California. Late last month, the state Department of Real Estate warned consumers about illegal loan modification schemes and urged victims to submit formal complaints. The most common ploy is for a scammer to guarantee a loan mod in exchange for a fee paid ahead of time (which is against the law in the state), and then to do little or nothing to obtain the loan mod for the borrower once the fee has been paid. The DRE advised consumers who are looking for a loan mod to never pay an upfront fee for such services, and to be wary of guaranteed success. Indiana. The state Department of Financial Institutions recently expanded the purpose of Title 750, Article 9 of the Indiana Administrative Code to conform the mortgage lending regulation to state and federal laws, rules and regulations, as well as policies and guidance from state and federal authorities. The DFI also revised the IAC to specify that an expunged criminal conviction does not result in an automatic denial or revocation of a mortgage lender or originators license. However, the underlying facts of the crime at issue can still be considered.