HUD

Browse articles from all of our Newsletters related to HUD.

April 21, 2017 - Inside The GSEs

Freddie Looks to Increase Mortgage-Ready MH Buyers

Freddie Mac introduced a curriculum to help potential manufactured homebuyers in Kentucky get a mortgage and is now looking to increase lender participation in the program. The GSE partnered with Next Step Network, a housing intermediary based in Louisville, and three nonprofit housing counseling agencies to create the online education curriculum aimed at better preparing Kentucky homebuyers with blemished credit histories. Since the initiative was rolled out...


April 14, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Around the Industry

Judgment Imposed on Former President and Founder of Loan Correspondent Firm. A federal court in Chicago ordered the former president and founder of MDR Mortgage of Palatine, IL, to pay more than $10 million to the Department of Housing and Urban Development for submitting false certifications on FHA loans. The HUD Inspector General Office and the Department of Justice withheld the identity of the former bank official, who was found liable under the False Claims Act and the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act. The violations allegedly involved loans the FHA insured from 2006 through August 7, 2008, the period during which MDR submitted the allegedly false certifications. The DOJ identified 237 loans that MDR processed during the period in question. The loans defaulted and resulted in $3.4 million in claims paid by the FHA. In addition, MDR provided annual verifications to ...


April 14, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Patenaude for DepHUDSEC? Bright To Replace Tozer at Ginnie Mae?

The Trump White House has yet to fill key positions at the Department of Housing and Urban Development and agencies that fall under the HUD umbrella, including the FHA and Ginnie Mae. According to industry officials who claim to have some knowledge of the process, the administration is seriously considering Pam Patenaude to be the deputy HUD secretary. Patenaude is president of the J. Ronald Terwilliger Foundation for Housing America’s Families. She served as HUD assistant secretary for community, planning and development during the George W. Bush administration. Meanwhile, Michael Bright has been mentioned as a candidate to be the next president of Ginnie Mae. Bright currently serves as director, Center for Financial Markets at the Milken Institute. During his career he has worked for mortgage lender/servicer PennyMac, investment banking firm BlackRock and ...


April 14, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Initial Loan Defect Rate Drops in 4Q16, Missing Docs Leading Cause

The initial material defect rate on sampled FHA loans targeted for a post-endorsement technical review was down in the fourth quarter of 2016 from the previous quarter, according to the FHA’s latest quarterly loan review update. FHA’s Lending Insight reports the material defect rate prior to curing fell to 49 percent in 4Q16 from 53 percent in the previous quarter, based on an analysis of 5,267 sampled FHA loans endorsed between Oct. 1, 2016, and Dec. 31, 2016. Of the loans sampled, 75 percent were purchase-money mortgages; 10 percent were streamlined refinances; 7 percent rate and term refinances, and 8 percent, Home Equity Conversion Mortgage loans. Twenty percent of the sample, 1,081 loans, were conforming while 25 percent, or 1,313 loans, were found to be defective. About 13 percent of the loans were denied endorsement. On the other hand, approximately 41 percent of loans ...


April 14, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

MBA Remarks on Defect Taxonomy, LRS, Changes to Data Collection

The Mortgage Bankers Association is calling for improvements and clarifications of the new Loan Review System and the Defect Taxonomy to provide FHA lenders greater certainty as to the type of errors that can expose them to False Claims Act risk. The LRS unifies FHA quality control processes into a single system, including test cases from post-closing lenders, post-endorsement loan reviews, lender monitoring reviews and lender self-reporting. It streamlines all the review processes and analysis of results. The new system includes the defect taxonomy, a streamlined rating system for documenting loan-review results and finding the root cause of defects. In MBA’s view, the defect taxonomy shows how far FHA has advanced to ensure lender accountability for the quality of their loans, protecting borrowers and managing its financial risks. However, the Department of Housing and Urban Development needs to ...


April 14, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

MRB Reports Settlements, Fines From Administrative Actions

The Mortgage Review Board reported approximately $454.4 million in settlements against 25 FHA lenders for various violations of agency lending requirements and imposed more than $1.8 million fines and other penalties against 253 lenders for annual recertification violations. The settlements and penalties resulted from administrative actions taken by the board against FHA lenders from Oct. 1, 2015, through Sept. 30, 2016. The settlements did not constitute an admission of liability or fault. The largest settlement amount, $113 million, was between Freedom Mortgage of Mount Laurel, NJ, and the Department of Justice to resolve alleged violations of FHA requirements and the False Claims Act. In August last year, the MRB voted to release Freedom from any civil money penalties or administrative actions as part of the lender’s settlement with the DOJ. The largest civil money penalty imposed by the ...


