Profits and Losses

Browse articles from all of our Newsletters related to Profits and Losses.

December 8, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Originations Swing Back Up in 3Q17, Purchase Loans Fuel Surge

VA posted an 11.6 percent increase in originations in the third quarter, reversing a downward slide that began in early 2017. VA lenders ended the period with $45.5 billion in new originations, up from $40.8 billion in the previous quarter. The nine-month VA volume totaled $129.1 billion with purchase mortgages providing a strong boost. Streamlined refinancing, or Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loans, accounted for 16.8 percent of VA loans originated and securitized during the nine-month period. The top five VA lenders in sequential order – USAA, Veterans United Home Loans, Quicken Loans, Navy Federal Credit Union and Freedom Mortgage – ended the third quarter with a combined $11.05 billion in originations and a 24.7 percent share of the market. Top-ranked USAA reported a 17.0 percent drop in VA lending in the third quarter from the previous quarter. Over the nine-month period, it racked up ... [charts]


December 8, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Congress Passes Short-Term Spending Bill, Avoids Shutdown

Congress on Thursday passed a stopgap-spending bill to prevent a potential government shutdown and to give lawmakers time to negotiate crucial issues. The House voted 235-193 to pass the measure. A short time later, the Senate quickly approved it 81-14. The temporary spending bill will keep the government running through Dec. 22. The continuing resolution or CR, that has kept the government open would have expired on Dec. 8. Both the House and Senate are scheduled to adjourn on Dec. 15. Congress will need to pass a final appropriations bill or another continuing resolution to keep the government operating after Dec. 22. Despite differences over tax reform, FY 2018 budget, immigration, health care and other issues, lawmakers do not want a shutdown, mortgage industry sources said. Republicans, in particular, hope to enact their $1.5 trillion tax package by Christmas. On the other hand, ...


December 8, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Ginnie Mae Expands Seasoning Requirement for VA Refi Loans

Ginnie Mae has issued expanded guidelines to protect veterans and investors from harmful loan churning and rapid prepayments in mortgage-backed securities. The changes, along with additional measures under consideration by a joint Ginnie Mae/VA refinance task force, are aimed at ensuring continued strength and liquidity of the Ginnie Mae MBS program, said Michael Bright, the agency’s acting president. The latest guidelines expand on an initial measure Ginnie implemented requiring six-months of seasoning of VA loans before they can be refinanced and delivered into Ginnie MBS pools. However, some lenders have found ways around the measure and have continued their questionable lending practices, said Bright during recent testimony before a House Financial Services subcommittee. Churning is both illegal and unethical because it preys on unsuspecting borrowers, who are pressured by ...


December 1, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Trends

Production, Servicing Profits Up in 3Q17

Mortgage bankers saw modest gains on both sides of their business during the third quarter of 2017, according to an Inside Mortgage Trends analysis of earnings reports from a dozen publicly held companies.


November 22, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Waters’ Proposal to Reinstate Life Of Loan Policy Would Weaken FHA

Congress and the FHA should avoid undertaking policy changes that would further weaken the agency’s ability to cover insurance losses and potentially lead to another taxpayer bailout, according to a recent analysis by The Heritage Foundation. THF analyst John Ligon and Norbert Michel, a research fellow, said FHA policy reforms should ensure that the agency maintains a limited role in the housing finance system. FHA should make way for private capital to enter the market and serve the housing needs of American households, they added. FHA can accomplish such policy goals by lowering its loan limits and adequately pricing insurance for borrower risk, the analysts said. In addition, Congress should ensure that FHA borrowers are required to maintain mortgage insurance over the full life of the loan as required currently by the Department of Housing and Urban Development, said ...


November 22, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Ginnie Spots Inconsistent Reports Regarding First Payment Date

Ginnie Mae called on issuers to ensure that the data they submit are accurate following the discovery of erroneous payment reports. The agency said it has noticed discrepancies in the reporting of the first payment date on loan modifications in violation of Ginnie guidelines. Specifically, the first payment date some issuers reported as part of the loan-delivery data did not match the date submitted for the same mortgage loan as part of issuers’ monthly report of pool and loan data. Ginnie blamed the errors either on loans set up incorrectly for servicing or faulty data issuers had reported to the Department of Housing and Urban Development. Guidance issued by Ginnie on Nov. 14 reminded issuers to report the first scheduled payment date of the re-amortized loan when reporting the first payment date for modified mortgages through either the GinnieNET or the Reporting and Feedback System. The date ...


