MBS & ABS Performance

Browse articles from all of our Newsletters related to MBS & ABS Performance.

September 23, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Liquidity, Net Worth Issues Persist But Nothing Ginnie Can’t Manage

Ginnie Mae continues to wrestle with issuers lacking liquidity and net worth although the number of such cases has gone down significantly, thanks to tight oversight, according to the agency’s top counterparty risk officer. Briefing participants at this year’s Ginnie Mae summit in Washington, DC, Zack Skochko, director of counterparty risk, reported that some issuers are still struggling to comply with Ginnie Mae’s liquidity and net worth requirements.A number of small issuers failed their liquidity and net worth audits this year by not maintaining the minimum $1 million cash or 10 basis points of outstanding Ginnie securities required to participate in the agency’s mortgage-backed securities program. Ginnie Mae also requires issuers to meet a minimum net worth of $2.5 million plus 35 bps of the issuer’s total effective single-family obligations The requirements were designed to ensure that the ...


September 23, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Streamline Refi Segment Causing Problems for VA, Ginnie Investors

The Department of Veterans Affairs is working on a change to its existing streamline refinancing policy to address a problem that is giving VA and Ginnie Mae the fits. Under the VA’s qualified-mortgage rule, a VA borrower must wait six months and show six months’ worth of mortgage payments before they can refinance into an IRRRL (Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loan) and take advantage of the lower rate. However, it seems not all VA lenders are adhering to the rule and that a good number are refinancing veterans into IRRRLs even before the mandatory seasoning period ends for fear interest rates might rise and the borrower might not benefit from the lower rate. “I’ve redone the numbers in 20 different directions on how much a borrower would save if they had to wait two more months and the rate went up a quarter of a point because they lost those two months ...


September 23, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Sample MBS Deal-Agent Agreement Released, But More Work Ahead Before Widespread Adoption

The effort by some non-agency MBS investors to create an entity to protect investors took a step forward as a sample deal-agent agreement was circulated late last week in advance of the ABS East conference in Miami. A deal agent would be tasked with protecting the interests of investors in non-agency MBS, including duties of care and loyalty. The leaders of the effort, James Callahan, a principal at Pentalpha Global and Alessandro Pagani, head of securitized assets at Loomis Sayles & Company, said the market should adopt the agreement as the template for new non-agency MBS. However, the sample agreement leaves...


September 16, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Clouds on the Auto Loan ABS Horizon: Both Prime, Subprime Weaker M/M, Y/Y, S&P Finds

Investors in auto loan ABS may need to buckle up. Both prime and subprime auto loan ABS have weakened month-over-month and year-over-year, according to S&P Global Ratings. “Collateral performance in the U.S. prime auto loan ABS sector was weaker in July, with net losses and 60-plus-day delinquencies increasing month-over-month, while recovery rates decreased,” the S&P analysts said. “Collateral performance for the subprime sector deteriorated...


September 15, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Single Women Borrowers Better at Keeping Up With Mortgage Than Single Males in Recent Years

Although single-women borrowers are more likely to pay their mortgages on time than single-male borrowers, they tend to pay higher mortgage rates and are more often denied credit. Those findings come from a new Urban Institute study that merged Home Mortgage Disclosure Act data for 2004-2014 with CoreLogic data on loan performance. A combination of a male and female borrower (usually in that order) accounted...


September 9, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

USDA Securitization Rose in 2Q16, Rural Purchase Loans Dominate

Issuers delivered $8.1 billion of rural mortgage loans with a U.S. Department of Agriculture guarantee into Ginnie Mae pools during the first six months of 2016, according to an analysis of Ginnie data. Securitized USDA mortgages accounted for 1.3 percent percent of total MBS issued by Ginnie Mae during the period and comprised 2.5 percent of total loans originated during the six-month period. USDA-backed loan deliveries to Ginnie Mae in the second quarter rose 9.8 percent from the previous period. Year-over-year, issuance of MBS backed by rural loans fell 3.8 percent. USDA-backed mortgages require no downpayment. Over the first six months, the average credit score for rural borrowers was 688.1 and the average debt-to-income ratio was 34.9 percent. An estimated 93.2 percent of USDA loans originated during the period were purchase mortgages, 1.0 percent were refinances and the ... [ 2 charts ]


