Profits and Losses

Browse articles from all of our Newsletters related to Profits and Losses.

February 24, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Trends

Banks’ Mortgage-Banking Income Rose in 4Q16

Commercial banks and savings institutions reported a combined $5.479 billion in net income from mortgage-banking activity during the fourth quarter of 2016, according to a new Inside Mortgage Trends analysis of call-report data. The industry’s mortgage-banking income was up 5.8 percent from the third quarter, lifting the total for the year to $17.544 billion. That was down 4.6 percent from 2015. Bank of America ranked as the top earner in ... [Includes one data chart]

February 24, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Trends

Will Dwindling Refinances Lead to Layoffs?

As interest rates continue to inch upward and refinance activity drops, it stands to reason that more residential lenders will move to cut staff, if they haven’t already. But so far, there have be no major layoffs – at least none that have been registered. But that doesn’t mean industry executives aren’t thinking about it. According to interviews conducted by Inside Mortgage Trends over the past month, it’s a mixed bag when it comes to hiring. Non-agency/nonprime lenders such as ...

February 23, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

PHH Shifts Gears to ‘Capital Light’ Focus On Subservicing, Dumping PLS Business

Nonbank mortgage giant PHH Corp. – which posted combined losses of $347 million the past two years – is betting its future on subservicing, a business it describes as being “capital light” and one that could lead to riches down the road. As outlined by senior management during a recent call with analysts, the company will focus on processing loans for other shops, splitting the underlying servicing fee – 25 basis points on Fannie Mae/Freddie Mac loans – with the owner of those receivables. PHH CEO Glen Messina described...

February 17, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

4Q16 Spike in FHA Delinquencies Justifies Trump’s Premium Action

The spike in FHA delinquencies in the fourth quarter of 2016 justifies the Trump administration’s decision last month to suspend and review the outgoing administration’s lowering of FHA mortgage insurance premiums, said House Financial Services Committee Chairman Jeb Hensarling, R-TX. Commenting on the Mortgage Bankers Association’s quarterly delinquency rate survey, Hensarling praised President Trump’s decision to set aside the 25-basis-point premium reduction, which Inside FHA/VA Lending reported first on Jan. 6, 2017. “Lowering premiums at this time was a big mistake,” said Hensarling. “The sudden increase in delinquencies makes it clear that President Trump was absolutely right to undo the previous administration’s irresponsible action.” Hensarling recalled that in 2013 “taxpayers had to spend $1.7 billion to bail out the FHA.” Going forward, the FHA must be fiscally sound, with a ...

February 10, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Trends

Can Walter/Ditech Find a Path Forward?

Walter Investment Management Corp. has yet to release fourth-quarter results, but if its nine-month performance is any indication, it has some major challenges ahead. Through September, the publicly traded nonbank – the nation’s eighth-largest servicer via its Ditech unit – lost $506.9 million, some of it tied to non-cash writedowns on its mortgage servicing rights. But if revenues are any indication of future earnings, investors shouldn’t brace for too much good news in its ...

February 9, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Fairholme Explains That It’s Not a ‘Speculator’ in GSE Stock; Waiting on a Resolution that May Never Come?

In a new annual letter to shareholders, Fairholme Capital Management once again lays out its argument for investing in Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac stock, trying to explain to its wealthy investors that it feels more secure in owning junior preferred shares than common stock. Among other things, Fairholme said the preferred stock “provide(s) us with greater security and certainty than the common stock and, as you know, we are not speculators.” When it comes to a liquidation preference, preferred shareholders are senior to common shareholders, who often receive nothing when a company goes bust. But Fairholme’s problem – one shared by other firms that still own this class of stock – is...

February 3, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Vet Agency Clarifies Student Loan Policy in Underwriting VA Loans

The Department of Veterans Administration has issued guidance to clarify its new policy regarding student loans in underwriting VA guaranteed home loans. Specifically, the guidance shows lenders how to calculate a student-loan monthly payment when figuring out a VA borrower’s ability to repay. The clarification in the guidance applies to deferred student loans and the new policy will provide guidance for student loans currently in repayment or about to begin repayment within 12 months of a VA loan closing. How should a lender calculate a student loan monthly payment for loan underwriting purposes? A monthly payment need not be considered if the borrower provides written proof that the student loan will be deferred at least 12 months beyond the closing date, the guidance said. If a student loan is under a repayment plan or is about to begin repayment, the lender must consider the anticipated monthly payment in the ...

February 3, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

MBA Concerned About Lack of Consumer Protections in PACE

The Mortgage Bankers Association has asked the Trump administration to help close a loophole in the Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) program that could put consumers at risk. In a recent public service video, Pete Mills, MBA senior vice president for residential policy and member engagement, said the MBA has been in contact with the president’s transition team to see if there is a way to incorporate consumer protections into the program. Mills noted a “significant void in consumer protection” due to the structure of PACE programs. The PACE program allows local or state governments, when authorized by state law, to finance the upfront cost of energy upgrades on commercial, residential or industrial properties. A PACE loan is repaid over a set period – typically 10 to 20 years – through a special assessment on the property on top of the owner’s annual property tax bills. It has seniority over all ...