April 14, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Perceived Shortage of Appraisers Delays VA Closings, Raises Costs

The VA mortgage market is experiencing a shortage of qualified appraisers willing to accept VA loan assignments, causing longer wait times, delayed closings and higher appraisal costs. Testifying during a hearing called by the House Veterans Affairs’ Subcommittee on Economic Opportunity, top VA officials complained of difficulty in obtaining appraisals, particularly in rural and remote areas of the country. Jeffrey London, director of the VA Loan Guaranty Service, said the apparent shortage has resulted in turn times for appraisals that can take up to nine weeks. The VA maintains a seven-day timeliness requirement for appraisals for the VA Fee Panel. The problem was more acute last year when loan volumes were strong in many markets, including VA. Turnaround times for appraisals may have exceeded more than 30 days in some rural areas, according to the Appraisal Institute. The markets have ...


April 14, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

GNMA Officials Attribute Decline in VA Refis to Anti-Churning Policy

A steep drop in VA-backed securities issuance in the first quarter of 2017 suggests that Ginnie Mae’s efforts to curb serial refinancing of VA loans are working, according to agency officials. Speaking on a panel at the annual VA Lenders Conference in Kansas City, MO, this week, Ginnie executives said that a change in pooling requirements for streamlined refinance mortgages appears to have curbed a destructive appetite for refinancing new VA loans within six months of closing. The practice has caused faster prepayments in Ginnie mortgage-backed securities pools and smaller payouts to investors. VA refi volume fell 42.7 percent from the previous quarter (see chart on page 2), contributing significantly to the 32.2 percent decline in total VA loan securitization during the period. John Getchis, senior vice president at Ginnie Mae, said he does not think the churning trend will continue because the ...


April 14, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

PennyMac Claims Top Rank in Ginnie MBS Production in 1Q17

There is a new boss in the Ginnie Mae mortgage-backed securities market. PennyMac Financial rose to the top of the issuer ranking in the first quarter of 2017 despite a sharp decline in volume, according to a new analysis and ranking by Inside FHA/VA Lending. PennyMac issued $10.78 billion of single-family Ginnie securities during the first three months of the year. The figures in this analysis are based on Ginnie loan-level disclosures, which truncate loan amounts to $1,000 increments. PennyMac’s first-quarter production was off 27.9 percent from the fourth quarter of 2016, a slightly bigger decline than the 24.8 percent drop in overall Ginnie issuance. Even though the firm fared slightly worse than the total market, its first-quarter downturn was less severe than Wells Fargo’s. Wells has been the top Ginnie producer for a long time, as well as the top player in most segments of the ... [ Charts ]


March 31, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Around the Industry

Correction: There was an error in the total number reported for Home Equity Conversion Mortgage originations in 2015 in the March 17, 2017, issue of Inside FHA/VA Lending. The correct total is $16.0 billion. HUD Secretary Ben Carson Visits Dallas/Ft. Worth. Housing and Urban Development Secretary Ben Carson continued his national listening tour this week in Dallas/Ft. Worth to learn more about HUD’s public housing programs. Carson embarked on a national listening tour March 15 at a Detroit high school bearing his name President Trump recently released his proposed preliminary FY 2018 budget, which showed among other things a drastic $6.2 billion reduction in funding for public housing assistance and affordable housing. Carson said the discretionary budget plan promotes fiscal responsibility at HUD by “promoting better efficiencies and ...


March 31, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Broadest Impact of FHA MIP Freeze Felt in High-Cost, Top FHA Markets

The FHA’s mortgage insurance premium freeze will have the hardest impact in markets with high shares of FHA-insured mortgage loans, according to a new analysis by the National Association of Realtors. The top 10 markets in which FHA dominates are in Texas and California along with wide swaths of the Southeast and Rust Belt states. FHA comprises more than 40 percent of home-purchase mortgages originated in the aforementioned markets, which would benefit significantly from the 25 percent MIP reduction announced by former Housing and Urban Development Secretary Julian Castro on Jan. 9 this year. Shortly after taking office, the new Trump administration froze a number of new policies issued during the waning days of the Obama administration, including the 25 bps MIP reduction. During his Senate confirmation hearing, HUD Secretary Ben Carson said he would set aside the ...


