MBS Characteristics

Browse articles from all of our Newsletters related to MBS Characteristics.

September 23, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Liquidity, Net Worth Issues Persist But Nothing Ginnie Can’t Manage

Ginnie Mae continues to wrestle with issuers lacking liquidity and net worth although the number of such cases has gone down significantly, thanks to tight oversight, according to the agency’s top counterparty risk officer. Briefing participants at this year’s Ginnie Mae summit in Washington, DC, Zack Skochko, director of counterparty risk, reported that some issuers are still struggling to comply with Ginnie Mae’s liquidity and net worth requirements.A number of small issuers failed their liquidity and net worth audits this year by not maintaining the minimum $1 million cash or 10 basis points of outstanding Ginnie securities required to participate in the agency’s mortgage-backed securities program. Ginnie Mae also requires issuers to meet a minimum net worth of $2.5 million plus 35 bps of the issuer’s total effective single-family obligations The requirements were designed to ensure that the ...

September 23, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Streamline Refi Segment Causing Problems for VA, Ginnie Investors

The Department of Veterans Affairs is working on a change to its existing streamline refinancing policy to address a problem that is giving VA and Ginnie Mae the fits. Under the VA’s qualified-mortgage rule, a VA borrower must wait six months and show six months’ worth of mortgage payments before they can refinance into an IRRRL (Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loan) and take advantage of the lower rate. However, it seems not all VA lenders are adhering to the rule and that a good number are refinancing veterans into IRRRLs even before the mandatory seasoning period ends for fear interest rates might rise and the borrower might not benefit from the lower rate. “I’ve redone the numbers in 20 different directions on how much a borrower would save if they had to wait two more months and the rate went up a quarter of a point because they lost those two months ...

September 15, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Single Women Borrowers Better at Keeping Up With Mortgage Than Single Males in Recent Years

Although single-women borrowers are more likely to pay their mortgages on time than single-male borrowers, they tend to pay higher mortgage rates and are more often denied credit. Those findings come from a new Urban Institute study that merged Home Mortgage Disclosure Act data for 2004-2014 with CoreLogic data on loan performance. A combination of a male and female borrower (usually in that order) accounted...

September 15, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

First-Time GSE Homebuyer Loans Perform Better than Other Purchase Mortgages Despite Weaker Profile

Originations of mortgages to first-time homebuyers in recent years have performed better than other purchase mortgages securitized by the government-sponsored enterprises, according to an analysis by Moody’s Investors Service. The stronger performance of first-time homebuyers occurred even as purchase mortgages for repeat buyers tend to have stronger borrower characteristics. The rating service suggested that tighter underwriting coupled with borrower education and counseling have improved the performance of GSE first-time homebuyer mortgages. Moody’s said...

September 9, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

USDA Securitization Rose in 2Q16, Rural Purchase Loans Dominate

Issuers delivered $8.1 billion of rural mortgage loans with a U.S. Department of Agriculture guarantee into Ginnie Mae pools during the first six months of 2016, according to an analysis of Ginnie data. Securitized USDA mortgages accounted for 1.3 percent percent of total MBS issued by Ginnie Mae during the period and comprised 2.5 percent of total loans originated during the six-month period. USDA-backed loan deliveries to Ginnie Mae in the second quarter rose 9.8 percent from the previous period. Year-over-year, issuance of MBS backed by rural loans fell 3.8 percent. USDA-backed mortgages require no downpayment. Over the first six months, the average credit score for rural borrowers was 688.1 and the average debt-to-income ratio was 34.9 percent. An estimated 93.2 percent of USDA loans originated during the period were purchase mortgages, 1.0 percent were refinances and the ... [ 2 charts ]

September 9, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Ginnie Mae MBS Issuance Up in August as Upward Trend Continues

