Mortgage Insurance Profitability

Browse articles from all of our Newsletters related to Mortgage Insurance Profitability.

July 21, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

FHA to Insure Certain Mortgages with PACE Liens; MBA, California Realtors Dissatisfied with Guidelines

The FHA this week clarified its policy on insuring mortgages with PACE (Property Assessed Clean Energy) senior tax liens to make it easier for borrowers to obtain FHA financing for such mortgages, but the mortgage and real estate industries continue to have concerns. The new guidelines address state programs where the PACE obligation is treated like a property tax with priority over an FHA lien. The program provides financing for home-energy improvements and water conservation, and is repaid through an assessment added to the property’s tax bill. The guidelines are designed...


July 21, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

GAO Lists Possible Barriers Preventing Wider Use of Private Flood Insurance, Regulatory and Competition Concerns

The Government Accountability Office said regulatory uncertainty and other barriers may inhibit the use of private flood insurance. The Flood Insurance Market Parity and Modernization Act, H.R. 2901, which passed the House unanimously in April, expands flood insurance options by including private flood insurance. The bill also lifts certain federal restrictions placed on insurance companies and gives states more flexibility to license and regulate private flood insurance. The GAO reported...


July 21, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Realtors Say FHA Loans and GSE Low-Downpayment Programs Seen as Readily Available for Homebuyers

While some banks have reduced their FHA lending in recent years and alternatives from the government-sponsored enterprises are still gaining traction, homebuyers still have access to low-downpayment mortgage programs, according to the latest Campbell/Inside Mortgage Finance HousingPulse Tracking Survey. “Most real estate agents say high loan-to-value ratio mortgages are readily available, especially for homebuyers with good credit,” said Tom Popik, research director for Campbell Surveys. The HousingPulse survey covering activity in June included...


July 15, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Around the Industry

CA Legislature Poised to Pass Protections for Widowed Homeowners. The California legislature is a step away from enacting legislation that would extend existing foreclosure protections in the state Homeowners Bill of Rights (HBOR) to widows, widowers and other heirs of deceased homeowners. The legislature passed the HBOR in 2012 to provide due process protections to homeowners and establish rules and procedures for communication between servicers and borrowers regarding options to avoid foreclosure. However, the bill’s protections did not extend to surviving spouses and successors-in-interest who may wish to continue paying the mortgage loan but could not assume the loan or afford the payment with the loss of the deceased homeowner’s income. Surviving family members may then seek a loan assumption or modification, only to be refused by the servicer because their names are not on the ...


July 15, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Freedom Mortgage Buys Largest Rural Housing Unit from JPMorgan

Freedom Mortgage Corp. is now ready to compete full time with the big boys in the rural housing market with its recent purchase of JPMorgan Chase’s rural housing business. The price of the deal was not disclosed. Freedom Mortgage’s newly acquired USDA origination platform kicked into gear on July 1, primed to serve rural-housing borrowers through its correspondent channel. Overall, the purchase would catapult the New Jersey-based nonbank to becoming the leading seller of USDA rural housing loans to Ginnie Mae. Chase Home Finance led all other USDA mortgage lenders in the first quarter of 2016 with $1.2 billion in total originations, which is 31.5 percent of all USDA-backed loans produced during the period. Freedom Mortgage was the largest VA lender and the second largest FHA lender in 2015. The acquisition of Chase’s USDA business would make Freedom the second largest, if not the ...


July 15, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Discusses Steps in Challenging, Resolving Adverse Audit Findin

The Department of Veterans Affairs has spelled out steps for disputing and resolving audit findings with the agency. The VA Home Loan Guaranty program has a policy-resolution protocol in place to increase both consistency among the VA regional loan centers (RLC) and responsiveness to lender inquiries. In seeking to resolve an audit dispute with an RLC, the lender should first consult the VA Lender’s Handbook before contacting the VA. Lenders also are encouraged to check with colleagues who might be familiar with issues underlying the dispute. The lender should contact the RLC with jurisdiction for an official response to case-specific questions. When disputing an audit finding or a deficiency letter, the lender should contact the loan specialist who conducted the audit. If, after communicating with the loan specialist, the dispute remains unresolved, the lender should take its concern to ...


