FHA Programs

Browse articles from all of our Newsletters related to FHA Programs.

August 28, 2015 - Inside The GSEs

FHFA Changes Low-Income Housing Goals for 2015 to 2017

The Federal Housing Finance Agency’s announcement last week that it will increase both the single-family low-income and multifamily low-income purchase goals was met with mixed reaction. In its final housing goals for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac for 2015 through 2017, the single-family low-income goal was raised just one percentage point to 24 percent. But some housing industry groups weren’t necessarily happy with the single-family goal. “At 24 percent, the affordable housing goals fall short of what can and should be expected of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac,” said Center for Responsible Lending President Mike Calhoun. “These companies have the capacity to reach a greater percentage of lower-wealth, creditworthy households, allowing borrowers to build wealth through homeownership.”


August 21, 2015 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Around the Industry

FHA Begins Registration of Lenders to Prepare their Transition to the EAD Portal. Lender registration for the transition phase of the new Electronic Appraisal Delivery portal began on Aug. 18. Lenders may select any of the seven onboarding phases, which FHA has established to ensure that lenders have more time to work within the EAD portal to ensure that their systems, data flow and operational process meet portal requirements before the June 27, 2016, mandatory-use date. Although lenders may enter at any phase they choose, the FHA strongly encourages lenders to register for the earliest onboarding phase, and to do it as soon as possible. That would give them more time to get ready for the full transition, the agency said. The first phase begins on Oct. 15, 2015, with additional phases beginning each month and running through the first half of 2016. Information on the onboarding phases as well as ...


August 21, 2015 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

HUD Publishes Latest Updates to FHA Single Family Policy Handbook

The FHA will not issue a new case number for any FHA-to-FHA refinance if the current mortgage has a repair or rehabilitation escrow account in FHA Connection. The change, which is one of several updates to FHA Single Family Policy Handbook 4000.1, applies only to FHA streamline refis. It aims to ensure that escrow funds of the mortgage being refinanced are properly applied as well as conform to system requirements. The updated sections become effective on Sept. 14, 2015. Another change clarifies that the payoff statement for the mortgage being refinanced is the only document required when calculating the maximum mortgage amount for simple refi transactions. In addition, guidance for loan-to-value limits for cash-out refis has been updated to clarify that the 85 percent LTV restriction applies only to cash-out refis. HUD also noted that appraisers have flexibility in regards to when inspections should ...


August 21, 2015 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

MRB Penalizes TX Shops for MH Fraud; MF Lender to Face Board

Two FHA lenders in Texas have agreed to pay a total of $469,419 in civil money penalties to resolve government allegations they charged bogus fees to borrowers to inflate the purchase amount of newly built manufactured housing. Among 11 alleged violations of FHA rules, the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s Mortgagee Review Board accused American Home Free Mortgage of Prosper, TX, of artificially increasing mortgage costs by an average of $12,000 per loan through improper fees. The fees were paid allegedly to a company owned and operated by AHFM’s sales manager. In addition, HUD alleged there were multiple violations of quality and annual certification requirements. As part of the settlement agreement, without admitting to any fault or liability, AHFM agreed to pay a $169,419 fine and to the permanent withdrawal of its FHA approval. In June 2014, the MRB also heard a ...


August 21, 2015 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

HUD, IG Office at Odds Over Results Of Audit of 203(k) Rehab Program

Poor oversight of lenders participating in the Section 203(k) Rehabilitation Loan Mortgage Insurance Program has increased the risk to FHA’s Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund by more than $1.2 million for 40 active loans, according to the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s Office of the Inspector General. HUD’s Office of Housing questioned the findings of its independent auditors, saying that 203(k) lenders are monitored closely despite the limited staff and resources. The IG recommended to HUD that lenders be required to support or indemnify the department for any future losses on the 40 loans and to reimburse actual losses on two 203(k) loans totaling $83,332. An audit of HUD’s oversight of the program uncovered alleged weaknesses in the monitoring of lenders for compliance with the 203(k) program. In addition, HUD did not always ensure that loan-to-value ratios were ...


