VA

Browse articles from all of our Newsletters related to VA.

November 22, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Ginnie Spots Inconsistent Reports Regarding First Payment Date

Ginnie Mae called on issuers to ensure that the data they submit are accurate following the discovery of erroneous payment reports. The agency said it has noticed discrepancies in the reporting of the first payment date on loan modifications in violation of Ginnie guidelines. Specifically, the first payment date some issuers reported as part of the loan-delivery data did not match the date submitted for the same mortgage loan as part of issuers’ monthly report of pool and loan data. Ginnie blamed the errors either on loans set up incorrectly for servicing or faulty data issuers had reported to the Department of Housing and Urban Development. Guidance issued by Ginnie on Nov. 14 reminded issuers to report the first scheduled payment date of the re-amortized loan when reporting the first payment date for modified mortgages through either the GinnieNET or the Reporting and Feedback System. The date ...


November 22, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Reports Slight Uptick in Use of Loan Benefit; 56% Still Non-Users

A newly released study by the Department of Veterans Affairs showed a 4.0 increase in the number of veterans who have used a VA mortgage in FY 2016 compared to the previous fiscal year. Also, a recent survey conducted by loanDepot found that 56 percent of veterans who participated did not take advantage of their VA loan benefits. Respondents included 400 targeted active servicemembers, veterans and surviving spouses. Conducted by the National Center for Veterans Analysis and Statics, the VA study focused on veterans who have used at least one of 22 benefits or services provided by the VA during fiscal years 2007 through 2016. The study found that loan guarantee was the third most used benefit by veterans behind health care and pensions. Of the 7.1 million vets who used at least one VA benefit, 2.6 million (36.6 percent) took advantage of the zero-downpayment, low-interest ...


November 22, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Alert Out on Unwanted Refi Offers; CFPB, VA Warn of Misleading Ads

The Department of Veterans Affairs and the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau have issued a joint warning to servicemembers and veterans about VA refinancing offers that sound too good to be true. There is a good chance that borrowers with a VA loan have already received unsolicited offers to refinance their mortgages even just months after closing, the agencies said in their first “warning order” (WARNO). Many of these refi solicitations promise extremely low rates, thousands of dollars in cash back, skipped mortgage payments, no out-of-pocket costs and no waiting period, the agencies noted. The VA and the CFPB said lenders offering VA refinances may use aggressive and potentially misleading advertising and sales tactics. “Lenders may advertise a rate just to get you to respond or you may receive a VA mortgage refi offer that provides limited benefit to you while adding thousands of dollars to your loan balance,” the agencies warned. Even though the VA prohibits a lender from advertising skip payments on ...


November 10, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Will Net Tangible Benefit Test Stop Churning? Yes, Analysts Say

A new net tangible benefit test for ensuring that a VA borrower benefits from a refinancing appears to be the obvious solution to the VA’s churning problem, according to analysts at Bank of America Merrill Lynch (BAML). Modeled after the FHA net tangible benefit test, the test seems to be a “foregone conclusion” for VA, analysts said. A Ginnie Mae/VA task force is currently working to resolve the problem, which is causing rapid prepayments in Ginnie mortgage-backed securities and raising serious doubts as to whether aggressive refinancing truly benefits veterans and servicemembers. “There is a critical need to ensure that veteran borrowers are not harmed by repeated refinancings through VA’s Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loan program,” said Mortgage Bankers Association President/CEO David Stevens during a recent appearance before the House Financial Services Committee. IRRRLs, also referred to ...