July 15, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Breaks Down, Explains NPS, Timely Payments, Handbook Issues

The Department of Veterans Affairs has clarified policies that have raised questions among VA lenders but were not addressed during the agency’s annual lender conference in San Diego, CA, back in May. ? What is the VA’s policy regarding a non-purchasing spouse’s (NPS) credit? VA: The NPS’s liabilities need to be considered but not its credit history. ? What is VA’s policy regarding a loss that an NPS reports on a joint tax return? If a joint tax return shows a business loss, then that loss will have to be deducted from the veteran’s income in both community and non-community property states. What is reported to the Internal Revenue Service must be used when applying for a federally guaranteed loan In a situation where a couple has been faced with business losses, the veteran and his or her spouse may want to consider both being on the loan in order to potentially qualify. ? The VA Pamphlet states: “Account balances reduced to ...


July 15, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Senate Passes Legislation Easing Condo Recertification Process

The U.S. Senate this week passed legislation that includes reforms to current FHA restrictions on condominium financing, among other provisions. H.R. 3700, the Housing Opportunity Through Modernization Act of 2016, was approved without amendment by unanimous consent. The bill passed in the House of Representatives by a vote of 427-0 in February. The bill addresses problems facing buyers and sellers of condominiums. Specifically, the bill modifies the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s rental assistance and public housing programs, FHA’s requirements for condo mortgage insurance and the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s single-family housing guaranteed loan program. Among other things, the bill requires the FHA to make recertifications “substantially less burdensome,” while lowering the ownership-occupancy requirement from 50 percent to 35 percent. The current ...


July 15, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Is an FHA Premium Cut Imminent? Lost Revenue Could Be a Factor

With the improvement in loan performance, credit quality and serious delinquency rate, some mortgage industry observers think the FHA is poised for another premium reduction before the end of the year. It is a better time for the Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund, with fiscal year 2016 volume expected to exceed $220 billion, way more than the $170 billion the last independent actuarial report had predicted. Serious delinquency rates decreased in the first quarter to 5.31 percent, near the lowest level since 2008, according to FHA’s latest quarterly report to Congress. Rates for those vintages most affected by the recent economic recession (2006-2008) continue to decline. In addition, claims continue to be well below actuarial predictions – 32 percent less than predicted for the first quarter. Also, MMIF watchers are optimistic that the next actuarial report will show a higher capital cushion. According to the ...


July 15, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

GOP Critics Blast DASP Changes, Claim Move is Politically Motivated

House Republicans this week accused the Department of Housing and Urban Development of giving preferential treatment to political favorites in changes to FHA distressed asset sales. House Financial Services Committee Chairman Jeb Hensarling, R-TX, denounced changes HUD Secretary Julian Castro made to the Distressed Asset Sale Program (DASP), saying the moves help liberal special interests at the expense of private investors. Hensarling said the changes would create “preferential bidding” for certain buyers and restrict investor options. HUD expanded DASP in 2012 as a conduit for selling nonperforming FHA loans to investors with the proviso they must first help borrowers save their homes from foreclosure and foreclose only if all loan-modification options have been exhausted. Distressed note sales also helped stabilize FHA’s Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund and have contributed more than ...


July 14, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

HUD Secretary Fends Off Republican Attacks on Recent Changes to Distressed Note Sales Program

The Obama administration’s top housing official took a beating from Republicans on the House Financial Services Committee during a hearing this week over recent changes to the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s Distressed Asset Sales Program, also known as DASP. For more than two hours, HUD Secretary Julian Castro faced a relentless attack by Republicans angered by what they perceived as preferential treatment given to nonprofits and local government over private investors in the DASP bidding process. The federal program sells pools of severely delinquent FHA mortgages to investors to help distressed borrowers stay in their homes and, at the same time, minimize losses to the FHA Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund. Most of the nonperforming loans in the DASP pools are...


