Compliance

Browse articles from all of our Newsletters related to Compliance.

July 21, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

House Panel Earmarks $50 Million For Home Counseling Assistance

The House Appropriations Committee has recommended $50 million to fund the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s FY 2018 housing counseling assistance to homebuyers, homeowners and low and moderate-income renters. The allocation is $3 million more than the Trump administration had requested and $5 million below the amount appropriated for housing counseling in fiscal year 2017. In its budget report, the committee noted the continued improvement in the economy, which has resulted in fewer foreclosures. Foreclosure filings from 2016 were reported on 933,000 properties, representing a 10-year low and a 14 percent reduction from 2015, the report pointed out. “The foreclosure rate has stayed within a historically normal range for three years, even with the pipeline of legacy foreclosures resulting from the housing bubble,” it said. In addition, the bill retains language that ...


July 21, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

RHS Spells out Review Procedures For Approved Lenders, Servicers

The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Rural Housing Service has clarified procedures for reevaluating approved lenders’ and servicers’ eligibility under the RHS Single Family Housing Guaranteed Loan Program. The guidance also provides procedures for updating lender information. The RHS intends to review and document lender eligibility in accordance with regulation and program requirements to protect government assets and minimize taxpayer losses. Office of Management and Budget regulations require federal agencies to reevaluate and record lender and servicer eligibility every two years. “For the [USDA single family loan guarantee program], it requires making sure that lenders and servicers participating in federal credit programs meet all applicable financial and program requirements,” wrote Richard Davis, acting RHS administrator. To meet the requirements, lenders must ...


July 21, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

MRB Suspends Lender’s Authority To Originate, Service FHA Loans

The Department of Housing and Urban Development’s lender disciplinary arm, the Mortgagee Review Board, has suspended a Pennsylvania FHA lender from originating or underwriting any new agency-insured loans. In addition, HUD’s enforcement center suspended owner John Seckel from doing business with the federal government. According to HUD, Seckle Capital of Newton, PA, and its owner submitted statements and certifications purporting to show the firm was properly audited by independent certified public accountants, when, in fact, it was not. The MRB said Seckel and his firm engaged in a “years-long pattern” of deceit and falsehoods. The action is the result of HUD’s ongoing effort to hold the mortgage industry accountable for the loans it originates, underwrites or services. According to HUD’s Neighborhood Watch website, Seckel Capital has a compare ratio of 164 percent. Of the 557 loans the ...


July 21, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

HUD Note Sales Program Operating With No Formal Procedures, Says IG

An internal watchdog audit alleges that the Department of Housing and Urban Development has been auctioning distressed notes to investors with no formal guidance or procedures in place. In a recent audit report, the HUD Office of the Inspector General said the department did not conduct rulemaking or develop standards for its single-family note sales program. The IG said it performed the audit due to the large amount of FHA claims paid on note sales as well as public concerns over the creation and administration of the program. In addition, the IG has never audited the program. In 2002, HUD referred to the initial note sales program as the Accelerated Claims Disposition Demonstration Program. The department later renamed it the Loan Sales Program, and subsequently to its current name: Distressed Asset Stabilization Program. DASP accepts assignment of eligible, defaulted single-family mortgage loans in ...


July 17, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Extend HMDA Implementation Period, Industry Urges CFPB

The American Bankers Association and banking associations from each of the 50 states and Puerto Rico last week called upon the CFPB to delay the new Home Mortgage Disclosure Act data collection and reporting requirements, which are scheduled to kick in Jan. 1, 2018. “We appreciate the bureau’s efforts to help lenders comply with the new reporting requirements,” the trade groups began. “Nonetheless, banks of all sizes are gravely concerned that they will not be able to assure proper compliance by the January timeframe.” For one thing, the new HMDA rules are inherently complex and very expensive to implement, according to the ABA and its affiliates. Also, they are incomplete. “Recently proposed adjustments to the rule are complicating compliance efforts...


