FHA, VA

Browse articles from all of our Newsletters related to FHA, VA.

February 12, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Around the Industry

House Approves Legislation Streamlining FHA Condo Rules, Allowing DE Lenders for USDA. Housing reform legislation that would ease FHA restrictions on condominium financing and allow delegation of loan approval authority to qualified lenders under the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s rural housing programs passed the House last week by a vote of 427-0. Described as an FHA reform bill, H.R. 3700, the “Housing Opportunity Through Modernization Act,” would modify FHA requirements for condo mortgages by streamlining FHA’s project certification requirements to qualify condominiums for FHA financing as well as making recertification less burdensome. H.R. 3700 would also expand the USDA’s Section 502 Guaranteed Rural Housing Loan Program for single families by delegating loan-approval authority to certain participating lenders. FHA and VA loan programs already ...


February 12, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Ranking House, Senate Democrats Seek Data on Distressed Asset Sale

Rep. Elijah Cummings, D-MD, ranking member of the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, and Sen. Sherrod Brown, D-OH, ranking member of the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs, earlier this month expressed concern about the sale of nonperforming loans to private investors without sufficient protections for homeowners and neighborhoods. Both lawmakers fear that FHA may not be providing enough incentives to servicers to modify ailing mortgages and that certain investors may be more interested in foreclosure than a cure. The influx of private investors has crowded out first-time homebuyers and raised concerns about the long-term effects of investor-owned homes in communities where foreclosures run high. In a joint letter, the two lawmakers sought information from the Department of Housing and Urban Development about ...


February 12, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Aggregators Refuse to Purchase FHA Streamline Refinance Loans?

Certain aggregators of FHA loans are reportedly refusing to purchase FHA streamline refinance loans, fearing shoddy underwriting on the original loan might raise compliance issues down the road. How widespread is the problem is unclear but an industry consultant, who was tipped off by other aggregators, said the problem seems more of a servicing nature, rather than origination. Prior to 2010, FHA lenders originated many streamline refis with seller-funded downpayment assistance. Many of these loans ended up with high default rates, prompting FHA to eliminate seller-funded DPA and to tighten the FHA streamline refi program. Streamline refi originations fell and the program saw very little activity until the FHA revived the program with changes during the crisis to spur lending and help FHA borrowers refinance. Streamline refis do not require full underwriting. The basic requirements are that the mortgage to be refinanced must be FHA-insured, current on the ...


February 12, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

HUD Introduces New Automatic Extensions to Foreclosure Timelines

The Department of Housing and Urban Development has updated guidance regarding its requirement for lenders to utilize loss mitigation options on a distressed loan or initiate foreclosure within six months of the default date. Specifically, guidance issued earlier this month reiterates the existing eight automatic extensions available to mortgagees when they are unable to initiate foreclosure within the allotted timeframe. In addition, the guidance introduces two new automatic extensions that would align with the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act regulations. The guidance is effective for all FHA-insured mortgages in default on or after Oct. 1, 2015. The CFPB RESPA regulations require an appeals process for borrowers when their request for loan modification is denied. Through this guidance, HUD provides an automatic 90-day extension to the ...


February 12, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FAQs’ Focus on VA Streamline Refis Shines Light on Intricate Product

While they are effective, the VA’s Frequently-Asked-Questions on the qualified mortgage interim final rule provide helpful guidance on certain aspects of Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loans (IRRRLs) origination as they relate to the VA QM rule, according to an analysis by the Washington, DC, law firm K&L Gates. The intricacies of IRRRL treatment under the interim final rule suggest the product may continue to be subject to ambiguities disproportionate to its limited role in the mortgage marketplace, wrote authors Kristie Kully and Eric Mitzenmacher, attorneys with the firm. VA’s interim final rule provides that all VA loans are QMs. The authors note that while most VA loans are safe harbor QMs under the rule, certain streamlined refinance loans (IRRRLs) are entitled only to a rebuttable presumption. Under the VA interim final rule, an IRRRL is deemed to have safe harbor QM status if the ...


February 12, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Part 2: All You Wanted to Know About VA’s QM Interim Final Rule

On Jan. 20, the Department of Veterans Affairs published a Frequently-Asked-Questions (FAQ) guide to its qualified mortgage interim final Rule. We are picking up from where we left off last issue: Will VA still guaranty the loan if the Interest rate Reduction Refinance Loan (IRRRL) does not meet the recoupment period of less than 36 months, or does not meet the six-month seasoning requirements? Yes, VA will guaranty the loan. However, the loan will not have a safe harbor QM status. Instead, it will be a rebuttable presumption QM. VA does not condition the guaranty on satisfaction of all of the QM requirements. Lenders should consult their legal staff regarding safe harbor and rebuttal presumption QMs. What is the date that begins the seasoning and recoupment periods? The date of the note is the date on which legal obligations are established between borrower and lender. Therefore, to calculate the ...