July 14, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Flow of Private MI Loans Into Fannie/Freddie Market Up Sharply in 2Q16, But FHA/VA Markets Also Surged

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac securitized $58.61 billion of single-family home loans that carried private mortgage insurance during the second quarter of 2016, a solid 33.0 percent increase over the first three months of the year, according to a new ranking and analysis by Inside Mortgage Finance. The boost in private MI business was slightly stronger than the 26.2 percent increase in overall single-family mortgage-backed securities issuance for the two government-sponsored enterprises during the same period. Overall, the biggest increase in GSE business during the second quarter was...[Includes two data tables]


July 8, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Trends

Smooth Sailing Ahead for MI Firms. Right?

For most of the year, it’s been an unpleasant ride for the nation’s mortgage insurers: Ugly share price performance, lower revenues (though not awful), and the fear that any day now the FHA might lower its premiums and cut into private MI market share. But over the past few weeks, policy winds in Washington have shifted with analysts rethinking the short-term prospects for the sector. According to a recent report from FBR & Co., “policy ... [Includes one data chart]


July 7, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

FHFA Mulls Front-End Risk Transfers, But Shows Little Interest in ‘Deeper MI’ Proposal

The Federal Housing Finance Agency is looking for ways to expand the credit-risk transfer programs at Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac but showing little interest in a proposal being pushed by the Mortgage Bankers Association and private mortgage insurers. The regulator of the two government-sponsored enterprises recently issued a request for comment on front-end risk sharing without directly discussing the concept of sellers getting reduced guaranty fees for loans that have more than the required level of private MI coverage. It did, however, cite counterparty risk as one of the key issues in credit-risk transfers. As of Dec. 31, 2015, the GSEs had transferred...


July 7, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Post-Election Wish List for Some Mortgage-Industry Interests: Pricing Cuts From FHA and the GSEs

Over the past year, mortgage lenders have been clamoring for pricing breaks from the government-sponsored enterprises as well as the FHA, but so far nothing has changed. But is the industry’s luck about to turn? A handful of GSE watchers interviewed by Inside Mortgage Finance believe there’s a greater likelihood of a cut in FHA premiums before the fall election as opposed to the Federal Housing Finance Agency doing something about loan-level price adjustments or guaranty fees. In general, it’s...


July 1, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Delayed Closing, Repair Rules Still Hound FHA 203(k) Program

The FHA’s 203(k) Property Repair and Rehabilitation program could use some jolt as inflexible agency guidelines, construction inexperience and closing delays continue to constrain loan growth. Origination of FHA-insured fixer-upper loans fell 10.9 percent in the first quarter of 2016 to $762.7 million from $856.2 million in the previous quarter. It was a different story year-over-year, however, as volume during the first three months rose 20.8 percent compared to volume during the same period last year. The top five FHA 203(k) lenders struggled as their combined loan production dropped 9.4 percent quarter-over-quarter and by 3.0 percent on a year-to-year basis. Their combined originations accounted for $157.5 million of total FHA 203(k) loan production for the first quarter. Purchase loans accounted for $131.0 million of rehab loans originated during the period while refinance loans totaled a ... [ 1 chart ]


July 1, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA Condominium Lending Trends Downward as Activity Slows in 1Q

FHA condominium lending fell in the first quarter to $1.6 billion, down 8.6 percent from the prior quarter. The volume decline was the second in a row for the sector, when production fell 20.3 percent from the third to the fourth quarter last year. On the other hand, year-over-year volume saw a whopping 35.3 percent increase. The top 10 FHA condo lenders were dominated by nonbanks, with Quicken Loans leading the field. The only bank among the top 10 was Wells Fargo, which landed in third place with $45.3 million despite a 35.7 percent drop in condo loan originations in the first quarter. Leader Quicken Loans closed the quarter with $73.6 million, while second-ranked Freedom Mortgage Corp. clocked in with $55.6 million. Fourth-place LoanDepot originated $33.7 million in FHA condo loans, while Broker Solutions rounded out the top five category with $31.1 million. In November last year, FHA announced ... [ 1 chart ]


