Compliance

Browse articles from all of our Newsletters related to Compliance.

August 18, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

No Ginnie Mae Summit in 2017, Event Moved to January 2018

Ginnie Mae will not have an annual summit this year but has rescheduled it for January 2018, according to Ginnie Mae’s new spokesperson. Michael Huff, senior advisor, congressional and stakeholder relations, said a new administration and staff departures have caused organizers to reconsider having the annual Ginnie Mae Summit this year, usually held in October. The Trump administration has yet to announce a nominee for the top job at Ginnie Mae since former president Ted Tozer left in January. David Kittle is reportedly a leading contender, but there has been no official announcement or confirmation. So far, Kittle has declined to comment. Kittle is a mortgage industry veteran who began as a loan officer and now heads his own company. He also was a top executive with the Mortgage Bankers Association and managed, among other things, the group’s political action committee. In addition, Kittle co-founded the ...


August 18, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Private MI Trade Group Urges CFPB To Establish Single QM Rule for All

The private mortgage insurance industry has called for harmonized qualified-mortgage standards to discourage potential arbitrage that might adversely affect consumers. In a comment letter, the U.S. Mortgage Insurers urged the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau to assess whether the various QM standards established under the Dodd-Frank Act have created arbitrage opportunities to the detriment of consumers. The CFPB is about to begin a reevaluation of its ability-to-repay rule/QM rule. QM standards are different for Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and the Federal Home Loan Banks than for FHA, VA and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The USMI said analysis should focus on the different treatment of points and fees and maximum borrower debt-to-income ratio among the various QM standards. The CFPB can address the calculation of points and fees under its ATR/QM rule by ...


August 18, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Wells Fargo, PHH Reach Separate Settlements to Resolve FCA Suits

Wells Fargo and PHH Mortgage have reached separate settlements with the Department of Justice and three other federal agencies to resolve alleged violations of the False Claims Act. The DOJ, Department of Housing and Urban Development, Department of Veterans Affairs and the Federal Housing Finance Agency will rake in $182 million from the settlement of lawsuits involving FHA and VA loans, as well as loans sold to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. Wells Fargo denied the allegations in the whistleblower lawsuit but agreed to pay $108 million to resolve the claims. It admitted to no fault or liability. Filed in 2006 and unsealed in 2011, the lawsuit alleged that the bank overcharged veteran borrowers by masking ineligible fees in order to obtain VA guarantees on certain Interest Rate Reduction Refinancing Loans, or streamlined refi mortgages. At the same time, Wells allegedly falsely certified to the VA that it ...


August 18, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Industry Experts Favor Unified GSE, FHA/VA Servicing Policies

Simplifying and aligning the default servicing policies of the conventional conforming and the government-backed mortgage markets would better serve the mortgage industry and homeowners, according to industry experts. In a recent discussion on how regulatory burden and high servicing costs might impede lending, members of the Mortgage Servicing Collaborative agreed on the need for streamlined and harmonized federal, state and agency policies and rules on servicing. Increased regulatory requirements have caused mortgage-servicing costs to skyrocket in recent years, experts said. Even though the quality of servicing has improved, the new regulations are complex and costly, they noted. Multiple pressures placed upon servicers have suppressed mortgage lending, making it harder for borrowers with tainted credit to obtain a mortgage, according to the ...


August 14, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Briefs: Political Update/Enforcement Roundup/Vendor Update

Will He? Won’t He? Run for Governor of Ohio, That Is. The top consumer regulator in the land, Richard Cordray, head of the CFPB, has until 4 p.m. Feb. 7, 2018, to file the necessary paperwork to run in the Ohio gubernatorial primary in May of next year. Current Republican Gov. John Kasich is term-limited and will have to vacate the governor’s mansion at the end of 2018.... CFPB Fines JPMorgan Chase $4.6 Million for Alleged Failures Related to Checking Account Screening Information. The CFPB recently brought an enforcement action against JPMorgan Chase Bank, alleging that it violated the Fair Credit Reporting Act by not having adequate policies in place regarding the accuracy of information it provided to nationwide specialty consumer reporting companies about individuals’ checking account behavior....


August 14, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

As the Financial Crisis Fades, Are Servicers Poised for New Era?

