Legislation

Browse articles from all of our Newsletters related to Legislation.

May 29, 2015 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

GNMA Cautiously Embraces New Entrants Despite Lingering Doubts

New entrants in the Ginnie Mae issuer community expand access to credit at lower cost, deepen the market for Ginnie mortgage servicing rights and help address the agency’s “too-big-to-fail” issue, said the agency’s top executive. “Our top concern is that issuers have the operational and financial strength to meet issuer/servicer obligations,” Tozer said during the recent secondary market conference sponsored by the Mortgage Bankers Association. The flood of new nonbank issuers into the program has been well documented. While they have diluted the heavy concentration of business in the hands of a few megabanks, many have complex financial structures that are less tested in the marketplace, he said. The pipeline of issuer applicants has dropped dramatically, the Ginnie executive reported. To get approved, an applicant has to show where the cash will come from to ...


May 29, 2015 - Inside MBS & ABS

Fed Economist Suggests Insurance for Structured Finance Investors as a Way to Prevent Another Collapse of Market

A new analysis by an economist at the Federal Reserve suggests that the Dodd-Frank Act’s risk-retention requirements won’t adequately address the issues that caused the structured finance market to essentially freeze in 2007. A paper by Alyssa Anderson suggests a deposit insurance-like agreement between investors and private market firms or the government would better protect investors from losses and reduce ambiguity. She stressed that increased uncertainty about securities, the potential length and depth of a downturn and possible government intervention contribute to investors shying away from securitization markets. “Given the presence of ambiguity, the market freeze can persist...


May 22, 2015 - Inside Mortgage Trends

Economists See Lending Surge in Fuzzy Outlook

Mortgage originations are already off to a better start in 2015, and industry economists are predicting, on average, a 15 percent increase from last year’s sluggish output. But uncertain prospects in the housing market point toward a decline in mortgage originations next year, according to forecasters at the secondary market conference sponsored this week by the Mortgage Bankers Association. 2015 should bring the strongest housing sales volume since 2007, said Leonard Kiefer, deputy chief economist at Freddie Mac. Sales activity was decent over the winter, despite severe weather in many areas, but the market has yet to get back to normal. Freddie looks...[Includes one data table]


May 22, 2015 - Inside Mortgage Trends

Industry Disconnect Emerges on TRID Readiness

A dramatic disconnect has surfaced between different segments of the mortgage industry when it comes to being prepared to comply with the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s pending integrated-disclosure rule. Professionals in the land title insurance side of the business are far more confident about their readiness than are depository institutions, recent surveys reveal. A survey conducted in April by the American Land Title Association found that 92 percent of respondents indicated their company will be prepared to implement the new loan estimate and closing disclosures and to comply with the CFPB’s regulation. That number isn’t as good as it seems, though. A much smaller 62.6 percent said they are on schedule for implementation. Another 29.4 percent conceded they are behind ...


May 21, 2015 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Analysts See Stronger Market in 2015, But Little Change In Fundamental Problems Facing the Mortgage Industry

Housing is showing some traction, but heavy regulation and enforcement continue to weigh on the mortgage market, according to analysts at this week’s secondary-market conference sponsored by the Mortgage Bankers Association in New York. Charles Gabriel, president of Capital Alpha Advisors, said there are some green shoots in the mortgage market, including signs of more home sales. But he characterized it as “a mature market that is suboptimized.” Lenders have paid massive penalties in lawsuits, he added, and there is no sign that they will expand the credit box. “U.S. Bank was asked...


May 18, 2015 - Inside the CFPB

Briefs: More and More TRID

CFPB Updates Mortgage Origination Examination Procedures to Reflect TRID. The CFPB has put out an updated version of its Supervision and Examination Manual’s Mortgage Origination examination procedures. The latest iteration features guidance on how its compliance examiners will examine loan disclosures and the terms of closed-end residential mortgages that are subject to the pending integrated disclosure rule under the Truth in Lending Act and the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act. Of the manual’s eight modules, the updated TRID examination procedures are reflected in module #4. “Examiners should obtain and review a sample of complete loan files to assess the entity’s compliance,” states the new section of the manual. “If consumer complaints regarding mortgage origination and closing indicate potential violations of ...


