Browse articles from all of our Newsletters related to Compliance.

December 8, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Congress Passes Short-Term Spending Bill, Avoids Shutdown

Congress on Thursday passed a stopgap-spending bill to prevent a potential government shutdown and to give lawmakers time to negotiate crucial issues. The House voted 235-193 to pass the measure. A short time later, the Senate quickly approved it 81-14. The temporary spending bill will keep the government running through Dec. 22. The continuing resolution or CR, that has kept the government open would have expired on Dec. 8. Both the House and Senate are scheduled to adjourn on Dec. 15. Congress will need to pass a final appropriations bill or another continuing resolution to keep the government operating after Dec. 22. Despite differences over tax reform, FY 2018 budget, immigration, health care and other issues, lawmakers do not want a shutdown, mortgage industry sources said. Republicans, in particular, hope to enact their $1.5 trillion tax package by Christmas. On the other hand, ...

December 4, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB, VA Warn Military Personnel About Deceptive Refi Offers

The CFPB and VA recently issued their first WARNO, or “warning order,” to members of the U.S. armed forces and veterans with VA home loans, urging them to stay on their toes and avoid deceptive mortgage refinance offers. “If you have a VA home loan, then there is a good chance that you have already come into contact with unsolicited offers to refinance your mortgage that appear official and may sound too good to be true,” the two agencies said. Many of these solicitations promise extremely low interest rates, thousands of dollars in cash back, the ability to skip mortgage payments, and no out-of-pocket costs or waiting period. “Don’t be fooled,” the CFPB and VA said. “Before responding to any ...

December 4, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Industry Again Urges Pivot from Regulation by Enforcement

As the CFPB prepares to move forward with a new strategic plan – which may well be revised, now that Mick Mulvaney is in charge – the mortgage industry again called on the bureau to move beyond “regulation by enforcement.” Instead, it should provide more of the detailed guidance lenders and servicers and other participants need to fully comply with the agency’s rules and regulations and best serve consumers, top industry representatives said. In a recent comment letter to the bureau, the Mortgage Bankers Association noted that the CFPB is at an inflection point in 2017. Now it can “pivot and focus its resources on providing supervision and binding, authoritative guidance that helps responsible parties, including those in the mortgage industry, comply ...

December 4, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

New Leadership Can Address Industry’s HMDA Concerns: HPC

The mortgage industry continues to have serious consumer privacy and data concerns with the CFPB’s Home Mortgage Disclosure Act proposed guidance. But with new leadership in place, the bureau has a great chance to deal with the issues in a more appropriate manner, according to the Housing Policy Council of the Financial Services Roundtable. With new Acting Director Mick Mulvaney in place, the bureau could change course, electing to satisfy the statutory obligation to follow a formal rule-making process and also reconsidering the CFPB’s position regarding the disclosure of loan-level data, according to Ed DeMarco, president of FSR’s HPC. “Securing sensitive consumer data is a top priority for the financial industry,” said DeMarco, the former chief of the Federal Housing ...

December 4, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

More CFPB-Related Legislation Making its Way Through Congress

Overshadowed by all the drama associated with the resignation of CFPB Director Richard Cordray and the struggle over who is to serve as his temporary replacement was some potentially significant legislative activity on Capitol Hill. A number of bills were recently introduced or are in the process of facing votes that could affect the CFPB, some of its rulemakings and the regulations it enforces. Rep. Sean Duffy, R-WI, chairman of the House Financial Services Subcommittee on Housing and Insurance, and Sen. Mike Enzi, R-WY, chairman of the Senate Budget Committee, late last week introduced bicameral legislation to restrain the CFPB’s rates of pay. Specifically, the legislation, H.R.4499, the CFPB Pay Fairness Act, would require the director of the bureau to ...

November 20, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Other News in Brief/More Industry Advice for a Post-Cordray CFPB

More Industry Advice for a Post-Cordray CFPB. Competitive Enterprise Institute financial policy expert John Berlau said last week, “Richard Cordray’s impending resignation as director of the CFPB is long overdue.... Growth of CFPB Leveling Off. The total number of employees at the CFPB came to 1,668 for fiscal year 2017, up 20 positions from the year before, according to the bureau’s latest financial statements for the last two years.... GAO Signs Off on CFPB Financial Statements. The Government Accountability Office audited the CFPB’s financial statements for fiscal years 2016 and 2017, and found they are “presented fairly, in all material respects, in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.”...