Ten years after the financial crisis, the residential mortgage servicing industry could be on “the edge of glory,” according to a new report from S&P Global Ratings. “With the regulatory heat they’ve received in the past decade, servicers are working to ensure they’re compliant with all relevant servicing regulations,” said the S&P analysts. “Even if some deficiencies occur, as might happen when servicing thousands or millions of accounts, quickly correcting them and preventing recurrence is key because reputational damage alone can be quite substantial and long-lasting.” In recent years, mortgage servicers have been slapped with fines totaling tens of millions of dollars, and face an increasingly tougher regulatory and supervisory regime. “A positive outcome of the settlements and new regulations ...


August 14, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Industry Supports CFPB HELOC Proposal, Says More Needed

Mortgage lending representatives told the CFPB they support its proposal to temporarily increase the institutional and transactional coverage thresholds for open-end lines of credit under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act. However, more needs to be done along those lines, they said in comment letters filed at the end of last month. Under the CFPB’s HMDA rules scheduled to take effect in January 2018, financial institutions are generally required to report HELOCs if they made 100 such loans in each of the past two years. Under the proposal released early last month, the bureau would increase that threshold to 500 loans through calendar years 2018 and 2019 in order to give the agency the time to consider whether to make a ...


August 14, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

TRID Related Deadlines for Amendments, Comments Now Set

The CFPB’s so-called TRID 2.0 amendments, and the related proposal to deal with the “black hole” problem – the limited ability of a lender to reset tolerances with a closing disclosure – were published in the Aug. 11, 2017, Federal Register. That act establishes Oct. 10, 2017, as the effective date of the TRID 2.0 amendments, as well as the comment deadline for the black hole proposal. The amendments, which were finalized in July, essentially codify the CFPB’s informal guidance on various issues and make additional clarifications and technical amendments. They also create tolerances for the total of payments, adjust a partial exemption mainly affecting housing finance agencies and nonprofits, and extend coverage of the Truth in Lending Act/Real Estate Settlement Procedures ...


August 14, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Mortgage Insurers Urge CFPB to Review QM Regulatory Arbitrage

The trade group for the mortgage insurance industry, U.S. Mortgage Insurers, suggested that as the CFPB reviews its ability-to-repay/qualified mortgage rule, it assess whether lenders have engaged in regulatory arbitrage at the expense of borrowers. The organization advised the bureau to pay particular attention to the different treatment among the QM standards of the calculation of points and fees and the maximum borrower debt-to-income (DTI) ratio. In terms of the former, USMI noted, “The various QM standards provide for different treatment of points and fees – a difference that drives lender behavior without a concomitant consumer benefit.” For instance, consumers with downpayments of less than 20 percent of the purchase price may have an option to finance with a conventional product ...


August 14, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Settlement Agents Say ATR Rule Discriminates Against AfBAs

Mortgage settlement service company representatives claim the CFPB’s ability-to-repay/qualified mortgage rule discriminates against affiliated business arrangements (AfBAs) when it comes to the calculation of points and fees, compromising borrower choice of service provider, and urged the bureau to revise the rule accordingly. “The QM rule discriminates against AfBAs by requiring a mortgage lender with affiliates to count the affiliate charges against the 3 percent cap on fees and points,” the Real Estate Services Providers Council said in a comment letter to the CFPB regarding its pending ATR/QM assessment. For example, if a mortgage lender has an affiliate title or insurance company involved in the transaction, it must count the title agency or insurance agency charges toward the fees and points ...


August 14, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Lender Groups Urge CFPB to Expand Scope of ATR/QM Review

National trade groups representing mortgage lenders of all sizes recently advised the CFPB to broaden the scope of its pending assessment of its ability-to-repay/qualified mortgage rule. The Mortgage Bankers Association, for instance, provided the bureau with multiple concerns it believes must be addressed, such as making sure the rule better serves millennials and immigrants who are entering the housing market. Other concerns include “the limitations of the 43 percent debt-to-income requirement that does not include compensating factors,” and whether the underwriting guides of the government-sponsored enterprises and government programs could serve as alternatives to Appendix Q. The Consumer Mortgage Coalition recommended that the agency begin its review process by analyzing the products and product structures that contributed to the financial ...


August 14, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

CSBS Says ATR Hurts Community Banks, Pushes Portfolio Loan QM

The Conference of State Bank Supervisors told the CFPB that the ability-to-repay /qualified mortgage rule has negatively affected financial institutions that, because of their proximity to the local community, rely on more flexible underwriting and determination of ability to repay. “State regulators continue to support the principles that drive the ATR/QM rule, but have several recommendations to better tailor the rule commensurate to the community bank business model,” the CSBS said in its comment letter on the bureau’s proposal to begin assessing the rule. Citing Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. data, the regulators noted that since 2010, 1,173 community banks have either left the residential mortgage lending space or extensively restricted those business lines. Rural Lending is Suffering “Although this decline ...


