Mortgage Insurance Profitability

Browse articles from all of our Newsletters related to Mortgage Insurance Profitability.

May 26, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

HUD Criticized for Failing to Ensure Proper FHA Insurance Terminations

Poor agency oversight of voluntary lender terminations of FHA insurance on single-family home loans has resulted in increased risk for borrowers, premium overpayments and inaccurate records, according to the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s inspector general. The IG gave the department a poor grade for failing to ensure that lenders properly processed voluntary terminations of FHA coverage and disclosed to borrowers the implications of such termination. The audit report blamed HUD’s failure on its inability to detect and deter lender errors while processing voluntary terminations, causing borrowers to lose FHA-insurance protection and overpay FHA premiums. HUD’s records also were skewed because of the oversight, the report noted. IG auditors reviewed a statistical sample of 115 of the 3,690 loans that were terminated voluntarily by lenders during fiscal years 2015 and ...


May 26, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA LPOs School Lenders on Lending To Incapacitated Vet Borrowers

Loan processing for incompetent veterans presents significant challenges to VA lenders, requiring strict compliance with special guidance on top of the basic VA underwriting rules. One challenge is dealing with legal appointees who assist and represent veterans in legal transactions, such as applying for a mortgage loan. There are ways to determine whether a veteran is incompetent, said Mark Jamison, loan production officer (LPO) with the VA Cleveland Regional Center, during the VA Lender Conference in Kansas City, MO, last month. The Department of Veterans Affairs or a probate court can deem a veteran incompetent due to severe injury, medical conditions, mental disorders, and financial instability, he said. A mortgage lender could make a determination of incompetency if the initial purchase contract documents were signed by an attorney-in-fact, the veteran divulged the incompetency, or the ...


May 26, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Explains Certificate of Eligibility Process, Entitlement Restoration

Requesting a certificate of eligibility (COE) may be just a click away but the process is not without pitfalls, cautioned a panel of VA loan production officers during an industry conference. The panelists – Maxine Henry, program analyst with the VA Central Office; Ricardo Holloway, loan production officer with the Atlanta Regional Loan Center; and Paula Jesse, assistant loan production officer with the Denver RLC – urged veterans to order their COE early in the loan-application process to avoid any hiccups. A COE verifies to the lender that the veteran/borrower is eligible for a VA loan. Ordering early would help prevent last-minute delays, said Henry. “It is a problem if the veteran is at the closing table and still does not have a COE because it was ordered just a few days prior to closing,” Henry noted. Other potential hitches are incorrect documentation or receiving a VA determination that the ...


May 26, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Groups Oppose Proposed IT Fee, Suggest Other Funding Sources

The Mortgage Bankers Association is pushing back against a controversial budget proposal to charge FHA lenders a fee to pay for technology upgrades to help protect the Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund. Rather than charging lenders an “administrative fee,” the MBA prefers that funding improvements to FHA’s aging information systems be done through the appropriations process. “We need to be working with [the Department of Housing and Urban Development] and Congress to find ways to fund technology upgrades and risk-management improvements,” MBA Senior Vice President Pete Mills told Inside FHA/VA Lending. The White House’s budget plan for FY 2018 incorporates verbatim a proposal by the Obama administration to charge FHA lenders an administrative fee to support the upgrades needed to reduce MMI Fund losses. According to the previous administration’s estimate, the ...


May 26, 2017 - Inside MBS & ABS

Wells Fargo Analysis Examines GSE Insurance Credit-Risk Transfer, ACIS Larger than CIRT

Insurance policies are the second-largest form of the government-sponsored enterprises’ credit-risk transfer but Fannie Mae’s Credit Insurance Risk Transfer (CIRT) program and Freddie Mac’s Agency Credit Insurance Structure (ACIS) have a few stark differences. One of the primary differences in the two is that Freddie has retained large portions of the tranches from its popular Structured Avenue Credit Risk deals (STACR), and used the ACIS program as a way to transfer some of the remaining risk, up to the 5 percent retention limit, note analysts at Wells Fargo Securities in a recent report. With ACIS coverage tied to companion STACR deals, it’s...


