FHA Programs

Browse articles from all of our Newsletters related to FHA Programs.

December 14, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA Drops Warranty Requirements for New Single-Family Construction

The Department of Housing and Urban Development has issued a final rule streamlining single-family home-warranty requirements for FHA insurance.


December 14, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA’s Mandatory Second Appraisal for Certain HECMs Now Automated

The FHA has announced that protocols in place for second appraisal requirements for certain Home Equity Conversion Mortgage loans are now fully automated.


December 14, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

CFPB Hammers VA Lender for Deceiving Borrowers on IRRRLs

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau has filed a complaint and a proposed settlement against a Nevada lender for misleading borrowers on the benefits of VA streamline refinancing.


December 14, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FoA Agrees to FCA Settlement; DOJ, IGs Resolve Billing Fraud Case

Finance of America – a Blackstone Group portfolio company – has agreed to pay $14.5 million to the government to resolve allegations that its operating subsidiary, Gateway Funding Diversified Mortgage Services, knowingly endorsed ineligible loans, resulting in losses to the FHA insurance fund.


December 14, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Announces 2019 Loan Limits, Baseline Limit Rises 6.9 Percent

The Department of Veterans Affairs has announced new VA loan limits for 2019, a 6.9 percent increase from last year.


December 14, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Analysts Suggest Interim Action for Ginnie Mae on Cash-Out Refi Loans

Mortgage-backed securities analysts are recommending that Ginnie Mae temporarily place VA cash-out refinance loans with high loan-to-value ratios in custom pools until the VA implements new rules to curb churning in cash-out refis.


December 14, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Borrowers on FICO’s Lower End Save More on FHA Cash-Out Refis

The ability to extract more equity at a lower price appears to be driving the growth in FHA cash-out volume, according to an Urban Institute analysis of FHA’s FY 2018 report on the financial condition of the Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund.


December 10, 2018 - Inside the CFPB

VA Lender Sued for Deceiving Veterans Regarding IRRRLs

The CFPB last week sued Village Capital & Investment for deceiving veterans regarding the Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loans program.


December 6, 2018 - Inside Mortgage Finance

As VA Plans Another Clampdown on Refi Loans, Analysts Want Ginnie to Put High-LTV Cash-Outs in Separate Pools

Uncertain as to what the Department of Veterans Affairs will propose to curb churning of VA cash-out refinance loans, analysts are recommending that Ginnie Mae temporarily segregate some of the loans in mortgage-backed security pools until the department implements new rules.


November 30, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

MMIF Audit Report Suggests FHA May Consider Shrinking Footprint

In an analysis of FHA’s fiscal 2018 audit of the Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund, analysts believe the Department of Housing and Urban Development may be inclined to shrink FHA’s footprint modestly given the risk profile of its new business.


November 30, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Plans Cash-Out Refi Rulemaking to Prevent Predatory Practices

The Department of Veterans Affairs this week laid the groundwork for changes to its current rules on VA-guaranteed cash-out refinance loans.


November 16, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Clarifies Impact of Claims Payment on Vets’ Entitlement

The Department of Veterans Affairs has issued guidance clarifying the effect of guaranteed claim payments on a veteran’s home-loan entitlement. According to the guidance, a veteran loses a part or all of his VA home-loan benefit when the agency pays a claim on a loan terminated by a foreclosure, short sale or deed-in-lieu of foreclosure. For VA loans originated on or after Jan. 1, 1990, the VA will no longer establish debts against veterans after it pays a claim to reimburse a servicer for its loss. Reimbursement could be up to the maximum guaranty amount. On the other hand, the agency may establish a debt against the veteran and pursue collection if the loan was originated prior to Jan. 1, 1990. If the veteran wants to reuse the VA home-loan benefit, he or she must fully reimburse VA for its losses in order to restore full entitlement. The loss only affects the veteran’s entitlement under the VA Home Loan guaranty program and ...


November 16, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA Plans Headcount in Certain HECM Homes to Protect Spouses

The Department of Housing and Urban Development is planning to conduct an inventory of occupants of homes with a Home Equity Conversion Mortgage loan originated prior to 2014 to help protect non-borrowing spouses from eviction in the event of the HECM borrower’s death. The status of non-borrowing spouses (NBS) remains an issue with HUD relative to HECM books of business predating 2014, when the program did not provide protections to spouses of deceased HECM borrowers, FHA Commissioner Brian Montgomery said during a press briefing this week. Prior to August 2014, only borrowers over the age of 62 could be on the HECM note and on the title of the home. The policy created a problem for non-borrowing spouses, who could face eviction if the older spouse passed away. The HECM borrower’s death is deemed a “maturity event” that renders the loan due and payable. This meant that the ...


