MBS Investors

Browse articles from all of our Newsletters related to MBS Investors.

September 23, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Liquidity, Net Worth Issues Persist But Nothing Ginnie Can’t Manage

Ginnie Mae continues to wrestle with issuers lacking liquidity and net worth although the number of such cases has gone down significantly, thanks to tight oversight, according to the agency’s top counterparty risk officer. Briefing participants at this year’s Ginnie Mae summit in Washington, DC, Zack Skochko, director of counterparty risk, reported that some issuers are still struggling to comply with Ginnie Mae’s liquidity and net worth requirements.A number of small issuers failed their liquidity and net worth audits this year by not maintaining the minimum $1 million cash or 10 basis points of outstanding Ginnie securities required to participate in the agency’s mortgage-backed securities program. Ginnie Mae also requires issuers to meet a minimum net worth of $2.5 million plus 35 bps of the issuer’s total effective single-family obligations The requirements were designed to ensure that the ...


September 23, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Streamline Refi Segment Causing Problems for VA, Ginnie Investors

The Department of Veterans Affairs is working on a change to its existing streamline refinancing policy to address a problem that is giving VA and Ginnie Mae the fits. Under the VA’s qualified-mortgage rule, a VA borrower must wait six months and show six months’ worth of mortgage payments before they can refinance into an IRRRL (Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loan) and take advantage of the lower rate. However, it seems not all VA lenders are adhering to the rule and that a good number are refinancing veterans into IRRRLs even before the mandatory seasoning period ends for fear interest rates might rise and the borrower might not benefit from the lower rate. “I’ve redone the numbers in 20 different directions on how much a borrower would save if they had to wait two more months and the rate went up a quarter of a point because they lost those two months ...


September 23, 2016 - Inside Nonconforming Markets

Sample Deal-Agent Agreement Drafted for MBS

An investor-led group of participants in the non-agency mortgage-backed security market released a sample deal-agent agreement last week. The investors said the agreement can help reform non-agency MBS practices and increase issuance. Some investors have balked at buying new non-agency MBS until significant reforms are put in place. As early as July 2008, the American Securitization Forum started work on reforming the market and the Structured Finance Industry Group ...


September 23, 2016 - Inside Nonconforming Markets

Improved Pricing on Latest Nonprime MBS

The nonprime mortgage-backed security issued last week by Lone Star Funds priced at tighter spreads than the deal the company issued in June, indicating increased demand among investors. The $217.00 million COLT 2016-2 was also larger than the previous $161.40 million deal from Lone Star. According to Deutsche Bank Securities, spreads of A-1 tranche and A-2 tranche in COLT 2016-2 were respectively priced at 130 basis points and 175 bps, significantly tighter than ...


September 23, 2016 - Inside Nonconforming Markets

Jumbo MBS Issuance Picks Up With Chase Deal; Strong Demand for Whole-Loan Sales

JPMorgan Chase is set to end another lull in the issuance of jumbo mortgage-backed securities. The $395.40 million JPMorgan Mortgage Trust 2016-3 is scheduled to be issued next week, according to a presale report from Fitch Ratings. The most recently issued jumbo MBS priced in mid-August and was also from Chase. Only two firms with active conduits have issued jumbo MBS this year: Chase and Redwood Trust. Two Harbors Investment and WinWater Home Mortgage issued ...


September 23, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Industry Participants Have Difficulty Determining Who’s Responsible for Risk Retention from Certain Issuers

The complex financing arrangements used by certain investors and a lack of clarity from federal regulators can make it difficult to determine the entity responsible for meeting risk-retention requirements in some MBS and ABS, according to Charles Sweet, senior counsel at the law firm of Morgan Lewis. The Dodd-Frank Act generally required the sponsor of a security to retain at least 5.0 percent of the risk from the security. Sweet said determining the sponsor of an MBS or ABS can be fairly straightforward when one company originates the assets, services the receivables and initiates securitization, as in the case of an ABS backed by automobile retail contracts from a captive finance company of a car manufacturer. However, where securitization roles are more dispersed, Sweet said...