May 26, 2017 - Inside MBS & ABS

NY Court Requires Higher Burden of Proof in Ambac MBS Case; Deutsche Bank Holds Former Execs Liable

A Manhattan appeals court raised the burden of proof for Ambac Assurance, which seeks to recover monetary damages from Bank of America in an insurance case involving $1.68 billion in securities backed by high-risk mortgages from now-defunct Countrywide Home Loans. Attorneys with Shepherd Smith Edwards & Kantas said a panel of the Appellate Division, First Judicial Department, ruled that Ambac may not use New York insurance law as the sole basis for arguing that it does not have to prove certain elements of fraud in its claims against BofA. The court also barred Ambac from using the statute to recover damages. The court held...


May 25, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Trump Budget Preserves FHA, Ginnie Mae Funding Levels, Eliminates Key HUD Programs, Calls for CFPB Restructuring

The Trump administration has revived a controversial proposal to tap FHA lenders to help pay for technology upgrades at the Department of Housing and Urban Development. HUD is among nine federal agencies facing significant cuts in their discretionary budgets, al-though guarantee commitments for FHA’s single-family mortgage insurance program and Ginnie Mae mortgage-backed securities programs were kept at their previous fiscal levels, $400 billion and $500 billion, respectively. The White House budget plan incorporates...


May 22, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB Did Not Fully Secure Sensitive Enforcement Data, OIG Finds

The CFPB had numerous lapses in protecting sensitive, confidential enforcement information, according to a new report from the agency’s Office of Inspector General. The objective of the OIG’s evaluation was to determine whether the bureau’s Office of Enforcement has effective controls to manage and safeguard access to its confidential investigative information (CII). “We found that the Office of Enforcement’s sensitive information has not always been restricted to Office of Enforcement employees who needed access to that information to perform their assigned duties,” the OIG said. The watchdog said it found that 113 unique users had access to at least one electronic application when it was no longer relevant to the performance of their assigned duties. “These users continued to have ...


May 19, 2017 - Inside MBS & ABS

GSEs View Front-End Credit-Risk Transfers As an Ingredient in Diversifying Transactions

Officials at Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac say pilot deals that feature added primary mortgage insurance at the front end of the securitization process are a useful addition to their credit-risk transfer programs even if their future looks somewhat limited. Speaking at a CRT conference in New York City this week, Robert Schaefer, Fannie’s vice president for credit enhancement strategy and management, called the transactions “a good tool in the toolkit,” but said he doesn’t see them taking over the majority of CRTs. Gina Healy, Freddie’s vice president of credit risk transfers, agreed...


May 18, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Trump Administration Needs to Press For Multiple Reforms to FHA Lending, FSR Suggests

The Financial Services Roundtable recently called for enacting comprehensive housing finance reform, including reform of the FHA’s single-family mortgage insurance program while focusing the agency’s mission on first-time and low- and moderate-income borrowers. The FSR’s call came in a detailed response to President Trump’s executive order earlier this year directing the Treasury Department to conduct an assessment of financial regulations. For starters, the trade group urged...


May 12, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

PennyMac Now Allows Equifax’s VOE in Lieu of Tax Transcripts

PennyMac has announced that, effective immediately, for FHA, VA, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac transactions, lenders may provide Equifax’s The Work Number verification of employment, or a written VOE from an equivalent income-verification company in lieu of tax transcripts for salaried borrowers. The Work Number is a user-paid VOE database acquired by Equifax in February 2007. The written VOE must have full income figures supporting the qualifying income, said PennyMac. For all loans closed on or after June 15, 2017, the 2016 tax transcript will be required, unless the file contains evidence an extension was filed along with a copy of the Internal Revenue Service notice for 2016 showing “no record of return filed.” For all loans closed on or after Dec. 15, 2017, 2016 tax returns and tax transcripts will be required. PennyMac reminded lenders that its underwriting system cannot respond to ...


May 12, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Instructs Lenders on Completing Streamline Refinance Worksheet

The Department of Veterans Affairs has issued guidance clarifying its requirements for completing the Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loan Worksheet. The guidance is effective for all IRRRL applications originated on or after July 2, 2017. The VA said it has received many inquiries from lenders regarding the proper completion of IRRRL Worksheet (VA Form 26-8923) since the implementation of the TRID-LE and CD (Truth in Lending Act-Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act Integrated Loan Estimate and Closing Disclosure.) The guidance clarifies and establishes VA policy regarding the following: Amount of the existing allowable loan balance (Line 1); Principal reduction from veteran (Line 2); Maximum allowable discount points (Line 5); Maximum allowable closing costs (Line 8); Maximum allowable closing costs (Line 11); and Maximum loan amount (Line 18). VA said it understands the ...


