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December 14, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

CFPB’s English Files for Preliminary Injunction as Acting Head Mulvaney Pulls Back on Enforcement

There was plenty of activity at the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau over the last week, from continuing legal drama over the leadership of the agency to changes in enforcement activity and a possible regulatory roll-back.


December 7, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

CFPB Seems to Shift in Mortgage Enforcement Case, Judge is Set to Further Consider English Challenge

Under new management, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau this week took action that may be a harbinger of a more laissez-faire approach to regulatory enforcement.


December 4, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Other News in Brief/Republican Senators Threaten to Undo CFPB Rules Under English

Republican Senators Threaten to Undo any CFPB Rules Issued Under an English Regime. Last week, nine senators said they would work to invalidate any new rules promulgated by the bureau if Leandra English prevails in her attempts to unseat and replace the bureau’s acting director, Mick Mulvaney.... Mulvaney Taps Hensarling Aide. Is the Congressman Next? CFPB Acting Director Mick Mulvaney has named House Financial Services Committee Senior Counsel Brian Johnson to serve him as a senior adviser, late-breaking press reports indicated. ...


December 4, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Sen. Warren Questions Mulvaney About Double Duty at CFPB, OMB

Sen. Elizabeth Warren, D-MA, wrote to Don McGahn, White House counsel, and CFPB Acting Director Mick Mulvaney, in his capacity as director of the Office of Management and Budget, last week for answers to questions she has about Mulvaney and other OMB personnel simultaneously serving at the consumer bureau. First, she wanted to know what staff from OMB or elsewhere in the Executive Office of the President (EOP) have accompanied Mulvaney to the CFPB. She requested a complete list of all such staff, their title at OMB or in the EOP, and their title at the CFPB. Warren also sought the authority under which these individuals are working at CFPB. “Have these individuals been appointed to CFPB, or detailed to ...


December 4, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB, VA Warn Military Personnel About Deceptive Refi Offers

The CFPB and VA recently issued their first WARNO, or “warning order,” to members of the U.S. armed forces and veterans with VA home loans, urging them to stay on their toes and avoid deceptive mortgage refinance offers. “If you have a VA home loan, then there is a good chance that you have already come into contact with unsolicited offers to refinance your mortgage that appear official and may sound too good to be true,” the two agencies said. Many of these solicitations promise extremely low interest rates, thousands of dollars in cash back, the ability to skip mortgage payments, and no out-of-pocket costs or waiting period. “Don’t be fooled,” the CFPB and VA said. “Before responding to any ...


December 4, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Industry Again Urges Pivot from Regulation by Enforcement

As the CFPB prepares to move forward with a new strategic plan – which may well be revised, now that Mick Mulvaney is in charge – the mortgage industry again called on the bureau to move beyond “regulation by enforcement.” Instead, it should provide more of the detailed guidance lenders and servicers and other participants need to fully comply with the agency’s rules and regulations and best serve consumers, top industry representatives said. In a recent comment letter to the bureau, the Mortgage Bankers Association noted that the CFPB is at an inflection point in 2017. Now it can “pivot and focus its resources on providing supervision and binding, authoritative guidance that helps responsible parties, including those in the mortgage industry, comply ...


December 4, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

More CFPB-Related Legislation Making its Way Through Congress

Overshadowed by all the drama associated with the resignation of CFPB Director Richard Cordray and the struggle over who is to serve as his temporary replacement was some potentially significant legislative activity on Capitol Hill. A number of bills were recently introduced or are in the process of facing votes that could affect the CFPB, some of its rulemakings and the regulations it enforces. Rep. Sean Duffy, R-WI, chairman of the House Financial Services Subcommittee on Housing and Insurance, and Sen. Mike Enzi, R-WY, chairman of the Senate Budget Committee, late last week introduced bicameral legislation to restrain the CFPB’s rates of pay. Specifically, the legislation, H.R.4499, the CFPB Pay Fairness Act, would require the director of the bureau to ...


December 4, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

With Mulvaney Confirmed Atop CFPB, What Happens to English?

