Compliance

Browse articles from all of our Newsletters related to Compliance.

December 2, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

HUD Fears Cycle of Restatements As IG Withholds Opinion Again

The Department of Housing and Urban Development has expressed concern about the inspector general’s decision to withhold its opinion on the results of FY 2016 audits of HUD and Ginnie Mae. In its audit report, the HUD inspector general said it has issued a disclaimer of opinion on HUD’s fiscal years 2016 and 2015 (restated) consolidated financial statements because of the agency’s failure to deliver both statements and their accompanying notes in a timely manner. In addition, there were several unresolved audit matters from past audits that prevented the IG from completing an examination of HUD’s and Ginnie Mae’s accounts and rendering an opinion. These unresolved matters related to a number of things, including the Office of General Counsel’s refusal to sign a management representation letter, HUD’s improper use of budgetary accounting methods, and the $4.2 billion in ...


December 2, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Groups Favoring One-Unit Approval, Differ on Owner-Occupancy Rate

Stakeholders voiced support for an FHA proposal to revive the agency’s single-unit approval policy for condominium financing but differed on owner-occupancy requirements. Both items are part of a proposed rule which would give the FHA more wiggle room in formulating its condo rules. The proposed rule’s 60-day comment period ended on Nov. 28. Among other things, the FHA is proposing to reinstate “spot approval” financing on individual units in condo projects that are not currently approved for FHA insurance. The Department of Housing and Urban Development terminated single-unit approvals a few years ago in favor of mandatory condo-project approval. Ultimately, the current approval process proved to be more cumbersome, resulting in many condo projects opting out of FHA. Under the proposed rule, single-unit approvals are limited to a maximum of 20 percent of the units in the ...


December 2, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

CFPB Issues New Exam Procedures For Reverse Mortgage Servicing

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau has ditched the antiquated method for assessing servicer compliance with reverse mortgage-servicing rules in favor of new examination procedures. Depending on the scope, each reverse mortgage-servicing exam will include one or more of eight modules covering various facets of reverse mortgage servicing. There are two kinds of reverse mortgages. The FHA, under the Home Equity Conversion Mortgage program, insures most reverse mortgages. As with other FHA mortgage products, it has a maximum loan amount. Some lenders also offer proprietary (non-HECM) reverse mortgages, which are designed generally for borrowers with higher home values and more equity, the CFPB noted. Proprietary reverse mortgages are not federally insured. However, companies that offer them copy the consumer protections found in the HECM program, including ...


November 28, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

Other News in Brief

Securitization Group Meets with CFPB Officials. Earlier this month, staff and members of the Structured Finance Industry Group met with CFPB Director Richard Cordray and other senior officials to talk about the state of the non-agency mortgage securities market and some of the factors hampering its return.... Mortgage Lenders Meet With Bureau, Other Regulators, to Discuss Diversity, Inclusion. A small group of mortgage lenders recently met with staff of the CFPB, the Federal Reserve, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp., the Federal Housing Finance Agency and the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency to discuss best practices on how to develop and maintain diversity and inclusion programs within the mortgage industry, according to an account by the Mortgage Bankers Association....


November 28, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

TRID 2.0: The Comments - Industry Supports ‘Rebaselining’ Proposal, But Voices Caution

Some top industry players support the CFPB’s proposed amendment to its existing TRID rule that clarifies a lender’s ability to use a revised closing disclosure (CD) to reset tolerance baselines for fees and charges, as long as there are valid changes of circumstances. However, they think a few simple tweaks could maximize the usefulness of the change without creating an incentive for lenders to act in such a way as to defeat the bureau’s intention. The proposal clarifies that the authority to “rebaseline” exists for all CDs – not just the initial CD – and that for any CD issued after the first one, there is no timing requirement, and no timing limitation on the issuance of the initial CD. That means ...