May 12, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Explains Characteristics of an ‘Egregious Loan,’ Discusses Cases

What is an “egregious” VA mortgage loan? Panelists at last month’s VA Lending Conference in Kansas City, MO, helped shed light on such loans by describing them as flawed and in violation of VA requirements. “But there’s more,” said Greg Nelms, VA chief of loan policy. Unstable income and use of active-duty income when that income will be extinguished within one year could taint a VA loan and make it egregious, said Nelms. High debt-to-income ratio, residual income that is below VA requirements and failure to consider a spouse’s debts or credit in a community-property state also could have an adverse effect on a VA loan, he added. The panel presented several “egregious loan” scenarios involving reviews of several mortgages from 2016 in which lenders were required to sign indemnification agreements. The first example consisted of a VA home loan for $102,047, which closed in ...


May 12, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Nonbanks Dominate FHA Primary Market; Volume Slowed in 1Q17

Nonbank lenders far out-produced depository institutions in originating FHA mortgages during the first quarter of 2017. A new Inside FHA/VA Lending analysis reveals that nonbank lenders produced over 83 percent of FHA forward loans endorsed during the first quarter. With over 8,000 entities listed as originators and sponsors in FHA loan-level data, the overwhelming majority of them were independent mortgage banks, mortgage brokers and other nonbank lenders. The 14 largest FHA originators were all nonbanks, led by Quicken Loans, Freedom Mortgage and loanDepot. One sign of the overwhelming fragmentation in the FHA primary market is the fact that these three lenders accounted for just 11.3 percent of first-quarter endorsements. The largest depository originator of FHA loans was PrimeLending, an affiliate of PlainsCapital Bank. It ranked 15th in production with a ... [charts ]


May 12, 2017 - Inside MBS & ABS

Mortgage Insurer National MI Uses ‘Linked Notes’ to Lay Off Risk; Arch MI Exploring the Same, but will Other MIs?

An affiliate of NMI Holdings, Emeryville, CA, has issued a $211.3 million, 10-year credit-linked bond aimed at laying off risk at its mortgage insurance affiliate National MI. The notes were issued by NMI affiliate Oaktown Re Ltd. in three tranches: $98.61 million that filled the M-1 class, $98.61 million (M-2), and $14.1 million (B-1). The yields, respectively, are LIBOR plus 225 basis points, LIBOR plus 400 basis points, and LIBOR plus 575 bps. According to Robert Smith, National MI senior vice president of pricing and portfolio analytics, investors that bought the credit-linked notes were...


May 12, 2017 - Inside MBS & ABS

SEC Opens Investigation into Single-Family Rental Securitizations, Focus is on BPOs

The Securities and Exchange Commission has opened an investigation into certain single-family rental securitizations and is requesting information from market participants, including Green River Capital, a subsidiary of a private mortgage insurance company. The investigation first came to light when Radian Group disclosed in a recent 10-Q filing that Green River received a letter from the SEC requesting information regarding broker price opinions that GRC provided on properties included in SFR transactions. Green River, which falls under Radian’s Clayton Holdings affiliate, is...


May 11, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Private MIs Lead in Agency Purchase Market, But FHA and VA Are Bigger Players in Refi Sector

Private mortgage insurers were the largest providers of insurance coverage on purchase loans securitized by the three agencies in early 2017, according to a new Inside Mortgage Finance analysis. Private MI coverage was attached to $40.08 billion of purchase mortgages securitized by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac during the first quarter. That equaled 26.3 percent of total purchase business by the two government-sponsored enterprises and Ginnie Mae. The FHA provided...[Includes one data table]


May 11, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Private MI Lost Some Ground to FHA In 1Q17, VA Slowed by Refi Change