November 10, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Correspondent Platforms Feast on FHA, VA Securitization Market

Correspondent-based lending operations are accounting for a growing share of the FHA and VA home loans pooled in Ginnie Mae mortgage-backed securities, according to a new analysis and ranking by Inside FHA/VA Lending. In fact, correspondent originations are the only production channel to see year-over-year growth in FHA and VA business through the first nine months of 2017. Retail and wholesale-broker production is down for both FHA and VA loans. Correspondent programs are most dominant in the FHA market, perhaps reflecting a preference among large producers to have recourse to a primary-market lender if the government later finds defects in how the loan was originated. Correspondents accounted for 48.7 percent of FHA loans pooled in Ginnie MBS during the first nine months of the year, up from 43.1 percent in all of 2016. Volume was up 1.7 percent from the ... [Charts]


October 27, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

HUD, VA Provide Additional Relief To Areas Hit by Natural Disasters

The Department of Housing and Urban Development and the Department of Veterans Affairs have taken additional steps to provide relief to homeowners in disaster areas hit by hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria. This week, the FHA issued policy waivers in storm-ravaged Puerto Rico and fire-stricken counties in California, allowing damage inspections to be completed beginning Oct. 24. FHA currently requires servicers to perform a damage inspection following the close of an “incident period” as determined by the Federal Emergency Management Agency. An incident period is the period For mortgages in disaster areas that have not closed or are pending endorsement, lenders must follow FHA’s guidelines on inspection and repair escrow requirements for loans in such areas. FHA believes that situations in certain jurisdictions in Puerto Rico and California have stabilized and further damage to ...


October 27, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA, VA Post Lower Denial Rates, Minorities More Likely Users of FHA

Overall denial rates for nonconventional loan applications (FHA, VA and Rural Housing Service) fell slightly in 2016 to 13.4 percent from 13.9 percent in 2015, Home Mortgage Disclosure Act data showed. In the nonconventional refinancing segment, denial rates rose to 32.9 percent last year from 30.3 percent in the previous year. Approximately 23.9 percent of FHA loan applicants were denied last year while VA turned down 20.0 percent of borrowers who sought a VA loan. An estimated 14.3 percent of FHA purchase-loan applicants were turned down. VA denied 11.4 percent of its purchase-mortgage applicants although its total purchase-loan applications are far fewer compared to FHA. According to the Federal Reserve’s overview of the 2016 HMDA data, as in past years, blacks, Hispanics and “other minority” borrowers had notably higher denial rates overall compared to white borrowers. Denial rates for ...


October 27, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Ginnie/VA Anti-Churning Task Force Mulls Longer Seasoning

A Ginnie Mae/VA anti-churning task force is looking at a number of options to solve the rapid prepayment problem, which could include extending the seasoning requirement for all refinanced loans and prohibiting access to custom pools. A Ginnie representative declined to provide further details, adding that the task force is not ready to announce changes yet. “But we will take additional action soon, which we can do through program changes like we did last year,” he said. Ginnie issued guidance last year to curb aggressive refinancing of VA loans that underlie Ginnie mortgage-backed securities. The rapid refis have resulted in rapid prepayments to the detriment of investors with no clear benefits to VA borrowers. The guidance required six consecutive monthly payments before delivering a streamlined refi loan into a standard Ginnie MBS. The measure succeeded in stopping the ...


October 27, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Private MIs Gain Purchase-Market Share from FHA, Thanks to FTHs

The FHA lost ground to private mortgage insurers in the purchase-mortgage market during the third quarter of 2017, according to an analysis by Inside Mortgage Finance.The government-sponsored enterprises securitized $64.59 billion of purchase mortgages with private MI in the third quarter, up 28.5 percent from the prior quarter. This far greater than the 9.5 percent increase in FHA purchase loans delivered into Ginnie Mae mortgage-backed securities during the same period. Although the FHA program remained a favorite among first-time homebuyers, private mortgage insurers saw a substantial gain in the segment. In the third quarter, first-time homebuyers comprised 74.1 percent of FHA purchase loans, but the dollar volume of such loans pooled in Ginnie MBS rose just 9.1 percent, data showed. On the other hand, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac saw their insured first-timer ...