September 9, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Ginnie Mae MBS Issuance Up in August as Upward Trend Continues

Ginnie Mae issued $46.5 billion of single-family mortgage-backed securities in August, up slightly from July, according to an analysis of Ginnie data. Single-family MBS monthly issuance in August was the highest monthly volume so far this year. Total issuance also was up 12.3 percent from the same month last year., Strong purchase and refinance originations in the second quarter helped push production in the third quarter. Although purchase loans with private mortgage insurance outpaced gains in FHA and VA loans in the second quarter, deliveries to Ginnie so far appear to indicate a strong third quarter. Meanwhile, VA volume has been fueled largely by refinance activity over the past few years and does not appear to be letting up. PennyMac and Freedom Mortgage battled for first place with $4.35 billion and $4.34 billion, respectively, in MBS issuance in August. Despite cutting back on its ... [1 chart]


September 9, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Note Rate Lower than FHA, Private MIs; VA Refis Dominate

VA refinance mortgages accounted for the biggest share of total insured refis during the first six months of 2016, according to an Inside FHA/VA Lending analysis of agency refi data. On a monthly basis, VA refi totals exceeded refis with FHA and private mortgage insurance, peaking at $9.3 billion (58.1 percent of total VA originations) in April. Over the six-month period, the refi share of VA loans securitized by Ginnie Mae averaged 52.3 percent, compared to 29.6 percent for FHA and 21.0 percent for private MI loans securitized by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. In terms of total volume, however, FHA held a commanding lead, $123.0 billion, over private MIs ($102.7 billion) and VA ($84.8 billion). Interestingly, the average interest rate on VA refi loans, 3.6 percent, over the six-month period was lower than FHA’s and private MIs’ note rates of 3.9 percent and 4.0 percent, respectively. There is no clear ... [1 chart]


August 26, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Purchase Lending Fires Up FHA in First Half, Refis Push VA Volume

FHA saw a modest rise in originations midway through 2016 compared to the same period last year, but VA did a lot better with a double-digit increase in loan production, according to an analysis of Ginnie Mae data. Lenders delivered $123.0 billion of FHA-insured loans to Ginnie pools during the first half of 2016, up 8.4 percent from the previous year. FHA’s midyear production was driven by a surge in purchase-mortgage lending in the second quarter, which also pushed volume higher for VA as well as conventional-conforming mortgages. Government-backed lending rose 32.3 percent from the first quarter to approximately $131.0 billion in second-quarter originations, according to Inside Mortgage Finance, an affiliate publication of Inside FHA/VA Lending. It was the highest three-month total for government-insured lending on record, although private mortgage insurance did more business in the ... [2 charts]


August 26, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Moody’s Seeks Dismissal of Whistleblower FCA Claim, NY Court Reverses Ruling in Favor of MBS Trustee

Moody’s Investors Service has asked the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York to dismiss the remaining claim in a lawsuit alleging manipulation of credit ratings leading up to the financial crisis. In its motion to dismiss, Moody’s said that plaintiff Ilya Eric Kolchinksy’s second amended complaint fails to show that the rating agency used its electronic “ratings delivery service” to issue false ratings on MBS that later turned bad. In 2012, Kolchinsky, a former managing director at Moody’s, filed...


August 26, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Credit Suisse Sells $800 Million in Securities Backed By Warehouse Facility on Agency-Eligible Mortgages

Credit Suisse sold two warehouse facility-backed securities this week totaling $800.0 million, according to Moody’s Investors Service. The rating service placed A2 ratings on the Mortgage Repurchase Agreement Financing Trust Series 2016-1 and Series 2016-2 transactions. Much like a warehouse facility security issued by Jefferies in May, Moody’s said the MRAFT securities are structured with two legs of “back to back” repurchase agreements. The first leg consists...