February 12, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Stakeholders Urge VA to Adopt Changes to Improve Loan Program

The Mortgage Bankers Association and the National Association of Realtors have recommended policy changes the VA Home Loan Guaranty program could adopt to make it work better for veteran borrowers. The two industry groups offered their recommendations during a hearing before the House Committee on Veterans Affairs, Subcommittee on Economic Opportunity on the VA program. Testifying on behalf of the MBA, James Danis, president of Residential Mortgage Corp., urged the VA to issue a clear, final qualified mortgage rule for VA lending. The agency has had an interim final rule on QM and ability to repay in place since May 9, 2014, when it was published in the Federal Register. The VA recently issued guidance for lenders to better understand the standards but gave no indication as to when a final rule will be released. Danis recommended that the final rule provide an ample implementation period to ...


February 12, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Proposed Federal Budget Projects $9.1 Billion in Profits for MMIF

The FHA Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund is projected to generate $9.1 billion in profits in FY 2017 but officials say they will not be reducing mortgage insurance premiums any time soon. Released this week, the White House’s proposed budget projects FHA will insure $204 billion in new forward, single-family mortgages with a negative credit subsidy of 4.42 percent for each loan, resulting in a projected profit of $9.1 billion. In fiscal 2016, the program is expected to generate $7.7 billion in profits. Separately, for the Home Equity Conversion Mortgage program, the proposed budget is projecting $18.5 billion in new reverse mortgage loans with a negative credit rate of 0.33 percent, netting $61 million in profits. During a budget briefing, Housing and Urban Development Secretary Julian Castro said there are no plans to change the current mortgage insurance premium. “We want to ensure our ...


February 12, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Share of Ginnie VA MBS Down in Fourth Quarter, Wells Fargo Leads

Sellers delivered $35. 2 billion in VA loans into Ginnie Mae pools in the fourth quarter of 2015, down 15.0 percent from the previous quarter, according to Inside FHA/VA Lending’s analysis of Ginnie loan-level data. Retail lenders and correspondents accounted for the bulk of VA loans securitized during the quarter. Retail accounted for 45.8 percent of VA purchase loans, enjoying a slight edge over correspondents, which comprised 45.5 percent of securitized VA loans. The broker share of securitized VA purchase loans was 8.7 percent, down 21.2 percent from the third quarter. Meanwhile, retail accounted for 53.8 percent of Ginnie mortgage-backed securities backed by VA refinance loans in the fourth quarter, while correspondents’ share was down to 28.5 percent. The broker channel accounted for 17.7 percent of VA loans securitized during the period. The average FICO score on Ginnie VA loans in the ... [1 chart]


February 12, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Nonbanks Dominate FHA Ranking; Wells Fargo Retains #2 Position

Nonbanks now rule the top echelon of FHA lenders with one major bank left in a sector once ruled by large banks. That lone bank is Wells Fargo, clinging hard and fast to its number-two spot among the top 10 FHA lenders in 2015. Wells Fargo, which recently agreed in principle to pay $1.2 billion to resolve FHA-related civil claims, ended 2015 with $6.3 billion in total FHA originations, up from $5.1 billion in the prior year. Gone from the top lender ranking is Bank of America, which in 2014 ranked fifth with total originations of $1.7 billion. Currently, BofA is 22nd in the ranking with $1.4 billion in FHA loans made last year. Also gone from the elite ranking is JPMorgan Chase Bank, which in 2014 was sixth with $1.7 billion in total originations. Data indicate that the bank has been gradually pulling back its FHA lending over the past year and has now dropped to number 159 in the ... [1 chart]


February 12, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA Total Originations Drop in 4Q, Volume Better Year-over-Year

FHA forward mortgage endorsements fell significantly in the fourth quarter of 2015 with a decline in purchase mortgages and an even bigger drop in refinance loans due to rising interest rates, according to an Inside FHA/VA Lending analysis of agency data. Total FHA production fell 22.2 percent from the third quarter to $58.1 billion in the fourth quarter, spurred by steep declines in purchase originations (down 21.5 percent) and refis (30.0 percent). Fixed and adjustable-rate mortgages also saw their volumes drop by 22.1 percent and 30.2 percent, respectively, during the same period. The percentage of conventional loans that refinanced into FHA loans decreased slightly. FHA baseline lending (loans below $417,000) also declined by 22.0 percent quarter-to-quarter, as did FHA conforming jumbos (loan amounts up to the statutory high-cost loan limit), which saw volume drop 24.4 percent in the fourth quarter. FHA jumbos exceeding $625,500 did not escape the carnage as production fell ...