November 22, 2017 - Inside MBS & ABS

Walter’s Chapter 11 Reorganization Plan Not Likely To Affect Ditech-Serviced MBS, Say Fitch Analysts

Walter Investment Management Corp.’s planned Chapter 11 reorganization is not likely to affect the credit ratings of MBS backed by loans serviced by its subsidiary Ditech Financial, according to an analysis by Fitch Ratings.


November 22, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Reports Slight Uptick in Use of Loan Benefit; 56% Still Non-Users

A newly released study by the Department of Veterans Affairs showed a 4.0 increase in the number of veterans who have used a VA mortgage in FY 2016 compared to the previous fiscal year. Also, a recent survey conducted by loanDepot found that 56 percent of veterans who participated did not take advantage of their VA loan benefits. Respondents included 400 targeted active servicemembers, veterans and surviving spouses. Conducted by the National Center for Veterans Analysis and Statics, the VA study focused on veterans who have used at least one of 22 benefits or services provided by the VA during fiscal years 2007 through 2016. The study found that loan guarantee was the third most used benefit by veterans behind health care and pensions. Of the 7.1 million vets who used at least one VA benefit, 2.6 million (36.6 percent) took advantage of the zero-downpayment, low-interest ...


November 22, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Ex-FHA Chief Suggests Raising FHA Capital Ratio, Other Reforms

A former FHA commissioner has recommended raising the agency’s capital reserve ratio to 3 percent, to make FHA stronger and more resilient. Carol Galante, who served two years as FHA commissioner and assistant secretary for housing in the second term of the Obama administration, laid out her proposal along with other recommendations in a paper that she co-authored. Housing-finance reform without a retooled FHA could threaten families’ access to homeownership and increase risk to taxpayers, contrary to the goals of reform, said Galante, currently the faculty director of the Terner Center for Housing Innovation at University of California Berkeley. In her paper, Mission Critical: Retooling FHA to Meet America’s Housing Needs, Galante spelled out the changes necessary to help FHA perform its complementary and countercyclical role in the nation’s housing markets. Galante called for ...


November 22, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Alert Out on Unwanted Refi Offers; CFPB, VA Warn of Misleading Ads

The Department of Veterans Affairs and the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau have issued a joint warning to servicemembers and veterans about VA refinancing offers that sound too good to be true. There is a good chance that borrowers with a VA loan have already received unsolicited offers to refinance their mortgages even just months after closing, the agencies said in their first “warning order” (WARNO). Many of these refi solicitations promise extremely low rates, thousands of dollars in cash back, skipped mortgage payments, no out-of-pocket costs and no waiting period, the agencies noted. The VA and the CFPB said lenders offering VA refinances may use aggressive and potentially misleading advertising and sales tactics. “Lenders may advertise a rate just to get you to respond or you may receive a VA mortgage refi offer that provides limited benefit to you while adding thousands of dollars to your loan balance,” the agencies warned. Even though the VA prohibits a lender from advertising skip payments on ...


November 22, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Prospect of FHA MIP Reduction Fades as MMIF Cap Ratio Drops

Any chance of a mortgage-insurance premium reduction in the near future has dimmed in the wake of an actuarial report placing the FHA insurance fund on shakier ground at the end of FY 2017. One clear thing from the report released on Nov. 15 was that FHA’s flagship single-family home mortgage program continued to grow stronger with an economic net worth of $38.4 billion in fiscal 2017. In contrast, problems persisted in the Home Equity Conversion Mortgage portfolio, driving the program’s economic value down by another $6 billion to negative $14.5 billion. The drag HECM losses inflicted on the MMIF has renewed calls to separate the ailing portfolio from the fund, which can only be accomplished by legislation. Right now, the reverse mortgage issue is not even on Congress’ legislative agenda. HECM losses also caused the fund’s economic net worth and capital reserve ratio to decline in fiscal year ...