November 20, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Senate Banking Panel Agrees to Separate Mortgage Reforms

Last week, the Senate Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs committee endorsed a handful of legislative provisions related to mortgage financing, including a measure that tackles one aspect of the CFPB’s integrated-disclosure rule under the Truth in Lending Act and the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act. One section of the still-to-be-named bill would remove the three-day waiting period required for the combined TILA/RESPA mortgage disclosure if a creditor extends to a consumer a second offer of credit with a lower annual percentage rate. It also would express the sense of Congress that the CFPB should provide clearer, authoritative guidance with respect to certain issues. A separate section deals with escrow requirements for certain consumer credit transactions. These provisions would provide an ...

November 20, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

House Panel OKs Reforms to CFPB Mortgage-Related Rulemakings

Last week, the House Financial Services Committee approved several bills that would override the CFPB on some of its key mortgage-related rulemakings. The voting included the passage of H.R. 1153, the Mortgage Choice Act of 2017, which would exclude from the ability-to-repay calculation of points and fees insurance and taxes held in escrow and fees paid to affiliated companies as a result of their participation in an affiliated business arrangement. The bill passed by a recorded vote of 46 ayes and 13 nays. Jaret Seiberg, an analyst with Cowen Washington Research Group, said in a client note, “This would permit lenders to work with affiliate title insurers without worrying about the points-and-fees cap.” Another measure that survived the legislative gauntlet ...

November 20, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Some Servicers Think CFPB Proposed Change Must Go Further

Back in October, the CFPB issued a proposed rule to clarify the timing for mortgage servicers to transition to providing modified or unmodified periodic statements and coupon books in connection with a consumer’s bankruptcy case. Since its 2016 mortgage servicing rule was adopted, the bureau said it has received significant input that certain aspects of the single-billing-cycle exemption and timing requirements may be more complex and operationally challenging than it realized, and that the relevant provisions may be subject to different interpretations. Therefore, the CFPB proposed several revisions to replace the single-billing-cycle exemption with a single-statement exemption. More specifically, the bureau proposed to revise the single-billing-cycle exemption to instead provide a single-statement exemption for the next periodic statement or coupon ...

November 20, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Servicers Support CFPB Change to FDCPA Notice-Timing Requirements

Trade groups representing mortgage lenders and servicers generally support the change the bureau is making to its 2013 mortgage servicing rules under the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (Regulation X) and the Truth in Lending Act (Regulation Z) as it relates to certain early-intervention notices. In mid-October, the CFPB issued an interim final rule amending the timing requirements for providing subsequent written early-intervention notices to borrowers who have requested a cease in communication under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act. The CFPB’s 2016 amendments to the 2013 mortgage servicing rules generally require that servicers send notices to delinquent borrowers every 45 days to inform them of available foreclosure prevention options. For borrowers who have invoked their cease-communication requirements, servicers must ...

November 20, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB, Ocwen Tit for Tat Continues, Thanks to DOJ’s Absence

The CFPB recently told a U.S. District Court it opposes Ocwen Financial’s motion to submit the Department of Justice’s brief filed in another case in lieu of the department’s inaction when it comes to weighing in on Ocwen’s dispute with the bureau. Ocwen recently asked the U.S. District Court, Southern District of Florida, West Palm Beach Division, for permission to file a supplemental memorandum (an earlier brief by the DOJ in PHH Corp. v. CFPB as to the unconstitutionality of the bureau) in defense of the company’s motion to dismiss the consumer regulator’s case against it. The common thread in both cases is that Ocwen and PHH similarly assert that the CFPB’s structure is unconstitutional. During the Obama administration, the ...

November 20, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

For Mortgage Lenders, Servicers, Enforcement is the New Focus

It’s unlikely the mortgage lending and servicing industry will see any big changes at the CFPB right away – at least in terms of new regulations and rule-makings – once Richard Cordray formally exits the stage as director of the bureau, most experts said. “Until the president installs a new director, it should be business as usual,” former CFPB official Benjamin Olson, now a partner with Buckley Sandler in Washington, DC, told Inside the CFPB. As excited as some mortgage industry representatives were upon hearing the news, all of the bureau’s rulemakings related to mortgage lending and servicing have already been issued and finalized, so that’s all water under the bridge. A new director will not be able to willy-nilly revoke or ...

November 10, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

MBA Calls for Changes to LRS, Remedies for Lender Complaints

FHA lenders think the new Loan Review System is a “modern and streamlined system” that is less user-friendly than Neighborhood Watch, according to the Mortgage Bankers Association. In a letter to the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the MBA called on the FHA to continue its ongoing discussion with lenders and other industry stakeholders on how the improve the LRS and its response timelines. Implemented last May, the LRS is an electronic platform for monitoring and reviewing the quality of single-family mortgages that FHA has insured. It replaced the post-endorsement technical review performed by the FHA Connection/Underwriting Review System (URS), review functions for post-closing test cases submitted by direct endorsement lenders, and lender self-reporting functions in Neighborhood Watch. The LRS also includes a defect taxonomy, which features a list of ...