March 31, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA’s New Loan Review System, Defect Taxonomy to Launch May 1

The FHA will implement its new Loan Review System that features a defect taxonomy on May 15, 2017. The new system is designed to reduce potential lender liability when FHA loans go into default. The LRS will be used to manage FHA single-family loan and monitoring reviews as well as lender self-reporting of fraud, misrepresentation and other material findings. A change in the pre-endorsement loan review period from pre-closing to post-closing will also become effective on May 15. Scrutinizing loans after they close prior to endorsement for FHA insurance would ensure that loans have no material defects or material errors that could expose the lender to enforcement action or false-claim litigation and the likelihood of a hefty settlement. The defect taxonomy will help lenders identify and classify loan-level defects uncovered through individual loan reviews. Material loan defects have been narrowed down to ...


March 31, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Lender Group Calls on Carson to Rescind HUD’s Current PACE Rule

The Mortgage Bankers Association is urging Housing and Urban Development Secretary Ben Carson to rescind current guidance and prohibit future FHA financing of properties encumbered by a Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) tax lien. The guidance, which the Department of Housing and Urban Development implemented in July last year, should be eliminated unless the PACE lien is clearly subordinated to the FHA loan and national, standardized consumer protections are in place, the MBA said. The MBA said it has significant concerns with the risk posed by PACE financing to traditional lien priority and the FHA, as well as the lack of consumer protections. “Unfortunately, [current PACE guidance] does not reduce these concerns – it amplifies them,” the letter warned. PACE loans were developed to help finance energy-efficient retrofits, such as solar panels, energy-saving appliances and ...


March 31, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Top Banks Dominate FHA Servicing Market, Nonbanks Climbing Fast

More than 11 percent of FHA servicing outstanding was delinquent in 2016, mostly in the 30-60 day categories, with banks dominating the FHA servicing market. An estimated 7.77 million FHA loans are currently being serviced, of which 6.93 percent were 30 to 60 days behind on their monthly payments at the end of last year, according to an Inside FHA/VA Lending analysis of FHA servicing data. Seriously delinquent loans (90-days plus overdue) accounted for 4.90 percent of all FHA loans outstanding. FHA delinquencies spiked in the fourth quarter of 2016, primarily in the 30-day category, which increased 55 basis points over the period. On the other hand, overall FHA delinquencies remained flat year-over-year. Banks comprised four of the top five FHA servicers. They are, in sequential order, Wells Fargo, JPMorgan Chase, Cenlar FSB, and US Bank. PennyMac, in fifth place, is the ... [Charts ]


March 31, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA, MBA Working to Find Solution To Aggressive Refinancing Problem

The Department of Veterans Affairs and mortgage industry stakeholders are working to resolve the churning problem in the VA Home Loan Guaranty program. It appears the agency is unhappy that Ginnie Mae’s recent pooling policy change was only partially effective in discouraging early solicitation of VA purchase loans for refinancing. Apparently, the practice is continuing and is adversely affecting mortgage-backed securities investors who are not getting full return on their investments. The Mortgage Bankers Association said a handful of lenders and mortgage brokers are still engaging in serial refinancing of VA purchase loans within six months of closing, causing faster prepayments in Ginnie MBS pools. Ginnie announced a policy change, which took effect on Feb. 1, 2017, clarifying that streamline refinance loans may be delivered into Ginnie MBS pools only if, at the ...


March 31, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA Jumbo Production Up in 2016, Great Year for VA Jumbo Issuance

FHA-insured jumbo lending fell slightly in the fourth quarter of 2016 although year-over-year results were a lot better. Production of conforming-jumbo purchase and refinance loans insured by the FHA slipped 0.9 percent in the fourth quarter, a slight bump on the way to an annual jumbo origination total of $26.9billion. Year-over-year, FHA jumbo production was up 5.6 percent from 2015. Conforming-jumbo loans represented 9.8 percent of FHA loans securitized last year, according to data compiled by affiliated newsletter Inside Mortgage Finance. Purchase mortgages comprised 64.9 percent of jumbo loans insured by FHA in 2016 and 98.7 percent were fixed-rate loans. Nonbanks comprised the top five FHA jumbo lenders. Wells Fargo, which closed the year with $423.8 million in FHA jumbo originations, was in sixth place. Quicken Loans led the field with $802.5 million of ... [ Charts ]


March 27, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

More Uniformity Needed Between QM Standards from CFPB, HUD

With the topic of regulatory reform experiencing a resurgence of attention since the Trump administration moved into the White House, the U.S. mortgage insurance industry is calling for greater uniformity when it comes to the nitty gritty details of the ability-to-repay rule and its qualified-mortgage standard. One area of particular concern for mortgage insurers is the differences between the CFPB’s QM rule for conventional mortgages and the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s QM rule for FHA-insured mortgages. These differences include different debt-to-income caps, different formulae to calculate points and fees, and different standards for higher-cost mortgages. According to U.S. Mortgage Insurers, these differences incentivize greater reliance on programs of the U.S. government, increasing risk to taxpayers. “While consistency and ...


