as 2018 progresses.

13%