November 6, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Other News in Brief/Provident, Ocwen, HMDA, Winter Park National

African-American and Hispanic Borrowers Allegedly Harmed by Provident Will Receive $9 Million in Compensation. Last week, Garden City Group, the settlement administrator for Provident Funding Associates, mailed out checks to African-American and Hispanic borrowers to compensate them for having been unlawfully charged higher interest or broker fees on their mortgages from Provident.... Ocwen Enters Into Agreement with Hawaii to Resolve Regulatory Action. Ocwen Financial settled some outstanding issues with regulatory authorities in Hawaii last week, continuing a streak the nonbank servicer has been on for the last two months or so....

November 6, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

CSBS Frets CFPB Rule Threatens Relationship Lending Model

The Conference of State Bank Supervisors recently told the CFPB it is concerned that a rule expected from the bureau could erode the relationship lending model that community banks use with small businesses. “The proposed new data collection requirements will require lenders to compile and report a variety of data points regarding small business applications and loans,” the state regulators said in a recent comment letter to the bureau. “At a minimum, these new data collection requirements will impose additional and disproportionate compliance costs on smaller financial institutions with limited resources and unnecessarily raise the cost of originating small business loans by all lenders.” According to the CSBS, community banks exercise a substantial amount of discretion and expertise in the ...

November 6, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

New HMDA Data Privacy Concerns Emerge in Wake of Data Breaches

The CFPB recently issued some proposed policy guidance for its Home Mortgage Disclosure Act rule that could help borrowers on the data privacy front, but it might not be enough, according to one compliance attorney. “On the heels of the Equifax data breach and continued cybersecurity threats, the CFPB’s guidance is a clear attempt to alleviate concerns regarding identity theft and information security,” Alexander Koskey, an associate in the Atlanta office of the Baker Donelson law firm, said in a recent client note. “However, significant privacy concerns persist that the increase in the amount of data that is being disclosed for the first time will make it easier to discover the identity of applicants and borrowers.” Additionally, given that the ...

November 6, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Compliance Pro IDs Major Issues, Concerns With New HMDA Rule

During the recent annual meeting of the Mortgage Bankers Association, a top compliance expert highlighted some of the biggest issues and concerns the industry faces under the new data collection and reporting regime ushered in by the CFPB’s updated Home Mortgage Disclosure Act rule. The short list of the most significant considerations, of course, includes the fair lending implications of the new requirements. Mitch Kider, chairman and managing partner of the Weiner Brodsky Kider PC law firm in Washington, DC, told attendees at one break-out session that HMDA data accuracy (or errors) sets the tone for an entire CFPB examination. “Most of the new data fields companies already have,” he said. “Do you know what story your data currently tells ...

November 6, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Groups Push Congress to Loosen ATR Rule’s Points-and-Fees Cap

Multiple industry trade groups recently wrote to every member of the U.S. House of Representatives to enact legislation that would loosen up the points-and-fees cap under the CFPB’s ability-to-repay rule and its qualified mortgage standard. At issue is the bipartisan H.R. 1153, the Mortgage Choice Act (not to be confused with the far more comprehensive, and controversial, Financial CHOICE Act). H.R. 1153 was introduced in February by Reps. Bill Huizenga, R-MI, Ed Royce, R-CA, Steve Stivers, R-OH, and David Joyce, R-OH, along with Gregory Meeks, D-NY, David Scott, D-GA, and Mike Doyle, D-PA. H.R. 1153 would revise the Truth in Lending Act Section 103(bb)(4) definition of points and fees to foster greater consumer choice in mortgage and settlement services under ...

November 6, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Ocwen Requests Oral Arguments in CFPB Case, Sans Trump DOJ

Ocwen Financial appears to be just as mystified as anyone else when it comes to understanding why the Department of Justice has not weighed in on the company’s dispute with the CFPB, as it had been invited to do. But that hasn’t kept the nonbank mortgage servicer from asking the court to proceed with oral arguments. Late last month, Ocwen filed a supplemental motion with the U.S. District Court, Southern District of Florida, West Palm Beach Division, in favor of its earlier motion to dismiss the bureau’s complaint against it. The purpose of the motion is “to clarify the position of the United States [government] on the issue of plaintiff CFPB’s structural unconstitutionality, in light of the inaction of the ...


With originations expected to drop in 2018, will your shop turn to non-QM/non-prime mortgage products as a way to bolster volumes?

Yes, definitely. We’re planning a launch.
No. It’s still difficult compliance/regulatory-wise.
Maybe. It’s under consideration.
Not now. But things could change as 2018 progresses.

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