Now that U.S. District Court Judge Timothy Kelly has affirmed Mick Mulvaney, President Trump’s choice to serve as acting director of the CFPB, one unresolved issue is the fate of his rival for the throne, Leandra English, whom Richard Cordray selected to be deputy director in his last official act before resigning. It’s possible that Mulvaney could flat out fire her, and he intimated last week that was a possibility – his argument being that she didn’t show up for work that day. However, multiple press accounts claimed she did in fact report for duty. One attorney closely following the case conceded, “I think she’s in a tough spot. While she could continue to press her claims in the hope of ...


December 4, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

The CFPB’s Own General Counsel Supports White House Position

One of the most surprising aspects of the sudden drama associated with the departure of Richard Corday as director of the CFPB – who started at the bureau with a cloud of controversy and left it the same way – is that the bureau’s own general counsel, Mary McLeod, supported the position of the Trump administration in the struggle for control of the agency. “Questions have been raised whether the president has the authority under the Federal Vacancies Reform Act to designate Mick Mulvaney, the director of the Office of Management and Budget, as the acting director of CFPB following the resignation of Richard Cordray ..., even if the deputy director otherwise could act under 12 U.S.C. §5491(b)(5),” she said in a memorandum ...


December 4, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

She Said, He Said: English’s Arguments vs Trump’s

The biggest CFPB story of the year – which appointee is authorized to head up the agency in the case of a resignation of the director – involves competing legal arguments interpretations of two federal laws. Deputy Director Leandra English is relying on the CFPB succession provision of the Dodd-Frank Act, while Acting Director Mick Mulvaney and the Trump White House are relying on the text of the Federal Vacancies Reform Act. The crux of their respective arguments to the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia follows. English’s brief to the court declared: “The Dodd-Frank Act is clear on this point: It mandates that the deputy director ‘shall serve as the acting director in the absence or unavailability of the


December 4, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Trump Wants to Fix ‘Awful,’ ‘Unaccountable’ Agency: Mulvaney

During his first press conference as acting director of the CFPB, Mick Mulvaney spelled out the charge he was given in taking control of the agency, and elaborated upon his view of the bureau as a regulatory entity that has overstepped its bounds. “[President Trump] wants me to fix it,” Mulvaney began. “He wants me to get it back to the point where it can protect people without trampling on capitalism, without choking off the access to financial services that are so critical to so many folks.” He then cited the “many folks who are in the lower and middle classes, folks who are trying to start their own businesses, people who are trying to break out, people who are ...


December 4, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Cordray is Gone, Mulvaney Sets a New Tone for Consumer Bureau

Office of Management and Budget Director Mick Mulvaney, President Trump’s choice to serve as acting director of the CFPB, assumed control of the agency Monday, Nov. 27, 2017, and quickly established a dramatically different direction for the agency, one far less hostile to the financial services industry. In his first press conference as acting director, one week ago, Mulvaney shook things up while trying to strike a more balanced approach, one far less hostile towards the financial services community. “This is an ordinary course of business in Washington, DC. What you’re witnessing today at the CFPB happens at every single agency every couple of years, which is a transition,” he said. [Includes a timeline chart.]


November 30, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

VA, CFPB Issue Warning on Aggressive Refi Solicitations, Acting Ginnie Chief Says Changes Coming by Yearend

Service members and veterans who receive unsolicited offers to refinance their VA loans with promises that may sound too good to be true should either ignore the offer or investigate further, ac-cording to the Department of Veterans Affairs and the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.


November 30, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Judge Affirms Mulvaney as CFPB Acting Director, Industry to Look for Regulatory, Enforcement Relief

The new boss at the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau – Mick Mulvaney – wasted no time this week in beginning to steer a new course for the controversial agency.


November 22, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

One Week After Cordray Announced He’s Leaving, Trump Still Has Not Named a Replacement For Him

It’s been almost a week since the biggest staffing news to hit the mortgage industry this year – the early departure of Richard Cordray from the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau – and the Trump administration has yet to name either a permanent replacement or even an acting director. Legal uncertainty may be the reason why.