July 17, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Arbitration Rule a Risk to Banks’ Safety and Soundness, OCC Says

It’s one thing for a regulatory agency to promulgate a rule and catch a lot of slack from the affected industry. It’s quite another when another regulatory agency takes issue with a rule. The CFPB got a bit of a surprise in this regard when it issued its arbitration final rule last week: the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency expressed concerns about the potential risk the rule could pose to the safety and soundness of the U.S. banking system. In a letter to CFPB Director Richard Cordray, OCC Acting Comptroller of the Currency Keith Noreika, a recent appointee of President Trump, said, “The OCC has a mandate to ensure the safety and soundness of the federal banking system...


July 17, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB Cuts Small-Volume HELOC Lenders Some HMDA Slack

Last week, the CFPB issued a proposal to temporarily ease reporting requirements under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act for small banks and credit unions that issue home-equity lines of credit – but based on the number of such loans, not asset size of the institution. Under the CFPB’s HMDA rules scheduled to take effect in January 2018, financial institutions are generally required to report HELOCs if they made 100 such loans in each of the past two years. Under the proposal released last week, the bureau would increase that threshold to 500 loans through calendar years 2018 and 2019 in order to give the consumer regulator the time to consider whether to make a permanent adjustment. “Home-equity lines of credit worsened ...


July 17, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

JPMorgan Details Reforms Needed to Mortgage Servicing Regulation

JPMorgan Chase told the CFPB it supports the bureau’s mission of protecting consumers and recognizes that regulatory guardrails are necessary to make sure mortgage servicers adequately address consumers’ needs. “However, certain provisions of Regulation X [which implements the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act] impose burdens on servicers that increase servicing costs and impact access to consumer credit without providing proportional benefits to consumers,” the servicer said. JPMorgan was one of the industry participants commenting on the CFPB’s proposal to start assessing the effectiveness of its mortgage servicing rules under RESPA. The financial institution went on to some of the problem areas in Reg X that still need to be addressed, one of which has to do with rules for loss...


July 17, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Industry Suggests Improvements to Servicing Rule Assessment

Trade organizations representing the mortgage banking industry provided a number of important suggestions for the CFPB as it proceeds with a Dodd-Frank Act requirement to assess its mortgage servicing rules at the five-year mark. The first issue the American Bankers Association raised in this regard in its comment letter to the bureau was the scope of the assessment. “The CFPB should incorporate all of the servicing rules into its review, including the rules that implement the Truth and Lending Act and the amendments that the CFPB adopted to the servicing rules in 2016,” the ABA said – not just the rules promulgated under the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act. The bureau also should take into account the rules’ effects upon consumers...


July 17, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Bureau Issues Proposed Rule to Address TRID’s ‘Black Hole’

In addition to the so-called TRID 2.0 final rule, the CFPB recently issued a notice of proposed rulemaking related to what’s known in the mortgage industry as TRID’s “black hole,” which refers to situations in which a lender is not permitted to use a closing disclosure to reset fee tolerances. More specifically, the proposal addresses when a creditor may use a Closing Disclosure (CD), instead of a Loan Estimate (LE), to determine if an estimated closing cost was disclosed in good faith and within tolerance. Currently, lenders are permitted, under certain limited circumstances, to use revised estimates, instead of the estimate originally disclosed to the borrower, to compare to the charges actually paid by or imposed on the borrower in...


July 17, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB Codifies Final Changes to TRID, Permits Sharing of the CD

The CFPB recently published long-awaited updates to its “Know Before You Owe” integrated disclosure mortgage rule, finalizing, among other things, amendments on finance charge disclosures, disclosures tied to housing assistance that a borrower receives, and when information can be shared with third parties, including real estate agents. The KBYO rule took effect in early October 2015 as part of an effort to simplify disclosures under two laws: the Truth in Lending Act and the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act. The lending industry commonly refers to the combined disclosures as TRID, short for TILA/RESPA Integrated Disclosure rule. In a statement on the amendments, the CFPB noted that TRID “changed the total of payments calculation so that it did not make specific...


