Legislation

Browse articles from all of our Newsletters related to Legislation.

September 29, 2014 - Inside the CFPB

Credit History, DTI Issues Outpace Collateral for Purchase Denials

Credit history and debt-to-income outpaced collateral as the primary contributors to mortgage application denials in the purchase-loan segment in 2013, according to an analysis by Inside the CFPB of the latest Home Mortgage Disclosure Act data released last week by the CFPB and the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council. It was a much closer horse race in the refinance space, but then again, collateral is always more of an issue for refis. Credit history was identified as the cause of denial for 26.3 percent of applications last year in FHA/VA purchase mortgages, followed by DTI at 23.3 percent, with collateral registering only at 12.4 percent. Things were a little more competitive in the conventional home purchase loan space. There, credit ...


September 29, 2014 - Inside the CFPB

Written Guidance Needed on RESPA/TILA Rule, Industry Says

Most of the mortgage finance trade associations wrote to the CFPB recently with a handful of suggestions to improve implementation of the bureau’s TRID – the pending Truth in Lending Act/Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act integrated disclosure rule. At the top of the list: more written guidance, please. “We appreciate the bureau offering oral guidance through webinars and other channels,” said the groups in a joint letter. However, due to the complexity of the rule, “we strongly recommend that the bureau also provide reliable, written guidance on issues.” Such input is “essential for lenders, settlement service providers, insurers, investors and other secondary market entities, regulators and ultimately, consumers themselves.” The groups also encouraged the CFPB to deepen its engagement in industry ...


September 29, 2014 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB Official Urges Mortgage Industry to Raise HMDA Issues

The mortgage industry has about a month left to officially weigh in on the CFPB’s pending Home Mortgage Disclosure Act proposed rule, and a top official at the bureau urged lenders to raise important issues now. “Because we’re opening HMDA up, we’re taking the opportunity to try to streamline the reporting process for you,” said Kathleen Ryan, deputy assistant director in the CFPB’s Office of Regulations, in comments before the Mortgage Bankers Association’s regulatory compliance conference on Monday. The bureau also is looking “for ways to ease some of the pain around geocoding and these other ‘translation’ issues that you have in your reporting systems by trying to align to the extent possible” with existing industry standards for data points ...


September 26, 2014 - Inside FHA Lending

FHA Announces $336 Million Recovery for MMIF

An estimated $336 million out of a $614 million settlement that JPMorgan Chase agreed to pay for not complying with FHA requirements will go towards stabilizing the agency’s ailing Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund. On Feb. 4, 2014, the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Southern District of New York took over a whistleblower lawsuit and started an investigation of Chase on behalf of the government for alleged violations of the False Claims Act. The whistleblower or “relator” alleged that Chase, an approved FHA direct endorsement lender, had not followed FHA requirements when underwriting loans, causing the MMIF to incur significant losses when the borrowers defaulted on their loans. The U.S. Attorney filed suit against Chase based on the results of an audit conducted by HUD’s Inspector General that looked into the bank’s underwriting and refinancing of FHA loans. The lawsuit alleged that ...


September 26, 2014 - Inside FHA Lending

GNMA Financed Minorities, LI Borrowers

Ginnie Mae securitized a relatively higher volume of loans for African-American borrowers than did Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, according to a new Inside FHA Lending analysis of recently released Home Mortgage Disclosure Act data covering 2013 mortgage originations. Nearly a quarter, 24.7 percent, of mortgages made to black borrowers last year had FHA, VA or rural housing loans financed through Ginnie Mae, loan-level HMDA data show. Fannie Mae (19.2 percent) and Freddie Mac (9.9 percent) also accounted for large shares of mortgages for black borrowers. However, blacks accounted for just 4.2 percent of mortgages with the race of the primary borrower identified in HMDA reports. Fannie actually had a bigger share of the Hispanic market (24.7 percent), but Ginnie accounted for a substantial 17.3 percent of mortgages made to Hispanic borrowers last year. All three agencies saw ... [1 chart]