February 11, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

President’s Proposed FY 2017 Budget Projects $9.1 Billion In Profits for FHA’s Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund

The FHA Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund is projected to make $9.1 billion in profits in fiscal year 2017, but the Obama administration currently has no plans to cut FHA premiums. In fiscal 2016, the program is expected to generate $7.7 billion in profits, according to the White House proposed budget released this week. The administration projects FHA next year will insure $204 billion of forward single-family loans, with a negative credit subsidy of 4.42 percent for each loan, resulting in a projected profit of $9.1 billion. During a briefing this week. Julian Castro, secretary of the Department of Housing and Urban Development, downplayed...


February 11, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

MBA, NAR Urge the VA to Implement Policy Changes to Make the VA Loan Guaranty Program Better for Veterans

The mortgage banking and real estate industries this week called on the Department of Veterans Affairs to adopt policy changes to improve the VA Home Loan Guaranty program. In a hearing week before the House Committee on Veterans Affairs, Subcommittee on Economic Opportunity, the Mortgage Bankers Association and the National Association of Realtors offered several changes that could further enhance the program. Testifying on behalf of the MBA, James Danis II, president of the Residential Mortgage Corp., urged...


February 11, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Servicers Seek More Relief From Telephone Consumer Protection Act Despite Partial Fix by Congress

A recent amendment by Congress to the Telephone Consumer Protection Act was helpful for mortgage servicers but further action is necessary, according to industry participants. Servicers continue to raise concerns about the TCPA due to an order issued by the Federal Communications Commission in June. The order placed restrictions on auto-dialed calls to cell phones, subjecting servicers and others to penalties of $500 per call with no cap on statutory damages. The TCPA allows...


February 11, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

More Potential Trouble for Private MIs: Quicken Wants Them to Bid for Its Borrower-Paid Business

While the mortgage insurance industry patiently waits to see if the FHA will cut government MI premiums further this year, the sector is facing another potential threat to profitability: pricing concessions from the nation’s second largest retail originator, Quicken Loans. Moreover, Quicken – also the largest nonbank lender in the U.S. – is promising to pass on 100 percent of the cost savings to its customers, at least that’s what a company spokesman told Inside Mortgage Finance this week. “We take...


February 11, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Jumbo Market Held Up Better Than Government-Insured, Conventional-Conforming Sectors in 4Q15

Don’t tell Bernie Sanders this, but the upper class appeared to suffer less than other folks during the fourth-quarter decline in mortgage production, according to a new Inside Mortgage Finance ranking and analysis. Mortgage lenders produced an estimated $78 billion of big-ticket home loans to, hopefully, well-to-do borrowers during the final three months of last year. That was down 8.2 percent from the third quarter, a little over half the rate of decline in total mortgage originations during the period. For the full year, jumbo mortgages accounted...[Includes two data tables]


February 8, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

In Brief: Facing the Music

Wells Fargo Settles with FHA for a Record $1.2 Billion. Wells Fargo, the largest player in the Ginnie Mae market, last week agreed to pay the Department of Justice and Department of Housing and Urban Development $1.2 billion to settle FHA underwriting claims. In a filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission, Wells noted that the agreement “resolves certain civil claims that the federal government had pending” against the lender tied to FHA lending from 2001 to 2010. But it also covers “other potential civil claims relating” to the megabank’s government production in other time periods as well. The megabank, which also is the nation’s largest overall home lender and servicer, saw the settlement coming and booked an additional “legal ...


February 4, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

House GOP Launches Salvoes at GSEs, FHA, CFPB; Dems Play Defense as White House Budget Delayed

Republicans on the House Financial Services Committee this week pushed through their version of fiscal year 2017 budget views and estimates (BVE), taking aim at government-sponsored enterprises Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, as well as FHA and the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. The minority Democrats tried to amend the broader GOP package 10 times, but each amendment went down to defeat on a party-line basis. There were no Republican amendments offered. On the issue of Fannie, Freddie and housing finance reform, Republicans on the committee said...