July 1, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

No-Down Option, Better Borrower Profile Help Fuel VA’s 1Q Growth

VA home loan guarantees reported modest growth in the first quarter of 2016 thanks to the program’s no-downpayment feature and higher-quality borrowers, according to Inside FHA/VA Lending’s analysis of agency data. The fourth quarter of 2015 was the worst quarter in an otherwise good year for VA lending, as lenders racked up $35.2 billion in total originations, down 21.0 percent from the third quarter, which was VA’s most productive for the year. However, the first three months of 2016 are off to a promising start with overall VA volume totaling $37.1 billion, a 5.5 percent improvement from the prior quarter. VA purchase volume was down 8.1 percent in the first quarter to $18.2 billion from the previous quarter, while VA IRRRL (interest rate reduction refinance loans) production rose 43.4 percent to $10.9 billion over the same period, data further showed. VA’s no-downpayment option in conjunction with the ... [ 1 chart ]


July 1, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA Announces More Changes to DASP to Better Protect Borrowers

Investors in FHA’s distressed note sales program would be required to do more for homeowners to help them avoid foreclosure and keep their homes, thanks to improvements to FHA’s Distressed Asset Stabilization Program (DASP) announced this week by the agency. The changes appear aimed at consumer groups’ criticism of the Department of Housing and Urban Development for allowing profit-oriented investors to purchase the troubled HUD assets at a discount and flip the homes for a profit without ever helping the distressed homeowner. Although the transactions make good economic sense for investors and the government, struggling homeowners end up losing their homes without having tried any loan modification option that could have helped them avoid foreclosure. HUD launched the DASP in 2010 under pressure from Congress to help stabilize the FHA’s Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund, which ...


July 1, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Nonbanks’ Share of Government-Insured Market Growing Rapidly

Ginnie Mae has good reason to be concerned about rapid demographic change in its relatively small issuer community. Nonbank institutions – many of them relatively newly formed and based on nontraditional business models – are taking over the market. Nonbank issuers accounted for a whopping 69.4 percent of Ginnie’s issuance of single-family mortgage-backed securities during the first quarter of 2016. A year ago, their share was 64.6 percent. Two years ago it was 46.7 percent. With those kinds of gains on the production line, it’s not hard to see why nonbanks are claiming a growing share of Ginnie servicing outstanding. At the end of March, nonbanks owned 46.7 percent of Ginnie single-family mortgage servicing rights, up a hefty 11.5 percentage points in one year. That rate of growth can’t be accomplished just by producing new MBS because the servicing market simply doesn’t grow that fast. (Although the Ginnie market has grown significantly faster than any other segment of ... [ 2 charts ]


June 30, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Servicing Litigation Continues to Stalk the Industry: Ocwen, Nationstar and Cenlar Are Under Fire

Last week, Ocwen Financial agreed to a $30 million settlement with the Department of Justice regarding two lawsuits that alleged violations of the False Claims Act. The lawsuits alleged that Ocwen Loan Servicing and Ocwen’s Homeward Residential division violated the FCA by falsely certifying their compliance with the Home Affordable Modification Program and FHA insurance programs, thus rendering all HAMP incentive and FHA insurance payments on Ocwen- or Homeward-serviced loans false claims. One of the cases was scheduled...


June 30, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Quicken Loans and Guaranteed Rate Offer 1 Percent Mortgages With Homebuyer Grants in Freddie Program

A new 1 percent home loan product has quietly hit the market to help qualified, cash-strapped borrowers overcome one of the biggest obstacles to homeownership: downpayment. With significant variation in details, the 1 percent down mortgages offered by Quicken Loans and Guaranteed Rate stem from their partnerships with Freddie Mac and are structured as part of Freddie’s Home Possible Advantage program. In Quicken’s version, the borrower pays...