September 26, 2014 - Inside Nonconforming Markets

Higher-Priced Lending Increased in 2013

Originations of higher-priced mortgages increased significantly in 2013 compared with the previous year, according to an Inside Nonconforming Markets analysis of Home Mortgage Disclosure Act data released this week. The market share for higher-priced mortgages also more than doubled in 2013 compared with the previous year, but the loans continue to account for a small portion of total originations. Some $35.18 billion in higher-priced mortgages were sold in 2013, up from ... [Includes one data chart]


September 26, 2014 - Inside MBS & ABS

Cautious Optimism in Structured Finance Market As New Regulations Ease Compliance Uncertainty

Investors are comfortable with broad swaths of the structured finance market and issuers are cautiously optimistic that regulators won’t hinder activity too much going forward, according to attendees at the ABS East conference produced by Information Management Network this week in Miami Beach. “We’re in a pretty good spot right now in the market from a supply-demand perspective,” said Bob Behal, a principal and co-head of ABS investments and commercial MBS investments at Vanguard Group. Almost 3,700 people had registered by the start of the conference, up slightly from around 3,500 people in 2013. Will Zak, a director at Barclays, said...


September 25, 2014 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Congress Acts to Extend Info-Sharing Privilege to State-Licensed Mortgage Companies, State Agencies

Last week, the Senate passed legislation that would extend to state-licensed mortgage companies – and the state regulatory agencies that oversee them – the same kind of protections against waivers of privilege for information provided to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau that was previously extended to federal agencies that supervise depository mortgage lenders. The measure, H.R. 5062, the Examination and Supervisory Privilege Parity Act of 2014, would require the CFPB to coordinate its supervisory activities with state agencies that license, supervise or examine those who offer consumer financial products or services. Currently under the Dodd-Frank Act, the bureau is only required to coordinate with federal and state banking regulators. The legislation also would provide...


September 25, 2014 - Inside Mortgage Finance

HMDA Originations Fell 12 Percent in 2013, As Application Denial Rate Edged Higher

Mortgage lenders reported $1.762 trillion in new purchase-money and refinance originations during 2013 under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, according to a new Inside Mortgage Finance analysis of the data released by federal agencies this week. HMDA purchase and refinance originations were down 12.4 percent from 2012, with the biggest decline in refi activity, off 26.2 percent. Purchase-mortgage lending was up in both the government-insured market (up 1.3 percent) and conventional originations (up 32.5 percent). Even with the sharp downturn in business, refinance originations accounted...[Includes one data chart]


September 18, 2014 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Experts Say Tougher Legal Liability Under TILA Is One of the Treacherous Shoals Awaiting Under TRID

Among the many challenges associated with the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s pending integrated disclosure rule is expanded legal liability for lenders based on the more threatening Truth in Lending Act, as opposed to the more palatable liability framework of the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act. During a webinar sponsored last week by Inside Mortgage Finance, Rich Horn, a partner with the Dentons law firm and one of the architects of the rule while a regulator at the CFPB, noted there is no private right of action for integrated disclosures under RESPA. On the other hand, with TILA liability, “there is...


September 15, 2014 - Inside the CFPB

More Rules Coming From CFPB by Year’s End, Cordray Tells Senators

If lenders think they have a full plate of regulations to digest, just wait. More appetizers and main courses are on the way, courtesy of the CFPB and the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. For the real estate finance industry, there is more to follow all the mortgage-related rules that took effect in January of this year, or the integrated disclosure rule under the Truth in Lending Act and the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, which takes effect in August of 2015. “This summer, we also issued a proposed rule to implement changes Congress made to the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act,” said CFPB Director Richard Cordray, in appearance before the Senate Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee ...