February 3, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA Endorsements Decline in 4Q16 VA Refinances Increase Slightly

FHA single-family endorsements declined 5.5 percent from the third to the fourth quarter of 2016, losing some market share, while VA saw a modest uptick in guaranteed loans, thanks to robust refinancing activity. The FHA endorsed a total of $68.3 billion of forward mortgages during the fourth quarter, according to an Inside FHA/VA Lending analysis and ranking. That brought total production over a 12-month period to $255.6 billion (excluding Home Equity Conversion Mortgage loans), a 7.3 percent increase over 2015. FHA activity in the purchase market fell 13.6 percent in the fourth quarter though annual volume was up 14.3 percent from 2015. While FHA historically has been stronger in the purchase market, 2016 proved to be a more competitive year for FHA streamlined refinancing. FHA-to-FHA refinance endorsements rose 15.6 percent in the fourth quarter from the prior quarter, but ... [ 5 charts ]

February 2, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Citigroup May Have Company as it Exits the MSR Arena; The First Step in an Eventual Withdrawal from Lending?

Not only did Citigroup shock the market this week with its decision to exit residential servicing operations, but the move could be the start of an eventual withdrawal from all mortgage banking. For now, the nation’s sixth-largest servicer – and 13th-largest originator – is strongly refuting such talk, but that isn’t stopping the industry from speculating on the megabank’s next move. “If they firmly believe they can’t make money in servicing and cross-selling, then this is...

January 27, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Trends

Bank Mortgage Banking Income Down in 2016

Commercial banks saw a sharp drop in mortgage-banking income during the fourth quarter of 2016 that pulled full-year profits below the level reached in 2015, according to a new Inside Mortgage Trends analysis of earnings reports. A group of 25 top publicly traded banks (including one thrift) reported a combined $13.36 billion in mortgage-banking income for all of 2016, down 7.0 percent from 2015. The sector had a chance of topping last year’s ... [Includes one data chart]

January 26, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Lenders Turn Focus to LOs that Produce Purchase Mortgages as Refinances are Expected to Decline

With interest rates on mortgages expected to go up this year, some lenders are putting an emphasis on loan originators who can close purchase mortgages. Economists at the Mortgage Bankers Association predict that the average interest rate on a 30-year fixed rate mortgage will climb from 3.70 percent last year to 4.50 percent in 2017. The higher rates will help prompt a 47.7 percent decline in refi volume in 2017 compared with the estimated $901.0 billion in refi originations last year, according to the MBA. Dave Stevens, president and CEO of the MBA, said...

January 20, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

E-Submission Required for VA Prior-Approval Loan Documents

Effective Feb. 13, 2017, VA lenders will be required to submit prior-approval mortgage loans electronically through the WebLGY system to improve the prior-approval process. Currently, lenders mail their prior-loan approval packages to the regional loan center that has jurisdiction over loan underwriting – a tedious, time-consuming process. Electronic submission will help speed things up, the VA indicated. Lenders must follow the guidelines for prior approval and stacking order in the VA’s Lender Handbook. In addition, lenders must furnish a cover letter with the uploaded package stating the reasons for the prior approval and explaining any unique circumstances. The cover letter also must include the submitting underwriter’s name, phone number and email address as well as contact information for the underwriter’s manager. The lender must ensure that the file contains the correct and complete ...

January 20, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Lenders Expect VA Refis to Drop in 2017, Rising Demand for Purchase

VA originations have been trending upward over several quarters, thanks to an unusually heavy share of refinance business, but all good things, at some point, must slow down, lenders say. The refinance business overall has fallen to 45 percent from 55 percent in the fourth quarter of 2016, and that will have an effect on VA originations in the first quarter of 2017, said Andy May, chief operating officer of the American Armed Forces Mutual Aid Association Mortgage Division. Going forward, May expects VA originations to fall by 10 percent in the first quarter due to rising interest rates. But even though rates have been trending up, May saw an uptick in VA loan applications in January as fence-sitters jumped into the market to take out a loan before rates went any higher. “The MBA estimates rates will rise above 5 percent in the next 24 months and then down to 4.8 percent by the end of 2018, and up to 5.3 percent at the ...

January 20, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA/VA Default Rates Spike Up In 4Q16, Nonbanks Still Growing

Mortgage default rates appeared to spike higher in the fourth quarter of 2016, according to a new analysis and servicer ranking by Inside FHA/VA Lending. Some 5.51 percent of FHA loans in Ginnie Mae mortgage-backed securities pools were reported as 30- to 60-days past due at the end of December. That was up 80 basis points from the previous quarter and was easily the highest default rate in the past three years. FHA default rates were also up in more serious delinquency categories: loans 60- to 90-days past due and those over 90-days late. The figures are based on loan count and are not seasonally adjusted. Similar trends occurred in the VA home loan guaranty program. The 30-60 category was up 41 bps, while 90+ delinquencies jumped 19 bps. The supply of Ginnie single-family MBS outstanding continued to set new records. The total, not including multifamily and FHA home-equity conversion ... [4 charts]

January 19, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

A Mixed Quarter for the Banks: Decent Production, Sweet MSR Marks but Unclear Road Ahead

The nation’s largest banks revealed better-than-expected residential origination figures (for some) and mouth-watering markups on the value of their servicing portfolios. That’s the good news. But it wasn’t all wine and roses. On the servicing front, BOK Financial revealed that fourth quarter income was reduced by $17.4 million because it left servicing-related hedges on the books for too long, betting that rates would stay low for an extended period of time. PNC Bank saw...[Includes one data table]


With rates higher this year, there has been talk of lenders liberalizing their underwriting standards in an effort to increase volume and make up for lower refis.

Do you think your shop will loosen standards over the coming three months?

Yes, but not by much.
Yes, by a lot.
Yes and, heck, we may even do non-QM lending.
No, not at all.
No and we may even tighten credit.

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