Ginnie Mae issued $46.5 billion of single-family mortgage-backed securities in August, up slightly from July, according to an analysis of Ginnie data. Single-family MBS monthly issuance in August was the highest monthly volume so far this year. Total issuance also was up 12.3 percent from the same month last year., Strong purchase and refinance originations in the second quarter helped push production in the third quarter. Although purchase loans with private mortgage insurance outpaced gains in FHA and VA loans in the second quarter, deliveries to Ginnie so far appear to indicate a strong third quarter. Meanwhile, VA volume has been fueled largely by refinance activity over the past few years and does not appear to be letting up. PennyMac and Freedom Mortgage battled for first place with $4.35 billion and $4.34 billion, respectively, in MBS issuance in August. Despite cutting back on its ... [1 chart]

September 9, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Note Rate Lower than FHA, Private MIs; VA Refis Dominate

VA refinance mortgages accounted for the biggest share of total insured refis during the first six months of 2016, according to an Inside FHA/VA Lending analysis of agency refi data. On a monthly basis, VA refi totals exceeded refis with FHA and private mortgage insurance, peaking at $9.3 billion (58.1 percent of total VA originations) in April. Over the six-month period, the refi share of VA loans securitized by Ginnie Mae averaged 52.3 percent, compared to 29.6 percent for FHA and 21.0 percent for private MI loans securitized by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. In terms of total volume, however, FHA held a commanding lead, $123.0 billion, over private MIs ($102.7 billion) and VA ($84.8 billion). Interestingly, the average interest rate on VA refi loans, 3.6 percent, over the six-month period was lower than FHA’s and private MIs’ note rates of 3.9 percent and 4.0 percent, respectively. There is no clear ... [1 chart]

September 9, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

First Post-Crisis NPL MBS to Receive a Rating Pays Off, Investors in Senior Tranche Protected from Losses

The first rated post-crisis non-agency MBS backed by a significant share of nonperforming mortgages paid off recently, offering insights into how the deal performed and how investors fared. The $372.80 million Mortgage Fund IVc Trust 2015-RN1 was issued by Bayview Asset Management in October 2015. It received “A” ratings from Fitch Ratings and Morningstar. Fitch said it capped its rating “due to the idiosyncratic and adverse-selection risks associated with NPL collateral.” At issuance, 34.9 percent of the loans were nonperforming and 78.0 percent had been modified. The rating services said...

September 8, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Lenders Urged to Loosen Underwriting as Performance Of Post-Crisis Originations Remains Exceptional

The near-zero default rate seen on mortgages originated in recent years combined with lenders’ extensive underwriting processes provide “clear evidence” that lenders should loosen underwriting standards, according to Laurie Goodman, director of the Urban Institute’s Housing Finance Policy Center. Wells Fargo originated more than 2.10 million conventional conforming mortgages between 2011 and the end of the first quarter of 2016. Only 4,082 of them became 60+ days past due in the first 24 months after origination, according to Moody’s Investors Service. Goodman said...

September 8, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Surge in Purchase-Mortgage Lending Fueled 2Q16 Production Boom, But Refi Market Also Strengthened

Originations of purchase-money mortgages jumped 44.3 percent from the first to the second quarter of 2016, without any sign of significant easing in underwriting standards. Mortgage lenders produced an estimated $267.0 billion of purchase loans during the second quarter, lifting year-to-date purchase originations to $452.0 billion, an 8.1 percent increase from the first half of last year. The refinance market still had...[Includes three data tables]

September 5, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

TRID Compliance Issues Disclosed on New Nonprime MBS

The new nonprime mortgage-backed securities deals from Angel Oak Capital Advisors and Deephaven Mortgage contain a number of mortgages reflecting a range of issues in terms of complying with the CFPB’s TILA/RESPA Integrated Disclosure rule (TRID), a review of the offering documents revealed. Part of the compliance issues stem from the ongoing uncertainty about cures for minor errors. While the CFPB issued a proposed rule in July attempting to clarify some of these TRID uncertainties, and the Structured Finance Industry Group has worked with industry participants on a set of guidelines, it is still not clear whether some TRID errors can be cured. The $132.65 million nonprime MBS from Angel Oak included 251 mortgages subject to TRID, representing 59.4 percent ...