November 28, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

TRID 2.0: The Comments - More Clarity Needed for TRID Effective Dates, Industry Says

Another area in which the CFPB sought industry input in its TRID clarifying rulemaking process is whether the proposed 120-day implementation period, starting from final publication in the Federal Register, will be adequate. Some industry commenters essentially said no. Others basically said, it depends. Wells Fargo was one of the commenters that fell into the former camp. “[S]ome of the clarifications in this proposal have already been implemented by the majority of the industry based on previous informal guidance from the bureau,” said the lender. “However, this proposal also contains a number of changes that are new or that are being proposed with more detailed direction than previously offered.” Some examples the lender cited were the proposed expansion to the ...


November 28, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

TRID 2.0: The Comments - More Changes Needed to TRID’s Cash-to-Close Table, Industry Says

The CFPB has made progress in its regulatory treatment of the cash-to-close table as reflected in its proposed rule to clarify aspects of its integrated disclosure rule, but more needs to be done, some leading industry groups said. “The cash-to-close sections of the Loan Estimate and Closing Disclosure represent some of the most challenging aspects of the TRID rule,” said the Real Estate Services Providers Council in a comment letter to the bureau. “The industry had noted that a failure of the prior disclosures was that they did not provide for disclosing to the consumer the lender’s estimate of the cash that he or she would need to close the loan,” it added. Further, the industry did not indicate that ...


November 28, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

TRID 2.0: The Comments - Industry Weighs in on Disclosing Lender and Seller Credits

As part of its TRID 2.0 clarifying rulemaking, the CFPB sought comment on whether lenders should have the option of disclosing lender or seller credits as either credits specific to particular charges or general credits applicable to settlement costs. The Mortgage Bankers Association suggested the CFPB give lenders options and not settle on one approach. “Some lenders would prefer a single approach; others indicate that optionality is likely necessary,” the trade group said in a recent comment letter. It noted that seller credits are governed by sales contracts between the buyer and seller, and that local custom frequently comes into play as to who pays a specific fee, such as owner’s title insurance. “Similarly, the particular application of lender credits ...


November 28, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

Election Results May Foster More Aggressive State Enforcement

With the CFPB widely expected to be less aggressive on the enforcement front in the wake of the elections earlier this month, the industry is being warned to be wary of a potentially more activist posture on the part of various state government agencies. Since the elections, “there has been much discussion of how expected changes under a Trump administration are likely to reduce the CFPB’s impact, particularly in the enforcement arena,” Ballard Spahr partner Alan Kaplinsky wrote in a recent online blog post. Little attention, however, has been paid to the implications of the election’s results for the role of state attorneys general and state financial services regulators in enforcing federal and state consumer financial protection laws, he added....


November 28, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB Files Appeal in High-Stakes, High-Profile Dispute With PHH

With CFPB Director Richard Cordray’s tenure possibly on the line while a pro-business President-elect Donald Trump works on staffing up his incoming administration, the bureau earlier this month filed its highly anticipated appeal to the full U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in its long-running dispute with PHH Corp. Back in mid-October, in PHH Corp. v. CFPB, a three-judge panel of the court nixed the agency’s $109 million penalty against the lender under the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, and determined that the CFPB’s leadership structure was unconstitutional because it is run by a sole director who can only be removed for cause. While an appeal by the bureau was widely expected, the issue took on ...


November 18, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Around the Industry

Industry Groups Urge Congressional Leaders to Pass ‘Tax Extenders’ Legislation. Three industry groups called upon House and Senate leaders to pass “tax extenders” legislation, including two critical tax provisions that are scheduled to expire at the end of 2016. In a joint letter this week, the Mortgage Bankers Association, National Association of Realtors and the National Association of Home Builders called for the “rapid enactment” of a broad “tax extenders” package, including mortgage-debt forgiveness and tax deduction for mortgage insurance premiums. Passing a legislative package of tax extenders that includes the two provisions would provide much-needed certainty to the residential real estate markets, the letter said. Federal Agencies Propose Rule to Expand Access to Private Flood Insurance. Federal banking and credit union regulators and the Farm Credit Administration have published a ...