March 23, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

CFPB Moving Vigorously Ahead with Enforcement Actions, as Prospect Mortgage RESPA Case Reveals

With the enforcement of the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act at stake, and a hostile occupant in the Oval Office, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau is certainly not being bashful about continuing its regulation-by-enforcement modus operandi. The recent enforcement action against Prospect Mortgage is just the latest example. According to Colgate Selden, a partner in the Washington, DC, office of the law firm of Alston & Bird, the case is important because “it indicates the CFPB is moving full-speed ahead regardless” of the recent court rulings in PHH v. CFPB. This case is...


March 17, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Around the Industry

HUD Secretary Ben Carson Launches National Listening Tour in Detroit. Housing and Urban Development Secretary Ben Carson began a national listening tour March 15 at Benjamin Carson High School in Detroit. Carson’s three-day visit to his hometown gives him an opportunity to hear directly from HUD field personnel and stakeholders who rely upon and support public housing. This week, President Trump released his proposed preliminary FY 2018 budget, which showed among other things a drastic $6.2 billion reduction in funding for public housing assistance and affordable housing. HUD did not release an itinerary of Carson’s listening tour. IG Seeks Changes to Ginnie Mae’s Management Hierarchy, Staffing. Ginnie Mae’s outdated organizational structure and staff levels have made it difficult for the agency to properly monitor and mitigate the risk posed by the increasing number of nonbanks participating in ...


March 17, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Utah FHA Lender Pays $4.25 M to DOJ, HUD to Resolve Fraud Claims

Security National Mortgage Co. of Salt Lake City has paid $4.25 million to the Department of Housing and Urban Development to settle allegations of failing to comply with FHA loan requirements. Security National, a retail lender, has been an FHA-approved direct endorsement lender since October 1993, the year it was founded. The settlement resolves a joint civil investigation by the HUD Office of the Inspector General, Department of Justice and the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of New Jersey into Security National’s FHA origination and underwriting practices in connection with 100 FHA-insured loans. As part of the settlement, the lender “agreed it engaged in certain conduct in connection with its origination and underwriting of the loans.” The HUD OIG provided no details about the investigation. The OIG said the loans that were certified as compliant would not have been insured had ...


March 17, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

HECM Originations Down in 2016, December Spike Slowed Descent

Production of Home Equity Conversion Mortgage loans was down in 2016 with an estimated $14.9 billion originated last year, compared to $16.0 billion the previous year. Year-over-year, total HECM volume fell 6.4 percent. Purchase loans accounted for 85.9 percent of FHA-insured reverse mortgages produced over the 12-month period. Originations, however, rose by 8.0 percent in the fourth quarter from the previous quarter due to a spike in HECM lending in December. Purchase HECMs with an adjustable rate appeared to be the product of choice among HECM borrowers in 2016. American Advisors Group continued to dominate the market, closing 2016 with $2.1 billion in HECM originations for a 14.0 percent market share. One Reverse Mortgage was the second top HECM producer of the year with $855 million, while Reverse Mortgage Funding was in third place with $649.8 million. Liberty Home Equity Solutions hung on ... [ 1 chart ]


March 17, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Trump Proposes Drastic Cuts to 2018 HUD Discretionary Spending

The Trump administration has proposed deep budget cuts in 2018 for the Department of Housing and Urban Development and the U.S. Department of Agriculture, but whether the agencies’ critical housing insurance programs would be affected is unclear. The cuts are part of the administration’s plan to reduce non-defense discretionary spending dramatically in order to fund increased defense spending and President Trump’s southern border wall, and to bring down a projected $9.4 trillion U.S. deficit over the next decade.Released this week, the preliminary 2018 budget seeks $40.7 billion in gross discretionary funding for HUD, $6.2 billion or 13.2 percent lower than the department’s approved spending in 2017. The $47.3 billion in discretionary budget authority enacted for fiscal 2017 does not include offsetting receipts from FHA and Ginnie Mae, which lowered the congressionally appropriated cost for ...