July 7, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Around the Industry

Chicago HECM Lender Arraigned on Fraud Charges. Mark Steven Diamond, a mortgage loan originator with offices in Chicago and Calumet City, IL, was arraigned on fraud charges in connection with a $7 million reverse mortgage scheme that targeted elderly homeowners and FHA lenders. According to the Department of Justice, Diamond deceived lenders into making FHA-insured reverse mortgage loans to homeowners who did not apply for a loan or had been beguiled to do so by the smooth-talking suspect. Diamond allegedly pocketed title-company checks intended for the borrowers, with the help of an unindicted co-schemer. Cynthia Wallace, who posed as a representative of the Department of Housing and Urban Development, was indicted along with Diamond. Using at least three aliases, Wallace allegedly collected money from victims for home repairs, which she claimed Diamond would ...


July 7, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA Provides Additional Guidance For Using New Loan Review System

The latest issue of FHA’s Lender Insight provides additional information to lenders regarding the new Loan Review System that was launched on May 15, 2017. FHA urged lenders to keep their contact information current in FHA Connection and in the Lender Electronic Appraisal Portal so that they receive automated system notifications on time. Also, lenders should review current FHAC user access for appropriate roles, the agency added. Lenders’ in-house FHAC application coordinators are authorized to grant access to, and assign roles within, the LRS. Having the correct roles should enable users to access the system from the FHAC menu, the FHA said. In addition, the lender must take a photo of any error messages that might appear on screen before contacting the FHA Resource Center, the agency advised. Be prepared to provide the date and time of the attempted login, user ID, lender user ID and the ...


July 7, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Seeks Continued Use of Form Allowing Lenders to Auto-Close

The Department of Veterans Affairs is seeking approval from the Office of Management and Budget to continue collecting information considered crucial in approving certain lender requests to close VA loans automatically. Currently, non-supervised VA lenders requesting approval to close VA loans on an automatic basis use VA Form 26-8736 to submit the information needed for VA approval. Upon receiving the form, the appropriate VA regional loan center processes and evaluates the information. Without the required data, VA would not be able to determine if a non-supervised lender is qualified for automatic loan processing. The required data include, among other things, a resume of each principal officer’s experience in mortgage lending in a managerial capacity and the latest financial statements audited and certified by a certified public accountant. The form also requires a listing of all ...


July 7, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VRM Wins 10-Year Contract to Oversee REOs, Service VA Loans

The Department of Veterans Affairs has awarded a 10-year contract to VRM Mortgage Services to manage VA’s real estate-owned assets and service its loan portfolio. The contract requires VRM, a 10-year-old California-based real estate services contractor, to manage, market and sell VA REO properties, and provide other real estate services as well. The new contract was negotiated from a previous five-year contract that was awarded to VRM when VA consolidated both REO management and portfolio servicing into a single contract.VA has often sold conveyed properties with seller loan financing, known as vendee loans, to help keep distressed vet homeowners in their homes. Vendee lending is an arrangement whereby a buyer uses VA financing to purchase a property in the agency’s REO inventory. “Once a loan is sold under the vendee financing program, we would monitor that loan as well as ...


July 6, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

CFPB Reassures Servicers There Will Be No Repercussions for Violations of Early Implementation of Revised Servicing Rule

Mortgage lenders will not be subject to supervisory or enforcement actions for violations of the early implementation guidance for the revised 2016 mortgage servicing rule, according to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. The CFPB issued “non-binding” policy guidance last week to allay lenders’ fear of being penalized if they fail to implement the 2016 servicing amendments up to three days early, said industry attorneys. Issued in August last year, parts of the rules take effect on Oct. 16, 2017, and April 16, 2018. Technically, the “relief” applies...