September 15, 2014 - Inside the CFPB

“Treacherous,” Complex TRID Generates Host of Concerns

The CFPB’s integrated disclosure rule will be “treacherous” for mortgage lenders and will likely be as challenging to comply with as its massive size and complexity suggests, according to top industry experts. Speaking to attendees of an Inside Mortgage Finance webinar last week on the CFPB’s TILA/RESPA Integrated Disclosure rule – known as “TRID” – Rod Alba, senior regulatory counsel for the American Bankers Association, rattled off a number of concerns that mortgage lenders still have with the new rule, which is set to take effect Aug. 1, 2015. “The regulation is enormously voluminous in length. The sheer size of this rule, we think, makes this regulation treacherous for banks in terms of liability, in terms of enforcement, in terms of understanding ...


September 15, 2014 - Inside the CFPB

Mortgage Lenders Need to Get With The TRID Now, Antonakes Urges

CFPB Deputy Director Steve Antonakes told attendees at the North Carolina Bankers Association’s mortgage conference last week that lenders need to start prepping for the bureau’s impending TILA/RESPA Integrated Disclosure rule, known in bureau-speak these days as the “TRID.” While the use of the TRID’s new Loan Estimate and Closing Disclosure forms is not required until August 2015, “mortgage lenders should already be working on the new rule and getting ready now,” Antonakes urged. “Significant changes to business operations and technology platforms will require close collaboration with third-party service providers. “While many mortgage institutions are already deep into implementing these changes, we want to make sure that everyone understands the need to be focusing on August 2015 now,” Antonakes emphasized...


September 12, 2014 - Inside MBS & ABS

Court Unseals Whistleblower Suit Against Moody’s; NY Court Dismisses FDIC Lawsuit Versus Banks

A former analyst at Moody’s Ratings has accused the credit rating agency of complicity in the financial meltdown in 2008, while a federal judge in Texas dismissed a government lawsuit against major banks involving non-agency MBS because it was filed too late. In his 2012 whistleblower lawsuit against Moody’s, Ilya Kolchinsky, a former analyst with the firm, alleged that the rating service issued inflated ratings, often “Aaa,” to most risky residential MBS and collateralized debt obligations it reviewed from 2004 to 2007. The lawsuit was brought...


September 5, 2014 - Inside MBS & ABS

SEC Issues New Rule for Credit Ratings on a Split Vote, Dissenting Commissioner Questions Legality

The rating services are set for increased oversight after the Securities and Exchange Commission approved a final rule addressing internal controls, conflicts of interest and procedures in an attempt to protect the integrity of rating methods. The SEC approved the final rule on a 3-2 vote last week, with the two Republican commissioners voicing strong opposition to provisions required by the Dodd-Frank Act. Among other issues, the final rule aims at preventing sales and marketing considerations from influencing the issuance of credit ratings on structured finance products. Under the rule, rating services are prohibited from issuing or maintaining a credit rating when a person within the rating service that participates in determining or monitoring the rating also participates in sales or marketing of a product or service of the rating service or an affiliate. The rule also targets...


September 4, 2014 - Inside Mortgage Finance

FHFA Sets Fannie, Freddie Affordable Housing Goals Through 2017, Requests Public Comment

The Federal Housing Finance Agency last week proposed increasing some of the benchmark levels for Fannie Mae’s and Freddie Mac’s affordable housing goals through 2017, while also establishing new housing subgoals for low-income multifamily properties. The proposed rule – which requests public comment – presents three alternatives for determining whether a government-sponsored enterprise has met the congressionally mandated single-family housing goals for 2015-2017. The first option would keep...


September 1, 2014 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB Officials Answer Some Industry Questions About TRID

Officials from the CFPB jumped into the mortgage compliance weeds during a webinar last week to answer some industry questions about its Truth in Lending Act/Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act Integrated Disclosure rule, otherwise known as “TRID,” which takes effect in August of next year. Among the questions bureau staff discussed were a handful related to disclosure and re-disclosure timing. For instance, a number of industry representatives asked whether the seven-day waiting period before consummation that applies to loan estimates also applies to revised disclosures. “No, the seven-day waiting period is a Truth in Lending Act statutory waiting period that applies today to the initial TILA disclosures, and after August of next year, to the loan estimate provided after application ...