June 24, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Trends

FHA Should Set Criteria for Pricing, MGIC Says

A top mortgage-industry executive called for the establishment of criteria for adjusting FHA mortgage-insurance premiums to limit taxpayer exposure and allow private capital to play a larger role in the mortgage market. In a recent blog, Patrick Sinks, president/CEO of Mortgage Guaranty Insurance Corp., noted growing talk in the mortgage industry of another possible FHA premium reduction following last year’s 50 basis point cut. However, before that happens ...


June 23, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Sales of Ginnie Servicing Prove Difficult; Deals Are Getting Done, But Risk of FHA MIP Cut Overhangs the Market

The sale of residential mortgage servicing rights has been gaining steam the past few weeks – unless you happen to be in the market for Ginnie Mae product. In particular, there’s a growing concern about price discounts on Ginnie servicing rights, and a strong belief that the agency – including its president, Ted Tozer – is once again getting anxious about so many nonbanks being such large players in the market. Tozer is so concerned about the matter that the agency – with the help of the Mortgage Bankers Association – is hosting what’s been described as a “liquidity summit” in Washington, DC, with several stakeholders and regulators, including officials from the Federal Reserve and U.S. Treasury. The summit, closed to the media, is scheduled for June 24. Ginnie issued...


June 17, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Around the Industry

FHA Revises TOTAL Mortgage Scorecard. Effective on June 11, 2016, the FHA’s TOTAL Mortgage Scorecard no longer returns either upfront or annual mortgage insurance premium factors to an automated underwriting system. The FHA directs lenders to consult Appendix I of its Single Family Housing Policy handbook for applicable MIP factors. AUS vendors have been notified of the change and have adjusted their systems accordingly. HUD, First Citizens Bank Settle Fair Lending Complaint. A South Carolina bank has agreed to correct its lending practices and allocate funding to resolve allegations that it denied more loans to minorities compared to similarly-situated white loan applicants. The settlement agreement stemmed from a complaint filed by the Department of Housing and Urban Development against First Citizens Bank and Trust Co. in 2011 after an analysis of ...


June 17, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Radian Says It’s Ready for DU 10.0, Will Insure Non-Traditional Loans

Radian Guaranty has voiced its support for Fannie Mae’s updated Desktop Underwriter 10.0 and reiterated its ability to underwrite borrowers with non-traditional credit, one of the changes made in the latest version of DU. The Philadelphia-based private mortgage insurer said it is working on supporting MI applications for borrowers with nontraditional credit through other submission methods, including delegated submissions. Initially, applications will be accepted through MI Online’s “Quick Submit” option, or borrowers may fax or email their application and documents to intake@Radian.biz. Teresa Bryce Bazemore, president of Radian, said nontraditional underwriting is nothing new to Radian, which has maintained a small share of such loans. “We always had the ability to look at those loans and underwrite them manually,” she said. Besides nontraditional credit underwriting, the updated DU 10.0 includes ...


June 17, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

HOAs Required to Disclose VA, FHA Certification of Condo Projects

A new California law requiring condominium homeowner associations to disclose to their members whether the VA or the FHA has certified their buildings will soon take effect.Starting July 1, 2016, California HOAs will have to disclose in their annual budget report whether or not their condominium projects have been approved for VA or FHA financing. Gov. Jerry Brown, D, signed Assembly Bill 596 into law in August last year to encourage more veterans and first-time homebuyers to purchase condominiums and take advantage of the benefits of government-backed home financing. In signing the measure into law, Brown expressed hopes that condominium HOAs will step up their certification or recertification process. Assemblyman Tom Daly, D-Anaheim, author of the bill, estimates there are 28,000 condo projects in the Golden State, and only a third are FHA-certified. There are far fewer projects that are ...


