Browse articles from all of our Newsletters related to FHA, VA.

October 12, 2018 - Inside Mortgage Trends

FHA Market Growing Riskier in 2018

The credit characteristics of FHA loans pooled in Ginnie Mae mortgage-backed securities have gotten significantly riskier since the beginning of 2017, according to a new Inside Mortgage Trends analysis of Ginnie MBS data.

October 5, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Around the Industry

FHA Issues Waiver of Property Inspections in Disaster-Stricken California Counties. FHA has issued a waiver of its timing policy for completing property inspections prior to closing or endorsing a loan for FHA insurance. The waiver is in effect in presidentially declared major disaster areas in Lake and Shasta Counties, CA, that were ravaged by wildfires and high winds. FHA believes that the wildfires and high winds have stabilized so as not to cause any further damage to properties, even though FEMA has not declared “all clear” in the affected areas. The waiver allows damage inspections to be completed after Oct. 2, for properties located in the PDMDA. NC Commissioner of Banks Amends State Reverse Mortgage Rules. The North Carolina Commissioner of Banks recently amended its ...

October 5, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Poor Tracking of Partial Claims Jeopardized Future Collections

Inadequate loan-servicing controls put the Department of Housing and Urban Development at risk of not being able to collect $6 million in partial claim notes, an inspector general audit revealed. The audit found that HUD’s National Servicing Center did not do a good job tracking partial claim notes for future collection. More specifically, NSC did not always enter partial claim notes and lender payments into its tracking system to ensure that note and mortgage documents supported the partial claim notes. The audit was triggered by an earlier IG pre-audit analysis, which found that partial claim notes may not have been properly uploaded in HUD’s Single-Family Mortgage Asset Recovery Technology (SMART) tracking system. HUD data showed there were 407,984 partial claims between Jan. 1, 2013, and Aug. 31, 2017. The department reviewed 695 non-sampled FHA loans with partial ...

October 5, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

HECM Statute Does Not Disallow Lender’s Legal Right to Foreclose

The federal statute that authorized the Department of Housing and Urban Development to establish the Home Equity Conversion Mortgage program addresses only HUD’s authority to insure reverse mortgages and not the lender’s contractual right to foreclose, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit has ruled. Affirming the district court’s decision in The Estate of Caldwell Jones, Jr., Executrix Vanessa Jones and Leah Grace Jones, Minor v. Live Well Financial Inc., the circuit court determined that the HECM statute did not prevent foreclosure pursuant to a reverse-mortgage contract originated before Aug. 4, 2014, even if the non-borrowing spouse continued to live in the mortgaged property. The question before the court was whether the statute can be read broadly to prevent foreclosure after the borrower’s death and prevent the non-borrowing spouse from being ejected from the ...

October 5, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Failure to Record Indemnifications Exposes MMIF to Potential Losses

The Department of Housing and Urban Development’s failure to record indemnifications under a 2015 settlement agreement exposed the FHA insurance fund to potential losses of more than $47.4 million, according to an internal audit report. HUD’s Office of the Inspector General performed the audit to resolve issues related to two settlement agreements entered into by Fifth Third Bank and the Department of Justice. Fifth Third, a direct endorsement lender, had voluntarily disclosed to HUD 1,439 materially defective FHA loans that were originated between 2003 and 2013. HUD paid claims on 519 of those flawed loans, which generated more than $84.9 million in ineligible claims. In addition, FTB agreed to indemnify HUD for all losses for the remaining 920 FHA-insured mortgage loans. In January 2017, the bank voluntarily disclosed an additional 381 materially defective FHA loans. A HUD review of the ...

October 5, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

HUD Plans to Revisit DPA Rules in Light of Tribal FHA-Down Program

Use of FHA downpayment assistance from programs run by entities owned by Native American tribes may soon be under agency scrutiny. Industry stakeholders are pointing to a pre-rule notice the Department of Housing and Urban Development published last spring as an opportunity for HUD to clarify the use of downpayment assistance from parties other than those currently allowed to meet FHA’s 3.5 percent downpayment requirement. In an advanced notice of proposed rulemaking in the Federal Register, HUD is seeking comment on the use of downpayment assistance as well as their approved sources, such as tribal providers, state and local housing finance agencies, government agents and non-profit organizations. One downpayment-assistance provider is the Chenoa Fund Loan Program, which is owned and operated by the Utah Cedar Band of Paiutes. The fund provides secondary financing to ...