September 1, 2014 - Inside the CFPB

Bureau Fines Auto Finance Co. $2.75M Over Inaccurate Info

The CFPB recently fined auto finance company First Investors Financial Services Group Inc. $2.75 million for allegedly failing to fix known flaws in a computer system that was providing inaccurate information to credit reporting agencies. The bureau also ordered the Houston-based company to fix its errors and change its business practices. The CFPB said its investigation found that First Investors furnished inaccurate information about its customers to credit reporting agencies for at least three years. “When First Investors discovered the problem in April 2011, it notified the vendor but did nothing more,” the CFPB said. “The company did not replace the system or take any steps to correct the inaccurate information it had supplied. “It continued for years to use ...


August 29, 2014 - Inside FHA Lending

Views Sought on Draft Appraiser Requirements

The Department of Housing and Urban Development is requesting feedback from stakeholders regarding proposed policy drafts covering appraiser eligibility and oversight, and conducting appraisals, among other things. The documents will be part of the FHA’s Single-Family Housing Policy Handbook, a consolidated and authoritative agency handbook that will make it easier for stakeholders to do business with the FHA. The drafts also cover appraiser requirements for performing an FHA appraisal, including property eligibility requirements for Title II forward and reverse mortgages, as well as forms and data delivery requirements. Comments must be submitted by Sept. 2, 2014. The Single-Family Policy handbook is a multi-phased initiative to develop a single, comprehensive source for FHA single-family housing policy using clear and direct language and an improved organization structure. In fall 2013, the FHA posted its first draft section, Application Though Endorsement for Title II Forward Mortgages. The FHA is finalizing ...


August 22, 2014 - Inside Mortgage Trends

Time to Adjust Before HMDA Reporting Expands

In July, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau proposed adding 40 new data fields for collection under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act. Industry attorneys advised lenders to look at their current operations through the data fields the CFPB will likely see and make adjustments before the federal regulator completes new in-depth analysis. Warren Traiger, counsel at the law firm of BuckleySandler, said the new HMDA data will be a fair lending “game changer” ...


August 18, 2014 - Inside the CFPB

Worth Noting/Comments Due This Week/Vendor Update

CFPB Making Its Presence Felt Among Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac Servicers. Fannie Mae’s latest earning filing indicates the CFPB and/or the New York State Department of Financial Services have been reviewing the activities of Fannie Mae’s three largest non-depository servicers (which would be Nationstar, Ocwen and possibly Quicken Loans, according to the latest ranking by Inside Mortgage Finance, an affiliated publication). The scrutiny of Quicken Loans seems to be a new development. The bureau would not comment. Meanwhile, during the first half of 2014, Freddie Mac said in its second quarter earnings announcement that it implemented requirements for its seller/ servicers in response to some final rules from the CFPB, including rules concerning the requirements for borrowers’ ability to ...


August 18, 2014 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB Mortgage Rule Having More Effect on Jumbo, Nontraditional

The Federal Reserve’s latest senior loan officer survey found the CFPB’s ability-to-repay/qualified mortgage rule is not having much of an effect on the conforming mortgage market but is being felt in the jumbo and nontraditional spaces. The July survey included a set of three special questions on the effects on the approval rates for home-purchase loans of the ATR and QM standards under the Truth in Lending Act, which came into effect early this year. The first question asks respondents to indicate the extent to which the ATR/QM rule is affecting the likelihood of their banks approving applications from individuals for mortgage loans to purchase homes for each of four categories of residential real estate loans. [includes one exclusive data chart] ...


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Over the next six months we plan to hire this many more additional loan officers:

1 to 10 (We're being careful.)
11 to 30 (We're optimistic.)
More than 30 (We're in a growth mode as the banks get out.)
We're cutting back. (Are you nuts? It's ugly out there.)

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