November 20, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Other News in Brief/More Industry Advice for a Post-Cordray CFPB

More Industry Advice for a Post-Cordray CFPB. Competitive Enterprise Institute financial policy expert John Berlau said last week, “Richard Cordray’s impending resignation as director of the CFPB is long overdue.... Growth of CFPB Leveling Off. The total number of employees at the CFPB came to 1,668 for fiscal year 2017, up 20 positions from the year before, according to the bureau’s latest financial statements for the last two years.... GAO Signs Off on CFPB Financial Statements. The Government Accountability Office audited the CFPB’s financial statements for fiscal years 2016 and 2017, and found they are “presented fairly, in all material respects, in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.”...


November 20, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB’s Info Security Program Is ‘Consistently Implemented’

On a scale of one to five, the CFPB’s overall information security program is operating at a level-three (consistently implemented) maturity, with the agency performing several activities indicative of a higher maturity level, according to a recent report from the bureau’s Office of Inspector General. “For instance, the CFPB’s information security continuous monitoring process is effective and operating at level four, with the agency tracking and reporting on performance measures related to supporting activities,” the OIG said. “In addition, the CFPB employs network access controls to detect unauthorized hardware and has implemented automated patch management tools.” These areas are typically associated with a level-four maturity. The CFPB also could mature its information security program to make sure that it is ...


November 20, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Senate Banking Panel Agrees to Separate Mortgage Reforms

Last week, the Senate Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs committee endorsed a handful of legislative provisions related to mortgage financing, including a measure that tackles one aspect of the CFPB’s integrated-disclosure rule under the Truth in Lending Act and the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act. One section of the still-to-be-named bill would remove the three-day waiting period required for the combined TILA/RESPA mortgage disclosure if a creditor extends to a consumer a second offer of credit with a lower annual percentage rate. It also would express the sense of Congress that the CFPB should provide clearer, authoritative guidance with respect to certain issues. A separate section deals with escrow requirements for certain consumer credit transactions. These provisions would provide an ...


November 20, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

House Panel OKs Reforms to CFPB Mortgage-Related Rulemakings

Last week, the House Financial Services Committee approved several bills that would override the CFPB on some of its key mortgage-related rulemakings. The voting included the passage of H.R. 1153, the Mortgage Choice Act of 2017, which would exclude from the ability-to-repay calculation of points and fees insurance and taxes held in escrow and fees paid to affiliated companies as a result of their participation in an affiliated business arrangement. The bill passed by a recorded vote of 46 ayes and 13 nays. Jaret Seiberg, an analyst with Cowen Washington Research Group, said in a client note, “This would permit lenders to work with affiliate title insurers without worrying about the points-and-fees cap.” Another measure that survived the legislative gauntlet ...


November 20, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Some Servicers Think CFPB Proposed Change Must Go Further

Back in October, the CFPB issued a proposed rule to clarify the timing for mortgage servicers to transition to providing modified or unmodified periodic statements and coupon books in connection with a consumer’s bankruptcy case. Since its 2016 mortgage servicing rule was adopted, the bureau said it has received significant input that certain aspects of the single-billing-cycle exemption and timing requirements may be more complex and operationally challenging than it realized, and that the relevant provisions may be subject to different interpretations. Therefore, the CFPB proposed several revisions to replace the single-billing-cycle exemption with a single-statement exemption. More specifically, the bureau proposed to revise the single-billing-cycle exemption to instead provide a single-statement exemption for the next periodic statement or coupon ...


November 20, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Servicers Support CFPB Change to FDCPA Notice-Timing Requirements

Trade groups representing mortgage lenders and servicers generally support the change the bureau is making to its 2013 mortgage servicing rules under the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (Regulation X) and the Truth in Lending Act (Regulation Z) as it relates to certain early-intervention notices. In mid-October, the CFPB issued an interim final rule amending the timing requirements for providing subsequent written early-intervention notices to borrowers who have requested a cease in communication under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act. The CFPB’s 2016 amendments to the 2013 mortgage servicing rules generally require that servicers send notices to delinquent borrowers every 45 days to inform them of available foreclosure prevention options. For borrowers who have invoked their cease-communication requirements, servicers must ...