October 5, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Senate Still Has Time to Enact VA ‘Orphan’ Loan Bill, Says MBA

The mortgage banking industry is optimistic about Congress enacting legislation that would cure VA orphan loans before the midterm elections. The U.S. Senate still has time to consider H.R. 6737, the Protect Affordable Mortgages for Veterans Act, according to Bill Kilmer, chief lobbyist at the Mortgage Bankers Association. “Most observers think [lawmakers are] going to be around until Oct. 18 or 19, which is when Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said he wants to keep folks around to work on nominations and other measures they need to clear,” Kilmer said. “There is time and, more to the substantive point, the bill passed the House.” H.R. 6737 would provide a technical fix so that certain VA refinance loans would be eligible for pooling in a Ginnie Mae mortgage-backed security. The bill was reported out of committee by a unanimous 49-0 vote, and was approved quickly by the House ...

October 5, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA Insurance Fund Hit Hard by Needless Claim Payments, Costs

Mortgage servicing delays have caused the Department of Housing and Urban Development to pay a whopping $413 million for unnecessary interest and other expenses. The payment put a major dent on the FHA Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund and its ability to pay other claims or reduce FHA mortgage-insurance premiums, according to a report from the HUD inspector general. The amount covered interest payments and other costs on 27,634 preforeclosure claims over a five-year period. The costly setback could have been avoided had lenders completed servicing chores on defaulted FHA loans within their prescribed periods, the IG said. Although serviers were to blame, HUD reimbursed them through FHA insurance claims. The IG analyzed 100,077 preforeclosure claims paid from Aug. 1, 2012, through July 31, 2017. Auditors identified 30,061 claims that had ...

October 5, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA Requires Second Appraisal on HECMs with Inflated Collateral

The reverse mortgage industry is supporting an FHA move to require a second appraisal for certain Home Equity Conversion Mortgage loans. FHA did not seek public comment on the interim policy change, which subjects all HECM loans, effective Oct. 1, to a collateral risk assessment to ensure the appraisal of the property is not inflated. The new policy has wide support in the reverse mortgage industry. A study conducted by the Department of Housing and Urban Development last year found that 37 percent of appraisals on approximately 134,000 HECMs tested positive for over-valuation. The inflated HECM appraisals were at least 3 percent higher than estimates by FHA’s proprietary automated valuation model, according to FHA Commissioner Brian Montgomery. The same study also found that higher-than-expected losses in the HECM program could be attributed in part to ...

October 5, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Solid Gains in Purchase-Mortgage Business Offset 3Q18 Refi Slump

Ginnie Mae issuance of single-family mortgage-backed securities rode a homebuying wave during the third quarter of 2018, according to a new Inside FHA/VA Lending ranking and analysis. Ginnie issuers produced $105.63 billion of new MBS backed by forward mortgages during the July-September cycle, a 7.1 percent increase from the second quarter. That brought year-to-date production to $296.88 billion – down 11.3 percent from the first nine months of 2017. Purchase mortgages provided the boost for the Ginnie market. Some $75.69 billion of FHA and VA purchase mortgages were pooled in Ginnie MBS in the third quarter, a sturdy 13.1 percent increase from the previous period. Purchase loans accounted for 75.1 percent of FHA and VA loans securitized in the third quarter, compared to 64.7 percent for all of last year. Although production of these loans has gone up since the first quarter, year-to-date volume ... [Charts]

September 21, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

DASP Note Sales Result in Lower Losses than Conveyance Claims

Loss rates for notes sold in the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s distressed asset sales program are lower than those for notes that pass through the traditional conveyance claim process, according to HUD’s inspector general. An IG audit found that the DASP loss rate was more than 3 percentage points lower than the loss rate of similar conveyance notes. The IG took into account the losses for actual DASP sales and real estate-owned conveyance claims during the same audit period, the IG said. Ultimately, the DASP program saved the FHA insurance fund more money than the conveyance process, the report concluded. The FHA Office of Housing conducts mortgage loan sales under the Single Family Loan Sale Initiative, and most distressed notes are sold through DASP. The initiative aims to maximize recoveries to the ...

