Delinquency

Browse articles from all of our Newsletters related to Delinquency.

September 23, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

HUD Poised to Collect Huge FCA Settlement Funds from Lenders

The Department of Housing and Urban Development is set to receive more than $140 million in settlements with three individual lenders in connection with defective loans they originated with FHA insurance. Freedom Mortgage Corp., M&T Bank, and Land Home Financial Services all reached separate agreements this year with the Department of Justice on behalf of the HUD Inspector General to resolve the allegations. On April 15, Freedom agreed to pay $113 million, in response to charges that “it engaged in certain conduct in connection with its origination, underwriting, property appraisal and quality of certain single-family mortgages insured by FHA.” The disputed forward loans were insured by FHA between Jan. 1, 2006, and Dec. 31, 2011, which resulted in claims submitted to HUD on or before June 15, 2015. HUD incurred substantial losses when it paid claims on the ...


September 22, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Some RMBS Originators are Replacing QC Reviews With Feedback from Whole Loan Investors: Moody’s

Some residential mortgage-backed securities loan originators are moving away from performing internal post-acquisition quality control loan reviews in lieu of obtaining feedback from their whole loan investors, according to a new report from Moody’s Investors Service. “Some aggregators are relying more on their investors for quality control feedback,” said Moody’s. The ratings service identified in particular Redwood Residential Acquisition Corp. and JPMorgan Mortgage Acquisition Corp., which it said “are relying more on feedback from whole loan investors to monitor the quality of due diligence firm loan reviews, as opposed to conducting their own internal reviews, since a large portion of their acquisitions are sold in whole-loan trades.” Moody’s noted...


September 15, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Home-Equity Lending Up Sharply in 2Q16 to Post-Crisis Record, But Portfolios Still Shrinking

Mortgage originators reported a sharp increase in home-equity lending during the second quarter of 2016, although it wasn’t as robust a gain as the 34.2 percent surge in first-lien originations. Lenders generated an estimated $53.5 billion in home-equity business during the second quarter, an increase of 18.9 percent from the first three months of the year. It was the strongest quarterly production number for the HEL market since the financial crisis. Halfway through 2016, home-equity lending was up 15.9 percent from last year and tracking toward $200 billion in annual production. Although home-equity lending has strengthened over the past few years as house prices have recovered to pre-crisis levels, the outstanding supply of home-equity debt continues...[Includes three data tables]


September 9, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Around the Industry

Tennessee Lender Agrees to $70 million Settlement to Resolve Alleged FHA Violations. Franklin American Mortgage of Franklin, TN, has agreed to pay the federal government $70 million to resolve allegations of failing to comply with FHA requirements. Specifically, the direct endorsement lender allegedly engaged in improper underwriting of FHA loans between Jan. 1, 2006, and Dec. 31, 2012, which later resulted in submission of claims and substantial losses to the FHA insurance fund. Franklin entered into a settlement agreement with the Department of Justice and the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s Inspector General. As part of the settlement, Franklin acknowledged “it engaged in certain conduct in connection with its origination, underwriting, and quality control of certain single-family residential mortgage loans insured by FHA.” The settlement was neither an admission of ...


September 9, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

CA Lender Exposed MMIF to Higher Risk, Ordered to Indemnify HUD

A California FHA lender could face monetary penalties totaling $242,828 for deficient mortgage underwriting and exposing the FHA insurance fund to increased risk of loss and fraud. A Department of Housing and Urban Development inspector general’s audit of Sun West Mortgage Co. of Cerritos, CA, also alleged unauthorized use of foreign staff in another country to “pre-underwrite” FHA loans. The audit was triggered by a complaint the IG Office received in November last year alleging that Sun West, an approved FHA lender since 1980, was not underwriting FHA loans properly. In addition, the complaint alleged that Sun West was having the loans pre-underwritten by a company in another country, in violation of HUD rules. Neither the company nor the country was identified in the audit report. The complaint further alleged that employees at Sun West shared user identification numbers for ...


