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April 20, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Industry Calls for Extensive Changes to CFPB Mortgage Rules as Senate Eyeballs Dodd-Frank

Most of the discussion about lender relief from the compliance burdens under the Dodd-Frank Act has revolved around the Financial CHOICE Act sponsored by House Financial Services Committee Chairman Jeb Hensarling, R-TX. But the wheels are starting to move in the Senate Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee, where Chairman Mike Crapo, R-ID, has begun receiving input from industry trade groups about the kind of changes they would like to see. The lion’s share of the industry’s concerns have to do with the mortgage rules promulgated by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, whether it’s the integrated disclosure rule, the ability-to-repay rule or the penchant the bureau seems to have for bypassing the public rulemaking process through the use of consent orders. The Mortgage Bankers Association urged...


April 20, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

CFPB Suggests Lenders are Making Billions Because Borrowers Don’t Shop Effectively for Mortgages

Many borrowers could have seen significant savings on the interest rate on a mortgage if they shopped around, according to a working paper published by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s Office of Research. The bureau economists noted that close to half of consumers didn’t shop before taking out a mortgage, based on the National Survey of Mortgage Originations, a representative survey conducted by the CFPB and the Federal Housing Finance Agency. And only 16.0 percent of borrowers considered three or more lenders before obtaining a mortgage. The economists said...


April 20, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

CFPB Proposes Clarifications to HMDA Rule, But Industry Says Problems Remain, Delay Needed

Most of the provisions of the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act final rule the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau promulgated back in 2015 won’t take effect until January 2018, and already the agency is proposing a host of clarifications, technical corrections and minor changes with the stated goal of fostering lender compliance. Among the suggested alterations to the CFPB’s proposed rule, issued last week, is the clarification of certain key terms, such as “temporary financing” and “automated underwriting system.” The proposal also would establish...


April 14, 2017 - Inside Nonconforming Markets

Lenders Seek Changes to ATR Rule

Congress should make a number of changes to the ability-to-repay rule that would encourage more non-agency lending, according to the Consumer Mortgage Coalition. The CMC represents lenders, servicers and service providers. “The liability for mortgage lending is now so severe that private capital has left the mortgage market and has stayed away,” Anne Canfield, executive director of the CMC, said in testimony last week submitted to a subcommittee of the ...


April 10, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Other News in Brief

New York State Aligns State Law With TRID. New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo, D, recently signed into law Senate Bill S982, legislation that tweaks the existing state legal definition of the “consummation” of a mortgage loan to synchronize with the Truth in Lending Act/Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act Integrated Disclosure Rule promulgated by the CFPB.... Industry Need to Get TRID-Compliant Boosts DocMagic’s Bottom Line. Industry vendor DocMagic, based in Torrance, CA, late last week reported a 42 percent increase in revenue for 2016, due in large part to industry demand for products that enable compliance with the CFPB’s Truth in Lending Act/Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act Integrated Disclosure Rule, otherwise known as TRID....


April 10, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Cordray Touts Regulatory Review, Streamlining, Modernization

In remarks recently at an event of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, CFPB Director Richard Cordray spelled out how the bureau is trying to aid the mortgage industry’s compliance efforts by promoting greater understanding of its rules, as well as regulatory review, streamlining and modernization. “Our efforts with the mortgage rules went much further than simply reacting passively to industry inquiries (though we have fielded thousands of them),” the director said. “We also took affirmative steps to help the industry understand our rules through publications, videos, webinars, and phone calls with individual institutions.” The bureau adopted a diagnostic and corrective approach to supervision in the early months to ease anxieties about the difficulties of complying with certain components of the ...


April 10, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Cordray Details Fight Against Redlining in Mortgage Credit

In a speech at a National Community Reinvestment Coalition conference in Washington, DC, recently, CFPB Director Richard Cordray spelled out the ways the bureau is working to end the practice of redlining, and not just in the provision of mortgage credit. “We are working to end discrimination in mortgage lending, help make sure that safe and reliable financial products are more readily available, and expand access to credit for those who are currently shut out,” Cordray told attendees. He cited two cases in which his agency worked with the U.S. Department of Justice, one involving Bancorp South and another involving Hudson City Savings Bank. In the Bancorp South case, the government asserted the lender denied some mortgage loans to African-Americans ...