May 18, 2015 - Inside the CFPB

Shelby Regulatory Relief Bill Includes ATR Fix for Portfolio Loans

Sen. Richard Shelby, R-AL, chairman of the Senate Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee, released the text of his pending regulatory relief bill last week. Among a handful of CFPB-related provisions is one that would grant qualified mortgage status under the bureau’s ability-to-repay rule for residential loans held in portfolio. However, as per the draft Financial Regulatory Improvement Act of 2015, certain conditions would have to apply. To begin with, the lender/creditor would have to hold the loan in portfolio from its inception, or any acquirer of the loan must continue to hold it in portfolio. Additionally, the mortgage cannot have been acquired through securitization, nor can it have certain forbidden features, like negative amortization, interest-only provisions, or a loan ...


May 18, 2015 - Inside the CFPB

Most Title Industry Pros Will be Ready for TRID on Time: ALTA

Contrary to other segments of the mortgage industry, a huge majority of title professionals will be ready to play ball when the CFPB’s TILA/RESPA integrated disclosure rule goes live Aug. 1, 2015, according to a survey conducted by the American Land Title Association. “Ninety-two percent of our survey respondents indicated their company will be prepared to implement the new forms and comply with the CFPB’s regulation,” said Michelle Korsmo, ALTA’s chief executive officer. “The land title insurance industry has been a leader in preparing the real estate industry for the new disclosures and that is reflected in the preparedness of our members.” However, perhaps not so surprisingly, collaboration with lenders and real estate agents, and potential closing delays top the ...


May 18, 2015 - Inside the CFPB

Industry Uncertain About TRID Compliance Capabilities: ABA

Most of the mortgage industry cannot reliably confirm whether it will be ready to fully comply with the CFPB’s pending integrated disclosure rule, according to a new member survey by the American Bankers Association. Based on approximately 800 responses from bankers nationwide, “Our survey reveals that an overwhelming 74 percent of banks are using a vendor or consultants to assist with TRID implementation,” Bob Davis, head of mortgage markets at the ABA, said in a letter to CFPB Director Richard Cordray. Community banks in particular are highly dependent on the ability of vendors to deliver technology-related services that are critical to bank compliance efforts, according to Davis. “Interestingly, though, bankers from large institutions were over-represented in the survey, which implies ...


May 18, 2015 - Inside the CFPB

MBA Asks For More Guidance on Changes to the Closing Disclosure

The Mortgage Bankers Association continues to forward to the CFPB questions and requests for clarifications on a number of issues related to the bureau’s integrated disclosure rule that have yet to be adequately addressed, such as changes to the Closing Disclosure (CD) after scheduled closing. “There are limited options under the rule, in the event a lender has provided a closing disclosure and closing is delayed for unforeseen circumstances outside the lender’s and/or the borrower’s control,” said the MBA in correspondence to the bureau. Similarly, there may be borrower and seller changes to the purchase terms. “Under the current rule and commentary, the lender apparently has no ability to provide a revised Loan Estimate (LE) or CD and re-compute the ...


May 18, 2015 - Inside the CFPB

Cordray Angers Realtors Over Concerns About Closing Delays

CFPB Director Richard Cordray tried to reassure attendees at the National Association of Realtors’ trade expo last week that the impact of the bureau’s pending integrated disclosure rule isn’t going to be as dramatic as many fear – particularly the concern that the three-day disclosure requirement is going to delay loan closings. “The timing of the closing date is not going to change based on any problems you discover with the home on the final walk-through, even matters that may change some of the sales terms or require seller’s credits,” Cordray said. On the contrary, the bureau “listened carefully to your concerns” and limited the reasons for closing delays to only three narrow sets of circumstances. They are: any increases to ...


May 18, 2015 - Inside the CFPB

Cordray Sticks to His Guns, Won’t Yield on TRID Enforcement

CFPB Director Richard Cordray continues to appear steadfast in his refusal to accommodate the mortgage industry by providing some sort of soft enforcement period for the new integrated disclosure rule, which is set to kick in Aug. 1, 2015. In a recent letter to Rep. Blaine Luetkemeyer, R-MO, one of the members of Congress who has been pressing the director for some kind of an enforcement grace period, Cordray was too discreet to come right out and say “no” to members of Congress. Instead, he told the congressman that the bureau shares his desire for “a smooth and successful implementation of the integrated disclosure rule, and we continue to work closely with all stakeholders to support that goal.” Cordray then ...