September 9, 2016 - Inside Nonconforming Markets

Ocwen Fails More Metrics Under Settlement

Ocwen Financial failed two metrics under the national mortgage settlement involving force-placed insurance, according to a report this week by the settlement’s monitor. The failures related to activity in the fourth quarter of 2015. The servicer had a 24.2 percent error rate on the timeliness of force-placed insurance notices, well above the 5.0 percent error rate allowed under the settlement. Ocwen said most of the errors were attributable to the implementation of a new ...


September 9, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

First Post-Crisis NPL MBS to Receive a Rating Pays Off, Investors in Senior Tranche Protected from Losses

The first rated post-crisis non-agency MBS backed by a significant share of nonperforming mortgages paid off recently, offering insights into how the deal performed and how investors fared. The $372.80 million Mortgage Fund IVc Trust 2015-RN1 was issued by Bayview Asset Management in October 2015. It received “A” ratings from Fitch Ratings and Morningstar. Fitch said it capped its rating “due to the idiosyncratic and adverse-selection risks associated with NPL collateral.” At issuance, 34.9 percent of the loans were nonperforming and 78.0 percent had been modified. The rating services said...


September 8, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Lenders Urged to Loosen Underwriting as Performance Of Post-Crisis Originations Remains Exceptional

The near-zero default rate seen on mortgages originated in recent years combined with lenders’ extensive underwriting processes provide “clear evidence” that lenders should loosen underwriting standards, according to Laurie Goodman, director of the Urban Institute’s Housing Finance Policy Center. Wells Fargo originated more than 2.10 million conventional conforming mortgages between 2011 and the end of the first quarter of 2016. Only 4,082 of them became 60+ days past due in the first 24 months after origination, according to Moody’s Investors Service. Goodman said...


August 26, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Homeowners Allege Discrimination In Distressed-Loan Sales Program

African-American homeowners in New York City are seeking certification of a class action alleging that the government’s distressed-loan sale program discriminates against black homeowners. The suit alleges that black FHA homeowners in default are disproportionately affected by the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s note sale program and the subsequent “predatory” mortgage servicing. HUD Secretary Julian Castro, FHA Commissioner Ed Golding, Caliber Home Loans and U.S. Bank Trust were named defendants in the lawsuit filed in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York. The defendants’ business practices allegedly violated the plaintiffs’ due-process rights as well as the Fair Housing Act. Under the note sale program, delinquent FHA mortgages are pooled and auctioned off to the highest bidder. According to the plaintiffs, the bidders are usually private-equity firms or ...


August 26, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Agency Updates Single-Family Property Disposition Regulations

The Department of Housing and Urban Development has issued a final rule aimed at improving its single-family property disposition program and minimizing losses to the FHA Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund. The rule consolidates and reorganizes agency regulations pertaining to asset disposition to better reflect industry standards and enable HUD to get the greatest value for its real estate-owned properties. The goal of the asset disposition program is to shrink HUD’s REO inventory and at the same time reduce MMIF losses. The final rule mostly mirrors the proposed rule HUD published for comment in October last year. The department said it has made no substantive changes to the proposed draft. The codified changes include limiting the provision of settlement-cost assistance to owner-occupants. The final rule eliminates HUD’s obligation to pay the broker’s sales commission and clarifies that settlement-cost assistance is only available to owner-occupant purchasers and not investor purchasers. In addition, the ...


August 26, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Wait Time for Evaluating, Deploying Home-Retention Options Reduced

The FHA has announced new streamlined procedures to help delinquent homeowners avoid foreclosure and stay in their homes. The agency is revising loss-mitigation procedures servicers use when evaluating and choosing the best home-retention options for delinquent borrowers by reducing waiting time for results. The new streamlined procedures are designed to enhance servicers’ ability to evaluate foreclosure-avoidance alternatives, especially for the FHA-Home Affordable Modification Program (FHA-HAMP). Specifically, FHA will require servicers to convert successful three-month trial modifications into permanent modifications within 60 days instead of the average four to six months. Borrowers who have three missed mortgage payments would be able to opt for a partial claim to bring their arrearages current versus the previous four-month minimum. In addition, the FHA will eliminate the ...