July 6, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

State Agencies Cite Nonbank Servicers, Raise Compliance Concerns About Market Shift to Purchase Mortgages

Compliance issues involving nonbank servicers remain an ongoing problem, according to new reports from state regulators. And the regulators raised concerns about how a shift by lenders to purchase mortgages increases compliance risks. “The increase in transfers of mortgage servicing rights to non-depositories in recent years has stressed these servicers’ sometimes inadequate operating systems and infrastructures, requiring greater regulatory attention,” the Multi-State Mortgage Committee said in a report to state regulators. The MMC was established by state regulators to supervise multi-state nonbank mortgage entities. Eight mortgage-related exams were...


July 3, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

The Latest in Compliance: CFPB Rep Disputes Notion Bureau is More Active, Post-Election

A top official at the CFPB rejected industry claims that the bureau has backed off of rulemaking and amped up its enforcement activity in the wake of the 2016 elections. Speaking during a regulatory panel at the 2017 American Bankers Association’s regulatory compliance conference in Orlando last month, Virginia O’Neill, senior vice president for the ABA’s Center for Regulatory Compliance, said, “There seems to have been a pause in rulemaking. Yet at the same time, it feels like there’s an uptick in enforcement. It’s concerning to everybody out there.” Christopher D’Angelo, associate director of supervision, enforcement and fair lending at the bureau, disputed that perception. “There’s been a lot of chatter lately about this idea that somehow our enforcement activity ...


July 3, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

The Latest in Compliance: Lenders Still Confront Issues With ECOA Valuations Rule

The CFPB’s Equal Credit Opportunity Act Valuations Rule may not be much in the spotlight these days, but there are still some key compliance issues that test lenders. The rule updated ECOA’s Regulation B, requiring lenders to provide applicants for first-lien loans on a dwelling with copies of appraisals, as well as other written valuations, developed in connection with the application, whether or not the applicants request copies. One of the challenges of the rule involves timing, according to Elizabeth Fredrickson, a vice president at Wells Fargo Bank. “There’s a concern about the waiver provisions and the timing and having to get those really, essentially, more up front, than within the [required] timeframe,” she said during a panel discussion at ...


July 3, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

The Latest in Compliance: L.O. Comp Rule Seems to Work. Still, Document Everything

There has not been a lot of recent enforcement activity from the CFPB in terms of its loan originator compensation rule, but industry participants shouldn’t get complacent, according to some top compliance professionals. “We’ve seen the bureau say a couple different times that this is going to be a priority, and they’ve put out a few bulletins on this rule. But we’ve seen very little enforcement activity in this space,” said Maria Earley, a partner with the Reed Smith law firm in Washington, DC, during a panel discussion at the American Bankers Association’s 2017 regulatory compliance conference, held last month in Orlando. That being said, compliance professionals must not let their guard down. “Document everything. Step through with the regulators ...


July 3, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

The Latest in Compliance: Realities of the Mortgage Market Demand Changes to ATR/QM

The CFPB’s ability-to-repay/qualified mortgage rule hit the mortgage market at a difficult time and is compounding problems many homebuyers are having accessing credit, and the industry hope now is that the bureau will take the critical market dynamics into consideration as it undertakes its review of the ATR rule and revises it accordingly. That was one of the key takeaways from a breakout session at the American Bankers Association’s annual regulatory compliance conference last month in Orlando. “We understand why the rule came into existence, obviously. But what it did is typical when the pendulum goes too far in one direction, then things go too far the other way,” said Richard Andreano, a partner in the mortgage banking unit at ...