May 18, 2015 - Inside the CFPB

Bipartisan Pressure Mounts For TRID ‘Hold-Harmless’ Period

If one of the sponsors of the Dodd-Frank Act supports giving mortgage lenders an enforcement break when the CFPB’s integrated disclosure rule kicks in later this year, you know something serious is afoot. Such is indeed the case. Rep. Brad Sherman, D-CA, one of the original backers of Dodd-Frank, has crossed the partisan aisle in the House Financial Services Committee to join Rep. Steve Pearce, R-NM, in introducing H.R. 2213. Their bill would grant lenders a temporary safe harbor from enforcement of the rule integrating the required mortgage disclosures under the Truth in Lending Act and the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act. More specifically, H.R. 2213 would protect lenders from private lawsuits and regulatory enforcement actions through Dec. 31, 2015, ...


May 15, 2015 - Inside MBS & ABS

Critics Slam Dodd-Frank and the Failure to Reform Housing Finance System, Predict More Failure

Republicans in the House of Representatives continued their efforts to chip away at the Dodd-Frank Act during a hearing this week by rolling out critics who said the act not only was a poor and ineffective response to the 2008 financial crisis, but also created a host of new problems and could be contributing to the next debacle. Rep. Sean Duffy, R-WI, chairman of the House Financial Services Oversight and Investigations Subcommittee, said a major assumption underlying Dodd-Frank – that the primary cause of the financial crisis was misbehavior by securities market participants – was false. “Main Street lenders are being...


May 14, 2015 - Inside Mortgage Finance

CFPB Director Cordray Resists Continued Pressure From Lawmakers to Delay TRID Enforcement

Consumer Financial Protection Bureau Director Richard Cordray continues to tell the mortgage industry and its allies in Congress that the CFPB will not look the other way while the industry grapples with implementation of the integrated mortgage disclosure rule. The director’s latest official rebuff was delivered in a recent letter to Rep. Blaine Luetkemeyer, R-MO, who has been pressing the director for some kind of an enforcement grace period. Cordray historically has been...


May 14, 2015 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Shelby Reg Relief Bill Would Grant QM Status To Portfolio Loans, But Dem Support Uncertain

Residential mortgages held in portfolio would be granted safe-harbor qualified-mortgage status under draft regulatory relief legislation circulated early this week by Sen. Richard Shelby, R-AL, chairman of the Senate Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee. To get that classification, the lender would have to hold the loan in portfolio from inception, and any person acquiring the loan must continue to hold it in portfolio. The loan cannot provide for negative amortization or interest-only payments, and the loan term could not exceed 30 years. Also, the lender would still have...


May 14, 2015 - Inside Mortgage Finance

CFPB May Review Lender-Paid MI as Pricing Gets More Competitive. But Who’s at Risk Here: MIs or Lenders?

It’s no secret that pricing on lender-paid mortgage insurance policies has come down over the past several months and now it appears the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau may take a look at what’s going on behind the curtain. According to industry officials who claim to have knowledge of the situation, the powerful consumer regulator may focus on whether there is some kind of quid pro quo going on between lenders and mortgage insurers. In particular, the agency may look...


May 7, 2015 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Bipartisan House Bill Would Allow for Bank Loan Officers to More Easily Jump Ship to Nonbanks

Mortgage industry participants are encouraged by a bipartisan bill introduced in the House last week that would provide a temporary license for loan originators transitioning from a bank to a nonbank or between states. H.R. 2121, from Rep. Steve Stivers, R-OH, would change the Secure and Fair Enforcement for Mortgage Licensing Act to allow for a temporary transitional license and give loan originators 120 days to pass testing standards for nonbank LOs when transitioning from a bank or between states. “The SAFE Act inhibits...


May 4, 2015 - Inside the CFPB

Briefs: All About the TRID/Upcoming This Month

FFIEC Issues Revised Interagency Examination Procedures for Compliance with the TRID. The Task Force on Consumer Compliance of the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council recently put out new interagency examination procedures for the Truth in Lending Act (TILA), as implemented by Regulation Z, and the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA), as implemented by Regulation X. These procedures reflect CFPB amendments to Regulations Z and X published in the Federal Register in December 2013 and February 2015. Most of the changes to the procedures relate to the integrated mortgage disclosure requirements under TILA and RESPA, commonly referred to as the “TRID” requirements. Office of the Comptroller of the Currency Bulletin 2015-27 makes available on the OCC website the revised interagency ...


