Legislation

Browse articles from all of our Newsletters related to Legislation.

December 18, 2014 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Following CFPB Rulemakings Could Indirectly Raise a Lender’s Fair Lending Risk, Attorney Warns

Complying with all of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s mortgage rules that took effect this year could actually boost a lender’s fair lending liability under certain circumstances, according to one top attorney. “There are several possibilities where a person could be in complete compliance or even engage in behaviors incentivized by these rules, while also possibly increasing fair lending risk,” said Colgate Selden, counsel at the Alston & Bird law firm, during a webinar last week sponsored by Inside Mortgage Finance. “The ability-to-repay, loan originator compensation, mortgage servicing, and Truth in Lending Act/Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act integrated disclosure rules all contain provisions where persons could indirectly increase their fair lending risk through compliance with those rules.” Among the ATR-related fair lending issues discussed by Selden, a former CFPB official, are...


December 11, 2014 - Inside Mortgage Finance

CFPB’s HMDA Rulemaking to Exacerbate Fair Lending Enforcement Environment

If mortgage lenders thought fair lending compliance was tough now, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s pending Home Mortgage Disclosure Act rulemaking may well turn enforcement into a hornet’s nest in the very near future, according to one top attorney. “The data to be reported under the CFPB’s proposal is likely to inflame the current fair lending regulatory environment,” said Warren Traiger, counsel at the BuckleySandler law firm, during a webinar this week sponsored by Inside Mortgage Finance. “The Dodd-Frank Act itself specified...


December 11, 2014 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Treasury Calls for Servicing Reforms Beyond Capital Requirements, Including Changes to Compensation

The migration of mortgage servicing rights from “more tightly to less tightly regulated parts of the financial system” should be addressed by regulators, according to the Treasury Department’s Office of Financial Research. The OFR, which was created by the Dodd-Frank Act to serve the Financial Stability Oversight Council, said Basel capital requirements have created incentives for banks to sell MSRs to nonbanks. In its annual report, the OFR cautioned that nonbanks aren’t as well regulated as banks. “Mortgage servicing activity and the accompanying risks appear...


December 8, 2014 - Inside the CFPB

Results of OIG Audits of CFPB Expected Sometime This Month

The most recent work plan issued by the CFPB's Office of Inspector General indicates the results of a handful of audits are expected to be completed sometime during the fourth quarter, indicating that either they will be released within the next few months or held over until sometime after the start of 2015. One such review has to do with a joint evaluation of coordination between the CFPB and other regulatory agencies. The inspectors general of the Federal Reserve, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp., the National Credit Union Administration, and the Department of the Treasury are conducting “an evaluation of the coordination between the CFPB and other regulatory agencies with respect to conducting supervisory activities,” said the OIG’s work plan. ...


December 8, 2014 - Inside the CFPB

New Report Highlights Treasury’s OFR Cooperation With CFPB

Industry representatives might be interested to know that the Treasury Department’s Office of Financial Research is working with the CFPB on some key regulatory initiatives. For instance, the OFR is providing technical support to the CFPB and other regulators to create a universal mortgage loan identifier to promote transparency, data aggregation, comparability, and analysis in the home mortgage market, the office said in a new report. The Dodd-Frank Act authorized the bureau to collect more data about individual mortgage loans and to mandate that entities reporting data under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act provide a universal loan identifier for each loan or application that they are required to report. The OFR published a working paper on this subject in late ...


December 5, 2014 - Inside FHA Lending

FHA to Share in Landmark BofA Settlement

The FHA and Ginnie Mae will share in the record-setting $16.7 billion settlement between Bank of America, the Department of Justice and certain other federal agencies and six states to resolve claims related to mortgage fraud and toxic mortgage-backed securities. The FHA will receive approximately $800 million and an undisclosed amount for consumer relief from BofA. The bank was accused of falsely certifying poorly underwritten loans for FHA insurance, resulting in huge losses for the agency. It is unclear how much Ginnie Mae’s share would be from the settlement. “As a direct endorser of FHA-insured loans, Bank of America performs a critical role in home lending,” said U.S. Attorney Loretta Lynch for the Eastern District of New York during the announcement of the global settlement in August. “In obtaining a payment of $800 million and sweeping relief for troubled homeowners, we have not ...