August 26, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Purchase Lending Fires Up FHA in First Half, Refis Push VA Volume

FHA saw a modest rise in originations midway through 2016 compared to the same period last year, but VA did a lot better with a double-digit increase in loan production, according to an analysis of Ginnie Mae data. Lenders delivered $123.0 billion of FHA-insured loans to Ginnie pools during the first half of 2016, up 8.4 percent from the previous year. FHA’s midyear production was driven by a surge in purchase-mortgage lending in the second quarter, which also pushed volume higher for VA as well as conventional-conforming mortgages. Government-backed lending rose 32.3 percent from the first quarter to approximately $131.0 billion in second-quarter originations, according to Inside Mortgage Finance, an affiliate publication of Inside FHA/VA Lending. It was the highest three-month total for government-insured lending on record, although private mortgage insurance did more business in the ... [2 charts]

August 26, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Angel Oak and Deephaven Issue Nonprime MBS. A Start of Something Big for the ‘New Breed’ of Non-Agency Lenders?

Over the past week, two nonprime MBS deals came to light: a $138.89 million bond issued by Deephaven Residential Mortgage Trust and a $119.38 million security from Angel Oak Real Estate Investment Trust. Both deals were private placements backed by newly originated mortgages and underwritten by Wall Street veterans Credit Suisse and Nomura Securities. Although both were publicized this week, the transactions – which were not rated – closed...

August 25, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Freddie’s AVM Seen as Providing Home-Price Valuations Slightly Higher than Prices in Case-Shiller Index

New disclosures on risk-sharing transactions from Freddie Mac provide some details on the automated valuation model used by the government-sponsored enterprise to determine home prices and loan-to-value ratios. Freddie’s AVM – Home Value Explorer – provides home price valuations that are a little higher than the S&P CoreLogic Case-Shiller Home Price Indices, according to analysts at Bank of America Merrill Lynch. The analysts based their findings on estimates of current LTV ratios that Freddie recently added to monthly loan-level disclosures on Structured Agency Credit Risk transactions. LTV ratios based on Freddie’s AVM were...

August 19, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Clean-Up Calls on Non-Agency MBS Increase As Loan Balances on Vintage Deals Dwindle

With balances on non-agency MBS issued before the financial crisis falling to levels where clean-up calls can be initiated, clean-up call activity is rising with prospects for further growth. Rights to clean-up calls on non-agency MBS can typically be exercised when the outstanding balance of the MBS is lower than 10.0 percent of the original balance. The owner of the call rights (typically the master servicer) can purchase loans from the pool at par plus expenses and make a profit by selling or re-securitizing performing loans at a premium and retaining distressed loans to modify or liquidate. According to Bank of America Merrill Lynch, about 37 deals have been called this year totaling about $800 million in unpaid principal balance ...

August 19, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Fitch Sets Rating Cap at ‘A’ for MBS Backed by NPLs, Establishes Standards to Protect Investors

Fitch Ratings released criteria for rating MBS backed by nonperforming loans late last week, saying it will cap ratings for such deals at “A” due to “the idiosyncratic and adverse-selection risk.” As mortgage performance has improved in recent years, issuance of MBS backed solely by nonperforming loans has been limited. However, Fitch said it considers a transaction as an NPL issuance if more than 10.0 percent of the collateral is 60+ days delinquent at the time of issuance. The rating service will require such MBS to meet a number of standards to receive a low investment-grade rating of “A” or “BBB,” including a sequential-pay structure and application of available funds to pay interest to the rated notes. “Absent these structural ...


After the November elections, how long will it take for a new Congress and White House to pass GSE reform legislation?

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2 to 3 years. GSE reform is complicated.
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