September 23, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Sample MBS Deal-Agent Agreement Released, But More Work Ahead Before Widespread Adoption

The effort by some non-agency MBS investors to create an entity to protect investors took a step forward as a sample deal-agent agreement was circulated late last week in advance of the ABS East conference in Miami. A deal agent would be tasked with protecting the interests of investors in non-agency MBS, including duties of care and loyalty. The leaders of the effort, James Callahan, a principal at Pentalpha Global and Alessandro Pagani, head of securitized assets at Loomis Sayles & Company, said the market should adopt the agreement as the template for new non-agency MBS. However, the sample agreement leaves...


September 23, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Other Investors Stepped Up as Federal Reserve Holdings Of Agency MBS Declined Slightly in Second Quarter

Foreign investors, commercial banks and mutual funds all beefed up their holdings of agency MBS during the second quarter of 2016, according to a new Inside MBS & ABS analysis. The Federal Reserve remained the biggest investor in the agency MBS market with $1.744 trillion on its books at the end of June. That accounted for 29.7 percent of the $5.867 trillion of single-family agency MBS outstanding at that time, but it was down 0.5 percent from the end of March. The central bank’s MBS holdings vary slightly in the Fed’s weekly snapshots as pending transactions wait to clear, but its game plan is to hold its portfolio steady by reinvesting principal payments. The single-family agency MBS market grew...[Includes two data tables]


September 22, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Some RMBS Originators are Replacing QC Reviews With Feedback from Whole Loan Investors: Moody’s

Some residential mortgage-backed securities loan originators are moving away from performing internal post-acquisition quality control loan reviews in lieu of obtaining feedback from their whole loan investors, according to a new report from Moody’s Investors Service. “Some aggregators are relying more on their investors for quality control feedback,” said Moody’s. The ratings service identified in particular Redwood Residential Acquisition Corp. and JPMorgan Mortgage Acquisition Corp., which it said “are relying more on feedback from whole loan investors to monitor the quality of due diligence firm loan reviews, as opposed to conducting their own internal reviews, since a large portion of their acquisitions are sold in whole-loan trades.” Moody’s noted...


September 22, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Impac Sells Additional Shares to the Public, a Good Sign for The Market. Unfortunately, Investors Reacted Negatively

Impac Mortgage Holdings late last week came to market with a “follow-on” offering of 3 million shares of common stock, the first public equity sale by a pure-play mortgage company in almost three years. Unfortunately, investors were not happy. When the shares hit the New York Stock Exchange last Friday, not only did Impac’s stock price tumble almost 9.0 percent, but it has continued to drift downward, resting at just over $13.00 a share as Inside Mortgage Finance went to press this week. The share price of the nation’s 28th largest originator hit...


September 16, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Oversight Seen as Protecting Investors in Expected MBS From Marketplace Lenders, Rating Implications Unclear

Regulations and practices in the mortgage market will help protect investors in MBS backed by residential mortgages from marketplace lenders, according to Moody’s Investors Service. However, it’s not clear if the protections will be enough to offset the rating penalties often applied to originators and assets that lack historical performance records. Moody’s published its analysis last week, noting that while no residential MBS has been issued by a marketplace lender as yet, the firm expects issuance at some point. Marketplace lenders – the most prominent of which is Social Finance – connect...


September 16, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Daily MBS Trading Volume Weakens in August. Is The Huge Bond Price Correction Finally Upon Us?

The average daily trading volume in agency MBS fell to $195.0 billion in August, the second weakest reading of the year, according to figures compiled by the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association. The peak came the month before at $219.3 billion, and the low was back in March at $189.4 billion, not too far from the August volume. It’s...