April 10, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Mortgage Complaints Down Without Exception, Data Show

Consumer complaints to the CFPB about mortgages are down in every single category tracked by this publication, and in fact show double-digit declines in all but one grouping, according to a new analysis and ranking by Inside the CFPB. Total mortgage-related criticisms to the bureau came to a relatively scant 8,334 for the period ending March 31, 2017, the second lowest first quarter total in the five-plus years since the agency began collecting such data in the fourth quarter of 2011. That number represents a decline of 14.8 percent from the fourth quarter and an even larger drop of 23.0 percent from the same period one year ago. On the loan modification front, borrower gripes fell to 2,987 during 1Q17, ...


April 10, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Industry Reps Meet With Treasury to Push Mortgage Rule Changes

Community lending representatives met with Trump administration officials last week to push a package of pro-growth, regulatory relief proposals, including a number of changes to the mortgage rules promulgated by the CFPB. The meeting was held with Treasury Department officials under President Donald Trump’s executive order directing the Treasury to review existing laws, treaties, regulations, guidance, reporting and recordkeeping to determine if they promote or inhibit federal regulation of the U.S. financial system as per Trump’s core principles outlined in Executive Order 13772. Meeting with the Trump administration officials were a handful of CEOs of bank that are members of the Independent Community Bankers of America. Among the proposed changes the trade group advocated was a more expansive qualified mortgage ...


April 10, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB Hired 20 More Examiners, Upgrading Tech Capability

The CFPB is not letting any grass grow under its feet on the examination and supervision front, the bureau’s latest semi-annual report to Congress shows. Under its previous Examiner Commissioning Program (ECP), which became effective Oct. 27, 2014, the agency had issued 173 commissions to examiners, field managers, and headquarters staff. Under the new ECP, an additional 20 examiners have achieved commissioned examiner status, bringing the total number of commissioned examiners to 187, which accounts for attrition through retirement and departures from the CFPB. On the technology front, the bureau is upgrading its existing examination management software. “The new system will aid the CFPB in supervising and enforcing federal consumer financial law by utilizing current technology to support monitoring of ...


April 10, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Cordray, GOP Lawmakers Argue Over Bureau’s Use of CIDs

Visits by CFPB Director Richard Cordray to Capitol Hill are always times of high drama, or high theater, depending on your perspective, and his visit last week to deliver his agency’s semi-annual report to the House Financial Services Committee was no exception. One of the hot buttons Republicans kept pressing was the bureau’s use of civil investigative demands. Rep. Blaine Luetkemeyer, R-MO, chairman of the House Financial Services Subcommittee on Financial Institutions, got the ball rolling by bringing up the bureau’s proposed changes related to the disclosure of records information, issued in August 2016. “As I understand it, this amendment would impose what would amount to an unprecedented gag order on any individual or entity under investigation by the CFPB,” ...


April 10, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB Looks to Enhance Protection of Consumer Data in HMDA Rule

More changes, or at least additional guidance, may be in the offing for the pending Home Mortgage Disclosure Act rule from the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau that is scheduled to take effect next year, agency Director Richard Cordray said last week during an appearance on Capitol Hill. During a hearing of the House Financial Services Committee, Rep. Brad Sherman, D-CA, pointed out, “Studies have shown that in some geographic areas, it is possible to determine the identity of nearly 100 percent of the borrowers using the data that lenders are required to collect and report by the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act. This is despite the fact that that act supposedly provides for anonymous data in its final form.” Sherman also ...


April 10, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Barney Frank Accuses GOP of Hypocrisy in Opposing CFPB

During a conference call last week with members of the news media, Massachusetts Democrat Barney Frank, the one-time chairman of the House Financial Services Committee, defended the CFPB and criticized congressional Republicans for their attack on the agency, accusing them of hypocrisy on multiple fronts. “I thought Republicans were concerned about excessive power in the executive branch, that they want to defend their congressional prerogative,” said Frank. But during the debate on the Dodd-Frank Act, Congress decided quite consciously that we would have an independent, single director, independent in the sense that the president could not fire that person at will,” he noted. “That was a congressional restriction on presidential appointment power, no question about it.” But now, apparently their ...


April 10, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Justice Dept. Wants in on PHH v. CFPB En Banc Proceedings

In another unusual, unexpected development in the legal wrangling between the CFPB and PHH Corp. over alleged violations of the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, the U.S. Department of Justice, now under the direction of the Trump administration, has asked permission of the court for a few minutes of its time to present its case. Oral arguments in the case, before the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, are scheduled for May 24, 2017. The court has allocated 30 minutes per side for arguments. In an unopposed brief filed earlier this month with the USCA, the DOJ asked for 10 minutes of argument time. “The United States agrees with petitioner PHH Corp. that the for-cause removal ...


