Browse articles from all of our Newsletters related to Compliance.

January 20, 2017 - Inside MBS & ABS

Former Jeffries Group Bond Trader Faces Another Trial on MBS Fraud

After a two-year rollercoaster ride through the court system that ended in 2015, a former Wall Street trader finds himself facing another trial in an MBS fraud case. Jess Litvak, a former bond trader with the Jeffries Group, will go on trial again after a jury found him guilty in 2014 of violating securities laws. He was accused of fraud and misleading investors about the price he had paid for residential MBS. According to attorneys with the law firm of Shepherd Smith Edwards & Kantas in Houston, the U.S. Attorney’s Office in Connecticut originally brought...

January 16, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB News in Brief

Bureau Mulling Possible Changes to HMDA Resubmission Guidelines. It’s been roughly one year since the CFPB issued a request for information regarding Home Mortgage Disclosure Act resubmission guidelines, and the bureau has yet to decide which way to proceed. The agency received 31 comments in response to the RFI, which was published Jan. 12, 2016, in the Federal Register. Commenters included HMDA reporters, industry trade groups, and consumer groups.... Revisions to Interagency Compliance Rating System Still Pending. The CFPB and the other members of the FFIEC continue to review public comments on their April 29, 2016, proposal to revise the existing Uniform Interagency Consumer Compliance Rating System to reflect regulatory, supervisory, technological, and market changes since the system was established....

January 16, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Justice Dept. Settles Redlining Allegations With Two Ohio Banks

The U.S. Department of Justice recently reached a settlement with two jointly owned but independently operated banks in Ohio, Union Savings Bank and Guardian Savings Bank, resolving allegations that the pair engaged in a pattern or practice of redlining predominantly African-American neighborhoods in and around the Ohio cities of Cincinnati, Columbus and Dayton, as well as in Indianapolis. According to the government’s complaint, Union (with $2.7 billion in assets and 29 branches) and Guardian (with $861 million in assets and 11 branches) violated the Fair Housing Act and the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, which prohibit financial institutions from discriminating on the basis of race and color in their mortgage lending practices. The Justice Department alleges that, from at least 2010 ...

January 16, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

HSBC Slammed With $33 Million Fine Over Flawed Foreclosures

The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency recently fined HSBC $32.5 million for failure to correct faulty foreclosure practices in a timely manner as per a consent order originally issued back in 2011 to correct practices that harmed borrowers in the wake of the housing market’s collapse. The OCC also said the institution failed to file payment change notices (PCN) that complied with bankruptcy rules, which resulted in roughly $3.5 million in borrower remediation for approximately 1,700 mortgage loan accounts. “The bank’s untimely and missed PCN filing practices did not comply with bankruptcy rules, required the bank to undertake operational enhancements to achieve compliance, and were unsafe and unsound practices,” according to the consent order. The bank neither admitted ...

January 16, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

PHH Corp. May Have an Ally In Case Against CFPB

While many in the mortgage industry wait for the District of Columbia Circuit Court of Appeals to decide whether to rehear the arguments of the CFPB in its wrangling with PHH, the plaintiffs in State National Bank of Big Spring, Texas, et al. v. Lew, et al. have stepped back onto the legal stage at the district court level. Specifically, “Plaintiffs respectfully move [the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia] to hold a status conference at its earliest convenience to determine how this case ... can be most efficiently adjudicated in light of the CFPB’s petition for en banc review of the panel decision in PHH Corp. v. CFPB,” State National Bank and its parties asked the appeals ...

January 16, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Appeals Court Grants PHH’s Request to Respond to USSG

Late last week, the District of Columbia Court of Appeals disregarded the objections of the CFPB and gave PHH Corp. permission to respond to the federal government’s arguments in support of en banc review of the court’s earlier three-judge panel decision.“Upon consideration of petitioners’ motion for leave to file a supplemental response to petition for rehearing en banc, the opposition thereto, and the reply, it is ordered that the motion be granted,” 11 of the 12 judges wrote in an order issued Jan. 13. PHH’s supplemental response is due Jan. 27, 2017, and is not to exceed 15 pages. Back in October, the three Republican appointees ruled that the CFPB’s leadership structure involving a single director who can be ...

January 12, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

With PHH Case Pending, Industry Officials Still Believe CFPB Should Give More RESPA Guidance

Mortgage compliance experts say there’s still a strong need for the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau to provide more guidance about acceptable business relations under Section 8 of the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act. One of the issues that came to the fore in the bureau’s enforcement action against PHH Mortgage was lenders’ relationships under marketing services agreements. Even though banks these days may be using MSAs to a lesser extent than nonbanks, there is still a need for the CFPB to more clearly delineate do’s and don’ts. “On the lender side of the mortgage industry, there is...

January 2, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Other News in Brief

CFPB Again Moves Against Finance Company. Late last month, the CFPB took its second legal action against Military Credit Services, LLC, a Norfolk, VA-based finance company, accusing the company of making loans with improper disclosures.... TransUnion Agrees to $19.4 Million Settlement. TransUnion, one of the largest credit reporting agencies in the U.S., has agreed to settle a dispute with the CFPB over the company’s practices related to the advertising, marketing and sale of consumer reports, credit scores or credit marketing products to consumers, the firm said in a recent Form 8-K filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission....