August 14, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Its Investigation Now Complete, CFPB Tells Zillow: Settle or Else

The CFPB has told Zillow, the online real estate database firm, to settle with the agency over alleged violations of the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act or face an enforcement action, the company revealed last week in its 10-Q filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission. “Based on correspondence from the CFPB in August 2017, we understand that it has concluded its investigation,” the firm said in its SEC disclosure. “The CFPB has invited us to discuss a possible settlement and indicated that it intends to pursue further action if those discussions do not result in a settlement.” At issue are certain co-marketing activities, which Zillow defended. “We continue to believe that our acts and practices are lawful and that ...


August 4, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

U.S. Announces Settlements with Contractor, Condo Complex Owner

A property management contractor for the Department of Housing and Urban Development has agreed to pay $4.3 million to resolve allegations that it billed the agency for FHA-related work it did not perform in violation of the federal False Claims Act. Cityside Management Corp. of Manchester, NH, allegedly failed to inspect the work of third-party vendors that it hired to perform termite inspections, treatments and repairs on repossessed houses in HUD’s real estate-owned inventory, as required by its contract with HUD. HUD’s inspector general investigated the case and referred it to the Department of Justice. Following the financial crisis, HUD held title to a large number of foreclosed homes acquired by borrowers with FHA financing. HUD contracted with various field service managers, including Cityside, to prepare the REO properties for resale. According to the Office of the U.S. Attorney for the ...


August 4, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

CA Wholesaler Unveils PACE Guidelines for FHA, VA Products

NewLeaf Wholesale has announced Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) guidelines for its FHA and VA mortgage products. PACE financing allows homeowners to retrofit their homes to make them more energy-efficient. The homeowner pays the loan as part of their property tax bill. In some states, PACE liens have superior status over all other liens, including a mortgage loan. A PACE assessment is a debt of property, where the obligation is tied to the property as opposed to the property owner. Hence, when the property is sold the new owner assumes the PACE lien. Last year, the FHA and VA issued guidance for approving purchase and refinance of mortgaged properties with PACE liens provided certain requirements are met. One requirement is that past due PACE loan amounts retain a first-lien position and this has raised some concern among industry groups that are opposed to ...


August 4, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

USMI Urges CFPB to Include Fed Agencies in ATR/QM Assessment

The private mortgage insurance industry urged the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau this week to consider including the qualified-mortgage standards of the FHA, VA and the U.S. Department of Agriculture in its assessment of the ability-to-repay/QM rule. In a comment letter, industry trade group U.S. Mortgage Insurers said it would be impossible to perform a full assessment of the ATR/QM rule without considering the different federal agency QM rules. If it does not expand the scope of its assessment, the CFPB should at least consider the impact the rules have on consumers in relation to the agency QM rules. In May, the CFPB notified stakeholders of its plan to evaluate the effectiveness of the ATR/QM rule in terms of its benefits and costs. Congress passed the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act in 2010, which established new standards for mortgage lending, including requiring lenders to assess consumers’ ability to repay. The statute also established a class of “qualified mortgage” loans that cannot have certain risky product features and are presumed to comply with the ATR requirement.


August 4, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Groups Seek Rule Change to Allow Private Flood Policies on FHA Loans

Industry groups representing lenders, real estate agents and insurance providers are urging the FHA to adopt a policy allowing borrowers to purchase private flood insurance on FHA-insured loans. In a recent letter, eight industry groups said FHA’s current stance of accepting only policies authorized by the National Flood Insurance Program contradicts Congress’ intent to encourage the use of private flood insurance and conflicts with current lender requirements. Congress is putting together a comprehensive legislative package of flood-insurance reforms, which would extend the NFIP for another five years and require lenders to accept private flood insurance to meet statutory flood-insurance requirements. The group said FHA’s current policy appears to conflict with lender requirements in the Biggert-Waters Flood Insurance Reform Act of 2012. A number of home-loan transactions have failed to ...