September 21, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA Delinquency Rates Decline Significantly in August from July

The delinquency rates on the approximately 7.9 million FHA loans outstanding fell by 20.7 basis points in August from the previous month, according to an Inside FHA/VA Lending analysis of FHA data. About 11.24 percent of FHA loans were in various stages of delinquency at the end of August. An estimated 4.73 percent of active FHA loans were 30-60 days past due while 3.90 percent were 90-plus days seriously delinquent at midpoint of the third quarter. FHA loans that were 60 to 90 days delinquent accounted for 1.56 percent of FHA loans outstanding while 1.05 percent of loans were in foreclosure. Texas, which accounted for 805,535 of total FHA loans being serviced, reported 11.4 percent of the loans as delinquent or in foreclosure. Second-place California showed a 7.39 percent delinquency/foreclosure rate overall. The state’s foreclosure rate was at a very low 0.53 percent. New Jersey and Louisiana ... [Chart]

September 21, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

September Issuance of FHA Final Condominium Reforms Unlikely

It looks like the Department of Housing and Urban Development will not be able meet its September target date for rolling out its long-awaited FHA condominium reform rule. Such is the consensus among stakeholders whose hopes were raised when HUD Secretary Ben Carson told the House Financial Services Committee in June that he would be issuing the rule this month. “HUD and the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (within the Office of Management and Budget) want to release the rules with the updated Single Family Handbook and they are still working on that,” said a real estate industry executive. He added that despite what Carson said at the committee hearing, “September is not likely for a release.” As of press time, the final condo reform rule had not yet been delivered for OMB review, a process that in the past has taken months to complete. In contrast, it took about a ...

September 21, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Government Share of Originations Down Slightly in Second Quarter

Originations of government-insured mortgages rose 11.2 percent from the first to the second quarter of 2018, according to Inside Mortgage Finance estimates. That increase was slightly lower than the 17.1 percent gain in total first-lien originations over that period. The big winner for the second quarter was the jumbo sector, where loan volume surged 33.5 percent from the first three months of the year. On a year-to-date basis, government lending was down 12.6 percent from the first half of 2017. This reflects the steep decline in refinance lending in general, which affected FHA/VA production significantly. Jumbo lending was also down, by 6.6 percent, from the first six months of last year, but the conventional-conforming market saw a 4.2 percent gain at the midway point in 2018. FHA/VA loans accounted for 22.8 percent of first-lien originations in the first half of 2018. The government share for all of last year was ... [Chart]

September 21, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Corrective Bill Renders VA Orphan Loans Eligible for Ginnie Guarantee

Ginnie Mae assured the mortgage industry that it would accept so-called VA orphan loans as long as they satisfy the terms of corrective legislation passed by the House Financial Services Committee recently. “As long as the mortgage loan complies with the law, we will accept it and put our guarantee on it,” said an agency spokesperson in response to an Inside FHA/VA Lending inquiry. Ginnie’s assurance provides certainty to a subset of VA loans that have been in limbo since June because they could not be delivered into Ginnie mortgage-backed securities. Lawmakers responded to industry calls for a legislative fix last week by voting overwhelmingly to approve H.R. 6737, the “Protect Affordable Mortgages for Veterans Act of 2018.” Introduced by Rep. Lee Zeldin, R-NY, the bill would eliminate the seasoning requirements in the recently enacted Dodd-Frank Act reform legislation, which conflicted with ...

September 21, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Third-Party Originators Account for Out-sized Share of FHA/VA Market

Correspondent lenders and mortgage brokers continue to account for an unusually large share of FHA and VA lending, according to a new analysis by Inside FHA/VA Lending. During the first six months of 2018, correspondent-lending programs accounted for 53.3 percent of government-insured mortgage production, according to survey data reported by a broad cross-section of the market. At the same time, correspondent production accounted for 46.4 percent of conventional-conforming lending and a mere 16.1 percent of the non-agency jumbo market. The heavy reliance on agency securitization in both the conventional and government-insured sectors helps explain the higher levels of correspondent production. For many smaller shops, it is more economical to sell production to aggregators than pay the overhead costs of dealing directly with the agencies. In the government-insured sector, some banks are ... [Chart]

September 7, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Around the Industry

VA Announces Special Relief Following Hurricane Lane. The Department of Veterans Affairs has issued guidance reminding servicers of measures they may use to provide relief to VA borrowers affected by Hurricane Lane. VA Announces Modification Comparison Chart; Development Updates. To provide additional clarification, VA has created a chart summarizing its different modification options. The chart will be available to servicers at https://www.benefits.va.gov/ HOMELOANS/servicers_valeri_guides.asp on Monday, Sept. 10, 2018. Also, VALERI Manifest 18.3 will be released on Sept. 8. VALERI will be unavailable from 7 p.m. EST to 11 p.m. EST. The following system enhancements will be included: CQ 13433 – Updates the redemption expiration date business rule logic in the Transfer of Custody event to pass if loan is terminated via deed in lieu; and CQ 13535 – Updates the ...