March 17, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Georgia Appeals Court Finds for Wells Fargo in Provisional Win

A Georgia appellate court recently handed Wells Fargo Bank a provisional win in a lawsuit in which a VA borrower alleged breach of contract and wrongful foreclosure. In Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., d/b/a Wells Fargo Home Mortgage v. LaTouche, the court ruled that Wells did not breach its duty to the borrower to comply with VA foreclosure regulations. The court concluded that the trial court had erred in denying Wells Fargo’s motion for summary judgment as to the defendant’s claims for wrongful foreclosure that hinged upon the same VA regulations. The reversal stemmed from Wells Fargo’s request for an interlocutory review of the trial court’s denial of its motion for summary judgment on defendant Michael LaTouche’s claims for breach of contract, wrongful foreclosure and “surprise. An interlocutory review is undertaken when a question of law must be answered by an appellate court before ...


March 17, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Quicken Loans Notches First Win After Court Narrows Scope of Case

A favorable court ruling on the statute of limitations for filing claims under the False Claims Act gave Quicken Loans its first win in a closely watched government case involving allegedly fraudulent FHA loans. Judge Mark Goldsmith of the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan dismissed portions of the Department of Justice’s lawsuit against Quicken in a March 9 decision, narrowing the lender’s potential liability for FHA losses. The losses were blamed on sloppy underwriting, fraudulent certification and loan performance. The DOJ said the FHA would not have knowingly insured the loans had it known they were defective. The DOJ and the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s inspector general began an investigation of Quicken’s FHA lending activities in April 2012. The investigation encompassed some 246,000 FHA loans, which Quicken originated from ...


March 17, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Correspondent Channel Lost Some Share of Gov’t Market in 2016

Correspondent mortgage originators account for an unusually large share of FHA and VA lending, but the channel lost some market share in 2016, according to a new analysis by Inside FHA/VA Lending. Correspondent production accounted for 53.2 percent of the $275.14 billion of government-insured mortgages originated by a diverse group of lenders that included the top players in the market. That was a significantly bigger correspondent share than was seen in the conventional-conforming market (42.6 percent) or the jumbo space (16.2 percent). However, the 2016 figure was down from a 57.8 percent correspondent share of FHA/VA lending back in 2015, the first year for which data are available. Correspondent originations of government-insured lending by the group were up 31.1 percent from 2015, but their total FHA/VA lending jumped 42.3 percent. The retail share rose ... [ 1 chart ]


March 17, 2017 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Serial Rapid Refinancing Continues As VA, MBA Explore Potential Cures

Solicitation of VA purchase loans for streamline refinancing within weeks of closing is apparently continuing despite Ginnie Mae’s efforts to stop the harmful practice. The Mortgage Bankers Association has expressed concern that guidance on pooling eligibility for streamlined refinance loans, which Ginnie issued in October last year, was far less effective than expected. Although the aggressive refinancing trend has slowed due to Ginnie’s action, there are still “pockets of that activity” being reported, said Pete Mills, MBA senior vice president. Refinancing a veteran’s purchase mortgage less than six months after its origination is not in the vet’s best interest because it strips equity from the house and results in higher financing costs, said Mills. While the rapid refi trend involves only a small number of loans in Ginnie mortgage-backed securities pools, investors do not get the full benefit of their investment because of early prepayment. Mills said there are a handful of lenders and brokers that ...


March 17, 2017 - Inside MBS & ABS

HUD IG Calls for Changes in GNMA’s Structure, Monitoring to Reduce Risk Posed by Nonbanks

Ginnie Mae’s outdated organizational structure and staff levels have made it difficult for the agency to properly monitor and mitigate the risk posed by the increasing number of nonbanks participating in its MBS programs, according to the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s inspector general. In a recent briefing paper, HUD Inspector General David Montoya highlighted challenges Ginnie faces in monitoring nonbanks, adding that HUD is currently being audited by the IG to gauge its capacity to track and supervise nonbanks, said Montoya. Ginnie acknowledged...


March 16, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Detroit Court Ruling in Government’s FHA-Related Case Against Quicken Loans Narrows Lender’s Potential Liability

A recent decision by a federal judge in Detroit dismissing portions of the Department of Justice’s FHA-related claims against Quicken Loans will shrink the lender’s liability under the False Claims Act, according to a legal expert. In a decision rendered March 9 on the closely watched case, U.S. District Judge Mark Goldsmith narrowed the scope and timeframe for which the DOJ can pursue any recovery or settlement against Quicken Loans for FHA losses allegedly due to faulty underwriting and loan default performance. It is the first major decision since the DOJ’s suit was transferred from federal court in Washington, DC, to federal court in Detroit last year. The DOJ and the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s Office of the Inspector General began...


Poll

With the spring homebuying season in full swing, what percentage of your March 2017 application volume has been for “purchase” loans?

75% or higher
50% to 74%
30% to 49%
Under 30%

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