February 4, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

House Approves Legislation Delegating Direct Endorsement Authority to USDA Lenders, Streamlining FHA Condo Rules

Housing reform legislation that would ease FHA restrictions on condominium financing and allow delegation of loan approval authority to qualified lenders under the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s rural housing programs this week passed the House by a vote of 427-0. Described as an FHA reform bill, H.R. 3700, the “Housing Opportunity Through Modernization Act,” would make several incremental changes across a number of federal housing programs. It would modify...


February 4, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Moody’s Upgrades MGIC, Radian to Investment Grade; NAIC’s Proposed Capital Rules Create Uncertainty

For the first time since October 2008, Moody’s Investors Service upgraded two top private mortgage insurance companies to investment grade due to strong performance of new insurance written, cost savings and fewer losses. However, risk factors, including proposed capital regulations from the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, could adversely impact the ratings. Mortgage Guaranty Insurance Corp. and Radian Guaranty now have Baa3 ratings from Moody’s, although other rating servicers appear disinclined to follow. Both MIs continue to be rated below investment grade by Standard & Poor’s. The improved ratings come...


February 4, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Wells Fargo in Record Settlement with FHA and DOJ, First Tennessee to Resolve Discrimination Complaint

Wells Fargo has agreed in principle to a $1.2 billion settlement to resolve FHA-related civil claims brought by the federal government while First Tennessee Bank has agreed to subsidize interest-rate reductions on home mortgages as part of a $1.9 million settlement agreement with the Department of Housing and Urban Development. The Wells Fargo settlement was disclosed in a recent filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission. If finalized, the settlement would be the largest for FHA. So far, the FHA has collected...


February 4, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Analysts Suggest Tight Underwriting Prevented 1.2 Million Mortgages in 2014, Lenders Point to Buyback Uncertainty

If lenders used the seemingly sensible underwriting standards that were in place in 2001, some 1.2 million more mortgages would have been originated in 2014, according to estimates by the Urban Institute’s Housing Finance Policy Center. Laurie Goodman, director of the HFPC, said lenders have “plenty of room to safely ease credit.” An underwriting index from the HFPC suggests that originators are accepting little risk in terms of borrower or loan characteristics, hindering a recovery in the mortgage market and the broader economy. Lenders note...


January 29, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Around the Industry


January 29, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Onboarding Phases Down to Three, FHA Reminds Lenders to Register

On Jan. 21, 2016, the FHA issued a reminder to lenders to register for one of the three remaining phases of Electronic Appraisal Delivery (EAD) Onboarding, before the electronic appraisal submission requirements become mandatory on June 27, 2016. The remaining onboarding phases are the following: Feb. 15-April 15 (registration closes on Feb. 14); March 15-May 15 (registration closes March 14); and April 15-June 15 (registration closes on April 14). All appraisals for FHA case numbers assigned on or after June 27, 2016, must be submitted to FHA through the ...


January 29, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA Extends Due-and-Payable Notifications for Problem HECMs

The FHA has given lenders and servicers an additional extension through April 17, 2016, to submit due-and-payable notices when Home Equity Conversion Mortgage borrowers fall behind on their property tax or insurance payments. The extended deadline also provides FHA lenders and servicers an opportunity to pursue loss mitigation before initiating foreclosureThe latest deadline extension was the second such extension. In April 2015, the FHA announced a policy change providing HECM lenders and servicers an additional 60 days in which to initiate foreclosure proceedings against any troubled HECM borrower with a case number issued prior to Aug. 4, 2014, with a non-borrowing spouse. Lenders and servicers are required to comply with reasonable-diligence timeframes for such HECMs. Debenture interest will not be curtailed during this period. The April policy allows mortgagees full discretion as to when to use the extension.


January 29, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Private Flood Insurance Can Be FHA’s Ally During Emergencies

The FHA flood insurance requirements could make it difficult or more risky for lenders to originate FHA loans in states with significant flood risk or where flood maps may not accurately reflect the current flood risks, the Mortgage Bankers Association warned. Testifying during a recent hearing on private flood insurance, Steven Bradshaw, executive vice president of Standard Mortgage and MBA representative, warned that FHA’s current requirement for lenders to secure flood insurance on properties only if it is located within a high flood-risk zone has had some unexpected adverse impact, particularly in the wake of hurricane-related catastrophes. Bradshaw noted that many homes that were destroyed by Hurricane Katrina were not located in special flood-hazard areas (SFHA) and therefore were not required to have flood insurance. “Sadly, these borrowers were often uninsured and the ...