September 9, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

USDA Securitization Rose in 2Q16, Rural Purchase Loans Dominate

Issuers delivered $8.1 billion of rural mortgage loans with a U.S. Department of Agriculture guarantee into Ginnie Mae pools during the first six months of 2016, according to an analysis of Ginnie data. Securitized USDA mortgages accounted for 1.3 percent percent of total MBS issued by Ginnie Mae during the period and comprised 2.5 percent of total loans originated during the six-month period. USDA-backed loan deliveries to Ginnie Mae in the second quarter rose 9.8 percent from the previous period. Year-over-year, issuance of MBS backed by rural loans fell 3.8 percent. USDA-backed mortgages require no downpayment. Over the first six months, the average credit score for rural borrowers was 688.1 and the average debt-to-income ratio was 34.9 percent. An estimated 93.2 percent of USDA loans originated during the period were purchase mortgages, 1.0 percent were refinances and the ... [ 2 charts ]


September 9, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Ginnie Mae MBS Issuance Up in August as Upward Trend Continues

Ginnie Mae issued $46.5 billion of single-family mortgage-backed securities in August, up slightly from July, according to an analysis of Ginnie data. Single-family MBS monthly issuance in August was the highest monthly volume so far this year. Total issuance also was up 12.3 percent from the same month last year., Strong purchase and refinance originations in the second quarter helped push production in the third quarter. Although purchase loans with private mortgage insurance outpaced gains in FHA and VA loans in the second quarter, deliveries to Ginnie so far appear to indicate a strong third quarter. Meanwhile, VA volume has been fueled largely by refinance activity over the past few years and does not appear to be letting up. PennyMac and Freedom Mortgage battled for first place with $4.35 billion and $4.34 billion, respectively, in MBS issuance in August. Despite cutting back on its ... [1 chart]


September 9, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Note Rate Lower than FHA, Private MIs; VA Refis Dominate

VA refinance mortgages accounted for the biggest share of total insured refis during the first six months of 2016, according to an Inside FHA/VA Lending analysis of agency refi data. On a monthly basis, VA refi totals exceeded refis with FHA and private mortgage insurance, peaking at $9.3 billion (58.1 percent of total VA originations) in April. Over the six-month period, the refi share of VA loans securitized by Ginnie Mae averaged 52.3 percent, compared to 29.6 percent for FHA and 21.0 percent for private MI loans securitized by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. In terms of total volume, however, FHA held a commanding lead, $123.0 billion, over private MIs ($102.7 billion) and VA ($84.8 billion). Interestingly, the average interest rate on VA refi loans, 3.6 percent, over the six-month period was lower than FHA’s and private MIs’ note rates of 3.9 percent and 4.0 percent, respectively. There is no clear ... [1 chart]


September 9, 2016 - Inside Nonconforming Markets

News Briefs

A $6.20 billion portfolio backed largely by jumbo mortgages originated in recent years was sold last week, according to Interactive Data. The portfolio appears to have been sold by Premium Point Investments, though the hedge fund wouldn’t confirm that. Premium Point backed WinWater Home Mortgage, which stopped issuing jumbo mortgage-backed securities earlier this year. Impac Mortgage Holdings announced this week an offering of 2.5 million shares ... [Includes two briefs]


September 9, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

9th Circuit Revives NCUA Claim against Nomura; RBS Settles Insurer’s Claim; UBS Partially Off the Hook

The National Credit Union Administration gets another chance to recover MBS losses incurred by a now-defunct federal credit union, while The Royal Bank of Scotland and Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance announce a confidential settlement agreement to resolve the latter’s MBS claims. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit has vacated a 2015 order by the Central District of California dismissing NCUA’s claims on behalf of failed Western Corporate FCU, which the agency placed in conservatorship in March 2009 and later in liquidation. The agency is acting as liquidating agent for Wescorp against Nomura Home Equity Loan, Inc. The NCUA filed...