November 16, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

GNMA’s Liquidity Concerns Prompt Demand for Contingency Plans

Increasingly worried about the financial condition of its largest nonbank issuers amid declining market conditions, Ginnie Mae in late October shot off a liquidity letter to 14 companies, asking them to develop contingency plans. The identity of the firms was not revealed to Inside FHA/VA Lending, but it’s no secret which companies rank among the top echelon of issuer/servicers. The five largest nonbank Ginnie MBS servicers as of Sept. 30 are PennyMac Financial Services, Lakeview Loan Servicing, Freedom Mortgage, Quicken Loans and Mr. Cooper. According to the letter, a copy of which was obtained by this publication, Ginnie wants the companies to develop strategies to right-size their operations. One of the agency’s goals is to lay the groundwork for financial stress tests that all issuer/servicers eventually must meet. Ginnie expects to sit down with the executive management teams of the ...


November 16, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Ginnie Mae Continues to Tighten Issuer Standards, Accountability

This week, Ginnie Mae issued an all-participants memo dictating new standards for firms seeking to become issuers, including the stipulation that applicants submit to a corporate credit evaluation. Ginnie said the financial exercise will be “similar to those employed by credit rating agencies.” The evaluation will determine whether an applicant is qualified to be an issuer or whether additional criteria should be imposed even if the basic standards are met. Applicants that rely on a subservicer arrangement will be scrutinized even more. The bulletin also notes that, effective immediately, the agency is implementing new notification requirements for MBS issuers engaged in “certain subservicer advance or servicing income agreements, which do not require prior Ginnie Mae approval, but can impact an issuer’s ongoing liquidity position and financial obligations.” While Ginnie currently permits subservicers to advance ...


November 16, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA Seeks to Strengthen MRB Authority to Ensure Compliance

The FHA is recommending a statutory change to strengthen the Mortgagee Review Board’s authority in lender enforcement. The agency discussed the merits of enhancing MRB’s powers in a 2018 audit report on the health of the Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund. While the goal of a stronger MRB is not new, it has taken on a new urgency in discussions between the Department of Housing and Urban Development and the Department of Justice regarding the use of the False Claims Act in FHA enforcement. The DOJ and HUD have used the statute to pursue lenders that have inflicted millions of dollars in losses on FHA due to misrepresentation, carelessness and generally sloppy underwriting. Lenders, on the other hand, have complained about the agencies’ indiscriminate use of the FCA against even the slightest technical error. The FCA and its treble-damages provisions have squeezed billions of dollars ...


November 16, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

HUD Works on Deal with DOJ to Limit FCA Use to Serious Violations

A memorandum of understanding is in the works at the Department of Housing and Urban Development to clarify the use of the False Claims Act in FHA enforcement. At the same time, the department is considering seeking statutory authority for the Mortgagee Review Board to impose stiffer penalties on lenders for violations that do not require a False Claims Act response. (See following story.) During a public policy luncheon hosted by the Washington-based Women in Housing and Finance this week, HUD Assistant Secretary and FHA Commissioner Brian Montgomery said the draft MOU would provide a “level of fairness” in terms of whether the FCA or some other mechanism would be appropriate. Montgomery did not discuss specifics but said the memo would ensure that HUD has a say in what type of offense would qualify for a false claim. Montgomery gave no timeframe for when the ...


November 16, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

MMIF is Sound, Latest Audit Finds; Forwards Cover More HECM Losses

The FHA’s Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund is generally healthy but for its Home Equity Conversion Mortgage program, according to the latest FHA audit of the MMIF. In its 2018 report to Congress this week, the Department of Housing and Urban Development had good and bad news regarding the financial condition of the insurance fund. The good news is that the economic value of the MMIF, which backs the FHA’s single-family loan programs, increased to $34.7 billion in fiscal 2018 from $26.7 billion a year ago. Total capital resources rose to $49.2 billion from $40.9 billion during the same period. For the fourth consecutive year, the fund exceeded its statutory capital reserve ratio of 2.00 percent. The ratio rose to 2.76 percent in 2018 from 2.18 percent last year. Premium reductions, had they been in effect, would have reduced the fund’s economic net worth and dropped its capital ratio, industry ...


November 16, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Volume Slumps as Streamlined Refi Business Falls Sharply in 3Q18

VA mortgage originations fell significantly in the third quarter of 2018 due to a decline in purchase loans and a sharp drop in refinancing from the previous quarter. Rising interest rates and regulatory restrictions were mostly to blame, said lenders. VA production during the third quarter was $40.2 billion, down 21.0 percent from the quarter ago. Volume in the first nine months of 2018 dropped a mere 0.7 percent from the same time period last year. Purchase loans, which comprised 75.3 percent of VA’s guaranty business, were down 12.6 percent. On the other hand, year-over-year production increased 14.0 percent. VA refinance was down 39.0 percent from the second quarter and 18.1 percent on a year-to-date basis. The decline was fueled primarily by an 80.8 percent drop in VA streamline refis or Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loans from the second quarter. IRRRL endorsements in the third quarter ... [Charts]


Poll

With loan volumes declining, does your shop have plans to enter the non-QM lending market in 2019?

Yes, definitely. A solid move forward.

45%

Yes, but only incrementally.

16%

We’re pondering a move into non-QM, but haven’t made up our mind.

13%

No, definitely not. We view it has too risky.

26%