August 26, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Law Firms Publish Joint Paper on CMBS Risk-Retention; First Compliant Deal Closes

In a somewhat uncommon occurrence, four law firms published a position paper late last week aimed at helping industry participants comply with pending risk-retention requirements for new commercial MBS. The paper was written by attorneys at Cadwalader, Wickersham & Taft; Dechert; Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe; and Sidley Austin. “The paper was authored...


August 22, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

New Requirements in NY Pose Challenges for Servicers

New legal requirements enacted in the state of New York in the wake of the financial crisis pose particular compliance challenges for mortgage servicers, according to a new report by analysts at S&P Global Ratings. The S&P team recently reviewed a series of laws the state legislature passed in June that attempts to address several issues related to “zombie” foreclosures, which refers to the phenomenon of a servicer initiating foreclosure on a vacant property but not going so far as to actually take title. Urban community activists complain such properties languish unsold for a prolonged period of time, contributing to neighborhood blight in communities least able to handle it – hence, state lawmakers decided to act. One resulting requirement “imposes conditions ...


August 19, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

MBS Liquidity Has Its Best Reading in 18 Months as More Supply Hits the Market

The average daily trading volume in agency MBS totaled $219.3 billion in July, the best reading in 18 months, according to the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association. However, the sequential improvement was a mere 3.30 percent. Then again, any gain is better than none. For all of 2016, the worst reading came in March at $189.4 billion. The strong showing (relatively speaking) comes as the primary market has produced a better-than-expected $890 billion for the first six months of 2016. Some industry executives believe loan originations could top $2 trillion this year, which would increase the supply of outstanding MBS. For the past few years there has been a debate in the industry about the significance of lower trading ...


August 19, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Clean-Up Calls on Non-Agency MBS Increase As Loan Balances on Vintage Deals Dwindle

With balances on non-agency MBS issued before the financial crisis falling to levels where clean-up calls can be initiated, clean-up call activity is rising with prospects for further growth. Rights to clean-up calls on non-agency MBS can typically be exercised when the outstanding balance of the MBS is lower than 10.0 percent of the original balance. The owner of the call rights (typically the master servicer) can purchase loans from the pool at par plus expenses and make a profit by selling or re-securitizing performing loans at a premium and retaining distressed loans to modify or liquidate. According to Bank of America Merrill Lynch, about 37 deals have been called this year totaling about $800 million in unpaid principal balance ...


August 19, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Fitch Sets Rating Cap at ‘A’ for MBS Backed by NPLs, Establishes Standards to Protect Investors

Fitch Ratings released criteria for rating MBS backed by nonperforming loans late last week, saying it will cap ratings for such deals at “A” due to “the idiosyncratic and adverse-selection risk.” As mortgage performance has improved in recent years, issuance of MBS backed solely by nonperforming loans has been limited. However, Fitch said it considers a transaction as an NPL issuance if more than 10.0 percent of the collateral is 60+ days delinquent at the time of issuance. The rating service will require such MBS to meet a number of standards to receive a low investment-grade rating of “A” or “BBB,” including a sequential-pay structure and application of available funds to pay interest to the rated notes. “Absent these structural ...


August 19, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Bank Holdings of Residential MBS Climb to New Record in June, Heavy Increase in GSE Paper

Commercial banks and savings institutions continued to load up on residential MBS during the second quarter of 2016, pushing their investment in the sector to a new high, according to a new analysis and ranking by Inside MBS & ABS. Banks and thrifts reported MBS holdings of $1.684 trillion as of the end of June, a 1.4 percent increase since the previous quarter. These are long-term holdings in banks’ held-to-maturity and available-for-sale portfolios. The industry held another $46.02 billion of MBS in their trading accounts. Not surprisingly, all of the gain came in agency MBS, particularly pass-through securities issued by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. The industry’s aggregate holdings of these securities, $867.64 billion, were up 4.1 percent from the ...


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