November 18, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

U.S. Court Orders Quicken’s FHA Case Moved to MI District Court

The Department of Justice lost its bid to have an FHA lawsuit against Quicken Loans heard in the nation’s capital after a federal judge this week ordered the case transferred to federal district court in Michigan. Judge Reggie Walton of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia agreed with Quicken that the proper forum for adjudicating the government’s False Claims Act case is the Eastern District Court in downtown Detroit. While the court agreed that the case has national implications, it also noted the “strong local interest in this matter in the Eastern District of Michigan,” where “Quicken Loans underwrote the FHA loans at issue, endorsed those loans, and certified its compliance as to those loans.” While certain factors weighed against the transfer, the alleged unlawful activity occurred in or near Detroit, where the lender is headquartered and most of its employees are located. The case, U.S. v. Quicken Loans, ...


November 18, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

MMI Fund Continues Upward Arc, MIP Reduction Remains Uncertain

The FY 2016 Actuarial Review showed a stronger FHA mortgage insurance fund, thanks to a surging forward loan portfolio, but the prospect of a price adjustment remains unlikely. Review results were a mixture of good news and bad news. The good news is the Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund’s economic net worth grew by $3.8 billion to $27.6 billion – $4.2 billion short of what last year’s actuarial report projected. The capital ratio rose to 2.32 percent, exceeding the 2.0 percent minimum established by Congress to cover future losses. Observers said the increases demonstrate steady but modest growth in the fund. The Department of Housing and Urban Development’s top officials credited the fund’s growth to a stronger forward-mortgage portfolio, which increased by $18 billion to $35.3 billion – $10.1 billion above projections – with a capital ratio of 3.28 percent. The report attributed the increase to a ...


November 18, 2016 - Inside Nonconforming Markets

Contradiction Seen in Standards for Non-QMs

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s recent actions against an unspecified number of lenders that offer non-qualified mortgages prompted some criticism about how the regulator enforces standards in the ability-to-repay rule. The CFPB cited lenders for originating non-QMs that allowed “alternative income documentation” for salaried borrowers. The CFPB said the products offered by the lenders relied primarily on the assets of each borrower when making an ATR determination ...


November 18, 2016 - Inside MBS & ABS

Freddie’s New $459.9 Million Whole Loan Deal Faulted for Limited Third-Party Due Diligence

Freddie Mac is set to issue a $459.92 million Whole Loan Securities transaction, according to a presale report from Moody’s Investors Service. The firm didn’t rate the senior tranche of the deal but did place a Baa1 rating on a mezzanine tranche of Freddie Mac Whole Loan Securities 2016-SC02. The government-sponsored enterprise priced the latest WLS transaction this week, with the deal expected to close next week. “We are pleased with the pricing levels and depth of investor participation in the WLS program,” said Kevin Palmer, senior vice president of credit risk transfer at Freddie. “We look forward to continued issuance in 2017.” Freddie has issued...


November 14, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

Other News in Brief

Vendor Provides TRID-Oriented Video Content. Fast Forward Stories, a Bellingham, WA, provider of “brand-able” video content for the mortgage, title and real estate industries, recently released a download-ready library of 26 mortgage explainer videos on the CFPB’s Truth in Lending Act/Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act Integrated Disclosure Rule (TRID).... ICYMI: Here’s What Happens to Fines, Penalties Levied by the CFPB. A new report from the Government Accountability Office summarizes what happens to the fines and penalties the CFPB imposes on financial institutions for mortgage-related offenses, as follows ...


November 14, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB’s Enforcement, UDAAP Authority at Stake in PHH Case

The recent decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in the dispute between the CFPB and PHH Corp. has some significant enforcement implications for the bureau, according to a top compliance attorney. At stake in particular is the bureau’s authority to enforce federal consumer financial protection laws as well as the Consumer Financial Protection Act (CFPA) prohibition of unfair, deceptive, or abusive acts or practices (UDAAP). In a recent client note, Barbara Mishkin, of counsel in the Philadelphia office of the Ballard Spahr law firm, noted that among the court’s findings was that the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act’s three-year statute of limitations (SOL) applies to the agency’s administrative enforcement actions. “Not only did ...