August 21, 2015 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA Serious Delinquencies Down in 2Q, Up for 30-Day, 60-Day Defaults

The FHA’s overall delinquency rate declined in the second quarter of 2015, although late payments increased in the 30-day and 60-day categories on a seasonally adjusted basis, according to the Mortgage Bankers Association’s latest national delinquency and foreclosure survey. The FHA, on the other hand, reported some variances in its delinquency data. The 90-day plus delinquency rate in June was down 30 basis points from March’s 6.42 percent on an unadjusted basis. Considering seasonal factors, the decline was just 2 bps. Results of the MBA survey showed FHA’s overall delinquency rate at 9.00 percent in the second quarter, down from 9.10 percent in the previous quarter, as the serious delinquencies (90 days or more) fell over the same period. On the other hand, the 30-day and 60-day delinquency rates for FHA loans were up by a combined 10 bps from the ...


August 21, 2015 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Adopts Final Rule Aligning ARM Disclosure/Notice Rule with TILA’s

The Department of Veterans Affairs has adopted a final rule aligning the Home Loan Guaranty Program’s disclosure and interest-rate adjustment requirements with the servicing provisions in the Truth in Lending Act, as recently revised by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. The rulemaking will ensure VA remains consistent with other consumer finance and housing regulations governing adjustable-rate mortgages, the agency said. The rule is effective Sept. 11, 2015. The VA adopted without the change the rule as proposed on March 30, 2015. In this rule, VA adopted TILA’s minimum 45-day look-back period to clarify that lenders making VA ARMs must meet the statute’s minimum notification requirements. Specifically, disclosures and notifications must be provided to borrowers before an interest-rate adjustment. Lenders are required to adjust ARM rates based on the most recent ...


August 13, 2015 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Private MIs Post Big Jump in New Insurance Written But Still Lose Some Market Share to FHA in 2Q15

The private mortgage insurance industry had its best quarter since the housing market crash during the second quarter of 2015, according to a new Inside Mortgage Finance ranking and analysis. Private MIs provided insurance on $60.51 billion of new single-family mortgages during the second quarter, a strong 33.7 percent increase over the first three months of the year. It was the biggest three-month output for the industry since the first quarter of 2008. The sharp increase in purchase-mortgage lending during the second quarter helped float...[Includes three data tables]


August 7, 2015 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Ginnie Tightens Servicing Transfer Policy as Reporting Issues Arise

A growing number of issuers are engaging in servicing transfers prematurely or making changes to their servicing platforms, causing problems for Ginnie Mae’s monthly pool-level and loan-level reporting. A Ginnie Mae issuer “transfers servicing” when it shifts in-house servicing to a subservicer, moves servicing from one subservicer to another, or relocates servicing in-house. Effective servicing as well as accurate and timely reporting are critical to Ginnie’s mortgage-backed securities program, the company said in recently issued guidance on servicing transfers. The new policy guidance would ensure that issuers have the capacity and oversight controls at all times to meet their obligations under the Ginnie Mae MBS program. Currently, issuers are required to obtain Ginnie’s approval before engaging in any servicing transfer with a subservicer or from one subservicer to another. Effective immediately, any issuer that wishes to ...


August 7, 2015 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

DOJ, NY Bank Seek to End Probe of FHA Loan Sale to Fannie, Freddie

M&T Bank is in talks with the federal government to resolve an investigation of a pre-crisis sale of FHA-insured and conforming mortgages to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac that resulted in losses for the government-sponsored enterprises. The New York-based bank disclosed the settlement discussion in a second-quarter filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission and is cooperating with the investigation. The Department of Justice and the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s Inspector General are investigating whether M&T Bank complied with FHA’s underwriting guidelines as well as with guidelines for selling loans to Fannie and Freddie. It is unclear how much the FHA paid out in loss claims in this case but investigators said that, based upon their review of a sample of FHA loans for which a claim was paid, “some of the loans do not meet underwriting guidelines.” M&T Bank could be ...


