HUD

Browse articles from all of our Newsletters related to HUD.

November 22, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Ex-FHA Chief Suggests Raising FHA Capital Ratio, Other Reforms

A former FHA commissioner has recommended raising the agency’s capital reserve ratio to 3 percent, to make FHA stronger and more resilient. Carol Galante, who served two years as FHA commissioner and assistant secretary for housing in the second term of the Obama administration, laid out her proposal along with other recommendations in a paper that she co-authored. Housing-finance reform without a retooled FHA could threaten families’ access to homeownership and increase risk to taxpayers, contrary to the goals of reform, said Galante, currently the faculty director of the Terner Center for Housing Innovation at University of California Berkeley. In her paper, Mission Critical: Retooling FHA to Meet America’s Housing Needs, Galante spelled out the changes necessary to help FHA perform its complementary and countercyclical role in the nation’s housing markets. Galante called for ...


November 22, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Prospect of FHA MIP Reduction Fades as MMIF Cap Ratio Drops

Any chance of a mortgage-insurance premium reduction in the near future has dimmed in the wake of an actuarial report placing the FHA insurance fund on shakier ground at the end of FY 2017. One clear thing from the report released on Nov. 15 was that FHA’s flagship single-family home mortgage program continued to grow stronger with an economic net worth of $38.4 billion in fiscal 2017. In contrast, problems persisted in the Home Equity Conversion Mortgage portfolio, driving the program’s economic value down by another $6 billion to negative $14.5 billion. The drag HECM losses inflicted on the MMIF has renewed calls to separate the ailing portfolio from the fund, which can only be accomplished by legislation. Right now, the reverse mortgage issue is not even on Congress’ legislative agenda. HECM losses also caused the fund’s economic net worth and capital reserve ratio to decline in fiscal year ...


November 10, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Analysts Expect Positive Actuarial Results for FHA Insurance Fund

Analysts are predicting continued positive results in the forthcoming actuarial report to Congress on the status of the FHA Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund. The FY 2017 annual report is expected to show stable FHA financials, which could prompt renewed industry calls for a cut to the annual mortgage insurance premium, according to a Bank of America Merrill Lynch analysis. Rising home prices and loan-to-value curing are likely to suppress forecasted losses in the MMIF’s single-family forward portfolio, enabling the fund to stay above its mandated 2.0 percent capital reserve ratio, analysts said. However, the BAML analysts see a “low likelihood of an actual cut in MIPs.” Although Department of Housing and UrbanDevelopment Secretary Ben Carson said he would study MIP reduction once a new FHA commissioner is confirmed, the Trump administration is less likely to ...


November 10, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Correspondent Platforms Feast on FHA, VA Securitization Market

Correspondent-based lending operations are accounting for a growing share of the FHA and VA home loans pooled in Ginnie Mae mortgage-backed securities, according to a new analysis and ranking by Inside FHA/VA Lending. In fact, correspondent originations are the only production channel to see year-over-year growth in FHA and VA business through the first nine months of 2017. Retail and wholesale-broker production is down for both FHA and VA loans. Correspondent programs are most dominant in the FHA market, perhaps reflecting a preference among large producers to have recourse to a primary-market lender if the government later finds defects in how the loan was originated. Correspondents accounted for 48.7 percent of FHA loans pooled in Ginnie MBS during the first nine months of the year, up from 43.1 percent in all of 2016. Volume was up 1.7 percent from the ... [Charts]


November 2, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Treasury Urges HUD to Weigh Its Use of ‘Disparate Impact’ in State-Regulated Insurance Markets

The Department of the Treasury, in the third of four reports related to an executive review of federal financial regulations, urged the Department of Housing and Urban Development to reconsider its use of disparate impact policy in the insurance industry. Released last week, the latest report focused on asset management and insurance and the regulatory structure of financial entities and products in each of these structures. Treasury called upon HUD to reevaluate its use of the ...


November 2, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

MBA Calls for Changes to FHA Lender Review System, Specific Remedies in Response to Lender Complaints

While the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s newly implemented FHA Loan Review System and its defect taxonomy has reduced lender exposure to false-claims risk, the system needs more tweaks to become fully efficient, says the Mortgage Bankers Association. While acknowledging great improvement in lender certainty and clarity regarding False Claims Act risk, the MBA wants to see “assignment-specific remedies” for each tier of defect severity. And though lenders say ...


October 27, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Waters Introduces Legislation to Make FHA Loans More Affordable

Legislation was introduced this week to repeal the FHA’s life-of-loan requirement and reinstate a previous policy of requiring borrowers to pay premiums until the outstanding principal balance reaches 78 percent of the original home value. Rep. Maxine Waters, D-CA, ranking member of the House Financial Services Committee, introduced the Making FHA More Affordable Act so that families would not have to keep paying mortgage insurance premiums for the life of their FHA-insured loan. Up until June 3, 2013, FHA was aligned with the private mortgage insurance industry in charging premiums only until the outstanding principal balance reached 78 percent of the original home value. The FHA first announced its intention to require life-of-loan premium payments in January 2013, allowing the agency to collect more premium revenue to bolster its ailing Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund. FHA’s life-of-loan policy ...