January 2, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB Fair Lending Priorities Include Redlining, Servicing

Mortgage-related issues will be a big component of the CFPB’s fair lending priorities for 2017, the bureau indicated in an online blog post late last year. Among the issues for the mortgage industry are redlining and servicing. “While the bureau has taken important strides in our efforts to protect consumers from credit discrimination and broaden access to credit, we continue to identify new and emerging fair lending risks and we will monitor institutions for compliance,” said Patrice Ficklin, associate director of the CFPB’s Office of Fair Lending. Going forward, then, the bureau is increasing its focus in three key areas, the first of which is redlining. “We will continue to evaluate whether lenders have intentionally avoided lending in minority neighborhoods,” ...

January 2, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Key Constitutional Question Warrants Rehearing, DOJ Says

The important constitutional issue of separation of powers, and the perhaps somewhat unorthodox manner in which the three-judge panel of the District of Columbia Circuit Court of Appeals concluded that the CFPB’s leadership structure is unconstitutional, justify the court granting the bureau’s request for a rehearing en banc in its dispute with PHH Corp., the U.S. Justice Department told the court. “The conferral of broad policymaking and enforcement authority on a single person below the president, whom the president may not remove except for cause ... raises a significant constitutional question that the Supreme Court has not yet squarely confronted,” the DOJ said. To date, the nation’s highest court has sanctioned a limitation on the power to remove principal officers ...

January 2, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

PHH Says Panel Got it Right, No Need to Rehear En Banc

The long-running legal confrontation between PHH Corp. and the CFPB took another turn right before the holidays, with the nation’s eighth largest lender telling the District of Columbia Circuit Court of Appeals that its three-judge panel got it right in October when it ruled the CFPB’s leadership structure is unconstitutional. “The panel grounded its decision in existing Supreme Court precedent and other settled authority,” the company said. “It remedied a violation of the separation of powers by allowing the agency to continue to operate subject to basic constitutional constraints, without addressing the decision’s effect on past actions.” Further, “the panel interpreted the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act according to its plain language and consistently with every other circuit to consider ...

December 16, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FL Court Finds HUD’s Face-to-Face Requirement a Vital Pre-Condition

A recent ruling by Florida’s Fifth Court of Appeal, if finalized, will affect any FHA foreclosure case that references the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s mandatory face-to-face interview with borrowers, according to industry attorneys. In Palma v. JPMorgan Chase Bank, Nat’l Ass’n, et al., the state appellate court found that HUD’s face-to-face interview requirement is “a condition precedent to foreclosure” for Florida mortgages that specifically incorporate the HUD regulation. Prior to the decision, no Florida appellate court has held that HUD’s requirement constitutes a condition precedent to foreclosure, according to attorneys with the Richmond, VA, law firm McGuireWoods. “Although this decision is not yet final and rehearing is likely, it has far-reaching impacts on the conditions and evidence required for foreclosure trials throughout Florida and is the ...

December 16, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

CFPB Slaps HECM Lenders with Combined Fines for Deceptive Ads

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau has fined three reverse-mortgage lenders $790,000 in combined civil penalties to resolve charges of deceptive advertising to consumers. The bureau also ordered American Advisors Group (AAG), Reverse Mortgage Solutions (RMS) and Aegean Financial to stop the misleading ads and to implement compliance plans that include an advertising compliance policy. The misleading ads allegedly violate the federal Mortgage Acts and Practices – Advertising Rule (Regulation N) and the Dodd-Frank Act. AAG is the largest originator of FHA-insured reverse mortgages in 2016, with a 13.9 percent share of the HECM market. RMS third with a 4.11percent share, while Aegean, in 27th place, accounts for 0.48 percent. The three lenders allegedly ran ads that similarly misrepresented that a consumer with a reverse mortgage could not lose the ...

December 15, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Industry Experts Detail How to Creatively Compensate LOs and Still Stay Compliant

With rates at the highest they’ve been in 27 months, mortgage lenders have to make sure they keep their costs as low as possible to be competitive. At the same time, they have to retain and attract the most productive loan officers, while still staying within the bounds of the loan originator compensation rule from the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. During a webinar sponsored by Inside Mortgage Finance this week, Paul Hindman, managing director at Grid Origination Services, said loan officer recruiting is not just about the Benjamins. “In no particular order, should they decide to explore, loan officers will evaluate and compare the following when assessing the right model match: company brand and culture ([including] mission, vision and values); compensation clarity, [and] loan products and consistent rates/pricing,” he said. Also important are...

December 15, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Low Appraisals Result in More Than 10 Percent Of Purchase-Mortgage Applications Being Denied

Appraisal-related issues cause more than one out of every 10 purchase-mortgage applications to be denied, according to CoreLogic. Below-contract appraisals comprised 11.3 percent of the first-lien purchase-loan appraisals ordered through the CoreLogic/FNC Collateral Management System, according to Yanling Mayer, director of research in CoreLogic’s office of chief economist. The CMS is a workflow and compliance platform used by many lenders, servicers and appraisal management companies. Mayer noted...


HUD has announced a 25 basis point cut in FHA premiums, which is slated to take effect in late January. Is your lending shop for or against a cut in FHA premiums?

For. It should help lending volumes.
Against. The private MI sector should take on this risk, not the government.
Too early to say.
I believe the new White House may scuttle the idea so it doesn’t matter.

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