January 29, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA, USDA Issue 2016 Guidelines For Post-Bankruptcy Lending

The Department of Veterans Affairs and the U.S. Department of Agriculture Rural Housing Service have issued 2016 guidelines for lending to borrowers who have gone through a bankruptcy, foreclosure or a short sale. Under VA guidelines, borrowers emerging from a previous Chapter 7 bankruptcy may apply for a VA loan two years after the bankruptcy discharge. Borrowers with a Chapter 13 bankruptcy may qualify for a new VA loan if they have made at least 12 months of payments and the lender concludes that they have reestablished satisfactory credit. Before the bankruptcy-tainted borrower applies for a VA loan, however, the trustee or the bankruptcy judge must approve the new loan. The lender may put in a good word on behalf of the borrower provided the latter has met all requirements for a new loan. Borrowers may apply for a VA loan two years after a foreclosure or a short sale. In the case of ...


January 29, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Issues Guide to Understanding Interim Qualified Mortgage Rule

The Department of Veterans Affairs has issued guidance to help VA lenders understand better the agency’s interim final rule on a borrower’s ability to repay and qualified mortgages. The guidance was published in a frequently asked questions (FAQs) format to clarify and explain both the VA’s ATR and QM standards. The VA interim final rule became effective on May 9, 2014, the date it was published in the Federal Register. The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 requires residential mortgage lenders to make a reasonable and good faith determination that the consumer has a reasonable ability to repay the loan according to its terms. The statute directed the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau to develop and implement an ATR/QM rule. Under the CFPB’s final rule, a qualified mortgage is a category of loans that have certain, more stable features that ...


January 29, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

GNMA Servicing Stable in 4Q15, Performance Improves Slightly

The FHA and VA mortgage servicing markets saw relatively little growth but steady performance trends during the fourth quarter of 2015, after a turbulent market early in the year. A new Inside FHA/VA Lending analysis of Ginnie Mae disclosure data shows delinquency rates edged slightly lower at the end of last year, although virtually all of the improvement was in the less-severe category of loans 30-60 days past due. The 60-to-90-day delinquency rate was unchanged for FHA loans but up slightly for VA loans. And both programs saw modest increases in loans more than 90 days past due. The data provide a mixed view of growth in the outstanding supply of FHA and VA servicing. According to Ginnie’s monthly summary, the outstanding balance of single-family mortgage-backed securities (excluding home-equity conversion mortgage pools) was $1.495 trillion at the end of ... [ 4 charts ]


January 29, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Securitization of Income-Property Mortgages Reached Post-Crash High in 2015 Thanks to Multifamily Boom

The surging multifamily housing market in the U.S. was a major factor in the huge increase in commercial MBS issuance last year, according to a new Inside MBS & ABS analysis. A total of $206.66 billion of income-property mortgages were securitized during 2015, a 22.6 percent increase from the previous year. It was the strongest annual output of commercial MBS since 2007, the year before the wheels fell off the non-agency CMBS market. New issuance rebounded...[Includes one data table]


January 28, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Private Mortgage Insurers’ Latest Rate Revisions Could Result in Lower Volumes, Higher FHA Share, Says Analyst

Mortgage Guaranty Insurance Corp. will readjust its current premium rates to meet its modest return-on-equity goal and achieve limited growth in its insurance-in-force in 2016, but whether this will precipitate similar moves across the private mortgage insurance industry remains to be seen. In announcing the company’s fourth quarter 2015 results, Patrick Sinks, chief executive officer of MGIC Investment Corp. and Mortgage Guaranty Insurance Corp., disclosed plans to revise premium rates to “generate comparable returns” across the spectrum of loans the company insures. MGIC expects...


January 28, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

With MI Stocks Suffering, AIG Unveils Plan for a Partial Spinoff of Market Leader United Guaranty

Bowing to pressure from investors – in particular, Carl Icahn – American International Group this week rolled out a blueprint to increase shareholder value, including a partial spin-off of its top-ranked mortgage insurance division, United Guaranty Corp. Although both AIG and UGC were not entertaining questions on the details, a spinoff of the MI business could come by mid-year with up to 19.9 percent of the unit being sold to the public. Eventually, AIG said...