November 14, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB Issues Some HMDA Data Reminders for the Coming Year

The CFPB’s latest supervisory highlights report provides some Home Mortgage Disclosure Act data collection and reporting reminders for 2017. For starters, beginning with HMDA data collected in 2017 and submitted in 2018, responsibility to receive and process HMDA data will transfer from the Federal Reserve Board to the CFPB. “The HMDA agencies have agreed that a covered institution filing HMDA data collected in or after 2017 with the CFPB will be deemed to have submitted the HMDA data to the appropriate federal agency,” the bureau stated. (The HMDA agencies are the CFPB, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp., the Fed, the National Credit Union Administration, and the Department of Housing and Urban Development.) ...


November 14, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

Supervisory Report Highlights Mortgage Origination Failures

  The CFPB’s latest supervisory highlights report found instances of mortgage lender compliance management system (CMS) deficiencies, failure to verify total monthly income in determining a borrower’s ability to repay, and failure to provide timely disclosures. Regarding CMS deficiencies, bureau examiners concluded that the overall mortgage origination CMS at some institutions was weak because it allowed violations of a handful of various regulations to occur, the report stated. …


November 14, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB Responds to Industry Call For Guidance on Service Providers

The CFPB has issued an amendment to its guidance on service providers, clarifying that mortgage lenders have a degree of flexibility in deciding the appropriate course of action for managing their risk. In its revised bulletin, the bureau began by noting that it “recognizes that the use of service providers is often an appropriate business decision for supervised banks and nonbanks. “Supervised banks and nonbanks may outsource certain functions to service providers due to resource constraints, use service providers to develop and market additional products or services, or rely on expertise from service providers that would not otherwise be available without significant investment,” it added. However, the mere fact that a supervised bank or nonbank enters into a business relationship ...


November 14, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

Industry Reps Ask CFPB to Further Clarify Mortgage Servicing Rules

The Consumer Mortgage Coalition and the Mortgage Servicers Working Group last week requested guidance from the CFPB on a variety of implementation issues having to do with the bureau’s recently finalized mortgage servicing regulation. One of the things they asked for in correspondence to the bureau was confirmation that servicers may send bankruptcy statements before the regulation’s effective date, even if the servicers are not currently sending them. On the issue of short-term loss mitigation, the industry participants requested clarification that, prior to Oct. 19, 2017, servicers may offer and provide short-term repayment plans without a complete loss mitigation application, and without continuing to exercise diligence in completing an application, provided a handful of requirements are otherwise being met. They ...


November 14, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

GSEs Endorse Aspects of TRID That Support Uniform Closing Dataset

Government-sponsored enterprises Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac recently expressed support for those portions of the CFPB’s TRID clarifying rulemaking that facilitate their Uniform Closing Dataset, which they developed to support the accurate disclosure of data on the closing disclosure. “The GSEs believe that the bureau should retain the current status of the sample forms, specifically, as model forms under the Truth in Lending Act and standard forms under the rule pursuant to authority under the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act,” Fannie and Freddie said in a recent comment letter to the bureau. “Much of the required text of the integrated disclosure is dynamic. It is not contained in the blank forms, and instead is only illustrated when the form is ...


November 14, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

TRID 2.0 Poses Software Implementation Challenges

Implementing the changes that the CFPB is proposing to its TRID rule will involve the deployment of a considerable amount of resources, time and energy, software vendors told the bureau recently. In a comment letter sent to the bureau, DocMagic said that many of the agency’s proposed changes would require a substantial amount of reprogramming by not only technology vendors but also by creditors, investors and settlement agents. “In addition, each programming change would need to be tested to ensure the software integrations among the thousands of companies in the industry work properly,” the company said. DocMagic also pointed out that it operates SmartCLOSE, which is a collaborative closing portal that allows creditors and settlement agents to collaborate to complete ...


November 14, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB Fueling Consolidation of Community Nonbanks, Group Says

The Community Home Lenders Association told the CFPB that the existence of the bureau as a dual regulator along with state supervision of nonbank lenders is exacerbating the consolidation of such community lenders to the detriment of consumers. “In establishing and implementing mortgage rules, Congress and the CFPB have recognized the value of smaller community lender/servicers and created certain targeted exemptions, such as certain Regulation Z and Regulation X exemptions for smaller servicers,” the CHLA said. The trade organization’s remarks were delivered in a public comment letter submitted to the agency as part of the bureau’s TRID clarifying rulemaking process. The problem is, these exemptions generally are targeted towards community banks and credit unions, and legislation pending in Congress is ...