April 10, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Allies of the Bureau Weigh in to Defend Bureau in PHH Case

Three financial regulation scholars told the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit that the CFPB is a highly accountable agency when looked at in its entirety. Making that argument in a friend of the court brief in PHH Corp. v. CFPB were two law professors, Michael Barr at the University of Michigan Law School and Adam Levitin at Georgetown University Law Center, along with Deepak Gupta, founding principal of the Gupta Wessler law firm in Washington, DC. Gupta was senior litigation counsel and senior counsel for enforcement strategy at the CFPB back in the days when Elizabeth Warren was setting up the fledgling agency. “Viewed holistically, the CFPB is a highly accountable agency,” the trio said....


April 10, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB Reaffirms its RESPA View in its Latest Filing in PHH Case

Well, the good news for the mortgage industry is that someone finally got around to talking about the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act when it came time to file another brief in PHH Corp. v. CFPB. But the bad news: It was the CFPB, and it doubled down on the main arguments it made the first time around, reaffirming its controversial interpretation. The CFPB insisted Director Richard Cordray correctly interpreted the act. First, the agency said PHH’s “kickback scheme” violated RESPA. The interpretation of RESPA by the three-judge panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit was incorrect, said the CFPB. “Its crucial error was holding that the meaning of section 8(c)(2) of RESPA – in ...


April 6, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

CFPB Doubles Down on its Positions Against PHH Mortgage, Including its RESPA Claims

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau late last week filed its much-anticipated response to the decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit to grant the agency’s request for an en banc rehearing in its legal wrangling with PHH Mortgage over allegations of violating the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act. The CFPB made three main arguments. First, the bureau’s structure is constitutional. “Neither the bureau’s single-director structure, nor the for-cause removal provision, unduly interferes with the president’s ability to take care that the laws be faithfully executed” under the U.S. Constitution, it said. If the court were to decide that the agency’s structure is unconstitutional, the bureau added...


March 31, 2017 - Inside MBS & ABS

Treasury Department Takes Back Its Support Of FHFA Structure in New Court Advisory

The mortgage market has paid close attention to a lawsuit brought by PHH Mortgage that challenges the constitutionality of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, and the Trump administration’s recent move to side with the mortgage lender. Now, the Treasury Department is making a similar argument that the structure of the Federal Housing Finance Agency is also unconstitutional. Both the CFPB and FHFA, the regulator of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, are independent agencies led by a single director whom the president can only fire for cause. In an advisory filed March 24, the Treasury backed...


March 30, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Lenders Push for Changes to QM Standards; Some Divisions on Portfolio QM Proposal

With House Republicans set to resume work on legislation to overhaul provisions in the Dodd-Frank Act, mortgage lenders testified at a hearing this week calling for changes to standards for qualified mortgages. “As a result of some of the constraints in the QM definition, many borrowers who should qualify for a QM are unable to access safe, sustainable and affordable mortgage credit,” said David Motley, president of Colonial Companies and chairman-elect of the Mortgage Bankers Association. He made the comments at a hearing by the House Financial Services Subcommittee on Financial Institutions and Consumer Credit. The MBA urged...


March 27, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Other News in Brief

CFPB Poised to Commence Five-Year Review of Its Major Mortgage Rules. The CFPB is getting ready to start, as per the Dodd-Frank Act, its five-year evaluation of some of the significant mortgage rulemakings it has promulgated thus far, according to a recent account by Politico, as cited by Pavitra Bacon, an associate in the Washington, DC, office of the Ballard Spahr law firm, in an online blog posting.... Will We See CHOICE Act 2.0 This Week? With less than a week left before the end of March, one well-placed industry lobbyist is still holding to the prediction that Rep. Jeb Hensarling, R-TX, chairman of the House Financial Services Committee, will in fact introduce another incarnation of his Financial CHOICE act by the end of the month....


March 27, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Rep. Cleaver Calls on Bureau to Combat Fintech Abuses

In a recent letter to CFPB Director Richard Cordray, Rep. Emanuel Cleaver, D-MO, called upon the bureau to address potential abuses by financial technology companies that may be engaged in predatory small-business lending. In so doing, he asked that the CFPB “investigate whether fintech companies engaged in small business lending are complying with all anti-discrimination laws, including the Equal Credit Opportunity Act.” The congressman’s letter noted that fintech lending companies, also known as alternative small-business lenders, are a fast-growing industry offering a new wave of innovation, but they also pose many risks, he added. “Over the past decade, there’s been a very large increase of Silicon Valley start-ups and technology companies that are functioning like banks,” Cleaver said. “The CFPB ...