January 28, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Mortgage Production Slowed in Late 2015, But Market Significantly Out-Performed Expectations

Industry-wide mortgage originations slowed significantly in the fourth quarter of 2015, although lenders reported a wide range of results compared to the previous quarter. An estimated $385.0 billion of first-lien home mortgages were originated in the final three months of 2015, according to a new Inside Mortgage Finance ranking and analysis. That was down 15.4 percent from the third quarter, but it brought annual production to an estimated $1.735 trillion for the year, a 33.5 percent increase from 2014. Annual origination volume in 2015 was...[Includes two data tables]


January 21, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Closing Times on Mortgaged Home Sales Lengthened In December, With Some Blame Placed on TRID

There’s mounting evidence that the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s disclosure rule is having an impact on home sales and purchase mortgages, according to the latest Campbell/Inside Mortgage Finance HousingPulse Tracking Survey. In December, closing times on mortgage-financed home purchases continued to stretch out and fewer sales closed on time. Tom Popik, research director of Campbell Surveys, said the CFPB’s Truth in Lending/Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act disclosure rule appears to have caused slight increases in closing times and the share of missed closings for the second month in a row. “Closing time metrics are still showing...


January 15, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

HECM-Backed NPL Deal’s Strong Points Help Overcome Downside

The first rated securitization backed by nonperforming Home Equity Conversion Mortgage loans contains strong, credit-positive features that outweigh the credit risk associated with nonperforming loans, according to a Moody’s Investors Service analysis. The effect of some of these positive features on the performance of Nationstar HECM Loan Trust 2015-2, however, depends on whether Nationstar Mortgage remains as servicer for the transaction, said the rating agency. Nationstar has a servicer rating of B2/Stable from Moody’s and is also the transaction’s sponsor. Nationstar issued NHLT 2015-2 in November 2015 and by the end of December, the first remittance report showed strong initial performance. Credit enhancement to the Aaa (sf)-rated notes increased by 1.69 percent in the first month of operations, Moody’s noted. “As long as Nationstar continues to be the ...


January 15, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Broker Seeks Bids on $3 Billion GNMA Bulk Residential MSRs

Interactive Mortgage Advisors is auctioning off $3.02 billion in Ginnie Mae residential mortgage-servicing rights for an undisclosed client. According to IMA, the seller is a “well-known, independent mortgage banker with very strong net worth and well-versed in servicing transfers.” The loans are being sub-serviced by LoanCare. The MSR package consists of 17,989 loans – FHA (15,288) and VA (2,610) – with an average loan size of $168,886. The yield on the underlying mortgages is 4.069 percent. The service fee is 0.2917 percent. An estimated 8.92 percent of all loans in the deal are delinquent. Approximately 3.07 percent of the loans are either in bankruptcy or in foreclosure. The top states in the transaction are Texas, which accounted for 11.4 percent of all loans; California, 9.6 percent; Florida, 8.1 percent; and New York, 5.8 percent. The deadline for ...


January 15, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Posts 2016 State Foreclosure Timeframes Following Review

The Department of Veterans Affairs has posted a chart on its web site showing the revised maximum allowable foreclosure timeframes for each state in 2016. State foreclosure timeframes are used in calculating the maximum interest payable on a foreclosure of a VA loan. They are subject to annual reviews and revised as needed. The chart reflects maximum allowable foreclosure periods that include the 210 calendar days for unpaid interest as well as foreclosure periods without the 210 days. Specifically, the chart shows timeframes the VA has determined to be “reasonable and customary” for all states, following an annual review of amounts allowed by other government-related home loan programs, such as FHA, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. The chart also lists the maximum amounts that will be paid on a claim processed in the ...


January 15, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Borrowers Emerging from Two-Year Bankruptcy May Obtain FHA Loan

Reading about prospective homebuyers’ experiences in trying to obtain a new FHA loan after emerging from a Chapter 7 (liquidation) bankruptcy reveals a great lack of understanding of FHA bankruptcy guidelines. Potential homebuyers apparently are concerned because they have been hearing different required waiting periods. The waiting periods in these stories vary from two to three years, and some were told to start counting from the sheriff sale date rather than from the bankruptcy discharge date. According to the FHA’s 2016 guidelines for bankruptcy, a Chapter 7 bankruptcy does not disqualify a borrower from seeking FHA financing after hardship if, at the time of case-number assignment, at least two years have elapsed since the date of the bankruptcy discharge. During the two-year period, the borrower must have re-established good credit by making ...