July 3, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

The Latest in Compliance: Industry Pro Details Efforts to Get Ready for TRID 2.0 Clarifying Rule

During the American Bankers Association’s 2017 regulatory compliance conference, held last month in Orlando, a top industry expert discussed and elaborated upon the work she and her colleagues have engaged in to prepare their institution for the upcoming TRID 2.0 clarifying rulemaking, which remains inexplicably delayed at the CFPB. Elizabeth Fredrickson, a vice president at Wells Fargo Bank, told an audience at a breakout session that her compliance team began with a “keep or kill” exercise back in March for all of the CFPB rules. “We brought stakeholders together and talked about what we liked and what we did not like, what we need and what we could do,” she explained. “Really, our conversation about TRID revolved around the fact ...


July 3, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB Cuts Mortgage Servicers Some Slack for Three Days

The CFPB recently released some non-binding policy guidance on early compliance with the 2016 amendments to its 2013 mortgage servicing rules, including a three-day grace period. Each of the changes are scheduled to take effect on either Thursday, Oct. 19, 2017, or Thursday, April 19, 2018. This is a problem for mortgage servicers who face the very real prospect of operating under one set of rules one day and having to switch systems, policies and procedures to comply with another set of rules the very next day. The regulator acknowledged this was an issue and decided to give the industry what amounts to a three-day grace period. “The bureau has heard concerns that these midweek effective dates for the 2016 ...


July 3, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

New Legislation Would Exempt More Small Lenders From HMDA

Legislation is afoot in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate that would significantly expand the scope of lenders exempt from the record keeping and reporting requirements under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act. In late June, Rep. Tom Emmer, R-MN, introduced H.R. 2954, which would amend HMDA to expand the exemption thresholds that determine which depository institutions are subject to the act’s record maintenance and disclosure requirements. However, the triggers are based on the number of loans originated, not the asset size of the institution. Specifically, the bill would exempt depository institutions that originated fewer than 1,000 closed-end mortgages in each of the two preceding calendar years, and depositories that originated fewer than 2,000 open-end lines of credit ...


July 3, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

State Regulators See HMDA, Licensing Problems Emerge

One emerging issue identified by state mortgage regulators over the last year has to do with the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, according to a new report issued by the Multistate Mortgage Committee. Specifically, MMC examination teams found numerous data discrepancies in the Loan Application Register (LAR) submissions, when compared to the data contained in the reportable loan files. “Within the review process, examiners seek to validate the accuracy of the LAR data submitted to meet the requirements of HMDA, and in multiple instances it was determined that the data was either inaccurate or incomplete,” the report said. As the CFPB works to update the HMDA submission process, which may eliminate some of these issues, the MMC said it will also ...


July 3, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

CSBS Calls for Community Bank Relief from HMDA Requirements

A representative of the Conference of State Bank Supervisors testified before the U.S. Congress recently, telling lawmakers that smaller financial institutions can’t engage in as much residential mortgage lending activity as they otherwise would because of the growing reporting requirements under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, as well as the CFPB’s ability-to-repay/qualified mortgage rule. In his testimony before the Senate Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee, Charles Cooper, commissioner of the Texas Banking Department and immediate past chairman of CSBS, said the CFPB’s recent expansion of HMDA reporting requirements has placed a disproportionate burden on smaller and less complex institutions, potentially restricting mortgage lending as well. “In 2018, the number of data points required to comply with HMDA reporting standards ...


June 29, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Compliance Experts Warn of FCA Pitfalls for Servicers as DOJ Expands Statute’s Applicability

As much as the False Claims Act has been a formidable government enforcement tool against FHA loan originators, the statute is also being used increasingly against mortgage servicers, according to compliance experts. Within the last 18 months, the DOJ has expanded FCA use to reverse mortgages and loan servicing, according to Phil Schulman and Kristie Kully, both partners in Mayer Brown’s Washington office and members of the firm’s Consumer Financial Services group, during a recent podcast. While the Department of Justice has consistently used the FCA and its treble-damage provision to enforce FHA loan origination rules, the economic downturn and foreclosure crisis has put...