November 20, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB, Ocwen Tit for Tat Continues, Thanks to DOJ’s Absence

The CFPB recently told a U.S. District Court it opposes Ocwen Financial’s motion to submit the Department of Justice’s brief filed in another case in lieu of the department’s inaction when it comes to weighing in on Ocwen’s dispute with the bureau. Ocwen recently asked the U.S. District Court, Southern District of Florida, West Palm Beach Division, for permission to file a supplemental memorandum (an earlier brief by the DOJ in PHH Corp. v. CFPB as to the unconstitutionality of the bureau) in defense of the company’s motion to dismiss the consumer regulator’s case against it. The common thread in both cases is that Ocwen and PHH similarly assert that the CFPB’s structure is unconstitutional. During the Obama administration, the ...


November 20, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Trump Reportedly Set to Name Mulvaney as CFPB Acting Director

Major news outlets have reported that President Trump intends to choose current Office of Management and Budget Director Mick Mulvaney as acting director of the CFPB upon Richard Cordray’s departure as chief of the consumer bureau. Attorneys with the Buckley Sandler law firm in Washington, DC, said in an online blog post that Mulvaney, a former Republican member of the House from South Carolina, would keep his current position and serve as both the director of OMB and acting director until the president nominates and the Senate confirms a permanent replacement for Cordray. Mulvaney, a long-time critic of the bureau, would be able to step into the acting director position since he has already passed muster with the Senate. As ...


November 20, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

For Mortgage Lenders, Servicers, Enforcement is the New Focus

It’s unlikely the mortgage lending and servicing industry will see any big changes at the CFPB right away – at least in terms of new regulations and rule-makings – once Richard Cordray formally exits the stage as director of the bureau, most experts said. “Until the president installs a new director, it should be business as usual,” former CFPB official Benjamin Olson, now a partner with Buckley Sandler in Washington, DC, told Inside the CFPB. As excited as some mortgage industry representatives were upon hearing the news, all of the bureau’s rulemakings related to mortgage lending and servicing have already been issued and finalized, so that’s all water under the bridge. A new director will not be able to willy-nilly revoke or ...


November 20, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

With Cordray Set to Depart, Industry Pushes for a Commission

Upon last week’s news of CFPB Director Richard Cordray’s resignation, a number of industry representatives urged Congress and the White House to enact legislation to convert the leadership structure of the bureau to that of a multi-member, bipartisan board or commission. Rob Nichols, president and CEO of the American Bankers Association, said, “While we haven’t always agreed with Director Corday on issues, we have always shared his goal of wanting to help consumers and appreciated his willingness to engage with us. “Consumers are our customers, and nothing is more important to America’s banks than maintaining their trust and confidence,” he added. “We will continue to work with the CFPB under its new leadership to ensure consumers have access to the ...


November 20, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

The Rumors Were True: Cordray to Step Down by Month’s End

CFPB Director Richard Cordray last week informed bureau staff that he is resigning. He made no mention of his future plans, but it has been widely expected for months, if not years, that he would run for governor of Ohio. Cordray is the first officially named and confirmed director of the bureau, but he encountered controversy from the start, as President Obama tried to make him a recess appointment, which was later declared to be an unconstitutional move on Obama’s part. However, the Democrat-controlled Senate at the time reaffirmed the president’s selection of Cordray, rendering various legal challenges moot. He was preceded at the helm by Raj Date, who served as a special advisor after being chosen by then-Harvard professor ...


November 16, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

After Months of Rumors, Cordray to Resign; For Mortgage Lenders, Enforcement is Now Key Issue

Big changes aren’t likely to take place at the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau in the after-math of Director Richard Cordray’s surprise departure at the end of this month, but industry observers expect a significant shift in enforcement and supervision when a new leader is in place.