September 9, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

First Post-Crisis NPL MBS to Receive a Rating Pays Off, Investors in Senior Tranche Protected from Losses

The first rated post-crisis non-agency MBS backed by a significant share of nonperforming mortgages paid off recently, offering insights into how the deal performed and how investors fared. The $372.80 million Mortgage Fund IVc Trust 2015-RN1 was issued by Bayview Asset Management in October 2015. It received “A” ratings from Fitch Ratings and Morningstar. Fitch said it capped its rating “due to the idiosyncratic and adverse-selection risks associated with NPL collateral.” At issuance, 34.9 percent of the loans were nonperforming and 78.0 percent had been modified. The rating services said...


September 9, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

With the Nonprime MBS Market Showing Signs Of Life, Investors Step Forward to Buy Whole Loans

Investor demand for nonprime whole loans is increasing – which is a good thing for primary market originators – but will it create problems for firms that want to issue securities? In some quarters, there’s a concern that if enough investors appear, it will increase whole-loan prices, making securitization less economical and therefore more difficult. “We’re definitely seeing...


September 9, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Issuance of MBS Backed by New Nonprime Mortgages Flourishing as Lone Star Preps Its Second Deal

Lone Star Funds is preparing to issue a $216.97 million MBS backed by newly originated nonprime mortgages, according to presale reports published this week. The deal will help the market for new nonprime MBS outpace issuance of jumbo MBS, at least momentarily. Last month, Deephaven Mortgage issued a $154.33 million MBS backed by new nonprime mortgages and Angel Oak Capital Advisors issued a $132.65 million MBS, neither of which received credit ratings. Lone Star’s COLT 2016-2 is scheduled to close next week. Two jumbo MBS were issued...


August 26, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Groups Ask FHA, VA to Set Aside PACE Guide, Allow Comment Period

Major industry trade groups are asking FHA and VA to suspend proposed guidelines for energy-improvement loans and give stakeholders an opportunity to comment. In a joint letter, 11 trade groups warned that the proposed agency guidelines regarding Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) loans raises serious concerns that must be resolved before implementation of any PACE guidance. Prior to the issuance of the new guidelines, both FHA and VA prohibited the financing or refinancing if there was a lien other than the FHA-insured or VA-guaranteed mortgages. PACE programs are available in 19 states but most are in California. They provide financing for home improvements and clean-energy upgrades that would result in more efficient use of water and electricity, and ultimately savings for homeowners. The PACE obligation is repaid through a property-tax assessment, which takes a ...


August 26, 2016 - Inside Nonconforming Markets

News Briefs

Ocwen Financial agreed to a consent order with the Washington State Department of Financial Institutions this week, which included a $900,000 fine. The consent order related to Ocwen’s use of offshore unlicensed affiliate companies to service mortgages on properties in Washington state. Going forward, Ocwen agreed to service Washington-based mortgages only through licensed entities and the state will not license foreign entities ... [Includes three briefs]


August 26, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Moody’s Seeks Dismissal of Whistleblower FCA Claim, NY Court Reverses Ruling in Favor of MBS Trustee

Moody’s Investors Service has asked the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York to dismiss the remaining claim in a lawsuit alleging manipulation of credit ratings leading up to the financial crisis. In its motion to dismiss, Moody’s said that plaintiff Ilya Eric Kolchinksy’s second amended complaint fails to show that the rating agency used its electronic “ratings delivery service” to issue false ratings on MBS that later turned bad. In 2012, Kolchinsky, a former managing director at Moody’s, filed...


August 26, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Law Firms Publish Joint Paper on CMBS Risk-Retention; First Compliant Deal Closes

In a somewhat uncommon occurrence, four law firms published a position paper late last week aimed at helping industry participants comply with pending risk-retention requirements for new commercial MBS. The paper was written by attorneys at Cadwalader, Wickersham & Taft; Dechert; Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe; and Sidley Austin. “The paper was authored...