March 27, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

More Uniformity Needed Between QM Standards from CFPB, HUD

With the topic of regulatory reform experiencing a resurgence of attention since the Trump administration moved into the White House, the U.S. mortgage insurance industry is calling for greater uniformity when it comes to the nitty gritty details of the ability-to-repay rule and its qualified-mortgage standard. One area of particular concern for mortgage insurers is the differences between the CFPB’s QM rule for conventional mortgages and the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s QM rule for FHA-insured mortgages. These differences include different debt-to-income caps, different formulae to calculate points and fees, and different standards for higher-cost mortgages. According to U.S. Mortgage Insurers, these differences incentivize greater reliance on programs of the U.S. government, increasing risk to taxpayers. “While consistency and ...


March 27, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Industry Hopes to Undo Parts of Dodd-Frank on Three Fronts

The new political landscape in Washington, DC, has intersected with the judicial movement on the PHH Corp. v. CFPB case to give the mortgage industry some hope that the bureau can be scaled back. But the task is complicated by the fact that the new administration is headed by a political novice, and by the fact that the industry itself is not particularly unified about what kind of changes should be made. During a recent webinar sponsored by Inside Mortgage Finance, three top industry attorneys discussed some of the prospects for change on three separate fronts of the federal government: the executive branch, the legislative branch and the judicial branch. If there’s a single theme or take-away from the event,...


March 27, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB Proposes Changes to Give Lenders Flexibility Collecting Data

Late last week, the CFPB proposed amendments to Regulation B, the implementing regulation of the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, to give mortgage lenders greater flexibility in collecting information about consumer ethnicity and race. Reg B restricts lenders’ ability to ask consumers about their race, color, religion, national origin or gender, except in certain circumstances. These circumstances include required collection of the information for some mortgage applications under the regulation. Under the proposal, mortgage lenders would not have to maintain different practices depending on their loan volume or other characteristics, allowing more lenders to adopt application forms that include expanded requests for information about a consumer’s ethnicity and race, including the revised uniform residential loan application issued by government-sponsored enterprises Fannie ...


March 27, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB Fines Nationstar $1.75 M Over HMDA Reporting Errors

The CFPB has fined Nationstar Mortgage $1.75 million for allegedly violating the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act by “consistently failing to report accurate data about mortgage transactions for 2012 through 2014,” the agency said. The CFPB said it found that Nationstar’s HMDA compliance systems were flawed and generated mortgage lending data with significant, preventable errors. “Nationstar also failed to maintain detailed HMDA data collection and validation procedures, and failed to implement adequate compliance procedures,” the bureau alleged. “It also produced discrepancies by failing to consistently define data among its various lines of business.” Further, data samples reviewed by the CFPB showed substantial error rates in three consecutive reporting years, the bureau said. “In the samples reviewed, the CFPB found error rates ...


March 27, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Trump’s Latest Executive Order Appears to Apply to CFPB

President Trump recently signed yet another executive order to roll back the reach of the federal government – this one promoting “a comprehensive plan for reorganizing the executive branch.” But unlike some of the earlier EOs from the White House, the odds seem to be higher that this one may apply to the CFPB. In an email exchange, former CFPB official Benjamin Olson, now a partner with the BuckleySandler law firm in Washington, DC, was asked if this EO applies to his former employer. He replied: “Yes and no. Unlike past orders that referred to ‘executive departments and agencies,’ this one refers to agencies ‘defined in’ 5 U.S.C. 551(1), which seems to include – or at least not exclude – independent agencies such ...


March 27, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Power of Removal, Appropriations Key to a More ‘Constitutional’ CFPB

With the industry still waiting for resolution of PHH Corp. v. CFPB and the interpretation and enforcement of the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act at stake, political partisans on Capitol Hill last week addressed the constitutionality of the CFPB, or the supposed lack thereof, with Republicans on the offense and Democrats on defense. During a hearing last week before the House Financial Services Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, Rep. Trey Hollingsworth, R-IN, asked former U.S. Solicitor General Theodore Olson, now a partner with the Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher law firm, what steps would need to be taken to make the CFPB truly constitutional in its governmental function. Olson, who is representing PHH Corp. in its struggle with the bureau but ...