November 6, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Other News in Brief/Provident, Ocwen, HMDA, Winter Park National

African-American and Hispanic Borrowers Allegedly Harmed by Provident Will Receive $9 Million in Compensation. Last week, Garden City Group, the settlement administrator for Provident Funding Associates, mailed out checks to African-American and Hispanic borrowers to compensate them for having been unlawfully charged higher interest or broker fees on their mortgages from Provident.... Ocwen Enters Into Agreement with Hawaii to Resolve Regulatory Action. Ocwen Financial settled some outstanding issues with regulatory authorities in Hawaii last week, continuing a streak the nonbank servicer has been on for the last two months or so....


November 6, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

CSBS Frets CFPB Rule Threatens Relationship Lending Model

The Conference of State Bank Supervisors recently told the CFPB it is concerned that a rule expected from the bureau could erode the relationship lending model that community banks use with small businesses. “The proposed new data collection requirements will require lenders to compile and report a variety of data points regarding small business applications and loans,” the state regulators said in a recent comment letter to the bureau. “At a minimum, these new data collection requirements will impose additional and disproportionate compliance costs on smaller financial institutions with limited resources and unnecessarily raise the cost of originating small business loans by all lenders.” According to the CSBS, community banks exercise a substantial amount of discretion and expertise in the ...


November 6, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

New HMDA Data Privacy Concerns Emerge in Wake of Data Breaches

The CFPB recently issued some proposed policy guidance for its Home Mortgage Disclosure Act rule that could help borrowers on the data privacy front, but it might not be enough, according to one compliance attorney. “On the heels of the Equifax data breach and continued cybersecurity threats, the CFPB’s guidance is a clear attempt to alleviate concerns regarding identity theft and information security,” Alexander Koskey, an associate in the Atlanta office of the Baker Donelson law firm, said in a recent client note. “However, significant privacy concerns persist that the increase in the amount of data that is being disclosed for the first time will make it easier to discover the identity of applicants and borrowers.” Additionally, given that the ...


November 6, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Compliance Pro IDs Major Issues, Concerns With New HMDA Rule

During the recent annual meeting of the Mortgage Bankers Association, a top compliance expert highlighted some of the biggest issues and concerns the industry faces under the new data collection and reporting regime ushered in by the CFPB’s updated Home Mortgage Disclosure Act rule. The short list of the most significant considerations, of course, includes the fair lending implications of the new requirements. Mitch Kider, chairman and managing partner of the Weiner Brodsky Kider PC law firm in Washington, DC, told attendees at one break-out session that HMDA data accuracy (or errors) sets the tone for an entire CFPB examination. “Most of the new data fields companies already have,” he said. “Do you know what story your data currently tells ...


November 6, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Special Counsel Clears Cordray of Election Law Violations

In response to allegations from Republicans that CFPB Director Richard Cordray may have violated federal election law by dipping his toes in the electoral waters of Ohio gubernatorial politics while still at the helm of the bureau, the U.S. Office of Special Counsel has investigated the nation’s top consumer regulator and cleared him of any wrongdoing. The disclosure was made in a letter sent last month by the special counsel to Cordray. “The U.S. Office of Special Counsel (OSC) completed its investigation into allegations that you violated the Hatch Act by being a candidate in the 2018 Ohio gubernatorial election while employed as the director of the CFPB,” said OSC Deputy Chief Erica Hamrick. “OSC found no evidence that you ...


November 6, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Groups Push Congress to Loosen ATR Rule’s Points-and-Fees Cap

Multiple industry trade groups recently wrote to every member of the U.S. House of Representatives to enact legislation that would loosen up the points-and-fees cap under the CFPB’s ability-to-repay rule and its qualified mortgage standard. At issue is the bipartisan H.R. 1153, the Mortgage Choice Act (not to be confused with the far more comprehensive, and controversial, Financial CHOICE Act). H.R. 1153 was introduced in February by Reps. Bill Huizenga, R-MI, Ed Royce, R-CA, Steve Stivers, R-OH, and David Joyce, R-OH, along with Gregory Meeks, D-NY, David Scott, D-GA, and Mike Doyle, D-PA. H.R. 1153 would revise the Truth in Lending Act Section 103(bb)(4) definition of points and fees to foster greater consumer choice in mortgage and settlement services under ...