May 4, 2015 - Inside the CFPB

CHLA Calls For Disclosures Of MLO Qualifications

The Community Home Lenders Association recently sent a letter to CFPB Director Richard Cordray, asking the bureau to require consumer disclosures on each mortgage loan that indicate whether the mortgage loan originator working on that loan is licensed. Such disclosures also should show whether the MLO has passed the SAFE Act test, and has completed an independent background check and SAFE Act approved pre-licensing and continuing education courses. CHLA also recommended that consumers be told if their loan originator previously failed (and never passed) the SAFE Act test or has ever been denied a state license because they failed a background check. “The CFPB is carrying out its ‘Know Before You Owe’ initiative, to improve consumer understanding and mortgage disclosures” ...


May 4, 2015 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB Official Pledges to Help Firms Implement TRID After Aug. 1

David Silberman, associate director of research, markets and regulations at the CFPB, told members of Congress recently that the bureau will continue to work with the mortgage industry as it implements and adapts to the pending integrated disclosure rule under the Truth in Lending Act and the Real Estate Settlement and Procedures Act. “The bureau’s work supporting implementation of the integrated disclosure rule does not end with the effective date of the integrated disclosure rule,” Silberman told the House Financial Services Subcommittee on Financial Institutions and Consumer Credit recently. “We expect to continue working with industry, consumers, and other stakeholders to answer questions, provide guidance, and evaluate any issues industry and consumers experience as the integrated disclosure rule is implemented.” ...


May 4, 2015 - Inside the CFPB

President Obama Threatens to Veto Legislation to Limit CFPB Funding

President Barack Obama threatened Republicans in Congress that he would veto H.R. 1195 – not because of the substance of the original measure, but because of amendments that would reduce the cap on the total amount of funding that could be requested for the CFPB for fiscal years 2020 and 2025. As originally passed out of committee, H.R. 1195, the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection Advisory Boards Act, would direct the CFPB to establish advisory councils for community banks, credit unions, and small businesses to advise and consult with the bureau. Since the bureau already convenes such panels on an ad hoc basis, the legislation seeks to formally codify and require it to do so. But the president and congressional Democrats ...


May 4, 2015 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB Says Property Tax Loans Should Get Federal Protections

The CFPB told the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit that property tax loans should get consumer protections under the federal Truth in Lending Act. The CFPB made its case in an amicus brief with the court in Billings v. Propel Financial Services, LLC. The legal question presented in this case is whether a private lender extends “consumer credit” under the Truth in Lending Act by providing loans to consumers for the purpose of paying off residential property-tax delinquencies.The bureau asserted its legal interest in the case on the grounds that it is the federal agency charged with interpreting and promulgating rules under TILA, and because it has authority to enforce compliance with the requirements of TILA....


May 4, 2015 - Inside the CFPB

Fears Over TRID’s Impact Intensifying as Clock Ticks

The mortgage industry has just under 100 days until the do-or-die deadline of August 1 kicks in for compliance with the CFPB’s integrated disclosure rule under the Truth in Lending Act and the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, otherwise known as the TRID. And as the new lending environment approaches, industry anxieties are getting stronger and more specific in nature. “The primary concerns that I am hearing are about the inability to reset the fee tolerances when the closing date is significantly delayed, which many fear will require lenders to start over and scuttle closings, and the lack of guidance for wholesale lenders who work with brokers,” said Benjamin Olson, counsel in the Washington, DC, office of the BuckleySandler law ...


May 4, 2015 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB, MD AG Bring Enforcement Action Against Title Co., Execs

In another display of multijurisdictional cooperation, the CFPB and the Maryland Attorney General last week brought an enforcement action against a Maryland-based title company and its executives, alleging they participated in a mortgage kickback scheme, trading cash and marketing services in exchange for referrals. The complaint names Genuine Title, LLC, as well as Jay Zukerberg, Brandon Glickstein, Gary Klopp, Adam Mandelberg, William Peterson, and Angela Pobletts, along with a number of limited-liability companies controlled by certain defendants. The CFPB and Maryland allege that Zukerberg and Glickstein developed and operated schemes to give loan officers marketing services and cash payments in exchange for referrals of title work. The kickback schemes violated the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, which prohibits giving a ...