January 15, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Non-Borrower Spouse Issue Arises, VA Explains Use of Loan Guaranty

The Department of Veterans Affairs has issued a clarification for non-borrower spouses on VA title documents, which apparently has created some confusion when lenders try to foreclose on VA-backed properties. VA is aware that lenders occasionally make loans to veterans who wish to use their home loan benefit to purchase a home and include their spouse in ownership, but the spouse does not wish to be on the mortgage loan. Including the spouse on the deed but not on the mortgage note can create a problem if the VA loan goes into foreclosure because the non-borrowing spouse’s ownership in the property could defeat the foreclosure action, the VA explained. “Delaying or preventing a foreclosure increases foreclosure claim cost to the government and the veteran,” the agency said. According to the VA guidance, when a loan is originated that includes a ...


January 15, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Quicken Loans to Request Change Of Venue for DOJ’s FCA Lawsuit

Quicken Loan attempt to have a governmen false-claim lawsuit against the lender moved from Washington, DC, to a federal court in Detroit will not necessarily secure a win, according to a mortgage industry attorney. “I think it was more the device Quicken needed in order to become the plaintiff instead of the defendant,” said one attorney who preferred to remain anonymous because his firm handles other legal matters for Quicken Loans. He said it does not matter whether the case is tried in Washington or Detroit but what matters is its actual substance. At the same time, there is no reason why those defenses could not be raised in a DC court, the attorney added. Last month, a federal judge in Detroit dismissed Quicken’s preemptive lawsuit against the Department of Housing and Urban Development and the Justice Department for failure to state a claim. Ultimately, the court ...


January 15, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Ginnie Mae Issuance Hits New High In Securitized VA, FHA, RHS Loans

Issuers of Ginnie Mae mortgage-backed securities pushed a record $435.80 billion of government-insured loans through the program during 2015, according to a new Inside FHA/VA Lending analysis and ranking. Last year’s total Ginnie MBS issuance topped the previous record of $429.50 billion issued during 2009. The $435.80 billion total for 2015 includes securitization of FHA home-equity conversion mortgages and other single-family loans guaranteed by FHA, the VA, and the Department of Agriculture rural housing program from Ginnie pool-level MBS data that are not truncated. Production in 2015 hit its high-water mark in the third quarter with $128.23 billion in issuance, and then fell 18.0 percent in the final three months of the year. Purchase mortgages continued to account for most Ginnie business in 2015, 58.0 percent of the agency’s forward-mortgage securitizations. But a huge factor in the ... [ Charts ]


January 14, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Fannie/Freddie Business in Private MI Mortgages Fell in 4Q15, Hinting at Shift to Government-Insured

The volume of home loans with private mortgage insurance that were securitized by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac dropped 17.1 percent from the third to the fourth quarter of last year, according to a new Inside Mortgage Finance analysis and ranking. That’s not so bad, given that total mortgage-backed securities production by the two government-sponsored enterprises was down 19.9 percent during the last three months of 2015. The GSEs securitized ... [Includes two data charts]


January 7, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Bank Sales of MSRs Expected to Slow in 2016, Use of Subservicers Could Increase

A surge in sales of mortgage servicing rights by banks to nonbanks is likely over, according to industry analysts. As regulatory oversight remains a concern, the use of subservicing is expected to increase, with troubled loans handled by specialists. “The frequency of MSR transfers will remain low, even though buyer interest in MSR transfers may rise from 2015 levels,” according to analysts at Moody’s Investors Service. Analysts at Bank of America Merrill Lynch added...


January 7, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Quicken to Request Shifting FCA Case to Detroit After Dismissal of Its Lawsuit Against DOJ, HUD-OIG

Quicken Loans is considering its next move – possibly a change of litigation venue – following last week’s ruling by a Michigan federal district court dismissing the lender’s lawsuit against the Department of Housing and Urban Development and the Justice Department for failure to state a claim. The lawsuit, which challenged the DOJ’s use of the False Claim Act and HUD’s use of statistical sampling in post-endorsement loan reviews, was filed in April 2015, a week before the DOJ sued Quicken for allegedly filing false claims on FHA mortgages and other violations. Quicken’s lawsuit claimed...


January 7, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Industry Continues to Appeal to CFPB for TRID Clarifications as Evidence Mounts of Closing Delays

Mortgage industry representatives are meeting this week with Consumer Financial Protection Bureau Director Richard Cordray in another attempt to squeeze out additional clarification to help lenders comply with the bureau’s integrated disclosure rule, which took effect Oct. 3, 2015. The ambiguity and confusion engendered by the rule continues to contribute to mortgage closing delays throughout the country, according to many top industry officials. Executives of the Independent Community Bankers of America were scheduled...