November 6, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Industry Presses Lawmakers to Pass TRID Improvement Bill

Nearly two dozen mortgage industry groups wrote to members of the U.S. House of Representatives recently, urging them to support a bipartisan measure that would tweak the CFPB’s integrated disclosure rule to enable title insurers to disclose available discounts and accurate title insurance premiums to homebuyers. Currently, the bureau does not permit title insurance companies to disclose available discounts for lender’s title insurance on the government mandated disclosure forms. “This creates inconsistencies in mortgage documents and causes confusion for consumers,” said the industry organizations... H.R. 3978, the TRID Improvement Act of 2017, introduced last month by Reps. French Hill, R-AK, and Ruben Kihuen, D-NV, would end this confusion by amending the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act to require the CFPB ...


November 6, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Rep. Hensarling to Retire; Where Next? FHFA? CFPB?

House Financial Services Committee Chairman Jeb Hensarling, R-TX, surprised some in the nation’s capital last week by announcing he would not seek re-election when his term expires in 2018. Hensarling was already slated to surrender his chairmanship of the committee due to term limits, but he certainly had enough seniority to lay claim to another powerful position within the GOP leadership in the House. Instead, he opted to depart elected office entirely, citing a desire to spend more time with his family. The news immediately prompted speculation inside the Washington, DC, beltway about Hensarling’s next destination: at the helm of the Federal Housing Financial Agency or perhaps the CFPB? Jaret Seiberg, an analyst with the Cowen Washington Research Group, ...


November 6, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Industry Groups Celebrate Demise of CFPB Arbitration Rule

Industry representatives were pleased with the news that the Republican-controlled Congress and the Trump administration were able to cooperate and overturn the CFPB’s controversial rule banning mandatory arbitration clauses in most consumer financial services contracts. According to Consumer Bankers Association President and CEO Richard Hunt, “The CFPB’s rule was never about protecting consumers; rather, it was about protecting trial lawyers and their wallets,” he said. “The CFPB’s own study backs that up and proves trial lawyers would have been the real winners had this rule gone into effect.” Rob Nichols, president and CEO of the American Bankers Association, characterized the vote as a win for consumers. “As we and others made clear in our multiple comments to the CFPB, the ...


November 6, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Trump, Congress Rebuke Cordray, Overturn CFPB Arbitration Rule

Republican efforts to repeal and replace the Patient Protection Affordable Care Act may have faltered, but a GOP-controlled White House, Senate and House were able to unite and achieve at least one major accomplishment: they deep-sixed the CFPB’s controversial rule banning mandatory arbitration clauses in most consumer financial services contracts. Last week, President Trump turned aside an unusual personal appeal from CFPB Director Richard Cordray and went ahead and signed into law the joint resolution under the Congressional Review Act that permanently overturns the bureau’s problematic rule. Under the act, not only is the bureau’s rule now rendered null and void, any successor to Cordray will be unable to push through another substantially similar measure. That means only Congress can ...


November 6, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Ocwen Requests Oral Arguments in CFPB Case, Sans Trump DOJ

Ocwen Financial appears to be just as mystified as anyone else when it comes to understanding why the Department of Justice has not weighed in on the company’s dispute with the CFPB, as it had been invited to do. But that hasn’t kept the nonbank mortgage servicer from asking the court to proceed with oral arguments. Late last month, Ocwen filed a supplemental motion with the U.S. District Court, Southern District of Florida, West Palm Beach Division, in favor of its earlier motion to dismiss the bureau’s complaint against it. The purpose of the motion is “to clarify the position of the United States [government] on the issue of plaintiff CFPB’s structural unconstitutionality, in light of the inaction of the ...


Poll

With originations expected to drop in 2018, will your shop turn to non-QM/non-prime mortgage products as a way to bolster volumes?

Yes, definitely. We’re planning a launch.

33%

No. It’s still difficult compliance/regulatory-wise.

20%

Maybe. It’s under consideration.

33%

Not now. But things could change as 2018 progresses.

13%