December 5, 2014 - Inside Nonconforming Markets

GSE Exemption from Risk Retention a Concern

Proponents of the non-agency market are concerned that the final rule recently issued by federal regulators setting risk-retention requirements for certain securitized mortgages includes an exemption for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. Beginning in late 2015, risk-retention requirements for residential mortgages will apply to newly issued non-agency mortgage-backed securities collateralized by loans that don’t meet standards for qualified mortgages. Issuers or lenders contributing to ...


December 4, 2014 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Joint Agency Final Rule on Minimum Requirements For Appraisal Management Companies Coming Soon

The multi-agency final rule implementing the Dodd-Frank Act appraisal-related amendments to the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act is expected sometime this month, according to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s semi-annual regulatory agenda. The amendments made by Dodd-Frank to FIRREA require new minimum requirements to be applied by states in the registration, reporting and supervision of appraisal management companies (AMCs). They further require implementing regulations for new quality control standards for automated valuation models (AVMs) “designed to ensure a high level of confidence in the estimates produced by the valuation models.” The pending regulations also are...


December 4, 2014 - Inside Mortgage Finance

State Regulators Increase Reporting Requirements, Focusing on Servicing and Qualified Mortgages

State-regulated lenders and servicers will be required to report new information on servicing and originations to regulators beginning in the first quarter of 2015. Lenders weren’t able to win many concessions from the Conference of State Bank Supervisors, which proposed reporting changes for the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System & Registry’s Mortgage Call Reports in October. The State Regulatory Registry, a subsidiary of the CSBS that operates the NMLS on behalf of state regulators, positioned the reporting requirements as part of an effort to reduce regulatory burden for lenders. “A goal of the MCR is...


November 26, 2014 - Inside MBS & ABS

Auto Loan ABS Issuers Will Likely be Subject to New Risk-Retention Requirements, Moody’s Says

The odds are stacked against auto loan ABS issuers being able to significantly lower the amount of credit risk they have to retain in securitizations under the recently adopted risk-retention rule. That’s mostly because of the strict underwriting criteria for underlying loans to qualify for the exemption from the requirement, according to a new ABS research report from Moody’s Investors Service. “Under the final risk-retention rule of the Dodd-Frank Act, auto loan ABS issuers can reduce the financial interest they must retain in their transactions through a qualifying automobile loan (QAL) exemption,” explained report authors Jeffrey Hibbs, assistant vice president, and Henry Chen, an associate analyst. Issuers can put...[Includes one data chart]


November 26, 2014 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Large Servicers Oppose Latest Proposal to Draft Overlay of State Laws for Foreclosures

The Uniform Law Commission’s latest proposal for a model state act that would regulate foreclosure practices as part of an overlay on current state laws is deeply flawed, according to large servicers represented by the Consumer Mortgage Coalition. In a comment letter submitted to the ULC’s Home Foreclosure Procedures Act Committee last week, Anne Canfield, executive director of the CMC, said the draft HFPA could prompt foreclosure delays and would create new assignee liability. The ULC’s committee on the proposed foreclosure law has been working...


November 13, 2014 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Relaxing Re-disclosure Timing Requirement to Three Days Would Best Serve Consumers, Industry Says

One key point that much of the mortgage lending industry is contesting in the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s proposed amendments to its integrated disclosure final rule is the timing requirement for re-disclosing the loan estimate. The proposal would amend a final rule to integrate disclosures required by the Truth in Lending Act and the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act that itself won’t be implemented until August 2015. The CFPB tried to make the so-called TRID more workable by giving lenders more time to revise loan estimate disclosures. Revisions based only on changes in rates would have to be made by the next business day after the rate locks, instead of on the same day, which is the current requirement. A number of lender representatives told...


November 10, 2014 - Inside the CFPB

Worth Noting/The Week Ahead

Disparate Impact Theory of Legal Liability Struck Down. Last week, the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia dealt a heavy blow to the position of the Department of Housing and Urban Development – as well as the CFPB – that disparate impact claims are cognizable under the Fair Housing Act. In American Insurance Association v. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, the judge struck down HUD’s disparate impact rule, determining that the Fair Housing Act prohibits “disparate treatment only.” In promulgating its disparate impact rule, the court said HUD exceeded its authority under the Administrative Procedures Act. “The ruling is in line with what we have long believed the law to be and consistent with what we argued in ...