June 17, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

USDA Securitization Down in 1Q16, Agency to Lower Premium, Fees

Ginnie Mae securitization of rural home loans got off to a wobbly start in the first quarter of 2016 as securitization volume fell 13.8 percent from the prior quarter, according to an Inside FHA/VA Lending analysis of Ginnie data. Approximately $3.9 billion in loans with a USDA guarantee were securitized during the first three months, with the top five issuers accounting for $2.1 billion of mortgage-backed securities produced by the segment during the period. USDA securitization volume dropped 9.2 percent year over year. Top USDA issuer Chase Home Finance accounted for $1.2 billion of securitized rural housing loans, while PennyMac, in distant second place, finished the quarter with $378.5 million. Wells Fargo ($294.0 million), Pacific Union Financial ($122.8 million) and Amerihome Mortgage ($102.2 million), in sequential order, comprised the rest of the top five issuers. Pacific Union climbed over ...


June 17, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Potential FHA Rate Cut Possible, Private MIs Have Nothing to Fear

An FHA price reduction remains a possibility but its impact is likely to be limited, according to analysts at Keefe, Bruyette & Woods. While some industry observers might think another mortgage insurance premium cut is inevitable, there is no broad pressure from any group or coalition that would compel FHA to do so, said KBW analysts Bose George and Chas Tyson, both panelists at KBW’s Mortgage Finance Conference recently. Given last year’s 50-basis-point cut, the FHA’s ability to cut rates meaningfully is somewhat limited, they said. The FHA annual MIP is currently 80 to/or 85 bps, down from the pre-reduction premium of 130 to/or 135 bps and higher compared to the average annual premium of 50 to/or 55 bps before the financial crisis. If FHA decides to reduce the premium again, George and Tyson believe the floor will likely be at the pre-crisis premium level, which would suggest a ...


June 17, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA Production on a Positive Trend Despite Falling Endorsement Levels

FHA single-family forward endorsements fell by 8.0 percent in the first quarter of 2016 from the prior quarter, suggesting a continued slowing in endorsement in the latter part of 2015 and early 2016 compared to earlier quarters, according to the FHA’s latest quarterly report to Congress on the state of the Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund. Overall though, the FHA MMIF report as well as FHA monthly production reports for March and April continued to show the very positive trends – rising volume, lower delinquencies and outstanding credit quality – that have been occurring in the FHA program since 2009. Endorsement volume for purchase and refinance loans was down to $53.5 billion during the first three months of 2016 from $58.1 billion in the fourth quarter of 2015, the MMI Fund report showed. Last year, forward endorsements soared in the second quarter and reached a record high in the ...


June 17, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Maximum Civil Penalties for HUD, FHA Violations Set to Increase

FHA lenders will face stiffer maximum monetary penalties later this year for various violations of agency rules and regulations. The higher monetary penalties are the result of legislation signed into law late last year requiring federal agencies to adjust the current maximum penalty amounts for inflation in order to maintain their deterrent effect. Specifically, the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 2015 (2015 Act) requires federal agencies to adjust the level of civil monetary penalties with an initial “catch-up” adjustment through an interim final rule and subsequent annual adjustments for inflation. The interim final rules with the initial penalty adjustments must be published by July 1, 2016. The new penalty levels must take effect no later than Aug. 1, 2016. Additionally, agencies are required to make annual inflation adjustments, starting Jan. 15, 2017, and for each year going forward. The adjustments will ...


June 10, 2016 - Inside The GSEs

USMI Poll Shows Consumers Want Private Capital to Take on GSE Risk

A new poll by the U.S. Mortgage Insurers showed strong consumer support for housing reform efforts that rely on private capital to take on a majority of the risk currently placed on the GSEs. Close to half of the 2,000 respondents, 48 percent, said the private sector should bear the responsibility for the risk of losses on bad loans. Some 19 percent of the respondents said borrowers should bear the responsibility, while another 19 percent were not certain who the loss should ...


Poll

The yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury fell to all-time low of 1.34% recently. How much better will originations be at your shop in the second half compared to 1H, if at all?

Better by 1% to 10%.
Better by 11% to 25%.
Off the charts better. Applications are great now.
Worse than 1H, but not by much.
A lot worse. But not sure on the damage.

vote to see results
Housing Pulse