September 7, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Integrated Claims/Conveyance Services Reduce FHA Risks, Costs

The profitability of mortgage servicing is under pressure these days due to factors that keep costs high, but there is a better way to reduce costs and conveyance time, especially for FHA foreclosed loans, according to a white paper from Dimont. Integrated processing of insurance claims and conveyance-related activities can dramatically reduce servicers’ operating costs and penalty risks on FHA and other investor-backed loans, said the Dallas-based technology solution provider. The white paper, “The Power of Integrated Claims & Conveyance Services,” lists factors that could significantly affect a servicer’s profitability, such as low origination volume, declining delinquency rates and other factors, like severe weather patterns. Servicing costs for performing loans peaked in 2015 when the average cost for servicing a single-family loan reached $181 per loan – the highest cost since the ...

September 7, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Deloitte Settles Allegations of Sloppy Audits of TBW Financials

Big Four accounting firm Deloitte has paid $149.5 million to the federal government to settle allegations of misconduct in connection with its role as the independent outside auditor of defunct FHA lender Taylor, Bean & Whitaker. The settlement amount includes $115 million in restitution paid to the Department of Housing and Urban Development on Aug. 13, 2018, according to the HUD inspector general. The rest of the payment went to the Department of Justice, which brought the charges on behalf of the government. Deloitte admitted neither to any liability nor to wrongdoing. TBW was an FHA direct endorsement lender and a Ginnie Mae-approved mortgage-backed securities issuer and servicer. It originated, underwrote, acquired and sold mortgages to Freddie Mac and other investors, which used the loans to support MBS issuance or held them as investments. In its heyday, TBW was one of the ...

September 7, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Collection of Post-Payment Interest Gets Wells Fargo Bank in Trouble

A federal district court in San Francisco preliminarily approved a $30 million class-action settlement resolving allegations that Wells Fargo Bank improperly collected post-payment interest on FHA-insured mortgages without notice to the borrowers. The U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California granted preliminary approval of the settlement on Aug. 22. Class members include plaintiff Vana Fowler and other borrowers who had an FHA loan originated between June 1, 1996, and Jan. 20, 2015. Plaintiffs allege that Wells Fargo continued to collect interest on FHA loans they had already fully repaid without sending them proper notice. HUD allows lenders to collect interest if the borrower repays the full principal on his or her FHA loan after the first of the month. This means that banks can still collect interest through the end of the month even though the ...

September 7, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

HECM Lenders Take a Beating in 2Q18 as Originations Plummet

Home Equity Conversion Mortgage originations fell dramatically in the second quarter, raising the possibility of a long reverse-mortgage winter in 2018, according to an Inside FHA/VA Lending analysis of HECM data. HECM production fell a whopping 40.9 percent in the second quarter from the previous period. Total HECM originations stood at $8.6 billion by the six-month mark, down 8.3 percent from the prior year. Traditional HECMs, which exclude purchases and refinances, accounted for 80.5 percent of FHA-insured reverse mortgages originated during the first half of 2018. The amount of funds available at loan origination for the first six months totaled $4.7 billion. Analysts blame the low HECM originations on the new lower Principal Limit Factors (PLFs) for HECMs, which became effective in FY 2018. Under the HECM final rule issued last year by the Department of Housing and Urban Development, principal limits [Chart]

September 7, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

GNMA MBS Issuance Nudges Higher in August, Trails 2017

Ginnie Mae issuers produced $36.68 billion of new single-family mortgage-backed securities last month, a modest 5.0 percent gain from July, according to a new Inside FHA/VA Lending analysis and ranking. Through the first eight months of the year, Ginnie issuance was down 11.0 percent from the same period in 2017. The MBS figures do not include FHA home-equity conversion mortgages, and loan amounts are truncated to the lowest $1,000. Purchase mortgages accounted for 75.6 percent of new issuance in August, although volume was up just 1.9 percent from July’s level. On a year-to-date basis, the purchase-mortgage share rose from 65.7 percent in 2017 to 70.0 percent for the first eight months of this year. Total volume, however, was down 5.1 percent. The refinance market has been more wobbly. As of the end of August, refi volume totaled $65.87 billion, down 26.2 percent from the ... [Chart]


Who "owns" the mortgage customer that’s brought to a wholesale lender through a loan broker?

The broker. It’s his/her client.


The wholesale/table funder. They’re taking the financial risk.


The broker, but only for the first year. After that, the borrower is fair game.


Hard to answer. It’s a complicated issue.