August 3, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

With Unfinished HMDA Rule Bits Still Pending, Industry Asks CFPB to Delay Implementation

The clock is ticking on the effective date of a host of new data collection and reporting requirements under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, and mortgage lenders are still waiting for the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau to complete some components of the rule necessary for full compliance. For this reason, the regulator should delay mandatory compliance much later than the scheduled January 2018 implementation date, industry trade groups said. “Although we greatly appreciate the CFPB’s work to facilitate implementation of this major data collection and reporting rule, the CFPB’s regulatory process and technological framework for this rule are still incomplete,” lender representatives said in a letter this week to the agency. Proposed amendments have not been finalized...


July 31, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Other News in Brief

Best Odds of Success in Making Consumer Complaint Data Confidential Rest With a New Director at the CFPB. Industry observers and lobbyists are increasingly of the view that the most likely way the industry will see the kind of substantive regulatory reform and relief it needs is not through federal legislation, but rather from a new director at the CFPB... ICYMI: The Financial CHOICE Act Would Exclude AMCs from Points and Fees Calculations. One overlooked provision in H.R. 10, the Financial CHOICE Act, which was passed by the House of Representatives on June 13, deals with residential mortgage appraisals...


July 31, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Spike in Mortgage Servicing Complaints Belies Mixed Results

As previously reported, the only area of mortgage-related consumer complaints that saw an increase in the second quarter was servicing, which saw a jump of 17.5 percent. But a deeper dive into the data shows a more complex and nuanced performance by the industry during that period of time, one perhaps dominated by extremes. As the chart on the following page illustrates, a handful of companies saw triple digit increases from the first quarter to the second, with Bayview Loan Servicing leading the way with a 152.6 percent surge. There was also a second tier of big increases in the upper double digits, led by TD Bank, which registered a leap of 90.9 percent...


July 31, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

House Dem Report Documents, Celebrates CFPB Achievements

Rep. Maxine Waters, D-CA, and other Democrat members of the House Financial Services Committee recently released a detailed report in defense of the CFPB and its accomplishments in protecting consumers in the wake of the mortgage market collapse and the financial crisis that led to the Great Recession. “The consumer bureau has worked tirelessly to comply with its statutory mandate to ensure consumers are treated fairly, and that financial institutions are held accountable for predatory and other unscrupulous conduct,” the report said. According to the minority report, the CFPB has produced strong results, such as returning almost $12 billion to 29 million harmed consumers; implementing rules ensuring consumers have access to a fair and competitive marketplace; and requiring clear disclosures ...


July 31, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Industry Again Calls for Delay Implementing New HMDA Rules

A handful of top industry trade groups again wrote to CFPB Director Richard Cordray urging him to delay implementation of the bureau’s new Home Mortgage Disclosure Act rules. “Although we greatly appreciate the CFPB’s work to facilitate implementation of this major data collection and reporting rule, the CFPB’s regulatory process and technological framework for this rule are still incomplete,” said the organizations. For one thing, proposed amendments to the rule are not yet finalized. “Moreover, the HMDA data reporting portals, geocoding tools, data validation, and rule edits are not yet issued,” the groups added. “All of these items are needed to ensure compliant business process and systems changes by the effective date.” Additionally, the CFPB has not yet initiated a ...


July 31, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Reform to CFPB Mortgage Rules Needed to Attract Capital: PIMCO

If lawmakers and regulators are interested in bringing capital back to the private mortgage market and facilitating borrower access to credit in a responsible manner, they must make much-needed reforms to a handful of key mortgage rules promulgated by the CFPB, according to bond giant Pacific Investment Management Co. One recommended revision is eliminating the expansion of assignee liability for investors under the CFPB’s ability-to-repay rule. “Currently under the Dodd-Frank Act, mortgage investors are liable for mistakes made by lenders in the mortgage origination process for certain mortgage loans that are not deemed qualified mortgages,” said PIMCO. “Since investors have no role or discretion in the mortgage origination process, we believe this is not only nonsensical, but also has the ...


July 31, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

ABAs Not Dead Yet, as CFPB Suffers Another RESPA Blow

Earlier this month, the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Kentucky ruled against the CFPB and in favor of a Kentucky law firm over allegations it paid kickbacks in violation of the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act. The bureau accused the Borders & Borders law firm of Louisville, KY, and its principals, Harry Borders, John Borders Jr. and J. David Borders, of illegally paying kickbacks for real estate settlement referrals through a network of shell companies. The case began back in February 2011 when the Department of Housing and Urban Development notified the law firm it was being investigated for potential violations of RESPA’s anti-kickback provision. In April 2012, the CFPB advised Borders & Borders that it, rather ...