October 27, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

HUD, VA Provide Additional Relief To Areas Hit by Natural Disasters

The Department of Housing and Urban Development and the Department of Veterans Affairs have taken additional steps to provide relief to homeowners in disaster areas hit by hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria. This week, the FHA issued policy waivers in storm-ravaged Puerto Rico and fire-stricken counties in California, allowing damage inspections to be completed beginning Oct. 24. FHA currently requires servicers to perform a damage inspection following the close of an “incident period” as determined by the Federal Emergency Management Agency. An incident period is the period For mortgages in disaster areas that have not closed or are pending endorsement, lenders must follow FHA’s guidelines on inspection and repair escrow requirements for loans in such areas. FHA believes that situations in certain jurisdictions in Puerto Rico and California have stabilized and further damage to ...


October 27, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Land Bank Program Cures Vacant Property Issues with 203(k) Loans

A new “fixer-upper” affordable housing program developed by a real estate broker for the Land Bank of Kansas City, MO, may not only help lower-income borrowers purchase a home but prove to be a profitable niche for FHA 203(k) lenders. The KC Land Bank initiative extends affordable mortgage loans to homebuyers looking to purchase and rehabilitate abandoned vacant homes in 21 neighborhoods in Kansas City. The vacant residential properties are acquired through a tax foreclosure auction and the aim is to sell them to borrowers in the same neighborhood where the property is located. Financing for the purchase and rehabilitation of a Land Bank home is mostly through the FHA 203(k) program, according to Ted Ihde, a licensed real-estate broker who developed the program and markets the homes through neighborhood housing groups. The program addresses an urban problem that ...


October 27, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Ginnie/VA Anti-Churning Task Force Mulls Longer Seasoning

A Ginnie Mae/VA anti-churning task force is looking at a number of options to solve the rapid prepayment problem, which could include extending the seasoning requirement for all refinanced loans and prohibiting access to custom pools. A Ginnie representative declined to provide further details, adding that the task force is not ready to announce changes yet. “But we will take additional action soon, which we can do through program changes like we did last year,” he said. Ginnie issued guidance last year to curb aggressive refinancing of VA loans that underlie Ginnie mortgage-backed securities. The rapid refis have resulted in rapid prepayments to the detriment of investors with no clear benefits to VA borrowers. The guidance required six consecutive monthly payments before delivering a streamlined refi loan into a standard Ginnie MBS. The measure succeeded in stopping the ...


October 27, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Carson Announces Plan to Review Cert Process, Defect Taxonomy

The Department of Housing and Urban Development will review its current lender-certification process and defect taxonomy to address industry concerns about costly penalties and settlements arising out of False Claims Act lawsuits. In remarks at the Mortgage Bankers Association’s annual convention in Denver this week, HUD Secretary Ben Carson said the review would benefit greatly from feedback by lenders and other stakeholders in response to President Trump’s directive to all federal agencies to eliminate burdensome and duplicative regulations. Carson said HUD’s immediate concern is bringing back lenders that have exited the FHA single-family program or limited participation because of the undue risks they face from FCA enforcement. Lenders need clarity in what HUD expects from them in terms of lending and reduced exposure to outsized liability from immaterial errors, the ...


October 27, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Private MIs Gain Purchase-Market Share from FHA, Thanks to FTHs

The FHA lost ground to private mortgage insurers in the purchase-mortgage market during the third quarter of 2017, according to an analysis by Inside Mortgage Finance.The government-sponsored enterprises securitized $64.59 billion of purchase mortgages with private MI in the third quarter, up 28.5 percent from the prior quarter. This far greater than the 9.5 percent increase in FHA purchase loans delivered into Ginnie Mae mortgage-backed securities during the same period. Although the FHA program remained a favorite among first-time homebuyers, private mortgage insurers saw a substantial gain in the segment. In the third quarter, first-time homebuyers comprised 74.1 percent of FHA purchase loans, but the dollar volume of such loans pooled in Ginnie MBS rose just 9.1 percent, data showed. On the other hand, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac saw their insured first-timer ...