November 17, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Trends

As a Group, Publicly Traded Nonbanks Post Gain in Mortgage-Banking Income

Nine publicly traded mortgage companies posted a combined $52.22 million in mortgage banking earnings for the third quarter of 2017, according to a new analysis by Inside Mortgage Trends. The group’s third-quarter results represented a healthy 86.4 percent improvement over the paltry $28.02 million they earned from their core businesses during the April-June cycle. But the aggregate figures don’t begin to describe the state of most of these nonbank ... [Includes one data chart]


November 10, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

MBA Calls for Changes to LRS, Remedies for Lender Complaints

FHA lenders think the new Loan Review System is a “modern and streamlined system” that is less user-friendly than Neighborhood Watch, according to the Mortgage Bankers Association. In a letter to the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the MBA called on the FHA to continue its ongoing discussion with lenders and other industry stakeholders on how the improve the LRS and its response timelines. Implemented last May, the LRS is an electronic platform for monitoring and reviewing the quality of single-family mortgages that FHA has insured. It replaced the post-endorsement technical review performed by the FHA Connection/Underwriting Review System (URS), review functions for post-closing test cases submitted by direct endorsement lenders, and lender self-reporting functions in Neighborhood Watch. The LRS also includes a defect taxonomy, which features a list of ...


November 10, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Will Net Tangible Benefit Test Stop Churning? Yes, Analysts Say

A new net tangible benefit test for ensuring that a VA borrower benefits from a refinancing appears to be the obvious solution to the VA’s churning problem, according to analysts at Bank of America Merrill Lynch (BAML). Modeled after the FHA net tangible benefit test, the test seems to be a “foregone conclusion” for VA, analysts said. A Ginnie Mae/VA task force is currently working to resolve the problem, which is causing rapid prepayments in Ginnie mortgage-backed securities and raising serious doubts as to whether aggressive refinancing truly benefits veterans and servicemembers. “There is a critical need to ensure that veteran borrowers are not harmed by repeated refinancings through VA’s Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loan program,” said Mortgage Bankers Association President/CEO David Stevens during a recent appearance before the House Financial Services Committee. IRRRLs, also referred to ...


November 10, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Correspondent Platforms Feast on FHA, VA Securitization Market

Correspondent-based lending operations are accounting for a growing share of the FHA and VA home loans pooled in Ginnie Mae mortgage-backed securities, according to a new analysis and ranking by Inside FHA/VA Lending. In fact, correspondent originations are the only production channel to see year-over-year growth in FHA and VA business through the first nine months of 2017. Retail and wholesale-broker production is down for both FHA and VA loans. Correspondent programs are most dominant in the FHA market, perhaps reflecting a preference among large producers to have recourse to a primary-market lender if the government later finds defects in how the loan was originated. Correspondents accounted for 48.7 percent of FHA loans pooled in Ginnie MBS during the first nine months of the year, up from 43.1 percent in all of 2016. Volume was up 1.7 percent from the ... [Charts]


November 10, 2017 - Inside Nonconforming Markets

News Briefs

The Structured Finance Industry Group this week unveiled key performance indicators for deal agents to track in new non-agency mortgage-backed securities. The proposed standards detail 150 measurements for deal agents to monitor. Ocwen Financial reported a net loss of $6.14 million for the third quarter of 2017. The loss would have been worse if not for a one-time tax benefit of $23.2 million related to the release of previously established reserves ... [Includes three briefs]


November 3, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Trends

Mortgage Banking Profits Declined Slightly for Banks in Third Quarter

Most banks and thrifts continued to report solid earnings from their mortgage banking activities during the third quarter, but profits generally weakened and year-to-date performance clearly has not kept up with the pace set in 2016. A diverse group of 24 banks reported a combined $2.36 billion in mortgage banking income for the third quarter, down 11.3 percent from the previous period. Half of them posted declines. The group generated $7.33 billion in mortgage ... [Includes one data chart]


October 27, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

HUD, VA Provide Additional Relief To Areas Hit by Natural Disasters

The Department of Housing and Urban Development and the Department of Veterans Affairs have taken additional steps to provide relief to homeowners in disaster areas hit by hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria. This week, the FHA issued policy waivers in storm-ravaged Puerto Rico and fire-stricken counties in California, allowing damage inspections to be completed beginning Oct. 24. FHA currently requires servicers to perform a damage inspection following the close of an “incident period” as determined by the Federal Emergency Management Agency. An incident period is the period For mortgages in disaster areas that have not closed or are pending endorsement, lenders must follow FHA’s guidelines on inspection and repair escrow requirements for loans in such areas. FHA believes that situations in certain jurisdictions in Puerto Rico and California have stabilized and further damage to ...


