MBS & ABS Performance

Browse articles from all of our Newsletters related to MBS & ABS Performance.

October 24, 2014 - Inside FHA Lending

VA, Rural Housing Guarantees Surge in 2014

While the FHA’s share of the primary insurance market has dropped significantly since premiums were hiked in early 2013, the VA program and the rural housing loan program run by the Department of Agriculture are going strong, according to agency officials. During a panel discussion at the Mortgage Bankers Association annual convention this week, VA and Rural Development executives said that both agencies have been quietly building mortgage market share. Jeffrey London, deputy director of the VA’s loan guaranty service, reported that purchase-mortgage VA loan originations were up 11 percent in fiscal 2014, with 40 percent of the business being first-time homebuyers. Of that group, 80 percent took no-downpayment VA loans, the biggest selling point in the program, along with its relatively low costs. In earlier remarks, Housing and Urban Development Secretary Julian Castro revealed that ...


October 24, 2014 - Inside FHA Lending

GNMA Raises Net Worth, Liquidity Tests

Ginnie Mae this week provided new details to the long-anticipated plan for increased issuer net worth and liquidity and a new performance scoring method for issuer activity – changes that could adversely affect small issuers and portfolio servicers. In remarks at the Mortgage Bankers Association’s annual convention in Las Vegas, Ginnie Mae President Ted Tozer said the changes are part of a larger effort to ensure the continuing flexibility and availability of the agency’s mortgage-backed securities program to as many entities as possible. New types of issuers and counterparties have entered the agency-backed MBS market in the wake of the financial crisis, which called for adjustments and tailored approaches to the evolving housing finance market, Tozer noted. Tozer said both policy changes and staff expertise will ensure the success of ...


October 23, 2014 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Expanding Access to Credit May Grease Underperforming Home-Purchase Market

The mortgage credit box contracted quickly as the housing market slid toward disaster in 2007, but it’s proving to be much more difficult to stretch it back to what used to be considered normal. The subtitle to this week’s annual convention of the Mortgage Bankers Association could well have been “access to credit,” an idea that clearly dominated the conversation. Despite the recent unexpected drop in mortgage interest rates, most observers expect origination volume in 2015 to track closely to this year’s sluggish level and part of the problem is relatively weak home-purchase lending. Industry people are...


October 17, 2014 - Inside MBS & ABS

Experts: New AG Likely to Continue Aggressive Use of FIRREA Against Industry, Individual Executives Targeted

Mortgage industry executives should be aware and expect continued – and perhaps even more muscular – use of a 1989 federal law by government prosecutors to pursue mortgage-related claims. At the direction of Attorney General Eric Holder, the Department of Justice embraced the use of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 (FIRREA) in MBS lawsuits. Despite Holder’s announcement late last month that he is stepping down after six years as AG, there is...


October 10, 2014 - Inside FHA Lending

Ginnie Mae MBS Issuance Increases in 3Q14

Ginnie Mae issuance for the first nine months of 2014 totaled $207.5 billion as government-backed purchase-mortgage activity picked up in the third quarter, according to an analysis of agency data. New issuances rose 19.8 percent from the second quarter. FHA loans accounted for $116.9 billion of new Ginnie Mae issuances while VA and the Rural Housing Development funneled $75.9 billion and $14.2 billion, respectively, of new loans into Ginnie Mae pools. Mortgage securities backed by home-equity conversion mortgages are not included. Purchase mortgages totaling $140.6 billion comprised the bulk of new issuances over the nine-month period while the share of refinances totaled $49.8 billion. Modified loans accounted for $17.1 billion. Most of the FHA and VA loans originated during the first nine months came through the ... [ 2 charts ]


October 10, 2014 - Inside MBS & ABS

U.S. Judge Allows Investors’ MBS Class-Action Case Against JPMorgan to Proceed but Limits Suit’s Scope

A federal judge in New York has cleared the way for investors to proceed with a $10 billion class-action suit against JPMorgan in relation to the 2007 sale of non-agency MBS. Judge Paul Oetken of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, however, limited the scope of the class-action suit to JPMorgan’s liability but did not certify as to damage. Explaining his decision to narrow the scope of the suit, Oetken said...


October 10, 2014 - Inside MBS & ABS

Reg AB2 Seen as a Way to Reduce Investor Reliance on Ratings for MBS and ABS

The disclosure rule recently issued by the Securities and Exchange Commission aims to reduce reliance on credit ratings in the structured finance market, an issue that federal regulators have long grappled with. The SEC’s Regulation AB took effect in 2006, and it included a requirement that publicly offered securities have an investment-grade rating. The so-called Reg AB2 finalized by the SEC in August eliminates the rating requirement and instead sets a number of new requirements for publicly issued deals. Beginning in November 2015, the CEO of the depositor of publicly issued...