October 13, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

IG Finds HUD Ensured Purchaser Compliance, Needs Improvement

The Department of Housing and Urban Development inspector general praised the agency for ensuring purchasers participating in HUD’s single-family note sales program complied with the terms in their purchase agreements. The inspector general noted, however, the need to improve the requirements in the purchase agreements. The IG found those requirements inadequate due to the lack of formal rules for the note sales program. “If a purchaser chose not to comply with its purchase agreement, HUD lacked assurance that the purchaser would offer homeowners foreclosure avoidance, loan-modification options, and other program requirements,” the IG’s audit report stated. Under the agreement, loan buyers must certify their avoidance of final closure for the required period of time, perform loan modification, and submit quarterly reports on their progress, including results of ...


October 13, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

HUD Dumps Lender Insight for New Loan Review Summary Report

The Department of Housing and Urban Development is discontinuing its quarterly newsletter, Lender Insight, with the implementation of FHA’s Loan Review System. The change is aimed at improving both FHA’s and lenders’ quality-control and risk-management operations. HUD will be publishing a quarterly Loan Review Summary Report to provide a snapshot of the results of FHA’s quality-control review of mortgage originations over the preceding 12 months. According to HUD, the report will include only underwritten loans that were subject to a post-endorsement technical review. It does not include the results of lenders’ self-reports or any other loans that were reviewed as part of a lender examination, the agency said. The report will show the initial rating of all loans, the updated rating six months from the end of the review period, and a final rating. The “final” rating is subject to change as long as ...


October 13, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA Eases Occupancy Rule for Properties with H4P Financing

The FHA has updated its guidelines for Home Equity Conversion Mortgage for Purchase (H4P) loans to allow lenders to accept loan applications from borrowers without requiring a certificate of occupancy, as well as prior to completion of HECM counseling. The change follows the Sept. 19 effective date of the HECM final rule, which the Department of Housing and Urban Development released earlier this year. The final rule codifies the many policies that are now in place for originating and servicing reverse mortgages, including H4P requirements. According to the revised guideline, an FHA lender may take an initial HECM loan application either prior to or after the completion of HECM counseling. Also, previously, H4P properties were eligible for FHA insurance only when construction was completed and when the local jurisdiction issued a certificate of occupancy or its equivalent, confirming the ...


October 13, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Ginnie Mae, VA Announce Joint Task Force to Stop Improper Refis

Ginnie Mae and the VA this week officially announced a joint-agency task force to deal with the loan-churning problem that is triggering faster prepayments in Ginnie mortgage-backed securities pools. Specifically, the task force will scrutinize aggressive and misleading refinancing offers and address loan churning and repeated refinancings. It will also examine critical issues, data and lender behaviors related to refinancing loans, as well as determine the kind of policy and program changes agencies should make to ensure VA refi loans do not pose an undue risk or burden to vets and taxpayers. Both the VA and Ginnie Mae programs work best when market participants use them to provide a benefit to VA borrowers and, ultimately, lower vet’s costs, officials said. The task force has begun examining data and information to ensure refi loans provide net tangible benefits to veteran-borrowers. In addition, the ...


October 13, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Carson Open to Excising HECM From Mortgage Insurance Fund

Department of Housing and Urban Development Secretary Ben Carson indicated he is open to the idea of moving the Home Equity Conversion Mortgage program out of the FHA Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund to stem future losses. Testifying before the House Financial Services Committee this week, Carson said the changes the department has made recently, as well as those currently under consideration, will eliminate most of the program’s problems although residual issues may still linger. Carson acknowledged that the HECM program’s default rate has been a drain on the MMI Fund even though it is much smaller than the FHA’s forward loan portfolio. The recently revised HECM rules issued on Sept. 19 have “stopped the bleeding” in terms of new reverse mortgages, he added. However, separating the HECM portfolio from the FHA insurance fund and making it a stand-alone program is ...


October 13, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Ginnie MBS Issuance Rolled To Year’s High Mark in 3Q17

Ginnie Mae issuers rode a wave of purchase-mortgage lending to deliver $120.46 billion of forward mortgages during the third quarter of 2017, the highest three-month volume for the year, according to a new analysis and ranking by Inside FHA/VA Lending. Third-quarter volume was up 9.6 percent from the April-June cycle. The data excluded FHA reverse mortgages and loan amounts are truncated in Ginnie’s mortgage-backed securities disclosures. Without those limitations, total Ginnie MBS issuance rose 9.5 percent to $123.37 billion in the third quarter. Purchase mortgages were the engine behind the growth. Ginnie issuers securitized $85.35 billion of purchase loans in the third quarter, falling just short of the record $85.41 billion set in the third quarter of last year. Although most Ginnie purchase loans (58.7 percent) were FHA loans, the biggest increase was in such loans guaranteed by the ... [Charts]


Poll

With originations expected to drop in 2018, will your shop turn to non-QM/non-prime mortgage products as a way to bolster volumes?

Yes, definitely. We’re planning a launch.
No. It’s still difficult compliance/regulatory-wise.
Maybe. It’s under consideration.
Not now. But things could change as 2018 progresses.

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