July 31, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Compliance Pros Fret Arbitration Rule Will Fuel Litigation

If Republicans in Congress are as successful in overturning the CFPB’s arbitration rule as they have been in canning the Affordable Care Act, various sectors of the financial services market could face a great deal of legal risk, according to one top attorney. “The irony here is that CFPB enforcement is frequently a factor in preventing private class-action litigation,” said Joseph Cioffi, chair of the insolvency, creditors’ rights and financial products practice group at the Davis & Gilbert law firm in New York City. “But this rule eliminating arbitration and the void left from President Trump’s moves toward deregulation can act like a supercollider for litigation against lenders, accelerating class actions and ricocheting through the credit markets.” He went on ...


July 31, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

CMC Calls for Bureau to Provide More Servicing Clarifications

As the CFPB prepares to do the Dodd-Frank Act required assessment of its 2013 mortgage servicing rule under the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, one industry trade group has urged the bureau to provide servicers with more regulatory guidance and clarifications of the current rule. The Consumer Mortgage Coalition said in a letter to the regulator that it has appreciated the opportunity to work with the bureau as it developed the final servicing requirements. “However, as the CFPB is aware, the final regulatory requirements are very prescriptive, yet unclear, and sometimes conflict with other statutory or regulatory requirements,” said the CMC. “In some areas of the regulation, the CFPB misunderstood the reason for the problems it was trying to solve ...


July 31, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB to Propose Substantive Changes to Servicing Rule

The CFPB plans to make some significant, but unspecified, changes to its mortgage servicing rule sometime this fall, in response to concerns raised by the industry, the bureau revealed in a blog posting about its latest semiannual rulemaking agenda, released earlier this month. The document is current as of April 1, 2017, and does not reflect the bureau’s issuance of its arbitration final rule, its assessments of its mortgage servicing rule under the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act and its ability-to-repay rule, nor its proposed temporary increase in the institutional and transactional thresholds for home equity lines of credit. The agency said it is “considering concerns raised by industry participants regarding a few substantive aspects of the mortgage servicing rule ...


July 21, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

House Panel Earmarks $50 Million For Home Counseling Assistance

The House Appropriations Committee has recommended $50 million to fund the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s FY 2018 housing counseling assistance to homebuyers, homeowners and low and moderate-income renters. The allocation is $3 million more than the Trump administration had requested and $5 million below the amount appropriated for housing counseling in fiscal year 2017. In its budget report, the committee noted the continued improvement in the economy, which has resulted in fewer foreclosures. Foreclosure filings from 2016 were reported on 933,000 properties, representing a 10-year low and a 14 percent reduction from 2015, the report pointed out. “The foreclosure rate has stayed within a historically normal range for three years, even with the pipeline of legacy foreclosures resulting from the housing bubble,” it said. In addition, the bill retains language that ...


July 21, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

RHS Spells out Review Procedures For Approved Lenders, Servicers

The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Rural Housing Service has clarified procedures for reevaluating approved lenders’ and servicers’ eligibility under the RHS Single Family Housing Guaranteed Loan Program. The guidance also provides procedures for updating lender information. The RHS intends to review and document lender eligibility in accordance with regulation and program requirements to protect government assets and minimize taxpayer losses. Office of Management and Budget regulations require federal agencies to reevaluate and record lender and servicer eligibility every two years. “For the [USDA single family loan guarantee program], it requires making sure that lenders and servicers participating in federal credit programs meet all applicable financial and program requirements,” wrote Richard Davis, acting RHS administrator. To meet the requirements, lenders must ...


July 21, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

MRB Suspends Lender’s Authority To Originate, Service FHA Loans

The Department of Housing and Urban Development’s lender disciplinary arm, the Mortgagee Review Board, has suspended a Pennsylvania FHA lender from originating or underwriting any new agency-insured loans. In addition, HUD’s enforcement center suspended owner John Seckel from doing business with the federal government. According to HUD, Seckle Capital of Newton, PA, and its owner submitted statements and certifications purporting to show the firm was properly audited by independent certified public accountants, when, in fact, it was not. The MRB said Seckel and his firm engaged in a “years-long pattern” of deceit and falsehoods. The action is the result of HUD’s ongoing effort to hold the mortgage industry accountable for the loans it originates, underwrites or services. According to HUD’s Neighborhood Watch website, Seckel Capital has a compare ratio of 164 percent. Of the 557 loans the ...