November 14, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

TRID 2.0: The Comments: Rule Causes Tension to Flare Between Industry Factions

  Some of the public comments submitted to the CFPB regarding its TRID 2.0 clarifying rulemaking highlight tensions and rivalries that have emerged between different factions in the homebuying and mortgage-making industry since the original integrated disclosure rule took effect. In its comment letter on the bureau’s proposal, one point of emphasis that JPMorgan Chase raised is that lenders need better cooperation from settlement agents. “The success of the rule largely depends on the collaboration of a…


November 14, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

Trump Win Means CFPB Will Be Defanged. But Just How Much?

Last week’s surprise presidential victory by Republican billionaire real estate developer Donald Trump means some big changes for rulemaking and enforcement activities at the CFPB, to the benefit of the financial services industry, according to the consensus of a variety of analysts and experts. The most likely changes have to do with replacing the bureau’s single director leadership structure a bipartisan commission, and subjecting the agency to the congressional appropriations process. But the tenure of the current director, Richard Cordray, also could come into play, some feel. FBR & Co. analyst Edward Mills and his team predict the agency will have a new director “following the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals ruling [involving PHH Corp.] that allows the president to ...


November 11, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Trends

Loan Officers Need to Adopt Social Media

Social media and mobile-digital communications have already reshaped a number of industries, and mortgage banking isn’t going to be any different, according to a leading guru in the field. Many of today’s loan officers are going to become obsolete unless they adapt to rapidly shifting consumer expectations, said Clara Shih, CEO and founder of Hearsay Social, during a session at the recent annual convention of the Mortgage Bankers Association. Although there are some ...


November 10, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

RE/MAX Launches Franchise Business to Put Mortgage Brokers in Real Estate Offices

RE/MAX Holdings is working to place mortgage brokers in real estate brokerage locations using a franchise model that the firm has used to become the top residential home seller. Officials at RE/MAX stress that the Motto Mortgage effort is compliant with stringent regulations regarding the mixing of real estate agents and mortgage offerings. Dave Liniger, CEO of RE/MAX, said many real estate agents and brokerages are eager to work closely with loan originators. “However, compliance remains...


November 3, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Attorneys Urge Covered Lenders to Take Advantage of the CFPB’s One-Year Window to Adjust to HMDA Changes

Collecting disaggregated race and ethnicity data a full year before the revised Home Mortgage Disclosure Act regulations become effective will benefit covered creditors as they become used to the new requirements and make the necessary system adjustments to accommodate a new wave of granular HMDA data, according to industry attorneys. A policy statement issued by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau in late September creates a temporary safe harbor for lenders that take advantage of the one-year window – Jan. 1, 2017, through Dec. 31, 2017 – to collect disaggregated ethnic and racial information in their home-loan application if borrowers agree to provide it. Previous amendments to HMDA will require...


November 3, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Finally, a Decent-Sized Mortgage M&A Deal: HomeBridge To Buy Prospect. More to Come? Go Big or Go Home?

HomeBridge Financial Services this week agreed to buy the assets of Prospect Mortgage, marking one of the largest acquisitions of the year and stoking the hopes of investment bankers that more deals may lay ahead. But HomeBridge’s purchase of Prospect could turn out to be an anomaly. According to HomeBridge CEO Peter Norden, the two parties had been talking on and off about combining forces for roughly five years. For Norden, the combination of the two nonbanks – both privately held – is...


October 31, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

Inside the CFPB Full Issue October 31, 2016 (PDF)

View Inside the CFPB Full Issue October 31, 2016 (PDF)


October 31, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

Other News in Brief

TRID Implementation Inconsistency Among Lenders Continues to Drive Title Agent Costs. The First American Real Estate Sentiment Index for the third quarter of 2016 found that lenders are inconsistently implementing the CPFB’s integrated disclosure rule, and that is driving up costs for title agents.... Mortgage Complaints Still High, But Drop Noticeably in 3Q16 From Year-Ago Levels. The latest monthly consumer complaint report from the CFPB found that mortgages remain among the top three sore spots for borrowers, but had a noticeable drop from the third quarter of 2015 to the same period this year....