August 26, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Debt Sales by Nonbank Mortgage Firms are on the Rise. And Why Not? The Cost of Money is Cheap – for Some

One of the fastest-growing top-10 originators, loanDepot, this month came to market with a $150 million debt financing deal that portends good things for other firms looking to raise capital in a tough stock market. “The cost of money has really come down for nonbanks,” said consultant Paul Hindman. The privately held loanDepot disclosed...


August 26, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Angel Oak and Deephaven Issue Nonprime MBS. A Start of Something Big for the ‘New Breed’ of Non-Agency Lenders?

Over the past week, two nonprime MBS deals came to light: a $138.89 million bond issued by Deephaven Residential Mortgage Trust and a $119.38 million security from Angel Oak Real Estate Investment Trust. Both deals were private placements backed by newly originated mortgages and underwritten by Wall Street veterans Credit Suisse and Nomura Securities. Although both were publicized this week, the transactions – which were not rated – closed...


August 26, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

REIT MBS Holdings Up Modestly in 2Q16 With Most of the Increase Coming From Two Harbors

Real estate investment trusts that specialize in residential MBS posted a slight increase in their agency MBS holdings during the second quarter of 2016, along with a drop in non-agency MBS. The 16 publicly traded mortgage REITs tracked by Inside MBS & ABS had a combined residential MBS portfolio of $234.65 billion at the end of June, a gain of 0.9 percent from the previous quarter. However, 11 of the institutions reported declining balances, including the two largest REITs at the top of the ranking. Two Harbors Investment reported...[Includes one data table]


August 19, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

NY Court Okays JPMorgan’s $4.5 Billion Settlement; Three Banks to Face MBS Suits; MBS Trader Settles

A New York State Supreme Court judge recently signed off on JPMorgan’s proposed $4.5 billion settlement with a revised list of MBS trusts, while three other Wall Street banks lost in separate bids to have MBS claims against them dismissed. On Aug. 12, Justice Marcy Friedman of the New York State Supreme Court approved JPMorgan’s representation-and-warranties settlement offer for 319 MBS trusts. She concluded that the trustees exercised their discretionary power reasonably and in good faith in accepting the settlement. JPMorgan and a group of 20 large institutional investors that hold approximately 32.5 percent of the securities issued by the MBS trusts negotiated the settlement. Among these prominent investors were Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and the Federal Home Loan Bank ...


August 19, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Clean-Up Calls on Non-Agency MBS Increase As Loan Balances on Vintage Deals Dwindle

With balances on non-agency MBS issued before the financial crisis falling to levels where clean-up calls can be initiated, clean-up call activity is rising with prospects for further growth. Rights to clean-up calls on non-agency MBS can typically be exercised when the outstanding balance of the MBS is lower than 10.0 percent of the original balance. The owner of the call rights (typically the master servicer) can purchase loans from the pool at par plus expenses and make a profit by selling or re-securitizing performing loans at a premium and retaining distressed loans to modify or liquidate. According to Bank of America Merrill Lynch, about 37 deals have been called this year totaling about $800 million in unpaid principal balance ...


August 19, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Fitch Sets Rating Cap at ‘A’ for MBS Backed by NPLs, Establishes Standards to Protect Investors

Fitch Ratings released criteria for rating MBS backed by nonperforming loans late last week, saying it will cap ratings for such deals at “A” due to “the idiosyncratic and adverse-selection risk.” As mortgage performance has improved in recent years, issuance of MBS backed solely by nonperforming loans has been limited. However, Fitch said it considers a transaction as an NPL issuance if more than 10.0 percent of the collateral is 60+ days delinquent at the time of issuance. The rating service will require such MBS to meet a number of standards to receive a low investment-grade rating of “A” or “BBB,” including a sequential-pay structure and application of available funds to pay interest to the rated notes. “Absent these structural ...