July 21, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

HUD Note Sales Program Operating With No Formal Procedures, Says IG

An internal watchdog audit alleges that the Department of Housing and Urban Development has been auctioning distressed notes to investors with no formal guidance or procedures in place. In a recent audit report, the HUD Office of the Inspector General said the department did not conduct rulemaking or develop standards for its single-family note sales program. The IG said it performed the audit due to the large amount of FHA claims paid on note sales as well as public concerns over the creation and administration of the program. In addition, the IG has never audited the program. In 2002, HUD referred to the initial note sales program as the Accelerated Claims Disposition Demonstration Program. The department later renamed it the Loan Sales Program, and subsequently to its current name: Distressed Asset Stabilization Program. DASP accepts assignment of eligible, defaulted single-family mortgage loans in ...


July 17, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Extend HMDA Implementation Period, Industry Urges CFPB

The American Bankers Association and banking associations from each of the 50 states and Puerto Rico last week called upon the CFPB to delay the new Home Mortgage Disclosure Act data collection and reporting requirements, which are scheduled to kick in Jan. 1, 2018. “We appreciate the bureau’s efforts to help lenders comply with the new reporting requirements,” the trade groups began. “Nonetheless, banks of all sizes are gravely concerned that they will not be able to assure proper compliance by the January timeframe.” For one thing, the new HMDA rules are inherently complex and very expensive to implement, according to the ABA and its affiliates. Also, they are incomplete. “Recently proposed adjustments to the rule are complicating compliance efforts...


July 17, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Arbitration Rule a Risk to Banks’ Safety and Soundness, OCC Says

It’s one thing for a regulatory agency to promulgate a rule and catch a lot of slack from the affected industry. It’s quite another when another regulatory agency takes issue with a rule. The CFPB got a bit of a surprise in this regard when it issued its arbitration final rule last week: the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency expressed concerns about the potential risk the rule could pose to the safety and soundness of the U.S. banking system. In a letter to CFPB Director Richard Cordray, OCC Acting Comptroller of the Currency Keith Noreika, a recent appointee of President Trump, said, “The OCC has a mandate to ensure the safety and soundness of the federal banking system...


July 17, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB Cuts Small-Volume HELOC Lenders Some HMDA Slack

Last week, the CFPB issued a proposal to temporarily ease reporting requirements under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act for small banks and credit unions that issue home-equity lines of credit – but based on the number of such loans, not asset size of the institution. Under the CFPB’s HMDA rules scheduled to take effect in January 2018, financial institutions are generally required to report HELOCs if they made 100 such loans in each of the past two years. Under the proposal released last week, the bureau would increase that threshold to 500 loans through calendar years 2018 and 2019 in order to give the consumer regulator the time to consider whether to make a permanent adjustment. “Home-equity lines of credit worsened ...


July 17, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

JPMorgan Details Reforms Needed to Mortgage Servicing Regulation

JPMorgan Chase told the CFPB it supports the bureau’s mission of protecting consumers and recognizes that regulatory guardrails are necessary to make sure mortgage servicers adequately address consumers’ needs. “However, certain provisions of Regulation X [which implements the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act] impose burdens on servicers that increase servicing costs and impact access to consumer credit without providing proportional benefits to consumers,” the servicer said. JPMorgan was one of the industry participants commenting on the CFPB’s proposal to start assessing the effectiveness of its mortgage servicing rules under RESPA. The financial institution went on to some of the problem areas in Reg X that still need to be addressed, one of which has to do with rules for loss...


July 17, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Industry Suggests Improvements to Servicing Rule Assessment

Trade organizations representing the mortgage banking industry provided a number of important suggestions for the CFPB as it proceeds with a Dodd-Frank Act requirement to assess its mortgage servicing rules at the five-year mark. The first issue the American Bankers Association raised in this regard in its comment letter to the bureau was the scope of the assessment. “The CFPB should incorporate all of the servicing rules into its review, including the rules that implement the Truth and Lending Act and the amendments that the CFPB adopted to the servicing rules in 2016,” the ABA said – not just the rules promulgated under the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act. The bureau also should take into account the rules’ effects upon consumers...