April 30, 2015 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Senate Panel to Mark Up Reg Relief Bill Shortly; Meanwhile, All is Silent on the GSE Reform Front

Republican leaders in the Senate and the House plan to press ahead with legislation to provide regulatory relief for mortgage lenders, especially for small community banks. It’s likely that provisions to automatically designate mortgages held in portfolio as qualified mortgages will be included in a legislative package the Senate Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee will mark up sometime in the middle of May. And Republicans might use...


April 23, 2015 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Federal Regulators Allow for ‘Patchwork’ of State Regulation for Appraisal Management Companies

A final rule issued this week by federal regulators setting standards for oversight of appraisal management companies goes against the concerns raised by many industry participants. The rule implements standards required by the Dodd-Frank Act, among other issues. The Consumer Mortgage Coalition, the National Association of Appraisal Management Companies and other industry participants had raised concerns about the rule proposed in April 2014. The proposal established minimum standards for AMCs – which are intermediaries between appraisers and lenders – and allowed states to establish requirements that go beyond the minimum standards. The final rule adopts...


April 20, 2015 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB Issues Guidance on DFA Housing Counselor Requirement

The CFPB put out a final interpretive rule last week on how lenders should provide mortgage applicants with a list of local homeownership counseling organizations. Lenders may fulfill this Dodd-Frank Act requirement by using bureau-developed housing counseling lists, which are available via an online tool the CFPB created in 2013, or by generating their own lists using the same Department of Housing and Urban Development data the bureau uses to build its lists. The interpretive rule restates guidance the CFPB issued in 2013, and provides further guidance for lenders who are building their own lists of housing counselors. In response to questions the CFPB has received, the guidance also includes new instructions about how to provide applicants abroad with homeownership ...


April 20, 2015 - Inside the CFPB

Warren Wants Auto Dealers’ Scalp, Says CFPB Should Get Oversight

The CFPB doesn’t have enough power as currently authorized under the Dodd-Frank Act and should be given oversight over auto dealers, according to the “mother” of the bureau, Sen. Elizabeth Warren, D-MA. “The consumer agency’s early results have been good for consumers and good for the economy as a whole, but there’s more to be done,” Warren said in a speech last week. “Right now, the auto loan market looks increasingly like the pre-crisis housing market, with good actors and bad actors mixed together.” As the senator sees it, the market is now “thick with loose underwriting standards, predatory and discriminatory lending practices,” and increasing repossessions. She then cited one study that estimated that these kinds of auto dealer markups ...


April 20, 2015 - Inside the CFPB

Lawmakers Join Growing Chorus Calling for Eased TRID Enforcement

The odds that the CFPB will publicly announce or tacitly concede some degree of soft enforcement of its integrated disclosure rule, known as TRID, may have improved recently when two Republican Congressmen called on the bureau to give the mortgage industry such a break when the rule kicks in Aug. 1, 2015. “We strongly encourage you to make the August 1, 2015, to December 31, 2015, timeframe a ‘hold harmless’ period of restrained enforcement and liability,” said Reps. Blaine Luetkemeyer, R-MO, and Randy Neugebauer, R-TX, in a letter recently sent to CFPB Director Richard Cordray. “This would allow all parties to better understand the changes associated with TRID and help ensure consumer confidence and stability in the nation's housing market,” ...


April 17, 2015 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

New Day USA Faulted for SAFE Act Testing Violations

New Day USA, a major VA lender, agreed to a multi-million dollar settlement this week with state regulators and removed its chief operating officer due to widespread violations involving the Secure and Fair Enforcement for Mortgage Licensing Act. The lender will pay a $5.28 million administrative penalty as part of a consent order and settlement with regulators from 42 states and Washington, DC. New Day also removed COO Paul Alger. In order to meet continuing education requirements ...


Poll

Mortgage originators have been stepping up their hiring of late. Which category of mortgage workers are in highest demand at your shop? (Choose one.)

Loan officers
Processors and underwriters
Compliance
Tech support/programming
Secondary marketing
VP level and higher
We need a good CEO
Other

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