The primary mortgage-insurance market held up a little better than overall first-lien originations during the first quarter of 2017, and the FHA program appeared to gain ground, according to a new Inside Mortgage Finance ranking and analysis. A total of $165.84 billion of first-lien mortgages produced during the first quarter of this year carried some form of primary MI coverage. That was down 20.6 percent from the fourth quarter, but overall first-lien originations fell by 33.6 percent during that period. The share of new production with MI coverage jumped to 43.1 percent, the highest it’s been since the end of 2008. The key factor for the greater MI penetration was...[Includes three data tables]


May 5, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Trends

Post-Merger, Arch MI Looks Ahead

Now that Arch Mortgage Insurance is the largest player in the MI space – thanks to its yearend purchase of United Guaranty Corp. – it has no intention of taking it easy. In a recent interview with Inside Mortgage Trends, company CEO of Global Mortgage Insurance and Reinsurance Andrew Rippert touched on future growth, including plans for further expansion into international markets, increasing the firm’s coverage into more non-agency loans, and reinsuring its mortgage risk to ...


May 4, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Comprehensive Reform on Multiple Fronts Could Improve Solvency, Strengthen Resilience of NFIP, Says GAO Report

Congress should consider comprehensive reform in six areas to improve the solvency of the National Flood Insurance Program and improve resilience to flooding, according to a new report from the Government Accountability Office. The report comes in the wake of bipartisan legislation introduced last week in the Senate to reauthorize the NFIP and to broaden participation of private insurance in the flood insurance market. The program’s current authorization will expire in September this year. The GAO recommended...


April 28, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Trump Nominates Former Housing Official Patenaude as HUD DepSec

President Trump Friday morning signaled his intent to nominate former regulator Pamela Patenaude to be the next deputy secretary of the Department of Housing and Urban Development. According to a bio listed on the White House website, Patenaude is president of the J. Ronald Terwilliger Foundation for Housing America’s Families. She also served as HUD assistant secretary for community, planning and development during the George W. Bush administration. Patenaude’ s nomination had been expected for some time. She is expected to play a key role in shaping housing policy in the new administration and brings to the table a depth of knowledge about the industry. HUD Secretary Ben Carson was a career brain surgeon with little in the way of housing and mortgage experience. Meanwhile, industry lobbyists contend the White House continues to vet candidates for two other ...


April 28, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Federal Shutdown or Not, No Major Disruption Anticipated for FHA

As of press time, Congress passed a one-week stopgap spending measure to keep the government open through May 5, averting a looming government shutdown. The House passed H.J. Res. 99 by a vote of 373 to 30. The continuing resolution has been sent to President Trump. The continuing resolution provides lawmakers sufficient time to negotiate an omnibus spending bill. The previous spending bill was scheduled to expire at midnight, April 28, which would have resulted in a government shutdown similar to the one that paralyzed the federal government in 2013. A shutdown can cause grief for sellers and homebuyers and severely delay processing of mortgage loans if lenders cannot verify a borrower’s tax data or Social Security number. This time, however, the FHA and VA are prepared for such an eventuality, said industry observers. A 16-day government shutdown in October 2013 sent millions of ...


April 21, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Trends

California Tops in Insured Mortgage Business

California remained the mother lode of mortgage insurance business in the first quarter of 2017, but a number of other major states had higher concentrations of insured business, according to a new Inside Mortgage Trends analysis. Some $12.50 billion of agency mortgages securitized during the first quarter with some form of primary MI were tied to Golden State properties, representing 58.9 percent of California’s total agency purchase-mortgage ... [Includes one data chart]


April 14, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Around the Industry

Judgment Imposed on Former President and Founder of Loan Correspondent Firm. A federal court in Chicago ordered the former president and founder of MDR Mortgage of Palatine, IL, to pay more than $10 million to the Department of Housing and Urban Development for submitting false certifications on FHA loans. The HUD Inspector General Office and the Department of Justice withheld the identity of the former bank official, who was found liable under the False Claims Act and the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act. The violations allegedly involved loans the FHA insured from 2006 through August 7, 2008, the period during which MDR submitted the allegedly false certifications. The DOJ identified 237 loans that MDR processed during the period in question. The loans defaulted and resulted in $3.4 million in claims paid by the FHA. In addition, MDR provided annual verifications to ...


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