October 3, 2014 - Inside MBS & ABS

SEC Urged to Do More to Reform Credit Rating Process, Shopping By Issuers Remains a Problem

“Rating shopping is alive and well,” Calvin Wong, chief credit officer at Morningstar Credit Ratings, said last week at the ABS East conference in Miami Beach. The Securities and Exchange Commission recently released a rule setting new requirements for the rating services, but Wong warned that the SEC hasn’t done enough to address the issue. He said...


September 26, 2014 - Inside Nonconforming Markets

Moody’s Touts Transparency with Rating Model

Moody’s Investors Service is working on revamping its process for rating new non-agency mortgage-backed securities, including allowing issuers to use the same loan-level model used in Moody’s rating process. “We are providing an unprecedented level of transparency through publication of our model,” Navneet Agarwal, a managing director of residential MBS at Moody’s, said last week during a webinar hosted by the rating service. In August, Moody’s published a request for comment on its proposed ...


September 26, 2014 - Inside MBS & ABS

Morningstar Credit Ratings Publishes Methodology For Rating and Monitoring U.S. ABS Transactions

Life for ABS investors got a little easier this week as Morningstar Credit Ratings put out its methodology for U.S. ABS ratings, outlining the principles the firm uses when evaluating, rating and monitoring financial, operating and corporate asset transactions. Morningstar’s analytical framework utilizes seven areas of analysis common to ABS transactions: legal structure, asset quality, transaction structure, credit support, cash flow analysis, originator and servicer quality, and counterparty risk. The analysis begins...


September 26, 2014 - Inside MBS & ABS

Treasury Sees a ‘Benchmark’ Non-Agency MBS as Potential Spur for Market

The Treasury Department is considering working with an issuer to sell a non-agency MBS that would serve as a benchmark transaction, according to agency officials. The goal of the issuance is to attract investors to the sector and create a standard term sheet for issuers. “The Treasury is thinking about facilitating one or more benchmark transactions,” Michael Stegman, counselor to the Treasury Department for housing finance policy, said this week at the ABS East conference produced by Information Management Network in Miami Beach. He said...


September 19, 2014 - Inside The GSEs

FHLBank Agency MBS Investments Drop During Second Quarter 2014

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac mortgage-backed securities remained the preferred investment choice of the 12 Federal Home Loan Banks during the second quarter of 2014, with a very slight decline from the previous quarter, according to a new analysis and ranking by Inside The GSEs based on data from the Federal Housing Finance Agency. Meanwhile, Ginnie Mae securities posted an increase within the FHLBank system during the three-month period ending June 30, 2014.


September 19, 2014 - Inside The GSEs

GSE MBS Business Activity Posts Overall Increase in August

Together, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac in August posted a combined increase in the volume of single-family mortgages securitized, according to a new Inside The GSEs analysis. Fannie and Freddie issued $61.1 billion in single-family mortgage-backed securities in August, a 5.5 percent increase from July. However, August's MBS issuance was down 56.7 percent on a year-to-date basis.


September 19, 2014 - Inside MBS & ABS

Fitch’s Change to Home Price Modeling Could Reduce Credit Enhancement Requirements on Non-Agency MBS

Fitch Ratings this week proposed changes in how it models home prices for loans to be included in new non-agency MBS. The change means more regions being classified as having sustainable home prices, which could lead to lower credit enhancement requirements on new securities. “The updated Sustainable Home Price model shows a stronger relationship to historical home prices and effectively distinguishes between periods of sustainable and unsustainable home prices,” the rating service said. “Under the new methodology, Fitch’s estimation of overvaluation is typically lower than in the previous model build.” Fitch has incorporated...


September 12, 2014 - Inside MBS & ABS

Court Unseals Whistleblower Suit Against Moody’s; NY Court Dismisses FDIC Lawsuit Versus Banks

A former analyst at Moody’s Ratings has accused the credit rating agency of complicity in the financial meltdown in 2008, while a federal judge in Texas dismissed a government lawsuit against major banks involving non-agency MBS because it was filed too late. In his 2012 whistleblower lawsuit against Moody’s, Ilya Kolchinsky, a former analyst with the firm, alleged that the rating service issued inflated ratings, often “Aaa,” to most risky residential MBS and collateralized debt obligations it reviewed from 2004 to 2007. The lawsuit was brought...


Poll

What is it going to take to convince lenders to loosen the credit box (i.e., remove underwriting overlays)?

The recent rep and warranty changes announced by the Federal Housing Finance Agency should go a long way in protecting lenders from future buybacks and help expand mortgage credit.
There won’t be any significant elimination of underwriting overlays until the government stops seeking huge mortgage-related penalties and settlements from lenders.
There shouldn’t be any expansion of the mortgage credit box since looser underwriting is what caused the recent mortgage crisis.

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