October 27, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA/VA Delinquencies Continue Climbing in 3Q17, Servicing Grows

FHA and VA loan performance deteriorated during the third quarter of 2017, a period when the Ginnie Mae servicing market continued to expand. Ginnie had a record $1.749 trillion of single-family mortgage-backed securities outstanding at the nine-month mark in 2017, according to a new ranking and analysis by Inside FHA/VA Lending. That was up 2.2 percent from mid-year and 8.5 percent higher than September 2016. Ginnie servicing has been the fastest-growing part of the market for the past few years. That’s largely because Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac typically see more refinance business, which tends to churn the supply of servicing outstanding more than grow it. The VA side of the government-insured market again was the fastest-growing component, as the dollar volume of VA loans in Ginnie pools rose 3.7 percent during the third quarter. That was more than double the growth rate in the ... [Charts]


October 20, 2017 - Inside MBS & ABS

Ginnie Mae, VA Form Anti-Churning Task Force. SIFMA Backs Efforts; MBA Asks VA to Issue Rule

The securities industry is backing Ginnie Mae’s stepped-up efforts to curb loan churning and rapid refinancing of VA loans and expressed its concern over how such improper lending practices might affect borrowers and MBS investors. In a letter this week to Michael Bright, Ginnie’s chief operating officer and acting president, the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association lauded the agency’s investigation of aggressive refinancing of VA loans. The practice has ...


October 13, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Ginnie Reveals Nearly 10 Percent Exposure in Disaster Areas

An estimated 9.8 percent of Ginnie Mae’s business may be potentially at risk due to hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria, according to data released recently by the agency. The data represent the number of Ginnie loans and their unpaid principal balance amounts in presidentially declared disaster areas in Texas, Florida, Georgia, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. A total of 1.07 million mortgage loans with an unpaid principal balance of $184.5 billion have been affected. Ginnie Mae’s current mortgage-backed securities portfolio totals $1.9 trillion. The data only refer to the geographic locations of all affected properties underlying loans in Ginnie MBS pools and do not indicate the percentage of those that may have sustained damage during a storm. Hurricane Irma had the highest share of affected loans, 6 percent, while Harvey and Maria accounted for 3 percent and 1 percent, respectively. Irma caused the ...


October 13, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Ginnie Mae, VA Announce Joint Task Force to Stop Improper Refis

Ginnie Mae and the VA this week officially announced a joint-agency task force to deal with the loan-churning problem that is triggering faster prepayments in Ginnie mortgage-backed securities pools. Specifically, the task force will scrutinize aggressive and misleading refinancing offers and address loan churning and repeated refinancings. It will also examine critical issues, data and lender behaviors related to refinancing loans, as well as determine the kind of policy and program changes agencies should make to ensure VA refi loans do not pose an undue risk or burden to vets and taxpayers. Both the VA and Ginnie Mae programs work best when market participants use them to provide a benefit to VA borrowers and, ultimately, lower vet’s costs, officials said. The task force has begun examining data and information to ensure refi loans provide net tangible benefits to veteran-borrowers. In addition, the ...


October 13, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Ginnie MBS Issuance Rolled To Year’s High Mark in 3Q17

Ginnie Mae issuers rode a wave of purchase-mortgage lending to deliver $120.46 billion of forward mortgages during the third quarter of 2017, the highest three-month volume for the year, according to a new analysis and ranking by Inside FHA/VA Lending. Third-quarter volume was up 9.6 percent from the April-June cycle. The data excluded FHA reverse mortgages and loan amounts are truncated in Ginnie’s mortgage-backed securities disclosures. Without those limitations, total Ginnie MBS issuance rose 9.5 percent to $123.37 billion in the third quarter. Purchase mortgages were the engine behind the growth. Ginnie issuers securitized $85.35 billion of purchase loans in the third quarter, falling just short of the record $85.41 billion set in the third quarter of last year. Although most Ginnie purchase loans (58.7 percent) were FHA loans, the biggest increase was in such loans guaranteed by the ... [Charts]


Poll

With originations expected to drop in 2018, will your shop turn to non-QM/non-prime mortgage products as a way to bolster volumes?

Yes, definitely. We’re planning a launch.
No. It’s still difficult compliance/regulatory-wise.
Maybe. It’s under consideration.
Not now. But things could change as 2018 progresses.

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