October 31, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

Groups Oppose Expanding Sharing Of Confidential Supervisory Info

Another burr under the industry’s saddle stemming from the CFPB’s recent proposal on disclosures of records and information is a proposed significant expansion of the bureau’s ability to share confidential supervisory information (CSI) with other agencies or entities. Under current rules, the bureau may disclose CSI only to the small set of federal and state agencies that have “jurisdiction over a supervised financial institution.” However, the bureau has proposed disseminating CSI to any “federal, state or foreign governmental authority, or an entity exercising governmental authority” whenever “it is relevant to the exercise of the agency’s statutory or regulatory authority.” This is extremely problematic to the industry, according to a joint comment letter submitted to the CFPB by the Consumer Mortgage ...


October 31, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

Commenters Against Proposed Restraint on Recipients of a CID

One little noticed provision of the CFPB’s recent proposal on disclosures of records and information would constrain regulated entities from sharing information about when they are being investigated by the CFPB – a concept industry representatives strongly oppose. More specifically, the proposal would restrict individual entities that are the subject of a civil investigative demand (CID) from voluntarily disclosing the receipt of such a demand, which is confidential investigative information (CII), without first getting permission from the CFPB. In a joint comment letter submitted to the CFPB, the Consumer Mortgage Coalition, the Credit Union National Association, the Independent Community Bankers of America, the Mortgage Bankers Association, and the National Association of Federal Credit Unions said they strongly oppose this component of ...


October 31, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

Mortgage Servicing Problems Persist, Cordray Tells Bankers

Mortgage servicers are going to have to bring their “A” game more consistently to the table if they wish to avoid punitive actions from the CFPB, the bureau’s director, Richard Cordray, made clear recently. Speaking to the attendees of the Mortgage Bankers Association conference in Boston last week, the nation’s top consumer regulator said it is regrettable that much of the damage done during the financial crisis to consumers and the broader economy could likely have been contained early on by more effective servicing. “A more effective system might have been up to the task of working with struggling borrowers to find appropriate ways to avoid foreclosure through loan modifications and short sales,” Cordray said. “But servicers were ill prepared ...


October 31, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB Sends HMDA Data Collection Warning to 44 Lenders, Brokers

The CFPB said last week it will issue warning letters to 44 residential lenders and mortgage brokers that are not properly collecting Home Mortgage Disclosure Act information – data that helps the agency uncover discriminatory lending practices – and advised them to review their practices and step up their compliance efforts, if need be. The bureau said it has information that appears to show they may be required to collect, record and report data about their housing-related lending activity, and that they may be in violation of those requirements. The CFPB said it identified the 44 companies by reviewing available bank and nonbank mortgage data. The identities of the 44 firms were not provided by the agency. “Financial institutions that fail to ...


October 31, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

Cordray Suggests Diagnostic Enforcement Will Continue

Comments by CFPB Director Richard Cordray at last week’s Mortgage Bankers Association conference in Boston indicate that the industry can expect the bureau’s diagnostic approach to enforcing the TRID rule will continue, apparently until further notice. “As I told you last year, in our examination work around compliance with this rule, we and the other regulators have pledged to be sensitive to the progress made by lenders that are squarely focused on making good faith efforts to come into compliance with the rule on time,” Cordray said. “We have also said that our approach would be diagnostic and corrective, not punitive. That is precisely what we are doing.” This means that the regulators will evaluate a company’s compliance management system ...


October 31, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

Tech Vendors Say the Industry Needs at Least One Year to Comply

A number of industry software and technology vendors told the CFPB they must have a minimum of one year to fully test and comply with all the changes the agency wants to implement with its TRID clarifying proposed rule. Computer systems and software vendor Jack Henry & Associates said that due to the nature of these proposed changes (which will require revisions to forms, calculations and logic in the software), the industry needs an absolute minimum of 12 months for its implementation period. “Software providers such as Jack Henry & Associates work with multiple business partners and need lead time to analyze, plan, design, develop, test, document and distribute software changes to our financial institution clients prior to the implementation ...