July 17, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Bureau Issues Proposed Rule to Address TRID’s ‘Black Hole’

In addition to the so-called TRID 2.0 final rule, the CFPB recently issued a notice of proposed rulemaking related to what’s known in the mortgage industry as TRID’s “black hole,” which refers to situations in which a lender is not permitted to use a closing disclosure to reset fee tolerances. More specifically, the proposal addresses when a creditor may use a Closing Disclosure (CD), instead of a Loan Estimate (LE), to determine if an estimated closing cost was disclosed in good faith and within tolerance. Currently, lenders are permitted, under certain limited circumstances, to use revised estimates, instead of the estimate originally disclosed to the borrower, to compare to the charges actually paid by or imposed on the borrower in...


July 17, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB Codifies Final Changes to TRID, Permits Sharing of the CD

The CFPB recently published long-awaited updates to its “Know Before You Owe” integrated disclosure mortgage rule, finalizing, among other things, amendments on finance charge disclosures, disclosures tied to housing assistance that a borrower receives, and when information can be shared with third parties, including real estate agents. The KBYO rule took effect in early October 2015 as part of an effort to simplify disclosures under two laws: the Truth in Lending Act and the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act. The lending industry commonly refers to the combined disclosures as TRID, short for TILA/RESPA Integrated Disclosure rule. In a statement on the amendments, the CFPB noted that TRID “changed the total of payments calculation so that it did not make specific...


July 7, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Around the Industry

Chicago HECM Lender Arraigned on Fraud Charges. Mark Steven Diamond, a mortgage loan originator with offices in Chicago and Calumet City, IL, was arraigned on fraud charges in connection with a $7 million reverse mortgage scheme that targeted elderly homeowners and FHA lenders. According to the Department of Justice, Diamond deceived lenders into making FHA-insured reverse mortgage loans to homeowners who did not apply for a loan or had been beguiled to do so by the smooth-talking suspect. Diamond allegedly pocketed title-company checks intended for the borrowers, with the help of an unindicted co-schemer. Cynthia Wallace, who posed as a representative of the Department of Housing and Urban Development, was indicted along with Diamond. Using at least three aliases, Wallace allegedly collected money from victims for home repairs, which she claimed Diamond would ...


July 7, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA Provides Additional Guidance For Using New Loan Review System

The latest issue of FHA’s Lender Insight provides additional information to lenders regarding the new Loan Review System that was launched on May 15, 2017. FHA urged lenders to keep their contact information current in FHA Connection and in the Lender Electronic Appraisal Portal so that they receive automated system notifications on time. Also, lenders should review current FHAC user access for appropriate roles, the agency added. Lenders’ in-house FHAC application coordinators are authorized to grant access to, and assign roles within, the LRS. Having the correct roles should enable users to access the system from the FHAC menu, the FHA said. In addition, the lender must take a photo of any error messages that might appear on screen before contacting the FHA Resource Center, the agency advised. Be prepared to provide the date and time of the attempted login, user ID, lender user ID and the ...


July 7, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Seeks Continued Use of Form Allowing Lenders to Auto-Close

The Department of Veterans Affairs is seeking approval from the Office of Management and Budget to continue collecting information considered crucial in approving certain lender requests to close VA loans automatically. Currently, non-supervised VA lenders requesting approval to close VA loans on an automatic basis use VA Form 26-8736 to submit the information needed for VA approval. Upon receiving the form, the appropriate VA regional loan center processes and evaluates the information. Without the required data, VA would not be able to determine if a non-supervised lender is qualified for automatic loan processing. The required data include, among other things, a resume of each principal officer’s experience in mortgage lending in a managerial capacity and the latest financial statements audited and certified by a certified public accountant. The form also requires a listing of all ...


July 7, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VRM Wins 10-Year Contract to Oversee REOs, Service VA Loans

The Department of Veterans Affairs has awarded a 10-year contract to VRM Mortgage Services to manage VA’s real estate-owned assets and service its loan portfolio. The contract requires VRM, a 10-year-old California-based real estate services contractor, to manage, market and sell VA REO properties, and provide other real estate services as well. The new contract was negotiated from a previous five-year contract that was awarded to VRM when VA consolidated both REO management and portfolio servicing into a single contract.VA has often sold conveyed properties with seller loan financing, known as vendee loans, to help keep distressed vet homeowners in their homes. Vendee lending is an arrangement whereby a buyer uses VA financing to purchase a property in the agency’s REO inventory. “Once a loan is sold under the vendee financing program, we would monitor that loan as well as ...


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