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Volume 2016 - Number 32

August 19, 2016

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Bank Holdings of Residential MBS Climb to New Record in June, Heavy Increase in GSE Paper

Commercial banks and savings institutions continued to load up on residential MBS during the second quarter of 2016, pushing their investment in the sector to a new high, according to a new analysis and ranking by Inside MBS & ABS. Banks and thrifts reported MBS holdings of $1.684 trillion as of the end of June, a 1.4 percent increase since the previous quarter. These are long-term holdings in banks’ held-to-maturity and available-for-sale portfolios. The industry held another $46.02 billion of MBS in their trading accounts. Not surprisingly, all of the gain came in agency MBS, particularly pass-through securities issued by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. The industry’s aggregate holdings of these securities, $867.64 billion, were up 4.1 percent from the ...

Fitch Sets Rating Cap at ‘A’ for MBS Backed by NPLs, Establishes Standards to Protect Investors

Fitch Ratings released criteria for rating MBS backed by nonperforming loans late last week, saying it will cap ratings for such deals at “A” due to “the idiosyncratic and adverse-selection risk.” As mortgage performance has improved in recent years, issuance of MBS backed solely by nonperforming loans has been limited. However, Fitch said it considers a transaction as an NPL issuance if more than 10.0 percent of the collateral is 60+ days delinquent at the time of issuance. The rating service will require such MBS to meet a number of standards to receive a low investment-grade rating of “A” or “BBB,” including a sequential-pay structure and application of available funds to pay interest to the rated notes. “Absent these structural ...

Clean-Up Calls on Non-Agency MBS Increase As Loan Balances on Vintage Deals Dwindle

With balances on non-agency MBS issued before the financial crisis falling to levels where clean-up calls can be initiated, clean-up call activity is rising with prospects for further growth. Rights to clean-up calls on non-agency MBS can typically be exercised when the outstanding balance of the MBS is lower than 10.0 percent of the original balance. The owner of the call rights (typically the master servicer) can purchase loans from the pool at par plus expenses and make a profit by selling or re-securitizing performing loans at a premium and retaining distressed loans to modify or liquidate. According to Bank of America Merrill Lynch, about 37 deals have been called this year totaling about $800 million in unpaid principal balance ...

MBS Liquidity Has Its Best Reading in 18 Months as More Supply Hits the Market

The average daily trading volume in agency MBS totaled $219.3 billion in July, the best reading in 18 months, according to the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association. However, the sequential improvement was a mere 3.30 percent. Then again, any gain is better than none. For all of 2016, the worst reading came in March at $189.4 billion. The strong showing (relatively speaking) comes as the primary market has produced a better-than-expected $890 billion for the first six months of 2016. Some industry executives believe loan originations could top $2 trillion this year, which would increase the supply of outstanding MBS. For the past few years there has been a debate in the industry about the significance of lower trading ...

NY Court Okays JPMorgan’s $4.5 Billion Settlement; Three Banks to Face MBS Suits; MBS Trader Settles

A New York State Supreme Court judge recently signed off on JPMorgan’s proposed $4.5 billion settlement with a revised list of MBS trusts, while three other Wall Street banks lost in separate bids to have MBS claims against them dismissed. On Aug. 12, Justice Marcy Friedman of the New York State Supreme Court approved JPMorgan’s representation-and-warranties settlement offer for 319 MBS trusts. She concluded that the trustees exercised their discretionary power reasonably and in good faith in accepting the settlement. JPMorgan and a group of 20 large institutional investors that hold approximately 32.5 percent of the securities issued by the MBS trusts negotiated the settlement. Among these prominent investors were Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and the Federal Home Loan Bank ...

TMPG Updates Fails-Charge Trading Practices For Agency Debt Securities, U.S. Treasuries

The Treasury Market Practices Group recently changed its recommended fails-charge trading practice for agency debt securities and U.S. Treasury securities by altering how the minimum threshold in these markets is applied, effective as of next month. “Instead of applying the exemption on a per trade basis, the TMPG recommends aggregation of fails charges between two counterparties for a given calendar month,” the group said in an announcement after its latest meeting. “A claim is made if the aggregate charges for fails with a counterparty for a given calendar month exceed $500.” In other words, the TMPG recommends an exemption for aggregate cumulative fails charges of $500 or less for U.S. Treasury securities fails, agency debt securities fails, and agency MBS ...

Recent Homeowners Association Super Lien Rulings in Nevada Favor Mortgage Industry

Recent rulings in Nevada favor the mortgage industry when it comes to super-liens imposed by homeowners associations on loans in foreclosure. Twenty-two states have super-lien laws that allow HOAs to take priority over first mortgages and foreclose the property to collect up to six months of unpaid fees. In 2014, the Nevada Supreme Court ruled that an HOA could extinguish a senior mortgage. But the Ninth Circuit Court recently ruled that an HOA foreclosure sale extinguishing the first deed of trust is unconstitutional. In the case of Bourne Valley Trust v. Wells Fargo Bank, the court ruled that Bourne Valley seeking to purchase the property at an HOA foreclosure sale violated the first-lien holder’s due process rights. Attorneys at Bradley ...

Poll

The yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury fell to all-time low of 1.34% recently. How much better will originations be at your shop in the second half compared to 1H, if at all?

Better by 1% to 10%.

30%

Better by 11% to 25%.

39%

Off the charts better. Applications are great now.

22%

Worse than 1H, but not by much.

4%

A lot worse. But not sure on the damage.

4%

Housing Pulse