August 19, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Bank Holdings of Residential MBS Climb to New Record in June, Heavy Increase in GSE Paper

Commercial banks and savings institutions continued to load up on residential MBS during the second quarter of 2016, pushing their investment in the sector to a new high, according to a new analysis and ranking by Inside MBS & ABS. Banks and thrifts reported MBS holdings of $1.684 trillion as of the end of June, a 1.4 percent increase since the previous quarter. These are long-term holdings in banks’ held-to-maturity and available-for-sale portfolios. The industry held another $46.02 billion of MBS in their trading accounts. Not surprisingly, all of the gain came in agency MBS, particularly pass-through securities issued by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. The industry’s aggregate holdings of these securities, $867.64 billion, were up 4.1 percent from the ...


August 12, 2016 - Inside Nonconforming Markets

Role for Private MI Seen in Non-Agency MBS

While private mortgage insurance on new non-agency mortgage originations has been minimal since 2008, some industry participants project that private MI will play a role in the non-agency mortgage-backed security market going forward. “Mortgage insurers may get more involved with the private-label market, and this may be another source of third-party oversight,” Morningstar Credit Ratings said in a recent report. “While it is too early to predict the investors’ response to ...


August 12, 2016 - Inside Nonconforming Markets

Reforms at Ocwen Prompt Upgrades from S&P

S&P Global Ratings upgraded servicer ratings for Ocwen Loan Servicing to average from below average this week. Ocwen’s stock price increased significantly after the upgrade because of ratings clauses in Ocwen’s subservicing agreements with New Residential Investment. S&P downgraded Ocwen’s servicer ratings in June 2015 and if the ratings weren’t raised by April 2017, New Residential could transfer the subservicing to a different company. As of the end of ...


August 12, 2016 - Inside Nonconforming Markets

Jumbo Conduits Closed as MBS Pricing Improved; Redwood Increases Volume

Two Harbors Investment and other nonbank conduits exited the jumbo market just before pricing for new jumbo mortgage-backed securities improved, according to industry participants. “The difference between a bulk sale execution and a Sequoia execution right now is only an eighth of a point,” Marty Hughes, CEO of Redwood Trust, said this week during the real estate investment trust’s earnings call. “That’s the tightest it’s probably been in a year and a half.” Christopher Abate, Redwood’s ...


August 12, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Fannie Releases Modified Loan Historical Data to Support New MBS Program that May Become Significant Asset Class

Fannie Mae’s new securitization program for modified single-family mortgages could generate as much as $24 billion in issuance, according to an analysis by Bank of America Merrill Lynch. The program will create “an asset class meriting investor focus,” BAML noted. Fannie recently released...


August 12, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

GSE Mortgage Portfolios Continued to Shrink in 2Q16, Both Firms on Track for Conservatorship Targets

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac continued to whittle away at their retained mortgage portfolios during the second quarter, keeping up a focus on shedding less-liquid assets. The two government-sponsored enterprises held a combined $637.0 billion of mortgage loans and mortgage securities at June 30, down 17.6 percent from a year ago. Under the current terms of their conservatorship, Fannie and Freddie are required to reduce their mortgage portfolios by at least 15.0 percent a year. By the beginning of 2018, each GSE portfolio is expected...[Includes one data table]


August 12, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

SIFMA Seeks Reversal of New York Ruling in Case Involving ‘Gap’ Reps Provided by MBS Sponsor

A ruling late last year by a state appeals court in New York threatens to upend the practice of providing “gap” or “bridge down” representations and warranties on residential MBS, according to a brief submitted on behalf of the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association. SIFMA asked the New York State Court of Appeals to reverse the lower court’s ruling in Bank of New York Mellon v. WMC Mortgage. Lawyers at the law firm of Stroock & Stroock & Lavan submitted an amicus brief to the N.Y. State Court of Appeals on behalf of SIFMA regarding the case. “The court’s resolution of this issue could have...


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