October 27, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA, VA Post Lower Denial Rates, Minorities More Likely Users of FHA

Overall denial rates for nonconventional loan applications (FHA, VA and Rural Housing Service) fell slightly in 2016 to 13.4 percent from 13.9 percent in 2015, Home Mortgage Disclosure Act data showed. In the nonconventional refinancing segment, denial rates rose to 32.9 percent last year from 30.3 percent in the previous year. Approximately 23.9 percent of FHA loan applicants were denied last year while VA turned down 20.0 percent of borrowers who sought a VA loan. An estimated 14.3 percent of FHA purchase-loan applicants were turned down. VA denied 11.4 percent of its purchase-mortgage applicants although its total purchase-loan applications are far fewer compared to FHA. According to the Federal Reserve’s overview of the 2016 HMDA data, as in past years, blacks, Hispanics and “other minority” borrowers had notably higher denial rates overall compared to white borrowers. Denial rates for ...


October 27, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Ginnie/VA Anti-Churning Task Force Mulls Longer Seasoning

A Ginnie Mae/VA anti-churning task force is looking at a number of options to solve the rapid prepayment problem, which could include extending the seasoning requirement for all refinanced loans and prohibiting access to custom pools. A Ginnie representative declined to provide further details, adding that the task force is not ready to announce changes yet. “But we will take additional action soon, which we can do through program changes like we did last year,” he said. Ginnie issued guidance last year to curb aggressive refinancing of VA loans that underlie Ginnie mortgage-backed securities. The rapid refis have resulted in rapid prepayments to the detriment of investors with no clear benefits to VA borrowers. The guidance required six consecutive monthly payments before delivering a streamlined refi loan into a standard Ginnie MBS. The measure succeeded in stopping the ...


October 27, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA Nominee Wants to Reevaluate Use of FCA as Enforcement Tool

Brian Montgomery, President Trump’s nominee for assistant secretary for housing and FHA commissioner, reiterated his commitment to fight fraud and misrepresentation in FHA lending but wondered whether the Department of Justice had gone too far in using the False Claims Act as an enforcement tool against lenders. Testifying during his confirmation hearing before the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs, Montgomery expressed concern whether the DOJ and the Department of Housing and Urban Development had been adversarial towards lenders in their efforts to stem taxpayer losses and protect the FHA insurance fund. In prepared testimony, the nominee said the government must do better in providing clarity to encourage lenders to make FHA-insured loans and entice those that have exited for fear of exposure and liability to return to the ...


October 27, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Carson Announces Plan to Review Cert Process, Defect Taxonomy

The Department of Housing and Urban Development will review its current lender-certification process and defect taxonomy to address industry concerns about costly penalties and settlements arising out of False Claims Act lawsuits. In remarks at the Mortgage Bankers Association’s annual convention in Denver this week, HUD Secretary Ben Carson said the review would benefit greatly from feedback by lenders and other stakeholders in response to President Trump’s directive to all federal agencies to eliminate burdensome and duplicative regulations. Carson said HUD’s immediate concern is bringing back lenders that have exited the FHA single-family program or limited participation because of the undue risks they face from FCA enforcement. Lenders need clarity in what HUD expects from them in terms of lending and reduced exposure to outsized liability from immaterial errors, the ...


October 27, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Private MIs Gain Purchase-Market Share from FHA, Thanks to FTHs

The FHA lost ground to private mortgage insurers in the purchase-mortgage market during the third quarter of 2017, according to an analysis by Inside Mortgage Finance.The government-sponsored enterprises securitized $64.59 billion of purchase mortgages with private MI in the third quarter, up 28.5 percent from the prior quarter. This far greater than the 9.5 percent increase in FHA purchase loans delivered into Ginnie Mae mortgage-backed securities during the same period. Although the FHA program remained a favorite among first-time homebuyers, private mortgage insurers saw a substantial gain in the segment. In the third quarter, first-time homebuyers comprised 74.1 percent of FHA purchase loans, but the dollar volume of such loans pooled in Ginnie MBS rose just 9.1 percent, data showed. On the other hand, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac saw their insured first-timer ...


October 27, 2017 - Inside MBS & ABS

Business Looking up for Due Diligence Firms, But Troubles Continue at The Clayton Group

With the non-agency securitization market showing signs of life this year, firms that specialize in due diligence reviews on such products should be rubbing their hands with glee. But not so with some operators, including The Clayton Group, considered one of the largest players in the market. Late this week, Radian Group, the parent company of Clayton, revealed a $12 million charge against third-quarter earnings because of restructuring charges to the unit. Last week, in a filing with ...


Poll

With originations expected to drop in 2018, will your shop turn to non-QM/non-prime mortgage products as a way to bolster volumes?

Yes, definitely. We’re planning a launch.
No. It’s still difficult compliance/regulatory-wise.
Maybe. It’s under consideration.
Not now. But things could change as 2018 progresses.

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