August 7, 2015 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Securitization in Ginnie MBS Increases in 2Q but Not Like FHA

Sellers saw a modest increase in VA loans delivered to Ginnie Mae in the second quarter of 2015, most of which were streamline refinance loans, but FHA definitely took the cake, according to an Inside FHA/VA Lending analysis of agency data. Approximately $39.1 billion in VA purchase and refi loans were placed in Ginnie Mae pools in the second quarter, up 11.8 percent from the prior quarter. Of that amount, $20.9 billion were VA refinances, up 2.1 percent from the first quarter. Some 52 percent of the VA refis were originated in-house while correspondents accounted for 30.7 percent. Brokers brought in 17.3 percent of the securitized VA refi loans. VA purchase loans underlie an estimated $18.2 billion in Ginnie mortgage-backed securities in the second quarter, 48.4 percent of them retail. That number was up 25.5 percent from the previous quarter. VA loan correspondents were busy as well, accounting for ... [ 2 charts ]


August 6, 2015 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Fannie and Freddie Report Sharp Increases in Earnings From Huge Swings in Hedge Performance, G-Fees Ease

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac both reported significant increases in net income during the second quarter based largely on hefty gains on their hedging activities. The two government-sponsored enterprises earned a combined $8.81 billion during the second quarter, up from just $2.41 billion for the first three months of 2015. As a result, the Treasury Department will sweep a combined $8.26 billion from Fannie and Freddie into its coffers. Rising interest rates played...


August 6, 2015 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Jumbo, Government Programs Excel in Second Quarter’s Booming Purchase-Mortgage Market

The fastest-growing sectors of the mortgage market during the second quarter of 2015 were jumbo loans and government-insured production, according to a new Inside Mortgage Finance ranking and analysis. The conventional-conforming segment remains the biggest piece of the mortgage market, accounting for 52.8 percent of originations during the second quarter. Back in early 2013, when refinance activity accounted for three of every four new home loans, the conventional-conforming share was 68.1 percent. Lenders generated...[Includes two data charts]


July 31, 2015 - Inside The GSEs

GSE 'Jumbo' Share Rising in 2015 With Heavy Refi Volume

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are getting more business in the so-called conforming-jumbo market this year, according to a new Inside The GSEs analysis of mortgage-backed securities data. Through the first six months of 2015, the two GSEs securitized $39.44 billion of home loans that exceed $417,000, the maximum loan amount in areas that are not designated high-cost markets. That figure, including only mortgages for one-unit properties, was up 112.5 percent from the first half of 2014, about double the 55.8 percent growth rate in total Fannie/Freddie business over that period. Conforming-jumbo loans accounted for 9.6 percent of total GSE business on single-unit properties in the first half of this year, compared to 7.1 percent for the first six months of 2014.


July 31, 2015 - Inside MBS & ABS

CLO Market Gets Some Relief on Risk-Retention as SEC Will Allow Older Deals to Refi Without Retention

The Securities and Exchange Commission recently loosened risk-retention requirements somewhat for collateralized loan obligations, giving in to requests from industry participants. Risk-retention requirements for non-residential securitized products, including CLOs, take effect Dec, 24, 2016. Federal regulators issued a final rule for risk-retention requirements in October 2014 and CLO industry participants have been working since then to try and get regulators to address issues created by the final rule. In mid-July, Crescent Capital Group wrote...


July 31, 2015 - Inside MBS & ABS

When it Comes to Issuing New MBS, Bank of America Continues Its ‘Drop Dead’ Attitude Toward Fannie Mae

Over the past few weeks, an unconfirmed rumor was making the rounds that Bank of America would once again begin securitizing newly originated mortgages through Fannie Mae. But a quick check with both parties indicates that the “cold war” between the two isn’t likely to thaw anytime soon. Terry Francisco, a spokesman for BofA said the bank is only selling Home Affordable Refinance Program loans to Fannie. The bank, he noted, discontinued securitizing newly originated non-HARP loans through the government-sponsored enterprise in 2012. According to figures compiled by Inside MBS & ABS, over the past three years almost all of the non-refinance activity between the two has centered...