August 26, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

HUD-IG Hammers Title II Lender for Poor Implementation of FHA HAMP

An FHA Title II lender in Atlanta is in trouble with the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s inspector general for not implementing FHA’s Home Affordable Modification Program (HAMP) in accordance with HUD’s requirements. As a result, HUD paid more than $1.1 million for 138 loans that were not eligible for modification under the FHA-HAMP. The lender, Georgia Housing and Finance Authority, could be facing $1.42 million in indemnifications and reimbursements because of its actions. The state housing finance agency provides low- and moderate-income people safe and affordable rental housing, and acquires and maintains housing for homeownership. Proceeds from the sale of mortgage revenue bonds, as well as federal and state allocations, fund its housing programs. GHFA also uses bond proceeds to purchase mortgages, which are serviced by mortgage affiliate. The cash flow from the ..


August 26, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Lenders Need to Seek Legal Advice Before Using FHA’s DPA Programs

The Mortgage Bankers Association strongly urged the Department of Housing and Urban Development and the FHA to issue authoritative guidelines for lenders participating in state and local housing finance programs that rely on premium pricing to fund downpayment assistance. In a recent letter to members, the MBA recommended that FHA lenders “tread carefully” and seek legal advice until HUD provides more definitive guidance on downpayment assistance and premium pricing. Lenders should consider carefully whether and when to participate in DPA programs from housing finance agencies that rely on premium-pricing mechanisms, the letter said. The MBA said it would continue to press HUD for clarification on this contentious issue. The FHA and HUD’s inspector general are currently at odds over permissible sources of single-family downpayment assistance offered through housing finance agencies. Although the ...


August 25, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

FCC Declines to Exclude Servicer Calls to Delinquent Borrowers from TCPA’s ‘Prior Consent’ Requirement

The Federal Communications Commission has refused an industry request to exempt mortgage servicing calls from prohibitions against the use of “robocalls,” or automated dialing and calling systems, to contact delinquent borrowers on their cell phones. In a long-awaited final rule limiting the way servicers can collect on student loans, mortgages and other debts owed to the federal government, the FCC said it would not make a decision on whether the statutory exemption from the Telephone Consumer Protection Act’s “prior express consent” requirements applies to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac loans or their servicers. The TCPA and FCC regulations require...


August 22, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

FCC Limits ‘Robocalls’ on Mortgage Loans, Student Loan, Other Debt

The Federal Communications Commission recently promulgated final rules that restrict how companies can attempt to collect on delinquent agency mortgages, federal student loans and other debts owed to the federal government, including through the use of so-called robocalls. The new rules limit the number of robocalls to wireless numbers, including text messages, to three per month. The new rules also only allow robocalls concerning debts that are delinquent or at imminent risk of default, unless there is prior express consent otherwise. The new rules require that, absent consent, callers only call the individual who owes the debt, not his or her family or friends. This includes limiting the number of robocalls allowed to reassigned numbers. The new rules reiterate that ...


August 18, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Delinquencies Continued Gradual Decline in Second Quarter, Helped by Economy and Home Prices

Mortgage delinquencies declined in the second quarter of 2016 compared with the previous quarter, according to the Mortgage Bankers Association. Industry analysts suggest that ongoing improvements to mortgage performance are driven by economic trends along with home price appreciation. According to the MBA, the serious delinquency rate, not adjusted for seasonal factors, declined on a quarterly basis for prime loans, subprime loans, FHA loans ... [Includes one data chart]


August 12, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Dire Predictions of Soaring CMBS Delinquencies Prove False, So Far. But That Doesn’t Mean it Won’t be a Bumpy Ride

Although delinquencies on commercial MBS rose for a fifth straight month during July, predictions of a bust have not developed and many analysts are starting to feel more comfortable with the sector, especially in regard to multifamily credits. According to figures compiled by Trepp, the overall delinquency rate on U.S. CMBS increased 16 basis points during the month to 4.76 percent. The percentage of loans considered seriously delinquent increased 19 bps to 4.67 percent. This compares...


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