January 1, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Around the Industry

VA Servicer Reminders. The new maximum allowable foreclosure timeframes published in the Federal Register on Dec. 4, 2015, will be effective for all loan terminations completed on or after Jan. 3, 2016. In addition, the new Net Value percentage (15.95 percent) took effect on Dec. 23, 2015. All Notices of Value issued on or after Dec. 23, must be calculated using the new percentage. Meanwhile, pre-approval requests to deviate from a regulation must be submitted through VALERI (VA Loan Electronic Reporting Interface), the agency’s loan administration system. VA does not grant pre-approval on claim expenses or for additional time to foreclose. These items must be appealed ...


January 1, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Joint Enforcement Actions Result In Huge Recoveries for FHA in 2015

Joint civil fraud initiatives have resulted in $558.5 million in recoveries and receivables to the Department of Housing and Urban Development in FY 2015, according to the HUD inspector general’s semiannual report to Congress. The amount includes civil settlements of $212.5 million from First Tennessee Bank, $29.6 million from Reverse Mortgage Solutions, and $1.8 million from three other settlements. The settlements resolved enforcement actions brought by the Department of Justice on behalf of HUD in pursuit of civil remedies under a variety of statutes, including the False Claims Act, Program Fraud Civil Remedies Act, and the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act. Recoveries and receivables for other entities during the reporting period – April 1 to Sept. 30, 2015 – totaled $86.9 million and $268.2 million for the entire fiscal year. Some of the payments were made to the ...


January 1, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Lenders’ Mitigation Efforts Reduce Share of ‘Unacceptable’ Mortgages

The share of “unacceptable” ratings for defective FHA loans following a post-endorsement technical review has dropped from double- to single-digits in FY 2015 due to lenders’ mitigation efforts, according to the FHA’s latest loan-review results. FHA’s initial unacceptable rate has remained at 45 to 47 percent over the last four quarters, but lender submission of mitigating documentation has reduced that rate to 5 percent as of Oct. 31, 2015, the FHA report said. This means an overall mitigation rate of nearly 90 percent of the FHA-insured loan sample. The number of initially unacceptable findings and those findings subsequently mitigated are based on 6,415 FHA-insured mortgages that underwent post-endorsement technical reviews between April 1 and June 30, 2015. Of the total loans reviewed, 68.6 percent were purchase loans, 17.9 percent streamline refinance and ...


January 1, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

HUD to Propose Policy Changes, Finalize Rules in First Half of 2016

The FHA has several measures in the regulatory pipeline primed for proposal and final action in the first half of 2016, according to the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s semiannual regulatory agenda. The regulatory agenda, however, comes with a caveat: action dates and rulemaking timelines are tentative, depending on the urgency of the rule. HUD plans to propose a rule in February that would codify program changes over the past two years in the Home Equity Conversion Mortgage regulations. The updated HECM policies and requirements address financial assessments, property charges, lien seasoning, non-borrowing spouse certifications and deferral periods. Also included in the codification proposal are revised rules pertaining to partially funded life expectancy set-aside and servicing fee set-aside. In addition, the proposed rule would make several other changes to HECM origination and servicing to ...


January 1, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA to Propose Rule Changes on Fees, LDPs, Appraisers, Income

The Department of Veterans Affairs is planning to propose changes to rules under its Home Loan Guaranty program related to loan fees, appraisers, limited denial of participation and residual income. Three of the proposed rules are slated for publication in the first quarter of 2016, according to the VA’s semiannual regulatory agenda. Agenda items, however, usually do not follow their publication dates and most rulemakings take a while before they are finalized. One proposed rule would establish reasonable fees that VA lenders may charge in connection with the origination and servicing of VA loans. All proposed fees would be in line with those charged by private mortgage lenders, assuring the sustainability of the VA loan program, the agency noted. In addition, the VA plans to propose rule changes regarding limited denials of participation (LDPs). LDPs are VA-specific sanctions that the Loan Guaranty Service may ...


Poll

A lot has been written lately regarding loan closing delays tied to the new TRID rule. What’s been the average delay at your lending shop, if at all? (Report in business days, not calendar.)

TRID has caused no delays whatsoever because we were prepared.

30%

1 to 4 days.

27%

5 to 10 days.

13%

11 to 15 days. It’s been a nightmare.

11%

We’re too embarrassed to tell you.

20%

Housing Pulse