July 31, 2015 - Inside MBS & ABS

ARM, HARP MBS Issuance Tumbles in 2015, But Agency Jumbo and 20-Year Product Up Sharply

Heavy refinance activity in the first half of 2015 caused a significant shift in the kinds of single-family MBS produced by Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and Ginnie Mae. Issuance of MBS backed by adjustable-rate mortgages has dropped sharply in 2015, and ARMs haven’t had much of a presence for years. ARM MBS production by Fannie and Freddie in the first half of 2015 was down 20.1 percent from a year ago. The drop in Ginnie ARM securitization was less severe, 18.3 percent, but ARMs accounted for an even smaller share of overall production (1.7 percent) at Ginnie than the 2.9 percent share they had in government-sponsored enterprise MBS. Oddly, the heavy refinance market in the first half of 2015 did not appear...[Includes two data tables]


July 24, 2015 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

MPF Drops Certain Requirements For Government Streamline Refis

The Federal Home Loan Bank’s Mortgage Partnership Finance (MPF) Program has removed certain barriers to streamline refinancing of government-backed mortgages. Effective on July 6, 2015, the MPF no longer requires minimum FICO score, maximum loan-to-value ratios or appraisals for FHA streamlined refis, VA Interest Rate Reduction Refinance loans and rural housing home loans with a U.S. Department of Agriculture guarantee. The MPF program’s participating financial institutions (PFIs) may now originate and underwrite streamline refis based solely on the requirements of the FHA, VA or the USDA’s Rural Housing Service. The program currently requires borrower and co-borrower income for government loan streamline refis for the purpose of loan presentment. “Presentment” refers to the right to require a lender to demand payment of amounts ...


July 24, 2015 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Lenders Must Register Before They Can Use EAD Portal, Says HUD

Mortgagee registration for transitioning to the FHA’s Electronic Appraisal Delivery (EAD) portal will begin next month. The EAD portal is a web-based system that will enable mortgagees or their designated service providers to transmit appraisal data and reports to FHA prior to endorsement. By using this portal, mortgagees will find it easier to do business with the FHA and reduce post-endorsement corrections of appraisal data. Use of the EAD portal is free. In order to migrate to the portal before its use becomes mandatory on June 27, 2016, mortgagees must register for one of the available migration phases that the FHA will establish. These phases include the following: Start every 30 days, and be approximately 60 days in duration; Allow mortgagees to migrate to the portal any time at their own pace; Require a timeline for mortgagees that will be submitting appraisal directly to ...


July 24, 2015 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHLB Chicago’s MPF Program Announces First Ginnie Mae MB

The Federal Home Loan Bank Mortgage Partnership Finance program has announced its first security issuance with a Ginnie Mae guarantee. The $5 million security is backed by home loans originated by community banks and credit unions through the MPF Government MBS product. The Mortgage Bankers Association welcomed the new MBS, seeing it as another opportunity for all lenders to access the capital markets directly, reducing costs and increasing originations. “Many community banks use the FHLB MPF program to sell conventional mortgages into the secondary market,” observed Ron Haynie, senior vice president at the Independent Community Bankers of America. “This expansion in aggregating and securitizing government loans provides community banks with the opportunity to reach more borrowers, especially in rural and small-town markets, and to safely sell those loans to ...


July 24, 2015 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

DOJ’s False Claim Lawsuit Against Wells Fargo Now in Discovery Phase

A multi-million dollar false claim lawsuit filed by the Department of Justice against Wells Fargo in 2012 appears headed to trial unless both sides agree to renegotiate a settlement. Brought under the federal False Claims Act, the lawsuit has moved on to the discovery phase of the litigation following a failed attempt by the parties to reach a settlement. The DOJ has wielded the FCA effectively in the past couple of years in efforts to recover losses from lenders that allegedly committed loan fraud against the FHA. A string of FCA lawsuits against FHA lenders has resulted in approximately $4.5 billion in recoveries for the government. The 2012 lawsuit alleged that Wells Fargo misled the FHA as to the quality of underwriting on 6,320 FHA-insured loans, which later caused approximately $190 million in losses to the agency’s mortgage insurance fund. Wells Fargo has denied the allegations and maintains that, as a ...


July 24, 2015 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Proposed FHA Certification Form Triggers Democrat, Industry Ire

The Department of Housing and Urban Development’s proposal to remove a key disclosure in a standard HUD/VA form that comes with a residential mortgage closing document is getting flak from the mortgage industry and from some members of Congress. Leading Democrats on the Senate Banking and House Financial Services committees are pushing HUD to reconsider the proposal. They fear the proposed change would make it easier for lenders that have engaged in criminal behavior to re-enter the FHA and VA markets and continue their illegal lending practices. Among other things, HUD’s proposal would eliminate the requirement that FHA lenders certify on each loan application that they are not, or have not recently been, subject to certain charges or penalties. In their letter, Senators Sherrod Brown, D-OH, and Elizabeth Warren, D-MA, and Rep. Maxine Waters, D-CA, urged HUD to ...