June 23, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Explains How Condo Financing Could be Difficult for Vets, Lenders

The VA condominium-financing process can be difficult for both veteran borrowers and lenders, according to experts at a recent VA lender conference. The big issue for borrowers is finding a condo development that has VA approval or one that can obtain approval quickly enough to complete the loan process in the shortest time possible. A development that has a high number of foreclosures, a significant number of condo owners that are behind on their association dues, or pending litigation against the homeowner association is unlikely to win VA approval, experts said. Such factors could put the VA and the lender at risk. As such, securing VA approval for a development is crucial. In 2009, VA stopped accepting HUD/FHA condo project approvals in lieu of a VA project review, said Phyllis Chilton, valuation officer at VA’s Phoenix regional loan center. Condo projects that were accepted previously by ...


June 23, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Senate Chairman Seeks Data on ‘Slush Fund’ Payments to Groups

The chair of the Senate Judiciary Committee is looking into whether monies from mortgage-settlement funds were channeled to partisan advocacy and community organizations that Congress had previously defunded. In a recent letter to Attorney General Jeff Sessions, Chairman Chuck Grassley, R-IA, revived a long-standing request by the committee for a list of all settlement agreements reached during the Obama administration that involved alleged payments to community groups. Grassley’s request came in the wake of Session’s June 7 directive prohibiting the DOJ from entering into any settlement agreements that provide for payment to third parties that were not directly harmed by the alleged misconduct. Sessions said the directive ends the previous administration’s practice of requiring or encouraging defendants to make payments to third parties as a condition of settlement. The directive would ...


June 23, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

MBA Urges DOJ, HUD to Suspend Future FCA Enforcement Actions

The Mortgage Bankers Association is calling for a moratorium on future claims against FHA lenders under the False Claims Act to give the Department of Housing and Urban Development sufficient time to streamline its defect taxonomy and revise its loan-level certification requirements. In letters to HUD and the Department of Justice, the MBA said the FHA has yet to issue clear standards identifying specific errors that could trigger an FCA claim and those that do not. FCA enforcement actions can result in very significant damage to a lender’s reputation and bottom line, warned Dave Stevens, MBA president and chief executive officer. Although FHA lenders work hard to ensure compliance with strict underwriting and documentation standards, origination, insurance and servicing depend heavily on human efforts, which could easily result in technical errors, he added. While lenders process ...


June 22, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Lenders Still Have a Number of TRID Compliance Questions, May Take Years to Get the Rule Right

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s integrated-disclosure rule has been in effect for more than 18 months now, and industry compliance professionals still have a number of questions in need of answers as they await the issuance of the so-called TRID 2.0 rule from the agency. The rule had been expected in the first quarter of 2017, but to date, not a peep has been uttered by the agency as to the cause of the delay or when lenders might expect the final rule. The Treasury Department recently issued...


June 19, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

TRID Played a Huge Part in Mortgage Defects Last Year

More than 68 percent of mortgage defects reported in 2016 involved TRID-related and/or loan package documentation issues, according to the latest mortgage quality control industry trends report from ACES Risk Management (ARMCO). “In 2016, the entire lending industry was impacted by the enhanced regulatory oversight of the CFPB as the long-awaited implementation of TRID was fully realized,” the report noted. “Many lenders spent the better part of the first quarter addressing the multitude of mistakes associated with TRID.” In some instances, this produced loans that could not be sold on the secondary market. “A wave of corrective action followed, and soon the sheer amount of resources directed at solving these issues became overwhelming for many lenders,” ARMCO added. The top...


June 19, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Should CFPB Delay New HMDA Requirements? Experts are Torn

Industry compliance officers, trade group representatives and legal experts at the American Bankers Association’s regulatory compliance conference, held in Orlando last week, expressed mixed sentiments about whether the CFPB ought to delay the effective date of the new requirements it is ushering in under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act. They were responding to the suggestion of such a delay made by the Treasury Department in its recent report as per President Trump’s Executive Order 13772. “Obviously, a delay has to be for at least a year because the nature of HMDA is such that you can’t delay for six months,” Rodrigo Alba, the ABA’s senior vice president and senior regulatory counsel for mortgage finance, told an audience during a working ...