November 10, 2014 - Inside the CFPB

Castle & Cooke Mortgage Files For Dismissal in RESPA, TILA Dispute

Castle & Cooke Mortgage late last month filed a motion to dismiss a putative class-action brought by one of the aggrieved parties who had already been compensated under the terms of the settlement the lender reached late last year with the CFPB. In Luis Cabrales v. Castle & Cooke Mortgage LLC, plaintiff Luis Cabrales contends that the lender improperly compensated its loan officers by giving them bonuses for putting customers in more expensive loans than what they qualified for. The plaintiff sued for violation of the Truth in Lending Act – a claim that Castle & Cooke is not challenging at this point. However, Cabrales also brought other causes of action: violation of Section 8 of the Real Estate Settlement Practices ...


November 10, 2014 - Inside the CFPB

Sidestep Common Pitfalls to Avoid UDAAP Enforcement Actions

There are a host of legal land mines that mortgage lenders must avoid if they want to keep from becoming the target of a CFPB enforcement action under its unfair, deceptive or abusive acts or practices (UDAAP) authority, according to top legal experts. Andrea Mitchell, a partner with the BuckleySandler law firm, told attendees at an Inside Mortgage Finance webinar last week that there are a number of representations lenders should stay away from in their marketing pitches. “Say what you mean and mean what you say,” Mitchell said. She then rattled off a list of potentially problematic terms to avoid, such as “free” or “no cost,” “best rates available,” “fastest” or “faster than…,” “improve/repair your credit” or “eliminate your ...


November 10, 2014 - Inside the CFPB

Empowered GOP Likely to Raise Pressure on CFPB Come January

The consensus among political observers is that last week’s big Republican wave on Election Day will result in a lot more political bluster from critics of the CFPB on Capitol Hill. However, it’s unlikely to have enough short-term intensity or long-term staying power to effect any big changes that could get past the veto pen of a strongly supportive President Barack Obama. “While there may be a push for the elimination of the CFPB, such a change is highly unlikely given the [Obama] administration’s support for the bureau,” the American Bankers Association said in a post-election analysis. “Expect increased scrutiny in the Senate on the CFPB’s proposals and a continued push to change the structure of the CFPB from a ...


November 10, 2014 - Inside the CFPB

Consumer Advocates Want CFPB To Demand More in HMDA Rule

Consumer advocacy groups say the CFPB isn’t going far enough to expand mortgage industry reporting requirements under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act. The California Reinvestment Coalition and 41 other state organizations suggested a handful of changes to the proposal, each of which would likely add to the reporting burden for companies. Among the changes the California groups want is requiring loan modification data to be reported by banks and servicers, along with disaggregating the overly broad “Asian” race category to allow for more accurate reporting. They also would like to see the CFPB capture more information about languages spoken during a loan transaction, and have companies disclose if a borrower is going to own a property with somebody who is ...


November 10, 2014 - Inside the CFPB

Industry Wants Lighter HMDA Burden, Groups Tells CFPB

Now that the mortgage lending industry has had about three months to comb through the details of the CFPB’s proposed expansion of reporting requirements under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, it has found more cause to dislike it than upon first glance. “While we support the purpose of HMDA – to provide information on the availability of credit in the home mortgage market – we are concerned that the proposal to markedly increase HMDA data reporting and coverage goes beyond the law’s purposes in some areas and will unduly harm competition and increase costs in others,” a handful of leading industry groups told the bureau in a joint comment letter last week. “At the same time, we do not believe that the ...


November 7, 2014 - Inside FHA Lending

HUD Rejects CFPB’s QM Cure Provision

The Department of Housing and Urban Development will not take on the new points-and-fees cure provision for qualified mortgages adopted by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. The agency is concerned that lenders might inadvertently violate the FHA’s statutory 3.5 percent downpayment requirement. HUD adopted other changes in the CFPB’s revised final rule on ability to repay and qualified mortgages (ATR/QM) to maintain consistency but saw no need for any further ability to cure points-and-fees errors. Reimbursement of any excess points and fees to the borrower could take away from the mandatory 3.5 percent downpayment and render the loan ineligible for FHA insurance, the agency explained in a notice published in the Nov. 3 Federal Register. HUD said it would provide lender guidance under its own QM rule on ...


Poll

What will Fannie Mae’s and Freddie Mac’s new 97 LTV programs mean for your business?

It will give our business a big boost as there is a lot of pent up demand for the product.
It will have only a minor impact on our overall business as we already are doing high LTV business through FHA and some of our high LTV FHA business is likely to shift to Fannie and Freddie.
It won’t have any impact on our business as we plan to steer clear of all high LTV business – particularly in the GSE market.

vote to see results
Housing Pulse