October 31, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB Needs to Do More to Ensure the CD is Shared Among Parties

Many elements of the mortgage finance industry took up the primary concern that real estate agents have had with the CFPB’s integrated disclosure rule since it first took effect: the sharing of the closing disclosure with third parties. In their recent comments to the bureau on its TRID clarifying proposal, multiple industry players said they were glad to see the agency addressed this issue somewhat; however, more must be done. The National Association of Realtors, for instance, told the bureau that one of the unintended consequences of the integrated disclosure rule has been lenders’ reluctance to share the new required CD with real estate professionals out of fear of liability for disclosing clients’ nonpublic personal information. “Regulation P, which governs ...


October 31, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

Bureau Should Extend Diagnostic Enforcement, Industry Says

In the weeks leading up to the effective date of the CFPB’s integrated disclosure rule, the agency’s director, Richard Cordray, made clear that, from a supervisory perspective, the bureau would view enforcement of the rule as more diagnostic than punitive – an approach many industry officials believe should continue. In commenting on the CFPB’s proposed rule to clarify a number of aspects of TRID, the Mortgage Bankers Association strongly urged the current diagnostic examination approach be formally extended until the changes necessitated by a final rule have been fully implemented and it is clear that the compliance difficulties with such a complex rule have been largely resolved. “With this policy and the bureau’s and industry’s active engagement as compliance moves forward ...


October 31, 2016 - Inside the CFPB

TRID 2.0: The Comments Mortgage Reps Call on CFPB to Respond to Need for More Cures

Top mortgage industry representatives urged the CFPB to do more to facilitate the curing of loans with errors under the agency’s controversial Truth in Lending Act/Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act Integrated Disclosure rule, otherwise known as TRID. One such organization was the Housing Policy Council of the Financial Services Roundtable. In its comment letter to the CFPB, the HPC said providing more formal guidance on when and how lenders may correct or cure errors is not just a question of potential liability for lenders; it’s also important in reducing the uncertainty of customers if they experience varying interpretations by different lenders. “We recognize that it is difficult to anticipate all types of potential errors in advance,” said the HPC. “There ...


October 27, 2016 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Cordray Details TRID Exams

Consumer Financial Protection Bureau Director Richard Cordray said agency examiners are conducting “transaction testing” to assess compliance with new TRID disclosure rules. Looking at loan files is necessary to a diagnostic compliance assessment, he told a good-sized audience at this week’s annual convention of the Mortgage Bankers Association. The bureau chief repeated earlier assertions that TRID compliance reviews would be “diagnostic and corrective, not punitive.” Cordray said...


October 21, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Spells Out Requirements for Obtaining Key Eligibility Doc

One of the key documents VA lenders require veteran borrowers to submit is the certificate of eligibility (COE). A VA loan application will not move forward without a COE, a requirement for any active-duty servicemember or veteran seeking to take advantage of the VA’s home-loan guaranty program. The COE verifies to the lender a loan applicant’s eligibility for a VA loan. The evidence a lender might require depends on the nature of the applicant’s eligibility. Veterans and current or former National Guardsmen or reservists who have been called to active duty must submit DD Form 214. The form would show the character of service and the reason for separation from the service. Active-duty servicemembers must submit a current statement of service signed by a superior, the unit commander or the adjutant, higher headquarters or the personnel office. The statement must contain the ...


October 21, 2016 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Recent Nonbank Settlements Boost Total Recoveries for MMIF

Two nonbanks in Salt Lake City recently joined a growing list of FHA lenders paying substantial penalties to resolve False Claims Act lawsuits brought by the Department of Justice.Primary Residential Mortgage Inc. and SecurityNational Mortgage Co. have agreed to pay nearly $10 million to settle charges they knowingly originated and underwrote loans that were ineligible for FHA insurance. So far, the Department of Housing and Urban Development has reported more than $29.6 billion in FCA and Financial Institution Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act settlements with FHA lenders since 2014. Portions of the settlement funds were used to help strengthen the FHA Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund. As part of the settlement, both PRMI and SecurityNational Mortgage Co. admitted they endorsed loans that did not meet FHA requirements. Both companies are direct endorsement lenders in the ...


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