March 27, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Trump Administration Takes No Position on RESPA in PHH Brief

As different as the presidential administrations of Barack Obama and Donald Trump may appear, one thing they have in common is an apparent unwillingness to get into the statutory weeds when it comes to the interpretation and enforcement of the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act. Earlier this month, the Department of Justice under the Trump administration, just as it had under the Obama administration, side-stepped the RESPA issues associated with the long-running battle between PHH Mortgage and the CFPB. In its amicus brief with the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, the government said simply: “The United States takes no position on the statutory issues in this case….” For the Trump administration, the case comes down ...


March 23, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

CFPB Moving Vigorously Ahead with Enforcement Actions, as Prospect Mortgage RESPA Case Reveals

With the enforcement of the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act at stake, and a hostile occupant in the Oval Office, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau is certainly not being bashful about continuing its regulation-by-enforcement modus operandi. The recent enforcement action against Prospect Mortgage is just the latest example. According to Colgate Selden, a partner in the Washington, DC, office of the law firm of Alston & Bird, the case is important because “it indicates the CFPB is moving full-speed ahead regardless” of the recent court rulings in PHH v. CFPB. This case is...


March 23, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Trump Administration Urges Court in PHH Case To Ditch CFPB ‘Removal Only for Cause’ Provision

The Trump administration late last week filed its amicus brief with the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in PHH Corp. v. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, and, as expected, sided with the lender this time around, but didn’t go as far as some had hoped it would. In its brief, the Department of Justice argued in support of eliminating the removal-only-for-cause protection that currently applies to the director of the CFPB. However, whereas PHH has argued that the CFPB be eliminated in its entirety, the Trump administration argued in favor of retaining the CFPB, but with a director removable at the will of the president. Currently, the director may be removed...


March 16, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

Court Rules Against Lender in MI Cancellation Dispute, Says Federal Law Overrides GSE Servicing Guidelines

A borrower seeking cancellation of private mortgage insurance prevailed last week in a lawsuit against JPMorgan Chase. The appeals court noted that federal law regarding standards for MI cancellation overrides Fannie Mae’s servicing guidelines. The case of Ginnine Fried v. JPMorgan Chase centers on how to calculate a borrower’s loan-to-value ratio when allowing for MI cancellation after the LTV ratio falls below 80.0 percent. The borrower filed...


March 16, 2017 - Inside Mortgage Finance

As Consideration of PHH Corp. v. CFPB Continues, The Role of the Administrative Law Judge Emerges

Nearly all of the discussion related to the ongoing legal battle between PHH Corp. and the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau has involved either questions about the bureau’s interpretation and enforcement of the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act or issues having to do with the constitutionality of the CFPB. But the role played by the administrative law judge early in the bureau’s enforcement action has surfaced, with potential significance in the eyes of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, which recently granted the agency’s request for a rehearing by the full court. To adjudicate the matter early on, the CFPB borrowed...


March 13, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Other News in Brief

Nationstar in the CFPB’s Crosshairs Over HMDA Reporting. Nationstar, the residential mortgage servicer, revealed recently it is being investigated by the CFPB over issues related to complying with the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act.... Non-Agency MBS Issuers Like the Legal Protection of the ATR. Congressional Republicans may be working on legislation to repeal and replace many regulations required by the Dodd-Frank Act, but some issuers of mortgage-backed securities are actually pushing to maintain some of the regulations.... Trump Executive Order on Regulatory Red Tape Unlikely to Apply to CFPB. Will the Bureau Comply Anyway? The executive order that President Trump signed in the middle of February that requires every federal agency to establish a regulatory reform task force to eliminate red tape probably does not apply to the CFPB, according to industry experts....


March 13, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB Rules Have Hindered, May Yet Help, Adoption of E-Mortgages

Mortgage lenders’ efforts at compliance with post-financial crisis regulation, largely from the CFPB, shifted their focus from fully implementing e-mortgage processes but also helped them develop the necessary technology to move forward with them in the future, according to a new report from analysts at Moody’s Investors Service. “Following the crisis, lenders focused on adapting technology to implement regulations such as the ability-to-repay [qualified mortgage] rule and the TILA-RESPA Integrated Disclosure rule rather than on e-mortgages,” the analysts said. “The implementation of those regulations has, however, led to advancements in the technology needed to originate e-mortgages by providing, for example, a seamless data feed between the mortgage loan application and the disclosure documents.” Further, “Some lenders and servicers have also ...