July 24, 2015 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

IG’s Audit of a DAP Lender Causes Friction with HUD, Other Lenders

Department of Housing and Urban Development program staff and the agency’s inspector general are reportedly at loggerheads over an IG recommendation to deny FHA insurance to loans that receive downpayment assistance from programs funded through premium-pricing mechanisms. Responding to critics, the HUD OIG is standing by its audit findings, which could force the HUD deputy secretary to intervene in order to resolve the issues raised by the audit report and restore lender confidence. The report’s recommendation has alarmed lenders that participate in downpayment assistance “gift” programs run by housing finance agencies (HFAs). This prompted Ed Golding, HUD’s principal deputy assistant secretary for housing and head of the FHA, to issue a clarification of the FHA’s position on the issue. Golding’s note reaffirmed FHA’s support for certain downpayment assistance programs (DAPs), “like those run by ...


July 24, 2015 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Utah Lender Plans to Expand VA, FHA Segments Nationwide by 2016

FHA/VA lender Castle & Cooke Mortgage is embarking on a major expansion that could boost their standing in the government-backed market if things work out as planned. The Salt Lake City-based retail lender is in the midst of an aggressive expansion plan to be in 48 states by the end of 2016, according to Adam Thorpe, who was named president and chief operating officer in late 2014. C&C’s government-backed lending activities are mostly in the West with licenses to operate in 18 states. Recently the company, which entered the mortgage market in 2005, opened a new branch office in Anaheim, CA, bringing to 36 the number of C&C branch offices across the country. Orange County and the Southern California housing market are among the priciest in the nation, and the high demand and lower inventory in those areas can be good for government and ...


July 24, 2015 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Plans to Improve Quality Control Process, Appraisals a Huge Issue

The Department of Veterans Affairs’ Home Loan Guaranty program is planning to expand its quality-control process to help VA lenders improve the origination process. The goal is to make the VA program, which has seen a sharp spike in lending, work better for servicemembers and veterans, according to Michael Frueh, director of the VA home-loan guaranty program, during a recent panel discussion of government-backed mortgage insurance programs hosted by the Urban Institute. There are still obstacles to overcome, however, Frueh said. Delayed appraisals are a top complaint among VA lenders, who have to contend with the long wait to get VA appraisals back from appraisal management companies or appraisers. Lenders say that, in some of the hot real estate areas in the country, they have seen a number of contracts extended because appraisals were ...


July 23, 2015 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Purchase-Mortgage Market Stronger than Expected Heading Into Summer, Plenty of Demand from Owner-Occupants

Originations of purchase mortgages were strong in the second quarter of 2015 and through the start of summer, according to industry participants. In recent months, demand for home purchases has been driven by current homeowners and first-time homebuyers, two groups that are particularly reliant on mortgage financing. “The purchase market has been stronger than people expected in the second quarter,” said Paul Miller, a managing director at FBR Capital Markets. Kevin Hester, chief lending officer at Home BancShares, said...


July 23, 2015 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Mortgage Production Volume Continued Gaining Strength in 2Q15; Heady Rally in FHA Lending

The mortgage market cranked up new originations significantly during the second quarter of 2015, lifting production to its highest level in nearly two years, according to a new analysis and ranking by Inside Mortgage Finance. Lenders produced an estimated $445 billion of first-lien single-family mortgages during the second quarter, an increase of 23.6 percent over the first three months of 2015. It marked the strongest origination volume since the second quarter of 2013, when the industry was in the middle of a refinance boom that generated over $2 trillion in new production over a 12-month period. The party this time around doesn’t look...[Includes two data tables]


Poll

During the first half of 2015 all residential lenders originated a better-than-expected $805 billion of home mortgages, according to Inside Mortgage Finance. What do you expect in the second half?

Just as good. We like what we’re seeing.
Better. Applications are strong.
Worse. We’re worried about rates, seasonality.
A lot worse. The fourth quarter could be a killer.

vote to see results
Housing Pulse