June 19, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Pros Offer Tips on Nailing Down Third-Party Risk Management

Third-party oversight is becoming more of a focus of regulators these days, according to some top compliance professionals, and one of the most important emerging themes is an increasing regulatory emphasis on staff expertise. “This is something that [all the regulators] are thinking about,” Krista Shonk, vice president and senior regulatory counsel at the American Bankers Association, said during a presentation early last week at the ABA’s annual regulatory compliance conference in Orlando. Staff expertise includes things such as the ability to perform proper due diligence analysis and contract management and oversight. But personnel also need to avoid any attempts to transfer their institution’s inherent responsibility for compliance with laws and regulations. On the other hand, lenders should not put ...


June 19, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Mortgage Servicing Amendments May Conflict With State Law

One of the top concerns among compliance professionals is the seeming inevitable conflict that the CFPB’s amendments to its mortgage servicing rules will have with various state laws – in particular, the possibility that compliance with one may put the servicer out of compliance with the other. That was one of the key takeaways from a break-out session early last week at the American Bankers Association’s annual regulatory compliance conference in Orlando. “One issue that comes up fairly frequently has to do with what a servicer should do when there is a conflict between state and federal law. We’ve seen this come up especially when it comes to the various early intervention notices that servicers have to send to delinquent borrowers,” ...


June 19, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

The Latest in Compliance: CFPB’s Complaint Database Offers Important Clues for Compliance

The information the CFPB collects and reports on consumer complaints offers lenders a tremendous resource in terms of abiding by the letter and the spirit of the bureau’s numerous rules, according to some top compliance professionals. “The CFPB’s annual report on complaints really is an incredible source of information,” said Barbara Boccia, senior director at Wolters Kluwer, during a presentation early last week at the American Bankers Association’s annual regulatory compliance conference in Orlando. “First, it really is a lot of information. Also, the way they structure the information that they receive is instructive,” she said. “You really want to make sure you are structuring your [complaint] information the same way, in terms of what they are looking at – for ...


June 19, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Industry Details Fair Lending Concerns in Paper to Treasury

The American Bankers Association recently detailed a handful of major concerns it continues to have with the approach federal regulators take toward fair lending. The first such concern it listed in a new white paper sent to the Treasury Department is the expanded use of the disparate-impact concept. “Federal agencies responsible for ensuring compliance with national fair lending laws have in the last few years aggressively applied a controversial legal theory, disparate impact, to brand banks with violations of fair lending rules,” said the ABA. Under the disparate-impact theory, regulators rely heavily, sometimes solely, on statistical sketches to justify lawsuits or other enforcement actions, it added. “In doing so, since June 2015 they have largely ignored the analytical framework established ...


June 16, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Trends

Complaint Trends Have Much to Teach Lenders

There are three important trends in the consumer complaint space, each bearing important lessons for mortgage lenders, regardless of size or structure, according to top compliance experts. Speaking to an audience at the American Bankers Association’s annual regulatory compliance conference in Orlando earlier this week, Carol Hunley, deputy chief compliance officer at Ally Financial Services, detailed each of them and their significance for lender compliance. First, the lending environment is...


June 15, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Successors in Interest May Be Toughest Compliance Hurdle in Latest Changes to CFPB Servicing Rule

The most challenging aspect of complying with the pending amendments to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s mortgage servicing rule will be implementing the successors-in-interest provisions, according to industry experts. Most of the revisions to the rule, issued last year by the CFPB, take effect Oct. 19, 2017. But the successor-in-interest requirements kick in April 19, 2018. Addressing an audience at the 2017 American Bankers Association regulatory compliance conference in Orlando this week, compliance professionals broke...


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