March 13, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

CFPB Official Warns Borrowers About Subprime Mortgages

Individuals with bad or no credit who are thinking about taking out a mortgage should proceed with caution if a lender has offered them a subprime loan, an official from the CFPB advised recently. In a blog posting last week, Megan Thibos, a policy analyst with the CFPB’s mortgage markets team, talked about the homebuying process for people with poor credit scores. Thibos suggested that borrowers should review their credit scores, make sure their credit reports are correct, and work to rebuild their credit. Then she detailed various mortgage options available to borrowers with poor credit, focusing on FHA mortgages. That was followed by “a warning about subprime mortgages.” Thibos said subprime mortgages have significantly higher interest rates than prime ...


March 13, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

TRID Triggered Most 2016 Mortgage QC Headaches

The CFPB’s integrated disclosure rule under the Truth in Lending Act and the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act proved to be the primary source of mortgage lenders’ quality control (QC) headaches in 2016, the first full year of the rule’s implementation, a new industry report concluded. According to a review of thousands of post-close QC audits performed by MetaSource, a Utah-based third-party mortgage compliance service provider, TRID accounted for 12 of the top 15 findings of QC issues. The six most frequent findings were issues with TRID requirements. The single most frequent issue involved correspondence of information listed in the Calculating Cash to Close table on page 3 of the closing disclosure (CD) to the information cited on the last ...


March 13, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

House OKs Measure Mandating OMB Review of Major CFPB Regs

The Republican-controlled U.S. House of Representatives recently passed H.R. 1009, the OIRA Insight, Reform, and Accountability Act, legislation that would require the Office of Management and Budget to examine major rulemakings – those projected to have an impact of $100 million or more on the economy per year – by independent agencies, including the CFPB, prior to issuance. The measure, introduced earlier this year by Rep. Paul Mitchell, R-MI, would codify many executive orders and practices of the federal government related to the process of issuing federal regulations. Those instructions require agencies in the executive branch to analyze the impacts of regulations (including costs and benefits), to coordinate with the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) during the rulemaking process, and ...


March 13, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

RESPA Experts See Positive Elements in CFPB Consent Orders

With legal briefs continuing to be filed in PHH Corp. v. CFPB, mortgage experts on the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act see a bit of a silver lining, along with multiple warnings, in the handful of consent orders the CFPB brought against other industry defendants on the RESPA front. Earlier this year, the CFPB brought a $3.5 million enforcement action against Prospect Mortgage, accusing the firm of illegal kickbacks for mortgage business referrals from two real estate brokers, and in an unusual twist, a mortgage servicing operation. The bureau also acted against ReMax Gold Coast and Keller Williams Mid-Willamette, the brokers, and Planet Home Lending, the mortgage servicer – all of whom it accused of taking illegal kickbacks. During an exclusive ...


March 13, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Appeals Court Blocks State National Bank from PHH Case

The years-long legal battle that PHH Mortgage and PHH Corp. have been waging with the CFPB continues to take sudden and unexpected turns. One recent example: PHH filed a brief in opposition to the plaintiffs in State National Bank of Big Spring, Texas, et al. v. Lew from intervening in the mortgage lender’s case with the CFPB. …


March 13, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

PHH Corp. Makes its Case Again In RESPA Dispute with CFPB

PHH Corp. and related parties again made a full defense of their position in their legal struggle with the CFPB over alleged misconduct under the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act. PHH made five primary arguments to the U.S. District Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, the first of which was that the CFPB is unconstitutionally structured and must be invalidated. …


March 13, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

Multiple State AGs Detail Their Support of PHH in Case With CFPB

The attorneys general of 15 states came to the defense of PHH Corp. and related parties in their case with the CFPB over the agency’s interpretation and enforcement of the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act. The AGs of Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Nevada, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, West Virginia and Wisconsin focused on the constitutional issues in the case, with not a single mention of the statutory questions related to the act. The AGs made three major arguments in support of PHH’s position. First, they asserted that the separation of powers plays a critical role in preserving the division of authority within the federal system, and the CFPB’s governance structure violates the separation of powers ...


March 13, 2017 - Inside the CFPB

The Government, As Expected, Switches Sides in PHH Case

The Trump administration has subtly signaled its support for PHH Corp. in the mortgage lender’s long-running dispute with the CFPB over alleged violations of the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act. In recent days, the Department of Justice asked the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit for permission to file an amicus brief in the case by March 17, one week after the deadline the court had given PHH to file its response to the court’s decision to grant the CFPB’s request for an en banc rehearing. The court has since granted the administration’s request for the one-week extension. In its request, the Justice Department said, “As this court recognized in calling for the views of the ...


Poll

With the spring homebuying season in full swing, what percentage of your March 2017 application volume has been for “purchase” loans?

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30% to 49%
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